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February 2018

Purpose: to evaluate and compare role of grey scale and power Doppler ultrasonography and MRI in the assessment of the extent of damage of hand and wrist joints in rheumatoid arthritis. Material and methods: this prospective study included 25 patients, 20 females and 5 males, mean age 43.48 years±13.64SD. Initial clinical assessment was carried out and Disease Activity Score (DAS28) was used for grading the disease activity; followed by ultrasound and MRI evaluation.

Bullying in nursing has existed for decades and appears to be a growing concern as nurse retention and recruitment become crucial factors in sustaining Philippine’s health care system. International studies have also noted the phenomenon of bullying in nursing workplaces. While varying prevalence rates exist, current research has unanimously demonstrated the negative impact of bullying on staff nurses. But only few explored on the bullying experience of student nurses in the clinical setting. This study is a narrative inquiry about student bullying in clinical setting.

Introduction: Dental fear and anxiety is a common and potentially distressing problem in children. Managing dental anxiety has been one of the most difficult task for pediatric dentist. The potential effects of essential oils have been associated with decreased anxiety, improved mood and increased sedation. Aim: To determine the effect of lavender oil in alleviating dental anxiety. Material and method: 30 children between 4-6 years were randomly allocated to either a control or an experimental group that received lavender oil before dental procedure.

Central venous cannulation is performed for vascular access, total parenteral nutrition, infusion of irritant drugs, measurement of central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac catheterization, pulmonary artery catheterization and transvenous cardiac pacing. Over the past few years, ultrasound has increasingly gained importance and its role in critical care, especially in vascular cannulation, has now become established.

Aim: The aim of this investigation was to conduct a survey among private dental practitioners in Srinagar city concerning their knowledge, attitude and practice of pulp therapy in primary teeth. Methodology: This is a questionnaire based study formulated to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of general dentists towards endodontic therapy in primary teeth. A total of 100 general dental practioners were selected from various private dental clinics in Srinagar city and were questioned using a 10 item questionnaire.

Introduction: Or HSV) infection is one of the most common oral so lation. Many topical and systemic therapies are reported to be effective in lesions treatment. Scientifc Literature reported many cases of recurrent herpes lesions successfully treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). PDT is based on the interaction of a photosensitizer and light irradiation in oxygenated tissue. This combination leads to arelated bacterial cell damage. Methylene blue (MB) and Toluidine blue are the most used photosensitizers.

Hernia is a protrusion of abdominal viscera through a defect in abdominal wall. Successful repair of abdominal hernias requires thorough knowledge of anatomy of anterior abdominal wall and all its layers. Ventral abdominal hernia includes all the hernias occurring through the anterior abdominal wall excluding groin hernias (incisional hernia, epigastrichernia, paraumblical hernia) (Stoppa, 1989; Ahmed et al., 1995).

Any trauma to immature permanent tooth can cause a interruption in dentin deposition and root formation may cease. The endodontic treatment of such teeth will often become complicated with an uncertain prognosis. This case report describes successful endodontic treatment of an immature maxillary central incisor 4 years after trauma. A maxillary right central incisor was treated for periapical abscess in a 14-year-old boy who had met with trauma 4 years back.

Background: Acetaminophen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) widely used for its analgesic and antipyretic properties. Although it is relatively very safe, it has been associated with hepatotoxicity and other minor gastrointestinal adverse effects. In addition, it has also been reported that some NSAIDs can cause severe cutaneous adverse effects such as leucocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV). Case description: A 35 yearold female patient was admitted intointensive care unit (ICU) with multiple palpable purpura discretely located bilaterally all over the upper and lower limbs.

Introduction: In October 2016 I started, as one of the first in Europe, my experience with a new procedure that represents the only FDA-cleared minimally invasive treatment clinically proven to improve the cellulite blemishes for nearly four years in only one session. Materials and Methods: We report our experience after 15 months in 50 patients (48F; 2M) with cellulite treated in a single session.

Hormones are specific regulatory molecules that have potent effects on the major determinants of the development and the integrity of the skeleton and oral cavity including periodontal tissues. It is clear that periodontal manifestations occur when an imbalance of these steroid hormones take place. This review article focuses on how these hormones influence the periodontium at different life stages such as puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause and postmenopause. Hormonal influences may appear in oral tissues before other systemic manifestations are apparent.

Introduction: Depression is common as a comorbidity with anxiety disorders and physical ailments. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the patients who had survived myocardial infarction (MI) develop symptoms of depression and anxiety more frequently than a healthy population. Methodology: The research was conducted as a retrospective-prospective, comparative, analytical, study on 108 subjects, of which 69 were male and 39 were female.

Oral Health, which is an essential component of the overall health of the mother and the foetus, undergoes significant changes during pregnancy. This article speaks about the physiological changes and oral diseases encountered by a pregnant patient and discusses the ideal treatment planning of such patients in a dental clinic. During pregnancy, dental treatment may be modified but need not be withheld, provided that the risk assessment is made properly for both the patient and the foetus.

Arcobacter butzleri, is an emerging potential foodborne zoonotic pathogenthat has been classified as a serious hazard for human health by the International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods (ICMSF). In Costa Rica, there are several reports about Arcobacter, nevertheless there is scarce information about the adhesion, invasion and pathogenic features of this bacteria, or the virulence genes associated. Also, information regarding its susceptibility to antibiotics is controversial due to a lack of a standardized technique and interpretation guidelines.

Background & Objectives: Ultrasound elastography is a non-invasive method for determining tissue mechanical properties. The aims of were to study: 1. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound elastography in the detection and characterization of various breast masses. 2. The role of ultrasound elastography in differentiating benign and malignant breast masses with FNAC and /or histopathology correlation. 3. Determine an optimal cut-off value for the traced area ratio by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis for differential diagnosis in future applications.

Objective: Time management (TM) is important for allied health professionals (AHPs), as it affects patient safety and the quality of provided services. This study was conducted to identify obstacles to the ability of AHPs to manage their time effectively and to determine the tools they use to organize their work. Methodology: A descriptive quantitative design study design was used and a convenience sample of 297 AHPs at a tertiary hospital in Riyadh was studied. A total of 251 self-administered questionnaires were returned, which represented a response rate of 84.5%.

This report presents a case of intestinal volvulus in a 3 year old thoroughbred horse. The horse was diagnosed clinically with severe acute abdominal pain, distended small intestine, right dorsal displacement of the large colon and suspected large colon impaction. Blood results showed increased erythrocytes count, heamoglobin concentration, hematocrit count, low mean corposal volume (MCV), high mean corposal hemoglobin concentartion (MCHC), increased neutrophili count,high glucose and high lactate.

This report presents a case of intestinal volvulus in a 3 year old thoroughbred horse. The horse was diagnosed clinically with severe acute abdominal pain, distended small intestine, right dorsal displacement of the large colon and suspected large colon impaction. Blood results showed increased erythrocytes count, heamoglobin concentration, hematocrit count, low mean corposal volume (MCV), high mean corposal hemoglobin concentartion (MCHC), increased neutrophili count,high glucose and high lactate.

Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of health intervention in improving the knowledge and attitude on toxoplasmosis among pregnant women with toxoplasma infection. Methods: Using randomized control trial study on pregnant women who attended the three randomly selected obstetric and gynecological clinics governmental hospitals in Al-Najaf. Respondents are divided into two groups; the Experiment and Control group. Data collection used self-administered questionnaire in the Arabic language and result analyzed using SPSS Version 21.

Introduction: Currently due to the increase in price of Cobalt-Chromium and Nickel-Chromium alloys and its allies owing to increase in demand, complete or partial recasting have become a necessity for economic reasons and to avoid the exploitation of natural resources. Methodology: A total of 30 specimens of Cobalt-Chromium alloy were fabricated and divided into 3 groups of 10 specimens each for determining the effect of recasting on hardness, tensile strength and modulus of elasticity using Universal Testing Machine and Vickers Hardness testing.

Background: Continuous use of dentures requires regular hygiene maintenance, a task which is often neglected by the patients. The objective of this study was to assess the level of awareness/knowledge grade among partial and complete denture wearers regarding oral and denture hygiene maintenance, and to establish any association of this knowledge with different demographic variables including age, gender, socioeconomic status, education, and type of denture.

Thoracolumbar spine fractures are common injuries that can result in significant disability, deformity and neurological deficit. Controversies exist regarding the appropriate radiological investigations, the indications for surgical management and the timing, approach and type of surgery. This study provides an overview of the epidemiology, biomechanical principles, radiological and clinical evaluation, classification and management principles for burst fractures in thoracolumbar spine operated by posterior approach.

For decades, a synergistic combination of EBRT and Intracavitary Brachytherapy (ICBT) has been the widely accepted primary modality of treatment for carcinoma cervix. As already stated, concomitant chemoradiation using Cisplatin has become the accepted standard treatment for locally advanced cases. Although concomitant chemoradiation is the standard care, it cannot be administered safely in elderly patients and those with certain comobilities.

The PEEK Medical Polyetheretherketone is a high performance polymer. The materials in this group combine excellent mechanical properties with the highest biological compatibility. PEEK is used in aircraft construction for heavy parts and for medical applications. He has experienced an evolution in the field, especially for the manufacture of dental prosthesis frameworks. The elasticity of the material that is the same as the bone tissue makes it similar to nature since it can compensate for bone torsion, especially in the presence of major implantation work.

Fever is defined as elevation of normal body temperature above the normal circadian variation3. Thrombocytopenia is defined as platelet count <1,50,000/microliter. Infection is the most common cause. Fever with thrombocytopenia narrows the differential diagnosis of the clinical entity. A well organised systemic approach is carried out with an awareness of cause of fever with thrombocytopenia to shorten the duration of investigation and bring out diagnosis. Aims and objectives: 1.

Background: Studies showed that supervised exercises at hospital level have more significant improvement in the QoL in stroke survivors than the non-supervised exercises at the community level. Hence the purpose of the study was to study the effect of community-based monitored home exercise programme in stroke survivors to improve the motor performance and the functional independence.

Fungal infections are common globally with varied clinical presentations. Among them, Aspergillosis is the second most common opportunistic fungal disease and is difficult to diagnose. Immuunocompromised patients are mostly affected by invasive aspergillosis. Spores of the aspergilli are inhaled or ingested which if left untreated will disseminate in the lungs, paranasal sinuses, cranium and orbit, leading to cough, dyspnoea, ulceration, loss of vision, fever, meningitis etc. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is therefore necessary for improvement of the survival rate.

Marfan syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of the connective tissue, with skeletal, ligamentous, orooculofacial, pulmonary, neurological and the most fatal, cardiovascular manifestations. Pulmonary involvement occurs less frequently. We report a case of a 26-year-old male suffering from hours of sudden onset, progressive shortness of breath and right-sided chest pain. On physical examination, he presented decreased breath sound on the right side of chest, together with marfanoid habitus.

Background: COPD is the most frequent pulmonary disease .It is generally known that dyspnoeaand Exercise intolerance occur in the advanced stage of the disease as a result of bronchial patency disturbance progression and development of pulmonary Hypertension.The significance of RV performance is one of the factors determining the clinical course and prognosis in COPD,a potential role of LV is however less studied. Aim: To evaluate the left ventricular Systolic and Diastolic functions in COPD. Material & Methods: A total of 150 patients were studied.

Split Hand/split-Foot Malformation (SHFM) is a congenital anomaly with failure of development of the central digital rays of hand or foot to a variable extent. It is characterized by hypoplasia/aplasia of the phalanges, toes, metacarpals and metatarsals. The presentation may be an isolated anomaly or may be associated with syndrome and thus have variable pattern of inheritance. SHFM may occur as an isolated entity or as part of a syndrome. Both forms are frequently found in association with chromosomal rearrangements such as deletions or translocations.

Cardiovascular disease is a condition in which it is deals with irregular performance of the heart due to single or several reasons. It is epidemic in India and also one of the major causes of the death of the people. The experiment was carried out to assess the nutritional status of the selected subjects with cardiovascular disease and creation of static website for its management. Area and subjects were selected by the investigator. Nutritional status, Socio economic status, REAP, frequency consumption of common foods, of the selected subjects were assessed and observed.

Objective: To evaluate a CT head radiation dose reduction protocol in children using anatomical delineation, diagnostic confidence and imaging quality of CT brain as parameters. Method: The study prospectively reviewed head CT studies of 100 children, 50 with normal protocol and 50 with reduced radiation protocol. Image quality was assessed using five point grading scale based on anatomical delineation, diagnostic confidence and overall image quality. Results: The relative dose reduction between normal and reduced radiation protocol was approximately 15%.

Attachments in prosthodontics are the means of stress equalizing for any rigid connector prosthesis. These attachments may be custom made or prefabricated. Prefabricated attachments are highly precise and need technical dexterity to achieve optimum results. Custom made attachments or the Semi-precision attachments are cast in the laboratory and specially made for each patient. This case report describes an inexpensive technique to rehabilitate an intermediate abutment case using acrylic and pen refills as their attachment.

Primary solitary musculoskeletal hydatid cyst is a rare entity with only few such cases reported till date. A proper approach to this disease is lacking. Hydatid cyst should always be kept in the differential diagnosis of slow growing soft tissue lesions in patients from endemic areas. We report a case of 37 year old female suffering from primary hydatid cyst of thigh and managed successfully by surgical excision and antihelminthics.

Oral cancer has very high incidence in India. The reasons for this high incidence is lack of awareness and late presentation which is further complicated by lack of adequately trained medical and dental professionals. We studied the level of awareness related to oral cancer among general public in a hospital based survey in a northern Indian state. We hypothesized that people with higher education will be more aware when it came to knowledge about oral cancer than people who could not afford college education.

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the most prevalent root canal configuration and the incidence of a second mesio-buccal (MB2) canal in maxillary first molar root in an Indian sub-population of Pune, Maharashtra, India by reviewing cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. Methods: Patients who had undergone CBCT scanning for various treatment modalities were retrospectively viewed for the presence of second MB2 canal in the permanent maxillary first molar. Scanning was performed at Peraden & Elite CBCT, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that may motivate children to practice good oral hygiene. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. A questionnaire was given to 150 school going children regarding their histories with caries, perceived confidence in brushing, self-perceived susceptibility and vulnerability for caries and/or poor oral health, and perceived benefits and barriers to practicing oral hygiene.

The general consensus is that behaviorally oriented parent training procedures used with the general population, and to some extent with developmentally disabled populations, are effective for parents of children with ASD. The efficacy of parent training is activities therapy for development children with disruptive behavior from preschool through adolescence were supported by over 30 years stringent evaluation. Parent training is an empirically truth with supported intervention for children with disruptive behavior uncomplicated by ASD.

Background: Candidemia is one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized neonates and pediatric patients especially in intensive care units. Objective: The present study was planned to assess the prevalence of candidemia in neonatal and pediatric patients admitted to P.I.C.U. Method: A cross-sectional prospective study was carried out in pediatric patients admitted to the P.I.C.U of Sassoon General Hospital.

Acute appendicitis is most common diagnosis in patients with abdominal pain for which most patients land up in open or laproscopic appendectomy. Ovarian torsion is uncommon diagnosis in patients of abdominal pain and it is difficult to ruleout from other causes of abdominal pain. Any abdominal emergencies presenting together is rare alike acute adnexal pathology with appendicitis, with only few cases reported in the literature. Reported is a case of gangrenous appendicitis associated with ovarian torsion in a 35-year-old-lady.

Introduction: Bacteria as Streptococcus mutans have been implicated to play a key role in causation of dental caries. Reducing the bacterial load can aid in prevention of caries. Further the acquisition of Stretococcus mutans is influenced by numerous maternal factors as mother’s SM counts, feeding practices, mode of delivery, oral hygiene, sharing of food and utensils etc. Objective: To investigate the correlation of streptococcus mutans counts with maternal factors as type of feeding practices and mode of delivery.

Background & objectives: In edentulous patient, the replacement of teeth and lost tissues with a complete denture to obtain an acceptable functional and esthetic result remains an important challenge for the practitioner. Retention is that quality inherent in the prosthesis to resist the forces of dislodgement along the path of placement, which is in turn dependent on the “wettability” of denture base materials. There are various types of denture base materials that are used to fabricate the complete denture prostheses.

Background: Practice of using OTC drugs is very common among medical students. Since OTC drugs are more easily accessible to them, in this study we intend to analyze knowledge, attitude and practices of second year MBBS students. Aims and Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices of second year MBBS students towards over the counter drugs, to determine most commonly used OTC drugs and to determine most commonly used over the counter drug.

Introduction: The accumulation of bacterial biofilm is the main etiological factor of periodontal disease. So scaling and root planing is the mainstay treatment of periodontal therapy. Apart from this, a number of antibiotics like tetracycline, metronidazole, ofloxacin, and chlorhexidine have also been shown to be effective in chronic periodontitis as measured by a decreased pocket depth, attachment level gain, reduction of bleeding on probing and reduction in periodontal pathogens.

Aim: To evaluate if the fracture resistance of endodontically treated mandibular molars can be improved with newer techniques and restoration than that of crown. Materials and Methods: 55 Two rooted mandibular first molar were randomly divided into 5 groups. Group A (N=11) was left intact. Endodontic treatment was done in remaining 5 groups. In Group B (N=11) entrance filling was done with packable composite followed by tooth preparation and PFM crown placement. In Group C (N=11) entrance filling was done with GC everX Posterior Fiber Reinforced composite after Nayyar Core Technique.

Background: In Australia, 10-16% acute hospital admissions is related to medication. Home medication review is offered to patients using multiple medications, those with narrow therapeutic-index. It is also recommended for people with recent changes to their medication, who were recently discharged from hospital or who have difficulties with their medication. Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify issues that arise during the process and explore the barriers experienced when changes to patient medication regimen are recommended.

Background: In developing countries men are the main decision makers affecting women access to maternity care. Objectives: To investigate the effect of husbands’ attendance on women access to antenatal care (ANC) at Omdurman maternity hospital (OMH) 2016 Methodology: A descriptive, cross sectional, hospital based study conducted at OMH. A ten percent of women attending ANC at OMH during the study period were included after an informed consent. Ethical clearance was obtained from ethical review committee (ERC) at OMH.

A growing body of evidence is demonstrating the possibility for regeneration of tissues within the pulp space and continued root development in teeth with necrotic pulps and open apexes. The immature root with a necrotic pulp and apical periodontitis presents multiple challenges to successful treatment. The purpose of this case report is to present the case of a patient wherein revascularization of the necrotic infected pulp space of an immature permanent maxillary central incisor tooth was induced in vivo by stimulation of a blood clot from the periapical tissues into the canal space.

Objective: This study is to investigate the clinical efficacy of EGFR inhibitors on mutations in lung cancer patients with EGFR 19 and 21 exons. Methods: A total of 178 lung cancer patients were selected from January 2012 to September 2016 in this study and their EGFR mutations were analyzed by Real-time PCR. Then the patients were divided into Exon 19 group (n = 89) and Exon 21 group (n = 89) according to EGFR mutation status, and being treated with EGFR inhibitor erlotinib. Finally, the clinical efficacy and safety of the two groups were analyzed.

Most of the times, gutta percha cones available in the market are non sterilized. Also there is risk of contamination either by handling or aerosols and from physical sources during the storage process. So if we follow the principles of endodontics, then these GP cones should be disinfected prior to using them for obturation. But most clinicians avoid these procedures even though it has a great role in success of root canal treatment.

In India prevalence of oral clefts is as common as 1in 500 several cases and several centres for rehabilitation works round the clock to correct the congenital defect to almost as flawless as a normal child. The team effort involves transition from one speciality to the other and a Pedodontist who is well versed with child’s overall knowledge and comprehensive management of child can be a major shareholder & coordinate among different cleft specialists. Aim: To assess the preference of pedodontist by cleft lip and palate team in the multidisciplinary approach in Indian cleft centres.

Context: The success of endodontic treatment depends upon through debridement of the root canal system. Q-mix is a novel irrigant which shows smear layer removal as well as antibacterial action. The irrigant can go 0.1 – 1mm beyond the tip of the needle which prevents apical penetration of the solution. The irrigant needs to be activated to allow penetration of the irrigant till the apical third of the root canals. Aim: To evaluate the smear layer removal efficacy of Q-mix 2 in 1 using different activation regimens. Settings and Design: An in vitro randomized control trial study.

Objective: The purpose of study was to identify the current research conduct in several teaching hospitals with an Institutional Review Board (IRB) in Lebanon regarding the application of the international codes and regulations Methodology: Quantitative and Qualitative methods allowed an in-depth understanding of hospitals' clinical research, level of respect of safety measures, compliance with the international regulations, understanding challenges and future recommendation to improve the IRB system. A non-random sampling was used.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to examine the correlation between individual’s salivary, blood lead levels and dental caries in children of age group 3-6 yrs. Materials and Method: It was a cross sectional study with sample size of 100 children in both study and control group. Samples of unstimulated saliva and blood were collected from all subjects and lead estimation was done by ICP-MS method. Unpaired student-t test was used for statistical analysis, with the level of significance set at 0.05.

Oral lichenoid reaction, affecting oral mucosa in direct contact with an amalgam restoration, represent a delayed, Type IV, cell mediated immune response to mercury or one of the other constituents of the dental amalgam. The following case report presents a patient who showed such reaction in mucosa adjacent to placement of amalgam. The mucosal lesions underwent a healing process after amalgam was replaced by composite restoration in the teeth that had contact with the lesions.

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis is a rare benign oral condition which is characterized by slow and progressive enlargement of the maxillary and mandibular arches covering the teeth to various extents. The condition may occur as an isolated disorder or as a part of a syndrome. This condition negatively affects the quality of life. This paper presents a case of 18 year old male with generalized hereditary gingival fibromatosis involving both the dentitions and covering the teeth upto incisal/occlusal third.

Lemierre’s syndrome is a condition characterized by thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and bacteremia caused by primarily anaerobic organism, Fusobacterium necrophorum following a recent oro pharyngeal infection. This has been an uncommon illness in the era of antibiotic therapy, though it has been reported with increasing frequency in the past 15 years. Lemierre’s syndrome should be suspected in young healthy patients with prolonged symptoms of pharyngitis followed by symptoms of septicemia or pneumonia, or an atypical lateral neck pain.

Introduction: Ultrasound allows precise placement of local anaesthetic agents to the desired site. In our study, analgesic efficacy between ultrasound guided single shot rectus sheath block was compared with epidural analgesia in patients who have undergone surgeries with midline anterior abdominal incisions. Material And Methods: Hundred patients belonging to American society of anaesthesiologist (ASA) class I and II were included in our study, which is a randomised controlled study, and were divided in two groups, group A and group B.

Aim: Asses the significance of elevated serum lipase in Diabetic ketoacidosis Methadology: Serum sample of a female patient known to have Diabetes Mellitus, presenting to ER with complaints of recurrent episodes of vomiting, abdominal pain was taken and routine biochemical tests including a spot urine dipstick test, an arterial blood gas analysis along with serum amylase and lipase was sent. Patient was subjected to ultrasound imaging. The results obtained were analysed.

Objective: Insufficient strength of muscle causes fatigue and affects the basic activities. The IMT is the device (POWER breathe KH1) which is recently developed, which has an electronically controlled valve which provides resistance. Resistance training provides constant oxygen delivery at pretraining levels which improve strength. Methods: The lawn tennis players were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and those who were willing for treatment.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver and occurs predominantly in patients with chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. A better knowledge of molecular Hepato carcinogenesis provides today the opportunity for targeted therapy. Most of the existing anti-cancer produces side effects such as fever, hallucinations, low blood pressure, bone marrow problems, paralysis, coma, liver problems, and kidney problems. The present study aimed. The herbal extract were prepared in solvents like ethanol and screened for ant cancer activity.

Introduction: Dental diseases are generally not self-limiting. If untreated, dental conditions may affect the person’s well-being and overall quality of life. Aim: To assess the level of utilization of dental health care services and to determine barriers that prevent utilization of dental health care services among the white-collar port workers in Nellore, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 300 port workers aged 30 years and above, who were willing to participate during the month of May 2017 in Nellore District.

In Ivory Coast, the LLIN is the prevention tool highly promoted by the National Malaria Control Program. But its use by the people is not yet a given. Research has focused on problems related to its adoption in households. This study examines the difficulties of adopting this tool within malaria care services. The study is qualitative and of ethnographic type. It was carried out in the malaria management services of 10 districts in the health regions of Gkêkê, Tonpki and Kabadougou in Ivory Coast. Several observations were made in these services and documented.

18-year female patient presented skeletal class I jaw base with unilateral Class II molar relationship with minor crowding in upper and lower arch. Unilateral distalization was planned in upper arch to correct end on molar relation and palatally block out permanent canine followed by extraction of deciduous canine and impacted third molar with respect to upper left quadrant. Pendulum appliance was used to distalize upper left molar. With Pendulum appliance distalization was achieved by 4 mm within the duration of 4 months.

The main objective of this study was to depict the occurrence of neck pain, shoulder pain and back pain among dentists and to evaluate the risk factors affecting them. Sixty-eight dentists from Patna were interviewed utilizing pretested questionnaires in January 2018. Back pain was the most common complaint affecting almost 75% of the study population, followed by neck pain (52%) and shoulder pain (48%). The recurrence of shoulder pain among female dentists was nearly double that of males (P=0.009).

The present article reports the results of a descriptive-correlational study that tried to return to the theory of thought with images and without images with the objective of exploring the relevance of environmental stimulation in its elicitation. The purpose of this work was to explore whether environmental stimulation influences the forms of symbolic nature of thought (images and without images) or, even if, the iconic nature of thought is independent of environmental stimulation.

Backround: There are several inclusion and exclusion criteria of patients affected by symptomatic and asymptomatic, single and multiple uterine fibroids, among them the interposition of bowel that do not allow the access to the ultrasound beam (Mascaretti et al., 2016). The use of the inversion bench before the treatment is a method that allows the inclusion of some patients.

Consumers’ demand and market potential of fermented food and dairy products calls for innovation in food and dairy processing and needs novel starter strains to boom food industry. Nine strains of bacteriocin producing Streptococcus thermophilus with sound technological properties isolated from milk and milk products were evaluated for in-vitro acid and bile tolerance in simulated gastro-intestinal environment, adherence to cell surface and antibiotic sensitivity profile. All the nine strains were found to be acid and bile tolerant with some degree of variability.

Introduction: Fracture of Humerus shaft in adults can be managed conservatively with braces or operatively with plates or with intramedullary nails. Humerus intramedullary nailing is done either using humerus interlocking nails or Enders nails. In this study we analyse the outcome of humerus shaft fractures (upper and middle third) managed with closed antegradeintramedullary titanium elastic nailing in terms ofunion rates, union time, functional results and complications.

Aim: Hepatitis E. viruses (HEVs) are single stranded RNA viruses that cause large epidemics of acute viral hepatitis especially in developing countries and cause adverse maternal and foetal outcome. It affects males and females, both pregnant and non-pregnant. However, in pregnant females HEV infection is more severe often leading to fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) and death. Methods: This study is a prospective study conducted at Pannadhai Mahila Chikitsalaya, R.N.T.

High-energy tibial plateau fracture poses a significant challenge and difficulty for orthopaedic surgeons. Fracture of tibial plateau involves major weight bearing joint and may alter knee kinematics. AnatomicReconstruction of the proximal tibial articular surfaces, restoration of the limb axis (limb alignment) and stable. Fixation permitting early joint motion is the goals of the treatment.

Even after being aware of the various harmful effects of the mosquito repellents it is very commonly being used in the developing countries. Many studies in the past have been done on exploring the effects of smoke of mosquito repellants, emissions of irritating compounds and carcinogenic compounds and other pollutants, which suggests that the rate at which emission takes place can help predict the concentration in domestic setup and to assess the health risks.

Enset, Enseteventricosum, is a crop that contributes to food security for more than 20 % of Ethiopia’s population. The objective of the present study was to understand farmers’ knowledge to enset diversity management and their response to EXW. A total of 80 farm households were surveyed using individual household interviews. Sixty-five cultivar names were recorded for the study area. The number of cultivars cultivated on individual farms ranged from 4 to 10 (with mean of 9.3).

Abscesses in the periodontium always poses a unique challenge for a clinician as they are associated with severe bone loss, intrabony defects and deep periodontal pockets. Periodontal abscess is multifactorial in nature as gram negative organisms predominated over gram positive organisms. It is the third most common dental emergency. Periodontal abscess is associated with non periodontitis periodontal lesions and in patients with periodontitis.

Background: Mandibular fracture is the second most common fracture in the maxillofacial region. Various classification systems for mandibular fractures exist in the literature, some are incomplete and some are very complex. The purpose of this study was to present an unusual mandibular fracture and simplified classification system to include such fractures. Method: We report an unusual case of mandibular fracture in which the fracture pattern could not be classified according to any of the classification system except the one given by WHO.

Riehl’smelanosis (RM) is apigmented contact dermatitis characterized byreticulated dark brown-gray-bluish pigmentation on the face and neck. Treatment of RM is challenging because there is no a golden standard of treatment yet .Therefore, the authors introduce a new treatment of RM using Dr. Hoon Hur's Golden Parameter Therapy(GPT) with a high fluence 1064nm Q-switched Nd: YAG laser(QSNL) without side effects. In this study, Dr. Hoon Hur'sGPT with a high fluence 1064nm QSNL proved to be a safe and effective treatment for RM. We suggest that Dr.

Ants are small, insignificant and quite powerful intelligent eusocial insects. The social organization is very remarkable one in ants, so that they cannot be distinguished from one another, it is mysterious for us that ants are able to recognize their companies, of course they don’t have ears, some of them are blind, but they have a great sense of smell. Ants interact with one another through chemicals, called ‘pheromones’. These chemicals may vary from one species to another species.

Horizontal Root Fractures (HRF) are uncommon consequences of traumatic dental injuries. Although anterior tooth are primarily involved, HRF can occur in posterior tooth as well. From a therapeutic stand point middle and apical root fractures are considered to have a favourable prognosis while cervical root fractures are considered least favourable. This article reports on successful management of cervical, middle and apical third HRF by conservative treatment approaches.

Background: The incidence of oral cancer is highest in India, south and Southeast Asian countries. In India, 90 -95% of the oral cancers is squamous cell carcinoma. The international agency for research on cancer has predicted that India's incidence of cancer will increase from 1 million in 2012 to more than 1.7 million in 2035. This indicates that the death rate because of cancer will also increase from 680000 to 1- 2 million in the same period. In India, 20 per 100000 population are affected by oral cancer which accounts for about 30% of all types of cancer.

During medical education students are faced with various factors that affect their resilience. High levels of academic stress, poor role modelling and abuse are often associated with depression and a wish to quit studying medicine. This study was conducted to define the factors that affect the resilience of students at Medical university-Sofia. The results from our study showed that medical student’s mental health resilience suffers by poor role modelling, abuse, high levels of academic stress, lack of mentoring, etc.

The present study was designed to carryout the prelimnary photochemical screening and to assess the anti-bacterial potential of ethanolic leaf extract of Clerodendrum searratum LINN. Phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of alkaloids, phenolics, carbohydrates, proteins, carbonate and glycoside. In-vitro anti-bacterial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion method. The microorganisms used for anti-bacterial activity were staphylococcus hominis ATCC27844, Pseudomonas putida ATCC2021, Proteus vulgaris ATCC13315, Bacillus subtilis ATCC2063 and Escherichia coli ATCC2065.

The objective of this study was to assess the effect of chemical particle present in cigarette smoke on ventilatory functions on smokers to analyse the extent of impairment in the airways. Parameters recorded were PEFR, FEV1, FVC, FEF25-75% and FEV1/FVC%. For each participant chest X-ray was also taken. We have done comparison of ventilatory functions in non-smokers and smokers. It was observed that the values PEFR, FEV1, FVC, FEF25-75% and FEV1/FVC% significantly decreased in smokers (p value<0.001) when compared to non-smokers.

Pseudomyxoma peritonei or mucinous neoplasm of the appendix is a rare clinical condition characterized by the presence of mucinous ascites in which gelatinous material accumulates throughout the peritoneal cavity and pelvis. It usually arises from cystic neoplasm of appendix, ovary and rarely from colon. A 45 year old man presented with right sided abdominal lump and distension. Ultrasound and Computerized tomography diagnosed it as a case of psoas abscess with multiloculated heterogeneous echoic contents. Intraoperatively jelly like material was removed from retroperitoneum.

In the present study, an efficient reproducible protocol for high frequency in-vitro propagation of Banana cultivar Karibale was described. An in-vitro protocol for Cv. Karibale was established by using shoot tip culture. The healthy suckers which were collected from the disease free and high yielding mother plants were surfaced sterilized and initiated on standard MS medium supplemented with different combinations and concentrations of Plant growth hormones.

Background: An important cause of avoidable childhood blindness is retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in developing countries. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of ROP among pre-term babies in Civil Hospital (tertiary care hospital) Ahmedabad. Method: All pre-term babies (<37weeks) admitted to the neonatal unit of the Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad in year 2017 were enrolled into the study. Ophthalmologic examinations were started at 6 weeks after birth. All the examinations were performed by a single experienced ophthalmologist.

Objective: To explore the relationship of ABO blood group with the clinical efficacy of chemotherapy in endometrial carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 320 patients with endometrial carcinoma admitted in our hospital from February 2010 to July 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Eighty-two cases of type A blood, 86 cases of type B blood, 94 cases of O type blood and 58 cases of AB type blood were included. The blood type of patients and the follow-up results of chemotherapy were analyzed.

The connective tissue graft is an indispensable therapeutic tool in mucogingival periodontal surgery and implantology from the functional and aesthetic point of view. The harvesting technique as well as the field of application have change and further developed since the first description of free connective tissue grafts three decades ago. Therefore the purpose of this article is to describe various subepithelial connective tissue grafts harvesting technique in detail.

A 54 years female presented with 6 months history of dyspnea and 2 months history of haemoptysis. She was evaluated with CT thorax which showed 22×16×15 mm sized hypodense soft tissue lobulated lesion in right lower trachea extending inferiorly into right side of carina, up to origin of right main bronchus. Brochoscopic guided biopsy was done which was S/O adenoid cystic carcinoma, grade 1. Patient was treated with definitive concurrent radiotherapy (IMRT 66Gy/33#/6.3 weeks) and weekly chemotherapy with Cisplatin.

Advancements in technology have positively influenced the higher education in terms of delivering instructions and other services. However, as more organizations continue to embrace technology in their online operations, the risk of information security attacks cannot be underestimated. Higher education institutions have a risk of information security attacks since they have the least secure environment to protect information resources and systems.

Background: Despite the prevalent use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in current clinical scenario, many coronary artery disease (CAD) patients are still treated with bare-metal stents (BMS). Aim: The purpose of this registry was to assess the clinical performance and safety of the ultra-thin (65 μm) strut cobalt-chromium Osum™ BMS for the intervention of CAD patients in real-world clinical practice.

Background: The present in-vitro study was a scanning electron microscope (SEM) study conducted in primary teeth in order to evaluate the erosive potential of two commonly used pediatric liquid medications (PLMs), the anti-biotics and the analgesics. The commonly used antibiotic in the study was Mox-redimix, Ranbaxy and Ibugesic Plus, cipla was choosen for the analgesic group. Materials and Methods: Thirty extracted teeth were randomly divided into 2 groups viz. Control group and Test Group.

Due to the infinite size of nanoparticles, the surface area is relatively large and as a result, they usually have high reactivity and sorption to various heavy metals. In this work, we synthesized Fe3O4 nanoparticles by cost effective Co-precipitation method. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized using Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR).

A study was undertaken to compare the effects of different routes of administration of dexamethasone, namely intra-space injection of Twin mix, intraoral-submucosal, intramuscular, intravenous and per-oral administration, on post-operative sequel after mandibular impacted third molar surgery. The study was carried out on 60 patients presenting with class II position B impaction of mandibular third molars. Ten patients were randomly allocated to each of the six study groups.

Background: Parenting is a composite activity. Parenting styles may have an impact on the coping mechanisms adopted by the child in stressful situations. Parents are responsible towards the overall health of the child. Thus, the oral health and the risk of dental disease development in children may also be influenced by different parenting practices. Aim: To study the association of parenting styles with caries status, caries risk, socioeconomic status (SES) and behavior of child in dental operatory.

The dental handpiece is a sophisticated combination of precision parts moving in perfect synchronization at extremely high speed. The handpiece is a device that requires diligent maintenance protocol to keep it running properly and safely. Handpiece delivers a smooth powerful cut that allows the clinician to remove tooth structure in an efficient manner with little discomfort in contrast to earlier days which was done with hand cutting instruments and electric belt driven instruments with top rotational speeds of 50000 rpm.

Our first imagination was that the evolution history of development of lifeprocesses in our planet during last billion year should build the full closed cycle of protons, with direct participation of this cycle have been formed more than 100 kg ATP during 24 hours and heat energy, enough to warm the human body until 36-37 Celsius degree, where protons have been recirculated, reutilized, making repeated circulation movement within concrete interval time.

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications are one of the major health problems in developing world. Diabetic retinopathy(DR) is one of the leading cause of ocular morbidity. Awareness of DR among patients can reduce its complications. Methods: A cross sectional observational study was conducted at the department of ophthalmology, Kasturba medical college, Mangalore. A total of 101 patients with pre-existing diabetes were included in the study. The study duration was from June 15th, 2016 to 31st December of 2016.

Term Premature rupture of membranes (PROM), also called Prelabour Rupture Of Membranes, is classically defined as rupture of membranes, at term, before labour and accounts for 0.8-0.9% of all pregnancies at term. This study was conducted over a period of 14 months (from January 2017 to January 2018) in a tertiary care medical college in North India. A total of 100 term PROM patients were recruited in our study – and divided into two groups randomly--50 (Group A) patients were managed conservatively and 50 (Group- B) patients underwent induction of labour.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent placement is a standard treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD). Despite the use of drug eluting stents (DESs), restenosis remains a challenging clinical problem. Restenosis is the maladaptive response of the coronary artery to injury. Oxidative stress, inflammation and neointimal hyperplasia have been implicated in the process of restenosis. However, the molecular and biochemical pathways of restenotic process are not fully understood yet.

Food security, a condition in which “… all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” (FAO, 2006), is one of several conditions essential to a healthy and well-nourished population (Coleman-Jensen, 2013). This research focused on food access and sources of food, along with the roles of local food systems in North Alabama, one of the fastest growing regions in Alabama.

Introduction: Prophylactic administration of antibiotics can be used to avoid surgical site infections, which are the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in patients. In spite of modern standards of preoperative preparation and refinements in anaesthetic and operative techniques, postoperative wound infections remain a serious problem. Objective: • To evaluate the incidence of surgical site infections following clean and clean contaminated operations. • To identify the common organisms detected in above scenario. • To identify the risk factors for postoperative wound infections.

The Ecology of vascular epiphytes was studied in agro forestry system of Gedeo Zone, Southern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples National Regional State of Ethiopia at an altitude of 1370 -3100m. Systematic sampling method was employed during data collection. Different software’s like CANOCO, TWINSPAN, PAST and SPSS were used to analyze the data and also qualitative analysis was followed depending up the raw data collected. Eleven species of vascular epiphytes were recorded from nine host (phorophyte) species in the study area.

Background: Influenza like illness caused by influenza A (H1N1), a quadruple reasserted influenza virus. It is an orthomyxovirus responsible for outbreak that occurred in state, Gujarat, India in year 2017. During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, pregnant women had higher morbidity and mortality comparing to non-pregnant women. Aim: To study the Obstetric care and Management of H1N1 pregnant women during an outbreak of H1N1 influenza.

After the prevailing of local autonomy and also general election for local leader (Pemilukada), it seems that managerial procedures for development in Indonesia have been forced to change. Local autonomy successfully makes some regencies and cities to feel more empowered. Indeed, the locals now have more discretions to determine direction of development implemented in their jurisdiction.This study is conducted to detect failure threat of development as early as possible. It also attempts to examine the design of evaluation on the management of regency development in current days.

Rhizobium-legume symbiosis is one of the most well-established symbiotic nitrogen-fixing systems for agronomic studies. The effect of salt stress on the growth and nitrogen assimilation of Arachis hypogea (groundnut) was investigated. Root nodules were collected from healthy plants of A.hypogaea from the agricultural fields of Perambalur, Tamil Nadu, India. The Rhizobiaisolates obtained from pure cultures were subjected to standard biochemical tests. A. hypogea cultivated in pots were treated with saline water at 40mM, 80mM, 120mM and 160Mm.

Academic competence is indispensable in influencing resilience among children acting as a buffer that protect them from psychological distress. This study examined the role of academic competence in enhancing resilience in school adaptation among children in post war context using a sample of children aged 9 to 21years. Resilience Models and Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) were used to guide the study. Academic competence was measured at by Interviews, Focused group discussions and teacher reportsto capture children’s’ narratives on war experiences and academic competence.

Background: Oral health is often neglected. Over the years, there has been an increase in the practice of self-medication (SM) with non-prescription (over-the-counter) drugs for dental problems. With regard to paediatric patients, such practices are entirely under the control of the parent. Pharmacokinetics of drugs vary in children due to their unique physiology. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to select appropriate medication and dosage for children, as dosing errors in paediatric patients may cause fatal complications.

Background and Aim: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common metabolic disorders with increasing prevalence. Associated thyroid dysfunction is 2.2-17% with women more frequently affected. Subclinical hypothyroidism is an important risk factor in development of complications of diabetes. The aim of the study was to evaluate thyroid profile in diabetics with and without complications and find a correlation if any amongst the complications and levels of thyroid hormones.

Objective: The objective of the study was to contribute to the literature by investigating how HIV spread differ with the demographics, and socio-economic factors among the population in Zambia. Introduction: Sothern Africa is considered worst affected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and still home to an estimated 6.3 million people living with HIV in 2013. In an attempt to determine the factors that associated with HIV we investigated the demographic and socio economic elements.

Endodontic treatment may directly involve contact with saliva, blood and infected pulp tissue. So, cross infection is the major issue in endodontic treatment. All instruments should be cleaned prior to sterilization using methods like pre-soaking and ultrasonic cleaning. Contaminated instruments are pre-soaked prior to ultrasonic cleaning. This study investigated the effect of pre-soaking of instruments prior to ultrasonic cleaning on sterilization. Endodontic files were divided into 10 groups. Group 1 to Group 4 includes pre-soaking and ultrasonic cleaning with different time intervals.

This paper discusses the knowledge of Environmental Crime taught in Criminology. A contemporary crime, which deals with the criminology view of environmental crime, by looking at elements of environmental crime: perpetrators, victims, law and enforcement. By recognizing what is meant by environmental crimes, is expected to realize environmental justice. For more details, Lapindo Case is used, as a trigger of environmental crime, by giving choice to the reader, is it an environmental crime or a natural disaster event.

Introduction: Surgical repair of hernias is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in the world. Despite a large number of clinical studies, no consensus has been achieved on surgical technique of inguinal hernias. This study aims at evaluating the conventional Lichtenstein’s tension free repair versus transabdominal pre-peritoneal placement of mesh, in terms of morbidity, number of days of stay and post-operative pain. Methodolgy: This study evaluates the Lichtenstein’s tension free hernia repair versus TAPP.

An attempt was made at the Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore to understand the anatomical differences in tissue characteristics between juvenile and adult materials as well as male, female and monoecious trees in Casuarina equisetifolia. Traditionally, the transition from juvenile to adult phase has been explained as a change in the reproductive competence but it also is marked by species specific changes in a variety of vegetative traits including leaf shape, leaf anatomy, adventitious root production, disease resistance and a number of secondary compounds.

The Selfie is taking a photo of yourself, sharing it on social networks, waiting for feedback, rinse and repeat. The proliferation of mobile phone technology combined with the popularity of social media applications has made ‘selfie’ as Word Of the Year, 2013. People who take Selfies can be grouped into two categories: the Chronic Abuser or the Occasional Poster. Chronic Abusers take Selfies multiple times a day. The Occasional Poster, meanwhile, tends to only snap a Selfie when the occasion presents itself to be favorable.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an important health problem both globally and in India. It is the third most common malignant tumor and the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the World. In Indian population, there is paucity of literature on efficacy and toxicity profile of conventional vs targeted therapy plus chemotherapy in recurrent and metastatic colorectal malignancies.

High yielding, nutritionally superior maize varieties, generally referred to as quality protein maize (QPM), compared to its normal counterpart helps not only to increase food security but also to enhance feed, fodder and nutritional security. Five QPM varieties including farmers' popular variety were evaluated at five and eight sites in Arghakhanchi, Dailekh, Dang and Surkhet districts using various schemes of participatory variety selection (PVS) like mother-baby trials, minikits and large plot variety cum production demonstrations during summer season of 2013-14 and 2014-15.

Acute renal cortical necrosis is a rare cause of acute renal failure secondary to ischemic necrosis of the renal cortex. It accounts for only 2% of all causes of acute renal failure in developed countries (Grünfeld et al., 1981), but occurs more frequently in developing world (Chugh et al., 1976; Chugh et al., 1983; Hassan et al., 2009; Parkash et al., 1995). The obstetric complications are the commonest (50 – 70%) cause of renal cortical necrosis (Hassan et al., 2009), non-obstetric causes account for 20-30% of all cases of cortical necrosis.

Globally, countries have made major strides in education in increasing enrolment to achieve Universal Primary Education. In Kenya, the Government reintroduced Free Primary Education in 2003 to enhance access, retention, participation, progression and completion. In 2002 dropout rates in Vihiga, Sabatia, Emuhaya and Hamisi Sub Counties were 1.8%, 1.6%, 2.5% and 1.4% respectively. In 2007, out of 7,967 pupils admitted in class I only 4,097 completed class 8 in 2014. This means that 48.83% of the pupils had dropped out.

The study was conducted in the upazilla namely Keraniganj of Dhaka, Bangladesh during 2015 to assess the profitability, resource use efficiency and factors affecting eggplant cultivation. Primary data collection was carried out at Keraniganj upazilla of Bangladesh.Cobb-Douglas production function was applied to determine the effects of inputs on eggplant production. Human labour, seeds, murate of potash (MoP), urea, power tiller, pesticides and irrigation had significant impact on eggplant production.

Background: Evidence Based Dentistry (EBD) is a patient-centered approach to treatment decisions, which provides personalized dental care based on the most current scientific knowledge. Many dental professionals in Egypt did not study critical evaluation of research material in Dental Schools. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine knowledge, attitude and barriers of dental practitioners towards EBD. Materials and Methods: This is a questionnaire based cross-sectional study which was conducted at The School of Dentistry, Mansoura University.

Background: General health cannot be attained or maintained without oral health. The mouth is regarded as the mirror of the body and the gateway to good health. The services of nurses are also required in promoting the oral health knowledge among the general public Objective: The study was carried out to assess awareness regarding oral and systemic health amongst nursing professional of A.J Medical College, Mangalore. Materials and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted among the nursing professionals of A.J Institute of Medical science, Mangalore.

In Kenya, the Government reintroduced Free Primary Education in 2003 to enhance access, retention, participation, progression and completion. In 2002 repetition rates were 9.8%, 8.0%, 10.8% and 8.4% respectively. In Emuhaya dropout rates were high before introduction of Free Primary Education policy and even after introduction of Free Primary Education policy repetition still persisted. The objective of this study was to establish the impact of Free Primary Education policy on repetition rate in public primary schools in Kenya.

The present research deals with the pathologies that happen in the civil construction of floors and ceramic tiles, as well as their causes, preventions and solutions to cure them. The main pathologies of floors and ceramic coatings, whose purpose is to protect the concrete against chemical and mechanical attacks, giving greater ease of cleaning, are delamination, cracks, fissures, efflorescence and deterioration of joints. The damages, in ceramic coatings and floors, are also important from an economic and user satisfaction point of view.

When the heart stops the blood supply to the brain is quickly cut off – and in operating theatres this moment would be recorded as the official time of death. But studies show that the dead person’s mind and consciousness continue to work, at least for a short time – meaning the deceased can recognize their own death. Stem cells can remain alive in human corpses for at least 17 days after death, researchers say. Indeed there is some evidence to suggest the ‘dead person’ may even hear their own death being announced as they lie on the operating theatre table.

The robustness of power systems can be ensured by steady state security regarding power grid contingencies based on a steady state model. An overview of contingency analysis methods which consider steady state security of power system with stability margin index is provided in this paper. Traditional methodologies of contingency analysis for power systems, steady state security include full AC power flow analysis, approximate methods and contingency ranking. Methods are investigated to speed up the full AC power flow algorithm and improve the accuracy of approximate techniques.

The government of Nepal proposed the introduction of a computer for selected students in Primary schools since 2008. With the project OLPC (one laptop per child), the aim of the Ministry of Education in Nepal was to help each student of a class with a lap top computer from their first to their last year at Primary schools. Given the enormous cost of this programme, it was very important that schools would make the best use of ICT. My study therefore, is designed to find out whether this was so and if not why not.

The objective of this study is to determine the profile of ocular pathologies observed in children under 15 years old. Methods: This retrospective study included 4307 children aged from 0 to 15 years old, consulted in Ophthalmology Department of Teaching University Hospital of Brazzaville (Congo) from January 2014 to December 2016. Results: During this period, 751 children had unilateral or bilateral ocular involvement. They were 409 boys (54.5%) and 342 girls (45.5%) for a ratio of 1.19. The middle age was about 8.2±4.6 years (range: 6 days-15 years).

An investigation on the effect of the Azadirachta indica on the gills of Heteropneustes fossilis was carried out in the laboratory. fishes were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of Azadirachta indica for 24,48,72 and 96 hrs. The LC50 values of Azadirachta indica calculated for Heteropneustes fossilis for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours are 10.5, 8.5, 7.0 and 6.5 ml/L respectively. The gills were removed for histological examination.

This paper demonstrates the real time obstacle detection using ultrasonic sensor onarduinouno board in micro aerial vehicle (MAV). Ultrasonic sensor (HC-SR04) is used to measure the distance of an object (Prashanth et al., 2013). An algorithm is developed for obstacle detection, which is embedded on an Arduinouno that acts as control board. Four ultrasonic sensors are placed in all the directions. The four green LEDs and four red LEDs are interfaced to arduino board through jumper wires. Obstacle is considered with different colors and the ultrasonic sensor was fixed at a point.

Tuberculosis is one of the commonest maladies which have plagued developing countries like India with its various clinical manifestations. Here we describe a case of disseminated tuberculosis with involvement of brain and lymphoreticular system in form of generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly and testicular mass. After biopsy confirmation he was started on Antitubercular treatment to which he responded adequately. However the same patient suffered from slowly progressive weakness and muscle wasting of bilateral upper and lower limbs symmetrically.

Introduction: Dermatoglyphics has been studied in many diseases for underlying genetic susceptibility. Most of the people are affected with potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) of the oral cavity like oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSMF), oral leukoplakia (OL), and lichen planus. It seems likely that a genetic predisposition could be an underlying mechanism. Aim: The present study aims to determine the association between dermatoglyphics and occurrence of potentially malignant disorders.

The work is devoted to the construction of the basic equations of hydromechanics of two-phase flows with external mass transfer. The flow of a two-phase liquid is regarded as a continuum consisting of a large number of different groups of particles. The derivation of the phenomenological equations of motion is given taking into account both the external attached (or detachable) mass and the phase transitions within the medium. By applying fundamental conservation equations, the equations of mass, momentum and energy transfer for individual phases and the medium as a whole are obtained.

Marginal tissue recession represents a common condition in periodontology. Gingival recession associated with root surface exposure is a complex phenomenon that may present numerous therapeutic challenges to the clinician. Recession may be accompanied by root caries or abraded surfaces, and patients may complain of esthetic defects or root hypersensitivity. One goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate the lost attachment apparatus of the teeth.

An anthropometric study of male Indonesian who use economy class train in East Java was conducted. Fifty eight body dimensions, age, body weight, and hand squeeze strength for chair design importance were measured for 200 Indonesian males, comprising Javanese (100) and Madurese (100) tribes. The two tribes were compared to identity similarity and contrast existing in their respective body dimensions. Descriptive statistics provided mean, standard deviation, percentile value and coefficient of variance of each population.

Laparoscopic surgery has become popular during the last decade, mainly because it is associated with fewer postoperative complications than the conventional openapproach. The goal of the present study is to evaluate whether laparoscopic closure of perforated pepticulcer is as safe as conventional open correction in peripheral setup. The study is based on retrospective analysis of cases of duodenal ulcer perforation operated laparoscopically in peripheral set up.

Kinetics of Polymerization of N,NʹMethyleneBisacrylamide (MBA) initiated by Ce(IV) – Vanillin redox system, was carried out two different temperatures 30oC & 36oC in dilute sulfuric acid medium under nitrogen atmosphere. The rate of oxidation of Vanillin by Ce (IV) in the presence and absence of β-CD were studied. The effect of various concentrations of monomer [MBA], oxidant [Ce(IV)], reductant[van], medium[H+] and varying ionic strengths NaHSO4 on the rate of polymerization, rate of Ce(IV), consumption (-RCe) and the percentage monomer conversion were studied.

Introduction: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) genotypes A and D are well documented from different parts of India, while genotype C in addition to mixed genotype A and D (A/D) has been reported and characterized from Eastern India. HBV genotyping is a useful tool for understanding the epidemiology of HBV infection. HBV genotype is not only predictive of clinical outcomes but has also been associated with response to interferon treatment. Material and methods: The HBV genotype was identified by using PCR-RFLP analysis of the S gene in 50 HBsAg positive adult patients.

Many plants are important to cure various human ailments. India has a rich source of naturally occurring herbal plants which have huge as well as great pharmacological functions. A lot of medicinal plants are used in treating various disorders. Herbal medicines play a vital role in Ayurvedic, homeopathic, Oriental and Native American Indian medicine. Various pharmaceuticals companies conducting extensive research on plant materials which have high potential value. Cedrus deodara commonly called as cedar is precious plant belonging to family pinaceae.

India stands second highest in density of population, in which 49% of female form a major human resource next to men. The role of women empowerment is always related with education. In fact higher education for women plays a vital role in making women an empowered. Here the words of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru are relevant to discuss. According to his words if a woman is educated, can able to make her family educated, thereby can become empowered. Indian women have undergone various problems like illiteracy, lack of support, gender bias, etc.

Purpose: To evaluate outcome and describe the management of inferior oblique inclusion associated with recurrent strabismus. Methods: Twenty two patients reoperated upon lateral rectus muscles for correction of horizontal deviation (residual or recurrent exotropia or esotropia) with abnormal vertical deviation (hypotropia or hypertropia) that suspect inferior oblique inclusion or diagnosed during reoperation. Each patient was managed with release of inferior oblique along with appropriate horizontal muscle surgery.

In this paper, based on feedback effects between the floating population, economic growth and the fog haze in Beijing, by constructing dynamic equation around the lagging items and the system GMM, to analyze the long-term equilibrium relationship and dynamic effect mechanism between the floating population, economic growth and haze .Based on the obtained data, the system GMM method is used for the empirical test. Therefore, this paper studies the correlation between the floating population, economic growth and haze in Beijing.

Purpose: To evaluate femtosecond assisted implantation of MyoRing and Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking in an Intrastromal Pocket in One Session for management of progressive post Lasik ectasia. Methods: In this study, 20 eyes of 14 patients with progressive post Lasik ectasia a MyoRing (Dioptex, GmbH, Austria) was implanted using a femtosecond laser and Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking in an Intrastromal Pocket in One Session.

Parents and particularly mothers are the primary educators and trainers of children in African families. They are therefore responsible for shaping of children’s behaviour whereas fathers succeed them as the children grow up and eventually takeover as children enter into their adolescent stage. This means that enhancing of discipline among children is enhanced by both parents. Nevertheless single parenting is highly suspected to be less effective in dealing with discipline of children as opposed to dual parenting.

In Kenya according to countrywide survey students as young as 13 years of age are subject of drug abuse. According to National Authority for the Campaign Against Alcohol and Drug Abuse (NACADA) students use all tricks possible to abuse drugs during school visits, during school entertainment or at night in their dormitories. Children initiate alcohol and substance abuse at the age of 13 both at home and school. The commonly abused drugs are alcohol, khat (miraa), tobacco, bhang, kuber and even heroin in some quarters.

The article describes the study of natural bending oscillations in packer systems used on strings in offshore production wells. To do so the Lagrange's variational method has been applied.

Background: There are few reports on peratrial device occlusion of large secundum atrial septal defect in adults and long term follow-up post occlusion. Objectives: This study aims to provide evidence of safety, efficacy, feasibility and simplicity of peratrial device occlusion of large secundum atrial septal defects in adults. Method: Ninety patients with maximum diameter of ≥ 30mm of secundum atrial septal defects underwent peratrial device occlusion. A 2 to 3cm incision was made in right 4th parasternal intercostal space. The pericardium was suspended.

With the advent of Globalization, the use of Electronic tools within HRM has increased a lot over the recent years. The word e-HRM was coined in the 1990’s; it is the submission of information technology for networking and supporting at least two individual or combined actors in their shared performing of Human Resource Management activities. In this paper we offer a conceptual framework of e-HRM effectiveness on organisational performance

The aim of this study is to evaluate the maternal and foetal outcomes of patients whose pregnancies were complicated by Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM) over a period of three years. In this retrospective study, 135 pregnant patients with PPROM were selected (PPROM). Among them 126 pregnancies were singletons and 9 were twin pregnancies. Patients’ age ranges from 20 to 44 years and mean age was noted to be 31 years. The gestational age of the patients at the time of PPROM ranges from 21 to 36+6 weeks (before 37 completed weeks).

Vermicompost an age old technology of composting using various worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast had not lost its significance. Vermicast, also called worm castings, worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm. These castings have been shown to contain reduced levels of contaminants and a higher saturation of nutrients than do organic materials before vermicomposting.

The aim of this study is to determine the factors that prevent the participation of the students of Istanbul Developmental University School of Physical Education and Sports in their leisure time activities and determine whether they differ according to some demographic variables. For this purpose, 250 students from School of Physical Education and Sports who are trained at Istanbul Gelişim University's departments of Coach Traning, Sports Management, Recreation, and Exercise and Sport Sciences constitute the sample of the study.

Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl.) is an Amazonian Forest species, which is acknowledged for the commercialization of its almonds. It is an endangered species, fact that reinforces the need of conducting conservation studies. Molecular markers are tools that may be used in conservation studies and the primordial stage preceding the use of molecular markers lies on DNA extraction. A well-designed protocol allows isolating DNA in sufficient amount and quality to conduct molecular studies.

Crop residues, the fibrous by-product of harvested crops has significant implications for current and future socio-economic and environmental outcomes. It is a precious and/or scarce resource that applied for multipurpose use, although competing applications of crop residues has been creating multifaceted challenges in Ethiopia. This review paper aimed to gather and compile scientific findings and facts about crop residues use in different parts of country. Having multiple determinants, the type and use of crop residue is quite different from region to region and place to place.

The paper describes the implementationof e- NAM and its progress in India. e - NAM is a pan-India electronic trading portal which creates a unified national market especially for agricultural commodities and provides single window service by networking existing APMCs (Agriculture Produce Marketing Committees). About 90 commodities are notified for trading on e –NAM platform. Hitherto 13 states were covered under this scheme whereas Uttar Pradesh tops the list with 100 markets andUttarkhand hits the bottom line with 5 markets.

Contamination of environment by radionuclides in territories under urboecosystem conditions is an actual problem. The search for new express methods for radioactivity determination of environment is an important task of research. The present work evaluated the ability to use Eucalyptus globulus leaves to act as bio-monitor for environmental radionuclides air pollution.

This article is a humble attempt to show how the women novelists in English developed a style of their own in terms of dealing with men and matters through a world of expressions and experiences by making a remarkable contribution to poetry and fiction in Indian English Literature in general and in particular, how Ruth Prawar Jhabvala has made a notable contribution to Indian English fiction in particular with a focus on her fictional forte and artistic vision, especially her skill in the portrayal of her female protagonists as suffering selves.

India is the large and second most populous country in the world. It has a large population with low literacy levels and constituently low level of awareness and HIV/AIDS is one of the most challenging public health problem ever faced by the country. HIV has had a unique impact on women as well as adolescent girls, as women are more vulnerable to HIV infection due to the gender disparities in the society and to their biological susceptibility.

Economics has emerged as a very important field of study helping individuals, firms, industry, government, nations etc. in order to allocate scare resources to their alternative uses to satisfy the maximum possible needs. Traditionally all the social science subjects including economics were studied without or with a very less application of mathematics (mostly limited to graphs and diagrams), but now a days mathematics has become an essential and integral part of economic theories and economic theories and economic models.

This study investigated the effects of season on malaria parasite prevalence, morbidity in Taraba state, Nigeria. Using a retrospective study design, the study relied on secondary data obtained from Meteorological Station Taraba State and Health facilities from 2005 2014. The research findings showed that season greatly influence malaria transmission. Rainfall plays an important role in the distribution and maintenance of breeding sites for the mosquito vector. The mean rainfall from 2005-2014 were 1885.80mm, per 1000 mean malaria morbidity was 228.90.

Three vegetables, Brassica oleracea (cabbage), Lactuca sativa (lettuce), and Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) were purchased from various markets in Ondo State (Akungba, Ikare, Ore, Akure and Owo), Nigeria and examined to determine their level of bacterial contamination and safety for human consumption. In this research, gram positive bacteria were isolated from these vegetables and the bacterial isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility.

There are dozens of rules and regulations pertaining transparency that have been set due to the increasing need to ensure timely and reliable disclosures of information that companies must meet. With recent collapse of companies and fall in market value of companies, corporate transparency is emphasized to curb corruption that inevitably happens when only a chosen few have access to important information. Therefore, the current study sought to examine the moderating effect of firm size on the influence of corporate transparency and financial performance of listed companies in East Africa.

The aim of this study was to test the larvicidal efficacy of stem and leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica on Anopheles mosquito larvae. Leaf and stem of A.indica were pulverized and sieved. The sieved stem and leaf were extracted with methanol and water respectively and evaporated in a Rotary evaporator. The extracts were tested against Anopheles mosquito larvae in 24 hours each in replicate of 24 to 100mg/l,150mg/l,200mg/l and 250mg/l. The percentage mortality of methanol extract of stem bark at 86.6%at 250mg/lwhile methanol extract of leaf was96.5% at 250mg/l.

Surrogacy tourism or infertility tourism is a type of medical tourism in which couple with infertility travelling to other countries for hiring wombs of woman. There were lots issues in India when surrogacy tourism was a boom. This paper aims to provide a torch to the surrogacy tourism in India before the introduction of "The Surrogacy Tourism Regulation Act 2016" and evaluate the provisions of "The Surrogacy Tourism Regulation Act 2016." This paper is prepared based on secondary data collected from various sources.

Gymnema spp studied in the present research are G. latifolium, G. elegans, G. hirsutum and G. sylvestere. They are important woody climber of family Asclepiadaceae, grows well in tropical and subtropical forests of Indian subcontinent. The plants were used in folk and Ayurvedic system of medicines for the treatment of diabetes, additionally, the plants also possesses antimicrobial, hepato protective and sweet suppressing activities and also used for the treatment of asthma, inflammations, and snake bite.

Penal mediation as an alternative to settlement of criminal cases in Indonesia has not been regulated in the Law. However, such concept actually has existed long time ago along with the existence of customary court in Indonesia. In addition to its natural beauty, Bali also has a steady and unique tradition in solving its community’s problems.

In order to enhance the Python sebae fat used as a traditional remedy to treat the boils, hemorrhoids, joint pain, etc., in the Congolese traditional medicine, we realized a physicochemical characterization of this fat. Studied fats come from three locations: Dolisie, Kindamba and Brazzaville. The indices of acid vary between 2,38 and 127,6%, the rate of oxidation of our samples is between 0,28 and 5,75 meq. O2/Kg; the detergent and foaming power varies between 157.99 and 178.73; the iodine value shows a high level of creation of the order of 127.12.

At the pre-primary school level in Nigeria, different languages are being used as the medium of instruction. It was observed that while learners in a particular school adopt language of immediate community, another one in another location use English language to learn. On the basis this that the languages use by pre-primary school learners in Nigeria was conceived. Vygotsky’s sociocultural learning theory was used to understand the study under investigation. Qualitative approach was adopted. This was followed by interpretive paradigm.

Acalypha wilkesiana Muell. Arg. commonly known as Irish petticoat belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is widely used in Nigeria as a traditional medicine to cure various diseases. Various phytochemical compounds such as saponins, tannins, alkaloids, phlobatanins, phenolics, cardiac glycosides, sesquiterpenes, monoterpenes, triterpenoids, polyphenols, gallic acid, corilagin, geraniin, quercetin 3-O-rutinoside, kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside and anthroquinone have been reported.

Agricultural mechanisation implies the use of various power sources and improved form tools and equipment, with a view to reduce the drudgery of the human beings and draught animals, enhance the cropping intensity, precision and timelines of efficiency of utilization of various crop inputs and reduce the losses at different stages of crop production. The end objective of farm mechanisation is to enhance the overall productivity and production with the lowest cost of production.

Introduction: Increased diarrhea incidences is mainly associated with inadequate or poor household water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) practices in flood prone areas. This study aimed at assessing water, sanitation and hygiene practices associated with diarrhea prevalence among households’ members in flood prone areas of Kilombero Valley. Methods: Cross sectional study was carried out in the early August 2017.

The study was carried out to assess the constraint and opportunities of bee keeping in Ilu Abba Bora Zone, Oromia Regional State, South western Ethiopia. Eight districts were selected for the study following random sampling approach with the sample size of 544. Both primary and secondary data were used to generate qualitative and quantitative information. The data was analyzed using appropriate Microsoft excel and presented in table, bar graph and pie chart.

The companies in the world have being continuously trying to export railway vehicle parts to overseas. However, it is difficult to gather information on related laws and technical specifications of export target countries, and it is difficult because of procedural problems. Therefore, it is necessary to compare and analyze the railway related laws of various countries.In this paper, the railway related law systems of Korea, Japan, Europe analyzed and systems are compared for the reliability system guideline.

The side-effect of Azadirachta indica (A. Juss) on certain biochemical parameters of a freshwater catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis was studied for a period of 24, 48, 72, and 96 hr, at sublethal concentration. During the exposure period the protein and glycogen content in the liver, muscle and intestine of treated fish showed decreasing trend.The alterations of these biochemical parameters can be effectively used as nonspecific biomarkers against plant extract toxicity stress and also help safer usage of plant extracts in aquaculture farms.

An investigation on the effect of the Azadirachta indica on the gills of Heteropneustes fossilis was carried out in the laboratory. Fishes were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of Azadirachta indica for 24,48,72 and 96 hrs. The LC50 values of Azadirachta indica calculated for Heteropneustes fossilis for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours are 10.5, 8.5, 7.0 and 6.5 ml/L respectively. The gills were removed for histological examination.

Biological degradation affected different types of organic materials that located in museums, storages and libraries. According to their hygroscopic and sensitive properties towards the environment conditions, the microorganisms are activated resulted in different deterioration aspects on the organic materials. Leather artifacts represent most of these organic materials in museums. It is known that the tanned leather is more resistant to the bio-deterioration than untannedleather.

High quality audiovisual performances are deeply rooted in traditional patterns. The scenery, the lighting, the garments, the postures, the kinetic elements and many more subtle sensations comprise synaesthetic elements. In kinaesthetic terms, theatrical stages, musical scores, hymnography or the texts of plays are factors that conceptually elicit neurophysiological potentials.

In sub-Saharan Africa, Salmonella cause of acute gastroenteritis and invasive disease. The aim of this study was to assessthe diversity the distribution and antibiogram profile of Salmonella isolates in two cities of Niger. Salmonella strains isolated from patients duringthe period 2015-2016 were biotyped using Api20E and serotyped withspecific antisera. All strains were subjected to a set of 18 antibiotics to study their antibiogram, using the Baeur–Kirby disk diffusion method.Biochemical analysis revealed ten (10) phenotypic clusters.

The high cost of global climate mitigation and amelioration, which has now reached a temperature rise of 1.1o Celcius, never can be fully funded by developing countries in many cases, so an effort to raise funds for community participation needs to be systematized.

Uric acid is elevated in type1 diabetes mellitus. It has also been associated with diabetic complications. Objectives were to study the significance of glycemic control and serum uric acid levels in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and to correlate between duration of diabetes and serum uric acid levels in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. 50 cases with type 1 diabetes mellitus with 50 age and sex matched controls were selected and Serum uric acid (SUA) levels were estimated by the uricase method.

Aim: Pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes is observed to be associated closely with acute phase response which is predominately cytokine-mediated. By estimating circulating acute phase proteins in type 2 (T-2) diabetic patients, I tried to establish this hypothesis. Method: Newly diagnosed 25 T-2 cases and 25 T-2 cases under oral hypoglycemic agent for at least 5 years were chosen and were estimated the level of α1- antitrypsin, α1- acid glycoprotein, ceruloplasmin and fibrinogen.

Heavy metal pollution due to industrial effluents is gaining worldwide attention. Tannery industry is common in many parts of the world and major sources of heavy metals, it pollutes groundwater and ecosystems and produce major heavy metals and sodium chloride. Our study showed the effect of tannery effluents on two halophytes Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort. and Sesuvium portulacastrum L. grown in pot experiment conditions. The aim of this work was to investigate some biochemical systems response of these plants to tannery effluent treatments.

The study was carried out in the watershed areas (5B1A5 and 4D4F5) of Sirsi taluk, Uttar Kannada District during the year 2016-2017 to assess the quantity of available deadwood in the forests which could be used as fuel-wood by the nearby villagers. Five villages in each of the watershed were selected and transect line (100 m  10 m) one near the the village and the other away from the village were laid. Total of 20 such plots were laid with 0.01 per cent sampling intensity.

In the paper stability losses of the packer with a girdle construction have been investigated by taking into account compactness mechanism. Expanding and constricting cases of conical surface of the packer with a girdle construction have been studied, stability problem of the packer has been solved via numerical estimation by using finite differences method. With this purpose, continuity condition of the deformation has been written for packer construction (cylindrical and conical surface of the packer) and added to stability losses condition.

This paper focuses on one of the most used techniques of operations research i.e. linear programming. The linear programming is a mathematical method to provide an optimal solution for the problems where objective and the requirements both are linear. The linear programming technique came to limelight during the Second World War. The rapid use of linear programming in various fields started after the Second World War. This study provides insights on the assumptions and properties of the linear programming.

The present investigation was carried out to assess the prevalence of water borne diseases & water quality of Godavari River and Reservoirs of Nanded District in Maharashtra. The quality of water consumed and incidence of disease is based on perceptions by the respondents where the various stakeholders were considered.

A cold start of the universe is proposed where two spherical agglomerates collide. Each agglomerate contains the same amount of densely-packed, basic particles of Planck dimensions. One agglomerate contains “neg” particles with a charge of one-third of the charge of an electron, and the other “pos” particles with a charge of one-third of the charge of a positron. The first particles formed upon collision are very high-energy, static photons consisting of a neg and a pos.

The epidemic growth of wireless technology and mobile services in this era is creating a great crash on our life style. Some early efforts have been taken to utilize these technologies in surveillance. The purpose of this project is to built a intelligent transport system using LoRa, GPS, Movable sensor and cloud computing. LoRa is a advanced protocol used to transmit data to the cloud server.This technology will enable public or multi-tenant networks to connect a number of applications running on the same network.

In the new EVTD2 physics is described that the black body photonic emission is generating the gravitational field and, thus, it is actually quantic (in hv). This paper follows the last [1-3] concerning the correlations between the consequences of Newton’s relation and the black body emittance of objects’ surfaces. In [2] was proposed a new relation for the gravitational force through the equivalent black body temperatures Te of the each considered bodies.

Environmental sensitivity index corrosion mapping of Ndoni river, Ahoada river, New Calabar river, Tombia river, Buguma river and Bonny estuary was carried out with the aim of developing an environmental analysis index corrosion map of the shorelines as well as corrosion rates of the different shores comprising of fresh water, brackish water and estuarine environment.

The objectives of this study are to analyze the underground water quality of Bommanahalli zone by water quality index. Eleven physico-chemical parameters such as pH, Electrical Conductivity Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, Sulphate, Total Hardness, Fluoride, Nitrate, Total Dissolved Solids, Iron and Alkalinity collected from 10 different locations in a pre-monsoon period of 2017. In this study 90% water samples were found poor quality and only 10% water samples falls under moderately good category. The water quality index ranges from 39.03to 453.90.

Uploading anonymous data over untrustworthy cloud service providers (CSP), the privacy and security concerns emerge over the authenticity of the query answer and the leakage of the Data Owner (DO) identity. Providing signature of data owner is always a good solution but the signatures can reveal identity of data owner. In this paper we try to review some techniques and methods which can be used collaboratively to satisfy the aforementioned requirements.

Every week nearly 2,650 people get killed and 9,000 get injured due to traffic accidents. In 2017, latest year for which data is available, 137,423 people died and 469,900 people got injured due to road accidents in India. Thus it is very essential that we understand the knowledge level of the college students and the practices and thus identify the gap if it exists. Objective: To study the knowledge of the respondents on Road Safety and practices and identity the existing gap between knowledge and practice.

Sonchus oleraceus (moleita) from the family Asteracae was investigated for its antioxidants activities. The ethyl acetate extract of the plant showed 89% radical scavenging activity (RSA). The extract was subjected to column chromatography. Solvent mixtures were used from least to highest polarities (petroleum ether till methanol). 12 fractions showed high antioxidant activity. Radical scavenging activity was tested with DPPH (1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl).

Burnout is described as feeling of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. It is well-known that burnout is a major problem for many professions. Nurses are considered to be particularly susceptible to this. Measuring burnout among nurses is important because their well-being has implications for stability in the healthcare workforce and for the quality of care provided.

Background: The prohibitive cost of hospitalization is one of the causes of impoverishment in India. Every year, about 2-3 percent population of India is being pushed into below poverty line because of out-of-pocket expenditure on hospitalization (Garg and Karan, 2009). Presently, around two-thirds of the total health expenditure in India is out of pocket (NHA, 2013-14). Therefore, the study on cost of hospitalization is paramount important from a policy perspective.

Studies in some parts of the world had established that remedial tuition was perceived by stakeholders in education to influence utilization of educational resources which in turn influence quality education in primary schools. Remedial tuition is teaching and learning processes organized outside normal class time for enhancing utilization of educational resources and quality education. Quality education in Kenyan schools is measured in terms of performance in national examinations.

With the development of the Internet and the abundance of sources available to students, plagiarism has become more prevalent and widespread in the academic community. There are now a number of special software recognition programmes which can detect academic misconduct and plagiarism. Many scientific studies have been conducted investigating the possible reasons behind why plagiarism is being employed more readily by students. The afactors and therefore it is a complex system. Research states that there are five elements which can result in undergraduate student’s plagiarism.

This publication deals with the heating of air in a fixed hemispherical concentrating system. It differs from other systems that heat first a black plate with fins or not, and then the heat is recovered from the plate with a fluid by convection. The device that we propose uses the sunspot corresponding to the actual image of the sun formed in the focus of a hemispherical concentrator which by effect of concentration, generates a very hot zone. The heat from that zone can be directly transmitted to the circulating air.

Background: endoscopic assisted open reduction and internal fixation (EAORIF) viatransoral incision was introduced as alternative to the traditional retromandibular approach with least intra, early and long term complications. The intraoperative and long term complications such facial nerve injury and facial scar respectively was proved to be less likely with EAORIF. However, the early complications in terms of edema and pain were not compared. Aim: The current study aimed to compare EAORIF versus conventional ORIF regarding early postoperative complications interms of pain and edema.

Background: To human health, the significance of Gut Microbiota is highly cherished. The core goal of this research was to do the comparison between the gut microbiota of healthy Chinese and foreign students in Shandong, China. Methods: Fecal samples were collected from 11 healthy Chinese students and from 31 healthy foreign students in Jinan city, Shandong. DNA was extracted, and 456 bp segments comprising hypervariable regions 3 and 4 of the 16S rRNA gene were amplified, barcoded and sequenced.

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases in nearly all countries, and continues to increase in number and significance. As the prevalence of diabetes increases, the prevalence of long-term diabetes-related complications is also likely to increase especially diabetic foot ulcer. An overall aim of diabetes care is that people should be able to live a good life despite having diabetes. Several somatic diseases, such as diabetes, commonly coexist with anxiety and depression, and these mental disorders are often comorbid.

Objectives: To detect the relation between the circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CEPCs) and stages of breast cancer patients. Background: Breast cancer is a major cause of death. Immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR have been widely used for the detection of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CEPCs) in patients with breast cancer but their specificity is limited. Our purpose was to utilize a convenient and specific technology to detect CEPCs in breast cancer patients.

Carbon Fibre Reinforced Concrete (CFRC) beam width examination has been analysed in the latest study. CFRC materials are the commonly used material in the structures more than other materials to determine the problems in concrete structures. They give strength and stiffness to concrete beam. ANSYS tool has been employed in the current study to solve concrete problem. Result of thickness of the CFRC has been defined in the current paper by studying the deformation and strain generated. Four different set has been designed all having the same outer dimensions.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce and provide an overview of the Multi Criteria Decision Making techniques PROMETHEE, ELECTRE, VIKOR and TOPSIS and suggest further scope and direction of research in this emerging field. Design/Methodology/Approach: The work relies on step wise method, case studies, application and other literature related to MCDM techniques PROMETHEE, ELECTRE, VIKOR and TOPSIS. Literature has been segregated to understand various issues and work related to MCDM techniques PROMETHEE, ELECTRE, VIKOR and TOPSIS.

Every systemneed to maintain record of events of everything that happen.We should call it Logs. Thislogs are useful in auditing the system & troubleshooting problems. Most of the system & platforms uses Linux based OS to provide their services because of higher availability & open source. The Linux based syslog protocol generates & collect the syslog messages & writes them in text files with their priority, facility & security. This text files (log files) are in normal text format.

Manufacturing of differential housing includes many process namely shot blast, welding, swaging, facing, cooling etc. where after each process the change in dimensions of the component is seen and hence gives rise to change in axis of axle and runout is generated. The main aim of study is to identify the change in runout after every process and identify the maximum runout creating process. Cold swaging process has major effect on runout when done before welding cover on the housing. Therefore the effect of cold swage process before and after welding cover is being discussed in the paper.

The quality evaluations for the field works concerning previously conducted site exploration studies in Jordan were deeply investigated through this research; where the major aim was to provide recommendations regarding the improvement of the quality for these works, and consequently to improve the performance of the residential project that to be carried out at the study site. The methodology of this research included implementing several activities.

The current works examines the detailed thermodynamics models for naturally aspirated gasoline and alternative fuel to spark ignition internal combustion engines. A comparative study based on the first and second laws of thermodynamics are discussed here. The key parameters for analysis were considered as mean effective pressure (MEP), power, torque, exergetic efficiency, second law efficiency, and irreversibility. Air standard assumptions were taken consideration for the analyses.

In this chapter, we have considered a bulk service queueing model with removable serve. We have discussed a Markovian queueing system with a single server and units / customer serve in batches. The server is removed from the system as soon as the system becomes empty for a duration which is exponentially distributed randomly. We derive the time dependent solution of mean number of arrivals in the system or exactly ‘i’ customer arrive in the system. The study state solution is also discussed.

Street foods are ready-to-eat foods and beverages prepared and/or sold by vendors and hawkers especially in streets and other similar public places. Street food vendors may be stationary, semi-mobile or mobile.

The evolution of Electronic gadgets and high performance electronic devices are primarily dependent on the battery of the device. Though with the advancement of technology, it seems that it’s quite difficult in remote places where electrification is still a distance dream and emergence of solar energy has paved way for the use of these electronic devices even in remote places. In this paper design and development of a solar powered Buck Converter using MC34063 for 5V battery charging has been presented.

The start of this research thought is to create shrewd well-being focuses in India. The proposition fundamentally misuses the possibility of Internet of things and intends to utilize the current innovation and foundation. The work has been spurred by the way that India is deficient as far as number of well-being focuses comparing to the number of inhabitants in nation and in towns particularly.

In data communication, security is the most important issue in today’s world. This project is a combination of stegano graphy and cryptography, which provides a strong backbone for its security. This present work focus is enlightening the technique to secure data or message with authenticity and integrity. In this project work, the secret message is encrypted before the actual embedding process starts. The entire work has done in MATLAB.

The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy and resilience among Olympiad students in Iran. The study is a correlation research. The population consisted of Olympiad high school students of which 172 students (male and female) were selected through census sampling. Sherer self-efficacy questionnaire (1376) and Connor and Davidson resilience scale (2003) and Trait Meta-Mood Scale (Salovy et al., 1995) were used to collect information.

Personality is dynamic organisation, which creates a person's characteristic patterns of behaviour, thoughts, and feelings on the other hand Adjustment is a very important factor for better academic achievement and for effective educational pursuit. As more and more cases of depression, drug abuse and suicide are increasing among college going student, this study aimed to analyze and compare the Personality with level of adjustment of college students residing in hostels.

The anatomy and physical properties of cultivated four (4) years-old bamboo Bambusa vulgaris were studied in order to determine their strength. The matured 4 year-old culms of the bamboo were randomly selected and harvested from the Bambusetum Plot located in the Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) in Kepong. The anatomy study focussed on the vascular bundles and fibres found at the internodes and nodes eight at the outer, middle and inner cross-section of the bamboo.

The present study focus on the Impact of effective teaching learning among the students, Analytical and descriptive method applied to measure the relationship. Descriptive and Inferential techniques adopted.

The major changes in the Indian economy in 1991 have brought in vibrant and remarkable socio-economic changes. The flow of foreign direct investment into Indian economy has created enormous opportunities for Indian population and businesses. These significant changes i.e. growth and opportunities have resulted in Indian workforce having a greater impact on global business operations. Increasing work and educational opportunities have resulted in women entering the formal workforce thereby grab the opportunities.

Creative thinking skills in mathematics are widely recognized for their critical importance in terms of learning a range of mathematical contents through problem-solving approaches. As fundamental means of developing mathematical knowledge, such skills should therefore be of serious concern and have a prominent role in the education of K-12 students, Junior High School students in this regard.

In the light of modern techniques of the Communicative Approach in teaching, it is crucial to find better ways to introduce English literature to non-native students at university level, instead of the traditional methods that are built on giving them terminology and definitions to learn, and then names of writers, schools, movements and literary works, as well as dates, to memorise. Observably, the old methods are prone to risk students’ interest in the study of literature, especially that this field of study commonly has its own difficulties and challenges even for native speakers.

This paper explored the extent to which financial instability impacts on sustainable economic growth in Nigeria. Specifically, it identified the particular financial instability indicators that severely impede the growth of the economy. To evaluate the objectives, the variables were tested for stationarity and since they were not integrated of the same order, Vector Autoregression, impulse response and variance decomposition analyses were appropriately employed.

From 1793 to 1848, education was provided solely by the Church of England, as the First Fleet chaplain, Rev. Richard Johnson, stated "If any hopes are to be formed of any reformation being affected in this Colony, I believe it must begin amongst those of the rising generation". Australia’s establishment as a penal colony focused attention on the need for moral education. Samuel Marsden, who succeeded Johnson as chaplain, agreed. "The future hopes of this colony depend upon the rising generation.

This paper focused on Secondary student’s perception of causes of conflicts between students and their colleague, also between students, school Management. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated for the study. The sample comprised two-hundred and thirty (230) students. A structured questionnaire titled ‘Causes of conflicts among secondary school Questionnaire (COASSQ) was used to collect data. Mean and t-test statistics were used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses formulated.

This paper focused on the prevalence of almajirai (students) involvement in violent crimes in Sokoto Metropolis almajirai schools. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated for the study. Sokoto metropolis state was divided in to two south and north. The sample of the study was 300 almajirai students (130 from the south and 170 from the north), randomly drawn from almajirai students population of 14,470 in Sokoto State Mora (2008). A researcher developed an instrument titled, “Almajirai Violent Crimes Questionnaire” (AVCQ) was employed to collect data.

Land use means the surface utilization of all developed and vacant land on a specific point at a given time and space. This change may be due to two most probable reasons. Firstly, the requirements of the society may be the cause for bringing change in the land use. Secondly, the technological impact also promotes changes that an individual as well as the society is able to maximize the advantage.

In a rapidly changing world since long there has been a need in the global economy for speed, innovation and low costs in all business functions. This is especially true for the banking industry, which is the back bone of any successful country. In the start-up sphere, due to the growing need to reduce costs there has been rapid strides in innovative ways to reduce the costs for different business functions. This has led to the development of Speed hiring, which makes use of a 12-minute test to test the cognitive ability of prospective candidates after which suitable candidates are chosen.

This paper offers a doable framework to repackage the Agriculture and Fisheries programs to be more attractive to achieve a remarkable number of enrolees and graduates. This also aims to redeem the programs from the stigma of being low paying, back-breaking professions into economically-sustainable careers. This paper is a product of a higher education innovation and transformation project for the Philippine Higher Education Career System – Executive Development Program.

In Kenya cases of bullying in schools are shocking and the vice has persisted for decades. It is shocking because this has led to students dropping out of schools due to stigmatization and in some cases physical injury to the extent that some have been maimed. According to the World Health Organization- backed Global School Based Student Health Survey violence among adolescents in Kenya is highly widespread in schools. The survey a collaborative surveillance project with United States Centres for Disease Control (CDC) ranks Kenya among countries with the highest level of bullying.

Sixteen female footballer (n=16) who represented India in ISF World School Championship held at Prague, The capital of Czech Republic from 21st May to 29th May 2017 were selected as the subject for the present study and there range of mean age, mean height and mean weight was 17.5 ±.84 years, 152.8 ± 4.60 cm and 49.7 ± 6.45 kg respectively. Videography technique was employed in order to register the performance of the subjects in In – Step Kick for the study. Selected kinematics variables (table 2 and table 3) and four selected phases (Figure 1) of whole skill i.e.

About 90 NTFP species belonging to 47 families of different life forms were recorded from the present study. The NTFPs were reported to be used for different quotidian uses with homogeneity of knowledge was found maximum for handicraft (ICF: 0.79), medicinal use (0.72), food (0.67) and perfumes/cosmetics (0.66).

Corrosion rate of stainless, mild and carbon steel coupons in New Calabar River and Ndoni River was monitored monthly for a period of one year. Corrosion rate was determined by weight loss. Carbon steel had corrosion rate of 72g/yr, mild steel 39g/yr, stainless steel 1.3g/yr in New Calabar River while carbon steel had corrosion rate of 44g/yr, mild steel 27g/yr, stainless steel 0.64g/yr in Ndoni River. Micro-organisms isolated include Sulphur reducing bacteria, Iron bacteria and Sulphur bacteria.

In the paper an alloyed low hardenability steel to be used for any size and form of steel components is considered which is patented in Ukraine and can be used for providing an optimal hardened layer in product after its intensive quenching. This steel is often called as an optimal hardenability steel which provides high surface compressive residual stresses smoothly passing into smaller tensile stresses at the core of steel components.

Survive: the great challenge throughout the centuries. Food was considered the restrictive law of man since the earth was not able to produce all the necessary food. Meanwhile, wars have bloomed a new model of agriculture based on mechanization, on the use of fertilizers and agrochemicals, and on extension. However, it brought risks to the farmer's health. The purpose of this study is to draw a parallel between the extension, its reflexes and the challenges regarding the education of the farmer about the dangers of the use of agrochemicals in a market society.

Indian banking sector is facing the problem of Non Performing Assets (NPAs) in the recent years. Years before, Indian banking sector was in booming condition, but due to various social and economical issues, financial strength of the banks got worse and leads to the problem of NPAs. Though, Indian banks have concentrated more on controlling NPAs, miserably they have failed to do it. Hence, this study analyses the growth rate of NPAs of different banks of Indian banking sector. For analysing the data, non parametric methods of Mann Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis test have been used.

Economic development projects brought innumerable benefits but also had unintended detrimental effects on people and natural resources. Human activities have resulted in the disruption of social and communal harmony, the loss of human livelihood and life, the introduction of new diseases, and the destruction of renewable resources. These and other consequences can go against the positive benefits of economic development. Social impacts are the impacts of developmental interventions on human environment. The impacts of development interventions take different forms.

Karnad’s concern is with the life of the modern man that is very complex and lacks in wholeness. The employment of the old tales is to focus on the absurdity of modern life with all its elemental passions and conflicts. In this way the folk tales becomes vehicles for modern living under the impact of western ideologies and systems of knowledge viewing human behaviour from different angles.

Several case series have discussed the outcomes of the operative management of AFFs. Weil et al reviewed clinical data from 15 patients with 17 AFFs associated with long-term BP use who were treated surgically. Fracture healing after the initial procedure among patients treated with intramedullary nails was 54%, with 46% of patients requiring reoperation. The authors attributed this high failure rate to qualitative bone defects caused by long-term BP use.

The "Quilombo of the Independence field", located in the municipality of Paraty, in the state of Rio de Janeiro is the subject discussed in this essay. It was sought, initially, to show the importance of public policies developed in Brazil to support the Quilombolas from 1988. Then the way the inhabitants of the Quilombo struggle to preserve the traditions, such as the rituals of historytelling by women, the gastronomy held in the restaurant of the Quilombo and the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of various diseases.

On the basis of theory of planned behavior, this paper investigated local residents from four dimensions and analyzed their individual perceptions and behavioral intentions from such dimensions, starting from individual perception of environment. In addition, the study is conducted relative to an intermediate mechanism, i.e., environmental behavioral intentions.

Climate change and its consequences present one of the most important threats to water resource systems which are vulnerable to such changes due to their limited adaptive capacity. Water resources in semi- arid drought – prone study region is vulnerable to the potential adverse impacts of environmental and climate change. Besides climatic change, current demographic trends, economic development are exerting pressures and have direct impacts on increasing demands for water resources and their vulnerability.

Multicultural education creates equal educational opportunities from diverse gender, religion, social, and ethnic groups. This study assesses the experiences of students towards situations of multicultural education in Jose Rizal Memorial State University (JRMSU) System as basis for development of educational equity policy framework. Actual situations and practices rendered to students were the main focus of the study. The quality of these situations and practices was assessed using five areas, i.e., equality in learning, culture, faculty, curriculum and students.

In Ecuador, wheat production is not enough for national consumption or for the demand of the bakery, so this situation requires looking for other sources of vegetable flour to be used in the bakery industry. On the other hand, the cocoa industry produces a high quantity of cocoa shells considered as agro-industrial waste from the Nacional Arriba and CCN 51 cocoa. These shells were processed to obtain flour that could be used in the baking process, evaluating the sensory quality of the breads made with a dosage of 10% and 20% of each flour.

This study aimed to assess the level of preparedness in and acceptance of the Experiential Learning Courses (ELC) implementation in compliance with the National Competency-Based Teacher Standards (NCBTS). It focused on the assessment of four groups of respondents: namely, the school heads, the cooperating teachers, the graduates and the faculty of the College of Teacher Education of Batangas State University. Weighted mean, ANOVA and Scheffe Test were used in the study.

Any area which experiences average annual rainfall less than 600mm becomes desert in due course. The average annual rainfall of Sultanate of Oman is 100mm. That is how the Sultanate of Oman lands became desert soils. The climate change and temperature affect the growth and yield of food grains crops. The climate from October to February is very pleasant and best suitable for agriculture. The evapotransmission losses of plants are minimum. The aim of this research project is to convert desert land suitable for agricultural purpose. The desert soil samples were collected from AL Wahiba.

This study aimed to assess the level of preparedness in and acceptance of the Experiential Learning Courses (ELC) implementation in compliance with the National Competency-Based Teacher Standards (NCBTS). It focused on the assessment of four groups of respondents: namely, the school heads, the cooperating teachers, the graduates and the faculty of the College of Teacher Education of Batangas State University. Weighted mean, ANOVA and Scheffe Test were used in the study.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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