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March 2018

This study aims to describe, analyze, and interpret the quality of BPJS participants' services in UNHAS Hospital, This research type is qualitative descriptive with phenomenology approach, which examines and expresses the meaning of the concept or phenomenon and individual experience of BPJS in health services improvement, and experienced by individuals based on what happened at UNHAS Hospital. Technique of data collecting was done by interview, observation, and documentation study and source of data was obtained from 10 key informants.

Background: The functional gastrointestinal disorders (EGID) are the most common condition seen in gastroenterology clinics and they constitute a significant number of primary case visits. FGID symptoms are common in the community, only a small percentage seeks medical attention. The psychosocial factors which play a crucial role in FGID are acute chronic stress, personality structure and coping skills. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of symptoms of chronic functional gastrointestinal disorders.

Anxiety is an important stumbling block faced by paediatric dentists in routine practice. Paediatric dentists should address these concerns seeking a satisfactory patient/professional relationship and making it easier to provide dental treatment for children. Aim: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of colouring exercise in reducing dental anxiety in children and to find out if colouring can be a newer adjunct in behaviour management. Methods and material: Fifty subjects of age group 4-9 years were selected for the study according to Frankl’s behaviour rating scale.

Background: Diabetes mellitus has become a major health problem worldwide. Through Various Studies it has been have found that diabetes and thyroid disorders mutually influence each other and both disorders tend to coexist. The aim of this was study was to find out the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending an outpatient department and medical wards of hamdard institute of medical sciences and research institute new Delhi. Material and methods: The study was conducted on 300 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus above 30 years of age.

Ayurveda is a science of life. In ayurveda tawcha is included under “panchdnyanedriya addhistan”. In ayurveda tawacha is described as outermost protective layer of body. Acharya charak and acharya sushruta very minutely described the layers of twacha according to their function & diseases which are related to those layers. Acharya Sushruta had described the process of formation of twacha in the developing feotus. Acharya charak described twacha as a matrujbhava which is one of the six bhavas essential in the development of feotus.

In present study, aim was to determine the bacteriological profile in Neonatal Sepsis and antimicrobial sensitivity of the organisms in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Tertiary care Hospital and to identify risk factors for neonatal sepsis. This study included records of all cases of clinically suspected septicemia in neonates admitted to the NICU from September 2015 to August 2016 (n=101). Result: The risk of sepsis in birth asphyxia and gestational age was about 2 times higher as compared to the control group and p- value was significant at 0.05 levels.

The aim of the present study is to explore the relationship of emotional intelligence and job satisfaction in post graduate medical students from NKPSIMS and Lata Mangeshkar Hospital. Post graduate medical students tend to become over stressor by pressure of training schedule, studying and dealing with daily life changes in hospital. At these times they are very prone to become emotionally distraught. Irritable, difficulty handling anger followed by frequent anger outbursts, mood swings and declining grades is all signs of emotional disturbance of students under stress. .

Introduction: Dental caries is one among the major health problem affecting 60 to 90% of school children. Early and timely intervention is required to prevent the occurrence of dental caries. It is important that primary dentition is maintained in the dental arch provided it can be restored to function and remain free from disease. The purpose of this study is to explore the dental health knowledge, awareness and attitude of patient’s parents towards pulp therapy of primary teeth.

Dental caries with pulpal involvement is a painful condition. In order to eliminate pain, pulp should be extirpated completely, although due to different configuration it remains difficult. This study aims to understand the various types of root canal configuration of maxillary first premolars in Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu based on the independent epidemiological studies. In order to understand the pattern of root canals, a set of 150 orthodontic extracted teeth was collected and its root canal configuration was studied using clearing method (Sharaddha Gupta, 2015).

The research aimed to: (1) obtaining physicsmobile learning of local culture-based (Fiddle) with appropriate android assisted (2) improving the verbal representation and (3) the diagram representation abilities of Senior High School students. This research used 4D development model; (a) defining, (b) developing, (c) designing and (d) disseminating. The material was presented in an android application. The learning media feasibility had tested by experts, material experts, media experts, and physics teachers. The main field test subjects were 71 students.

Aim: To analyse the haematological values in patients with cleft lip and palate and compare it with normal values. Methods: Patient case records (N=821) were accessed to collect the data. The following information was collected from patient records: Age, Gender, type of cleft, Haematological values like Total leukocyte count, Differential leukocyte count, Haemoglobin, Packed cell volume, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Pearson’s chi-square test was performed for data analysis.

Squamous cell carcinoma is the commonest Carcinoma in mucosa. Squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant epithelial neoplasm characterized by variable clinical manifestations metastasis. It most common site in the oral cavity is the lip followed by lateral border of the tongue. Squamous cell carcinoma is radiosensitive and chemo sensitive, but surgery remains the main Modality of treatment. Here we report a successfully treated case of squamous cell carcinoma of left maxilla. Patient was a52 year male who had a swelling in the left palatal region for 6 months.

Rupture Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a heterogeneous disease. One of the chief injuries arising from hypergly¬cemia is injury to vasculature, which is classified as either small vascular injury (microvascular disease) or injury to the large blood vessels of the body (macrovascular disease). Moringa oleifera and Hordeumleporinum methanol extract mixture in Microvascular Complications (nephropathy disease).Models of STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy injected once into the tail vein of grouped Wistar rat with STZ 60mg/kg in sodium citrate buffer (1ml/kg).

The purpose of the study to examine the behavior problem and effect of behavior modification therapy, and parenting positive enrolment on school going children, and relation to their academic skills. Adolescence (boys and girls) who referred by doctors for behavior difficulties, and poor scholastic performance,(more than 6 months), referred at Shrivastavaclinic, chhindwara Madhya Pradesh were included in the study (N=156). An Analysis of variance showed that the F ratio is larger than the F crit value.

Parents can benefit from an understanding that how they parent, or their parenting style, provides a basis for many healthy developmental outcomes during adolescence. Understanding the different parenting styles and their impact on the parent-teen relationship and behavior outcome may help parents and their adolescence navigate adolescence more smoothly.

Dental avulsion is a dento-alveolar lesion consisting of the total displacement of the tooth from its alveolus. It causes many functional, aesthetic and psychological damages and constitutes a dental emergency. It presents a dubious prognosis, and is still considered a challenge for dental surgeons. Treatment depends on several factors, however, dental reimplantation should be the first-choice therapeutic possibility when possible. This paper reports the case of a patient with moderate cerebral palsy, who in a skateboard accident had his right upper central incisor fully avulsed.

Introduction: Appropriate awreness of women about certain physical, mental, social and psychological changes that occur following menopause helps them with greater readiness to cope with these changes. Aim: To determine the knowledge and attitude of women toward menopause phenomenon and based on its results we can improve life quality and promote women’s health by various training programs. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 postmenopausal women who attended OBG OPD in SBMCH over a period of 3months.

Aims: Odontogenic lesions comprise a complex group of lesions of diverse histopathologic types and clinical behaviour. These tumours are characterized by the presence of secretory material. Some of these secetory materials may show calcification. The secretory materials have been attributed to a wide range of material including enamel, dentin and cementum or bone, however the exact nature is still unknown. Methods like IHC though available are expensive, technique sensitive and questionable in certain circumstances.

Aim: The study was aimed to compare the color stability of 3 different types of provisional restorative materials with respect to chromatogens in commonly used Indian foods over a period of 6 weeks. Methodology: This investigation aims at in vitro comparative study of color stability of commercially available different tooth colored provisional restorative materials in commonly used Indian chromatogens. DPI Heat Cure, DPI Cold cure and RevotecLc were the materials subjected to staining with sambhar, tea and tobacco solution.

Background: This study was envisaged to emphasize the importance and necessity of preoxygenation in all cases before induction. The commonly used 3 minute tidal volume breathing (TV) and 4 deep breaths (DB) in 30 seconds techniques were compared using pulseoximetry. The effect of preoxygenationon vital haemodynamicparameters with these techniques and also the effects, if preoxygenation is not done, were also evaluated. Material and Methods: This randomized clinical study was done in a tertiary care medical college hospital.

In Toamasina, our study emphasizes that addiction was really a mask of depression which is in high level in 71% of alcoholic-addicted, in 63% of cannabis-addicted, in 34% of tobacco-addicted and in 78% of people addicted in illicit psychotrop drugs.

Introduction: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding is a common phenomenon among women of reproductive age group. However, a thorough evaluation is often necessary to rule out serious conditions of the reproductive system. This study was done to evaluate the validity of diagnostic hysteroscopy in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Methods: This cross sectional study was done on 50 patients who presented with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Each participant underwent panoramic hysteroscopy and subsequent curettage. The curetted endometrium was sent for histopathological examination.

Scapula, the triangular flat bone links the axial skeleton to the appendicular skeleton of upper limb along with clavicle. It shows modifications in its shape in the evolutionary process from quadrupeds to bipeds. Present study was carried out with the objectives of determining important measurements like breadth, length, infraspinous length of scapulae and finding out indices like scapular index and infraspinous index which may help in comparative anatomy and defining the race.

Aim and Objectives: This study is done to determine the prevalance of mandibular asymmetry in skeletal class II subjects to assess sexual dimorphism, any correlation of mandibular asymmetry with ramus length and width, length of the body of mandible and to evaluate and compare panoramic radiograph and frontal cephalogram radiograph to assess mandibular asymmetry. Materials and Method: Extra oral radiographs were taken of each subjects of age group (Male 18years and above, Girls 16years and above).

Osteoporosis is a disease of bone which is usually seen in middle aged post-menopausal women. The osteoporotic bones are weak and prone to fractures. Osteoporosis in simple terms means “porous bone”. It is a silent disease. Oral health maintenance for adults with osteoporosis is important. Bone weakness and loss usually affects the ridges that hold dentures resulting in ill-fitting dentures. These patients require new dentures more often than those who have strong, healthy bones.

Aim: This study was undertaken to evaluate the bond strength of different luting cements to zirconium oxide ceramic crowns. Materials and Methods: Thirty extracted human premolar teeth were prepared and used in the study for fabrication of zirconium oxide ceramic copings. These copings were then divided into three groups: - Group I (GC Gold Label), Group II (Calibra) and Group III (Panavia F 2.0), which consisted of ten copings each for cementation.

Community-oriented dental education provides variable constructive learning experiences for students while working in real life situation. This type of pragmatic approach of teaching and learning will present a student, acquaintance with genuine and tangible facts and data about individuals and groups. Oral health services are no exception, therefore, it becomes imperative to give all clinical students skill and practice of working in most basic units of health primary care centres and the sub centres.

Rupture Background: Alopecia is an age old problem affecting humans since dawn of civilization. While there are commercially available treatment, it’s not for the mass population. The current millennials follow an unhealthy lifestyle and and increasingly rely on synthetic hair products which only aggravates the hair growth and hair fall disorders. This study was conducted to observe the impact of one such factor and determine whether extracts of Hibiscus rosa sinensis can be used to treat such problems.

A considerable amount of clinical and experimental evidence suggests that many biochemical pathways are strictly associated with Phenytoin. It increases the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) which could be counteracted by the antioxidants such as Vitamin C and E supplementation. In this study, ¬¬Phenytoin was administered at the dose of 80 mg/kg/day in the pregnant rats during fetal organogenesis period. Whereas, Vitamin C and E were supplemented throughout the pregnancy at the doses of 1.60 gm/kg/day and 0.8 gm/kg/day respectively.

Background: Thrombocytopenia is one of the most frequent causes for hematologic consultation in the practice of medicine. It results from a wide variety of conditions and can produce severe morbidity and mortality. Two main mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia are increased destruction and decreased production of platelets. Recent advances in automated blood cell analyzers have made it possible to measure the various platelet indices and to differentiate the causes of thrombocytopenia as hyper destructive or hypo productive.

Currently regeneration of tooth and periodontal damage still remains a great challenge. Stem cell-based tissue engineering raised novel therapeutic strategies for tooth and periodontal repair. Stem cells for tooth and periodontal regeneration include dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs), dental follicle stem cells (DFSCs), dental epithelial stem cells (DESCs), embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs).

Adenomyoma of the fallopian tube is a rare entity. We report a rare case of adenomyoma in both the fallopian tubes in a 30-year-old woman, who presented with primary infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Patient underwent laparoscopy, and on gross examination, there were well-circumscribed and well-encapsulated tumours present in both fallopian tubes.Postoperative histopathology showed that foci of endometriosis composed of endometrial glands dispersed in endometrial stroma, were noted within the muscular wall of fallopian tubes suggestive of fallopian tube adenomyoma on both sides.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate two new formulation tooth pastes (Colgate Sensitive Pro Relief and Clinprotooth Crème) on repairing enamel erosion produced by a soft drink (Coca Cola), using Confocal Microscopy. Methodology: This in vitro study was conducted on 30 extracted premolar teeth which were free of caries and defects. The samples were assigned to 6 groups, each containing 5 teeth.

Peripheral giant cell granuloma is benign and an unusual lesion that is seen infrequently stemming from the dense irregular connective tissue of the periosteum or periodontal membrane, subsequent to a continuous irritation or persistent trauma of the specific area. Although this lesion has been reported to occur in every sort of age groups, however fifth and sixth decades are the most commonly affected stages of life according to certain documented researches with a small degree of female predisposition.

Introduction: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is one of the most prevalent premalignant conditions in India and difficult to treat. Recently many plants and fruit extract has been used. Tulsi (Occimum sanctum Linn) ‘basil’ is one such plant with many medicinal values. Although the disease is advancing rapidly, its reliable treatment modality for its various stages has not yet evolved. So the aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of tulsi and oral antioxidants (SM FIBRO) in the treatment of OSMF.

Menstrual irregularities frequently affect the quality of life of females. Such disorders have economic consequences in terms of health care costs due to the consumption of expensive hormonal drugs and laboratory tests. Aims and Objectives: 1. To find out the prevalence of menstrual irregularities among female medical students (first year to final year) of AllamaIqbal Medical College, Lahore. 2. To find the factors associated with menstrual irregularities among female medical students (first year to final year) of Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore.

Percutaneous transcatheter closure is considered alternative to surgery which is technically simple, with shorter procedure time and hospital stay, no median sternotomy scar and faster recovery with comparable rates of complications, Percutaneous transcatheter device closure of ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) was first performed in 1976 by king and mills. However, this method of closure is associated with infrequently rare early and late complications like device embolization, air embolism, cardiac tamponade, arrhythmias and thrombotic complications.

Background: Due to the advancement in preventive treatment modalities, the number of patients receiving LMWH is on rise. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) a class of anticoagulant, is used in the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) and various cardiovascular conditions and for prophylaxis and treatment of DVT in surgeries in pre and post op phase .One of the most commonly encountered adverse physiological responses to this intervention is pain and the formation of ecchymosis at the injection site.

Immediate Implant placement is becoming a popular treatment modality of modern day implant dentistry. The main challenge for the clinician has been the preservation of the residual alveolar bone and prevention of its resorption following the removal of tooth. The socket-shield technique (SST) represents an alternative approach in which a thin section of the remnant root is retained facially at the time of immediate implant placement to preserve buccal periodontal ligament and bundle bone.

Objective: As mean life expectancy increases in recent years, it is evident that hip fractures will constitute a severe health problem in future. The number of hip arthroplasties will increase accordingly. We aimed to examine the factors which are related to complications in our patient population. Methods: Retrospective evaluation of the medical reports of hip arthroplasty patients in University of Health Sciences Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Education and Research Hospital between January 2012 and December 2017 was performed.

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are known from antiquity. Population studies throughout the world have shown a rise in the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) with age, especially the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria is on rise in diabetic individuals. An attempt has been made to find out the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in diabetic individuals from rural area of Latur district.

There exists a close relationship between the periodontium and the margins of a restoration. The dimension of the space that the healthy gingival tissue occupies above the alveolar crest is known as the biologic width. Maintaining this area is paramount for prevention of gingival inflammation and secondary periodontal involvement of the tooth. Many a times, the general dentist is not aware of the appropriate dimensions of the biologic width area and the significance of the same when preparing the tooth to recieve a prosthesis.

Introduction: Nowadays, drug-addiction realizes one of major public health problem because of its treatments' coasts and its health and families' disturbances. The goal of our study is to describe drug-addicted people profiles viewed in Anjanamasina Madagascar Mental Health Care on 2011 to 2015. Methods: It was a retrospective descriptive and transversal study, carried on 01st January 2011 to 31th December 2015 in Anjanamasina Mental Health Care.

Tremendous advances in metallurgy and chemistry have been made in past decades. In spite of these advances, traditional orthodontic therapy ranges from 1.5 to 3 years. By stimulating and harnessing the innate potentials of living bone, the teeth can be made to move through the bone very rapidly and when the tooth movement is completed the bone around the roots of the teeth rebuilds itself. The Wilckodontics procedure was introduced by Dr. William Wilcko (Orthodontist) and Dr. Thomas Wilcko (Periodontist). It is patented as Wilckodontics.

Fistula in ano, is mostly a chronic and complicated disease. In a field of surgery, patients faced most frequent problem is fistula in ano. It is notorious disease and having more recurrence rate. In Ayurveda, ksharsutra therapy is very effective treatment for fistula in a no. In ayurveda, It was mentioned as mahagad. Fistula originates from anal glands, which are located between the internal and external anal sphincter and drain into anal canal. If the outlet of these glands becomes blocked, abscess can form which can eventually extend to skin surface.

Background: Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) have become an issue of national concern. With just 1% of the total vehicles in the world, India contributes to 6% of the global RTAs. Thus, there is an urgent need to have quality data on the various factors associated with RTAs in order to take appropriate action. Aim: To study the various human behavioural risk factors associated with road traffic accidents.

Background: Microvascular complications are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients and currently their prevalence is increasing in newly diagnosed diabetics1,2,3,4. These complications develop after a long period of asymptomatic hyperglycemia5,6 but are also being diagnosed in newly diagnosed T2DM with varying prevalence. This higher prevalence may be because of delayed diagnosis or earlier development of complications5,6,7, and at present there is limited nationwide data regarding prevalence of microvascular complications in newly diagnosed diabetes patients.

Introduction: Stress fractures in tibia is not a common finding in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). It is mostly seen in advanced disease with a significant varus deformity. The purpose of this case series is to bring forth the advantages of using stemmed knee replacement implants for treating this condition and to highlight the factors contributing to stress fractures in patients with severe knee arthritis.

Background: Diagnosing thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) can be challenging because the symptoms vary greatly amongst patients with the disorder, thus lending to other conditions including a double crush syndrome. Adjunct diagnostic studies frequently confirm the diagnosis of VTOS (venous thoracic outlet syndrome) and ATOS (arterial thoracic outlet syndrome), but not of NTOS (neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome), so a new diagnostic scale was applied for NTOS. Aim of the study: evaluation of the new diagnostic scale for management of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome.

Background: An ipsilateral transfrontal entry point provides access to the mesencephalon and midline regions of the pons. A contralateral transfrontal entry point has also been described that allows access to more laterally placed pontine lesions without having to traverse the ventricular system. Both ipsilateral and contralateral approaches allow the patient to remain supine during surgery, in a similar position to that in which images are traditionally acquired thus preventing error due to positional brain shift.

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) refers to the development of parenchymal lung infection after a patient has undergone intubation and received mechanical ventilation (MV) for ≥ 48 hours. The Quantitative Research approach was used in this study. Pre-Experimental one group pre-test and post-test research design was selected for this study. The study population consists of all the staff nurses. Out of 300 samples in pre-test 24 (8%) of them had poor knowledge, 174 (58%) of them had average knowledge, 83 (27.7%) of them had good knowledge, 19 (6.3%) of them had Excellent knowledge.

Background: While HPV has evolved as a significant prognosticator in Carcinoma oropharynx it fails to be so in case of Ca Cervix. The existing literature is divided in this topic mainyowing todemograhic-trends, techniques and HPV subtype-specific epidemiology.

A study was carried out to assess the phytoplankton diversity of Pagara reservoir of district Morena of Madhya Pradesh from June 2016 to May 2017. During the study period total 20 species, belonging to six families, were identified. Out of these 9 species belonged to Chlorophyceae, 3 species belonged to Bacillariophyceae, 3 species to Myxophyceae,, 2 species to Euglenophyceae and 1 species to Dinophyceae. Chlorophyceae was the most dominant family with 9 species and Dinophyceae was the least dominant family during the study period.

Domestic violence has a negative impact on women’s reproductive health. The objective of the paper is to find out the association between domestic violence and reproductive morbidities among women in urban slums of Mumbai, India. The data was collected from 901 currently married women aged 18 to 39 years, staying with their husbands in two slums, Kajupada and Tunga villages.

Background: It is now generally accepted that Vitamin D Deficiency (VDD) is a worldwide health problem that affects not only musculoskeletal health but also a wide range of acute and chronic diseases. The role of VDD in predisposition of TB has been suspected since a long time. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the levels of Vitamin D, to find out the prevalence of VDD and the determinants associated with it among newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients attending Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) center centre RHTC (Rural Health Training Centre) Najafgarh.

This research work was carried out to improve the level of resistant starch (RS), fibre, potassium, vitamin and calcium in uradpapad using unripe banana and sweet potato to investigate the effect of substitution of unripe banana and sweet potato. For urad flouron the texture of papad, dough and characteristic of papad while preparing uradpapad, the urad flour was changed in variation with unripe banana and sweet potato with different degrees of substitutions including 20,25,30,40.

A DNA barcode is a short DNA sequence from a standardized region of the genome used for identifying species. The essential aim of DNA barcoding is to use a large-scale screening of one or more reference genes in order to assign unknown individuals to species, and to enhance discovery of new species (Hebert et al., 2003). Biological taxonomists apply this principle to species classification.

Background; Mosquito borne diseases is a growing ubran problem because of unplanned urbanization, industrialization and excessive population growth coupled with rural to urban migration. For developing a suitable and effective health education stratergy, it is inevitable to understand the level of knowledge of urban women regarding role of eco health in prevention of mosquito borne diseases.

The storage life of uniform and healthy green Pea pods (Pisum sativum L.) inside a cold storage unit called Ecofrost and at ordinary room conditions was studied from 23 November to 8 December 2016. The pea pods, harvested in the evening session at the horticulture maturity conditions, were then transported within 2 hours and 30 min in an air-conditioned vehicle to the Agricultural Research Laboratory of Ecofrost Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Pune. The selected pea pods were kept in the cold storage unit i.e. Ecofrost.

Vibrio fluvialis is a pathogen commonly found in coastal environs. Considering recent increase in numbers of diarrheal outbreaks and sporadic extra-intestinal cases, V.fluvialis has been considered as an emerging pathogen. Human infections caused by V. fluvialis are rarely reported. The most common clinical presentation of V. fluvialis infection is acute gastroenteritis with diarrhea. Reported extra-intestinal infections caused by V. fluvialis have included wound infection, bacteremia, septicemia, peritonitis, hemorrhagic cellulitis and cerebritis.

The consumption of beverages and ready to drink products have emphasized the need to enhance the research and development of beverage industry. This research work aims at development of a ready to drink Spiced Coconut Milk (SCM) thereby replacing the dairy beverages. From a detailed research on the coconut based products available in the market, this new product have been developed with the incorporation of spices and jaggery. In this research, the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) is applied to optimize the composition and process conditions of the Spiced Coconut Milk.

Infertility is one of the leading risk factor to affect relationship satisfaction among married population. Current study aims to measure the association relationship between Relationship Satisfaction and Positivity among Infertile Women. Sample was consisting of 70 infertile women with mean age 41.06±8.60, age ranged from 21 to 57. Participants were approached in outdoors of different public hospitals of Faisalabad. Relationship satisfaction was measured by Relationship Assessment Scale-Urdu and Positivity scale-Urdu used to measure Personal Optimism and External Security.

This study aims to find out how the image of self-acceptance on BatakToba parents who have children with severe autism in Medan. This study was conducted on two families of Batak Toba tribe who have the first son of men and crave heavy autism. The sampling technique used purposive and snowballing sampling. The number of informants consists of 2 (two) families who have the first son of men, autistic people and Batak Toba tribe. The research method used is qualitative research method descriptive approach. Techniques of collecting data using interviews, observation and documentation.

In oil recovery operations, the application of xanthan biopolymers is considered more environmentally friendly than that of synthetic polymers. However, a decrease in the viscosity of xanthan has sometimes been observed. The objective of the present study was to investigate the decrease in the viscosity of xanthan gum caused by bacterial activity in samples from fracturing waters in the Golfo San Jorge Basin, Argentina. To this end, solutions of xanthan gum dissolved in culture medium were studied by means of viscometry and Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy.

Infertility is one of the leading risk factor to affect relationship satisfaction among married population. Current study aims to measure the association relationship between Relationship Satisfaction and Positivity among Infertile Women. Sample was consisting of 70 infertile women with mean age 41.06±8.60, age ranged from 21 to 57. Participants were approached in outdoors of different public hospitals of Faisalabad. Relationship satisfaction was measured by Relationship Assessment Scale-Urdu and Positivity scale-Urdu used to measure Personal Optimism and External Security.

Interaction between factors to take into consideration for extraction of bioactive phenolics compounds from Pinuspatula bark was evaluated. Contact time, particle size, temperature, ethanol: water ratio, bark: solvent ratio and revolutions per minutewere evaluated to identify the highest percentage of extraction.

Vaccination is induction of immunity by injecting a dead or attenuated form of a pathogen. Periodontal diseases are one such group of infectious bacterial diseases, against which vaccine research is still going on. The complexities in the etiopathogenesis of the periodontal diseases have been the prime obstacle in the hunt for vaccine. The availability of periodontal vaccine would not only prevent or modulate the course of periodontal diseases, but also enhance the quality of life of people for whom periodontal treatment cannot be easily obtained.

Psychiatry residency training in the United States encompasses a 4-year curriculum after medical school, which enables the trainee to practice independently. Despite the breadth and depth of training available, illustrative psychological concepts revealed by famous studies go overlooked. This gap in education can become more pronounced when the trainee previously was educated outside the Western Hemisphere, limiting their prior exposure to experiments that shaped psychological thinking in the western world.

Telenursing is a very specialized field of Nursing practice that has advanced in response to the introduction of recent new technologies and modalities with in the health care delivery system. Telenursing has been defined as the use of telecommunication technology in nursing to enhance patient care in remote areas. As health care has become more costly and complex now-a-days due to more challenges to access, telenursing is applied to alleviate these types of problems.

In order to estimate soluble carbohydrate levels in rice leaves under different salinity stress levels, rice genotypes from both saline and non-saline rice tracts of North Kerala, India were exposed to 0, 10, 30, 50, 70, 100 and 200 mM of NaCl progressively starting from the 45th day after germination. The plants were maintained at the corresponding salinity levels during their further growth periods. Leaf samples were collected separately from the plants of each treatment on 90th day of growth and total soluble sugar content was estimated by phenol sulphuric acid method.

When the level of fiber is increased, it is important to evaluate the impact of this addition upon the nutrients digestibility. The present study evaluated the effect of variation in the amount of total dietary fiber in sow diets, provided from 74 to 87 days of gestation, on the digestibility of nutrients. Thirty-three sows were used in a randomized experimental design. The amounts of total dietary fiber in three treatment diets were 15.6; 22.3 and 28.2%.

This study investigates the constraints that limit women’s participation in politics as a voter in southern areas of Punjab Pakistan, among these constraints are socio-economic and cultural in the main stream of this study. The study engages both primary and secondary sources, including field survey, personal interviews and questionnaire. A total of 600 women were selected from three divisions of southern Punjab including Dera ghazi khan, Multan and Bahawalpur through multi stage sampling technique for the administration of the questionnaires.

This study investigated the effect of aqueous extract of cannabis sativa on lactate dehydrogenase activity (LDH) and creatinine level which are cardiac markers in male Wistar rats. The extract was administered orally at a single dose of 100, 200 and 400 mgkg-1 body weight to the experimental animals daily for 3 weeks. The increase in creatinine level and LDH activity was dose dependent. This present study showes that administration of C. sativa leaf extract at 100, 200 and 400 mgkg-1 increase the activity of LDH and creatinine level which may be deleterious to the heart.

Herbs and their extracts have anti microbial, anti oxidant, anti biofilm and anti inflammatory effects. Certain herbal extracts have two or more combinations of different bioactivity, the reason for which is their possession of a combination of bioactive phytoconstituents. The present review is to throw light on the usage of different crude extracts or isolated phytochemical extracts or the isolated bioactive compound as such in the treatment of Periimplantitis.

Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] is an important food crop with ability to enhance soil fertility. In northern Ghana, cowpea is the second most important crop after groundnut and a cheap source of protein in the diet, hence it is critical to improve production of the crop. This study assessed the demography, farm characteristics and extent of cowpea cultivation in the Upper East region of Ghana.

Recent study on the uses of medicinal plants for primary healthcare in some periurban areas of North and South 24-Parganas districts of West Bengal revealed widespread use of herbal cures among the local people. A total of 102 plant species were listed from three areas, Amtala and Diamond Harbour in South 24-Parganas and Habra in North 24-Parganas.

The histological effect of neem oil on the intestinal tissue of the fresh water catfish Heteropneustes fossilis was investigated. Fishes were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil for 24,48,72 and 96 hrs. The normal intestine of Heteropneustes fossilis is characterized by outer peritoneum of serus longitudinal muscle layer, circular muscle layer, submucosa and mucosa.

Diatoms in particular are of utmost importance, as potential indicators of water quality due to their sensitivity and strong response to many physical, chemical and biological changes. As a major contributor to primary productivity in the aquatic ecosystem, diatoms play a pivotal role in the food chain. Due to their ubiquitous nature, they are abundantly present in aquatic environments. This paper presents data on the water quality assessment using diatoms in Thonnur and Sulekere lakes of Mandya district, Karnataka, India.

Background: The Electronic Health Record known as EHR is the essential document to ensure quality treatment in time to the beneficiary. Normally implementation of EHR involves huge expenditure though it is need of the hour. Our model of EHR known as Minimal Health Record (MHR) under the Chief Minister’s Comprehensive Health Insurance Scheme (CMCHISTN) is being implemented without any additional financial support is being deliberated here. Objectives: Creation and sustaining the EHR model with minimal effort and expenditure using the available information and resources.

Addison’s disease is an autoimmune condition causing the destruction of adrenal cortex leading to the production of deficit amount of adrenal hormones. The condition is very severe and rare because the adrenal hormones i.e. Glucocorticoids and Mineralocorticoid that are involved in modulating salt, energy and fluid homeostasis are being altered. Addison’s Crisis secondary to withdrawal of steroid therapy is usually infrequent and said to be due to inappropriate discontinuation or excessive of this therapy.

Animal models have contributed new data and findings in medical sciences, including periodontology. Selection of the ideal animal model depends on the similarity of the periodontium and the disease condition to that of humans. There is no single model which can represent periodontal tissues exactly similar to humans. The most common animal models used are dogs and non-human primates, although other animals (rats, mice, hamsters, rabbits, miniature pigs, ferrets, and sheep) have also been frequently used.

This study aimed at assessing cashflow as a determinants of corporate investment decisions of firms listed on Nairobi securities exchange in Kenya. The objective of the study was assessing the effect of cash flow on corporate investment decisions of firms listed at the NSE. The study used both primary and secondary data. The study adopted descriptive research design and the target population was 64 firms listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE). Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis using SPSS version 23.

Introduction: The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing tremendously throughout the world especially in developing countries. This disease affects various organs like eyes, nerves, kidneys and heart. Pulmonary complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) have been poorly characterized. Moreover, the duration of glycemic control have varied impact on the pulmonary function. Aims and objectives: To study the effect of DM on PEFR and its relationship with duration of the disease. Material and method: The study was carried out in the department of physiology M.G.M Medical College Aurangabad.

A simple, Accurate, precise method was developed for the simultaneous estimation of the Prazocin and Polythiazide in Tablet dosage form. Chromatogram was run through Std Discovery C18 150 x 4.6 mm, 5m. Mobile phase containing Buffer 0.1%OPA: Acetonitrile taken in the ratio 60:40 was pumped through column at a flow rate of 1 ml/min. Buffer used in this method was 0.1% OPA buffer. Temperature was maintained at 30°C. Optimized wavelength selected was 270.0 nm. Retention time of Prazocin and Polythiazide were found to be 2.316 min and 3.176.

Cerambycidae is one of the biggest families of Coleoptera. Members are popularly known as Longhorn Beetles, world-widely distributed from sea level to mountains. In the districts of West Bengal diversity, detailed ecology of many species is inadequately documented. Thus, main aims of the present study were documentation of species, habitats and other ecological behaviors in District Howrah, West Bengal, India through regular field survey method.

The antifungal effect of two biphenylcompounds, 3'-hydroxy-5-methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxybiphenyl (1) and 3'-hydroxy-5,5'-dimethoxy-3,4-methylenedioxybiphenyl (2) against phytopathogenic fungi of rice; Bipolaris oryzae, Fusarium semitectum, Fusarium fujikuroi and Curvularia lunata was analyzed. Results of this study showed that compound 1 and 2 exhibited a very strong inhibitory activity against tested fungi with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of ≤128 g/ml. Treatment with these compounds inhibited fungal radial growth, biomass formation, and spore density.

The analysis of dust polluted leaves were carried out .The effect of dust on phenolic and protein contents of plant leaves were determined in different plants .The estimation of Phenolic compounds and Protein compound was carried out in leaves. Total fifteen plants were assayed for the presence of amount of biochemical components in dust deposited leaves. The survey of dust polluted leaves were made in the campus of the Govt. Vidarbha Institute of Science and Humanities in Amravati. It is found that Bauhinia variegata L.

In this work, we report the whole genome sequence of the multiply antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli isolated from chicken in Nanded. Sequence analysis showed the assembled genome size to be 4,283,974 bp containing 4497 protein coding genes, 52961 single nucleotide polymorphism, 197 number of insertions and 181 number of deletions.

Urban greening refers to any vegetation effort including the planting of trees, shrubs, grass or agricultural plots whose design is intended to improve the environmental quality, economics opportunity or aesthetic value associated with a cities landscape. For the present study tree Bauhinia purpurea, linn.; were selected for the physico-chemical parameters of tree canopy soil, mineral profile of the litter formed by the selected tree canopy, microbial flora of the selected tree canopy soils were analyzed.

Phytoplanktons are microscopic free floating animals which play a vital role in aquatic ecosystem. Phytoplanktons are highly sensitive to environmental variation, as a result change in abudance, species diversity or community composition can provide important indication of environmental health. Phytoplankton diversity is controlled by seasonal variation. In the present paper an extensive review of the literature available on seasonal variation of Phytoplanktons in lotic water of India have been made which is a long felt necessity in this field.

Purpose of Study: The purpose of this paper is to review literature on the factors behind Asian firms, an example for emerging African firms to emulate. Design and Methodology: This is a literature review. Research limitations/Implications: The idea of SMEs is an old one, as old as when the first business was thought of by the human race. But the factors, philosophy and strategy behind the SMEs success of Asian firms is unique to Asian firms. The review was limited in terms of the theories that explain the process of success of the small and medium enterprises.

The purpose of the study: The comparison of years 2014 and 2015 as a result of technical criteria determined by performance and technical analysis of the men’s national under 21 team aged between 15 and 17 that competes in the 21st and 22nd International Nazım Canca European Judo Cup Under 21 Competition in Antalya, 2014 and 2015 . For this study, the total of 352 judo contests in the 21st and 22nd International Nazım Canca Tournament have been saved to the camera and then the video analysis of the competitions have been performed.

Rupture of Measles is highly contagious diseases. It is caused by paramyxovirus, with a secondary attack rate in excess of 80% that usually affects children. WHO (World Health organisation) with NPSP (National Polio Surveillance Project) and Measles Elimination and Rubella Control Programme is working rapidly in the field of measles elimination in the Bihar. Government of Bihar with IDSP (Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme) is also involved in the measles immunization and surveillance.

Background: Several studies indicate that prevalence rates of the individual symptoms: depression, anxiety and stress are growing among adolescents. Objective: to evaluate the extent of depression, anxiety, and stress among secondary school students in Baghdad, Iraq. Method: A school based cross-sectional study was conducted during the school year 2007/2008, from October 2007 to March 2008. The sample included secondary school students in Baghdad, Iraq. Cluster sampling method was used. The students were evaluated by well-trained group of teachers.

Context: Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is widely used for fabrication of removable dental prosthesis, but it is still insufficient to fulfil the mechanical requirements for dental applications. Aims: Comparative evaluation of addition of carbon nano fillers and graphene and its effect on impact strength and flexural strength of Autopolymerized Acrylic resin. - an in vitro study Methods and Materials: Characterisation of carbon nanofillers (MWCNTs) and graphene were done to check the purity, diameter and size using FT RAMAN & FESEM. Monomer without microaddition acted as control group.

Background: Anaemia has been a long standing public health problem in Bangladesh, particularly amongst the children and women. BDHS, 2011 showed that 42% of the women aged 15-49 years (pregnant women 49.6% and 48% lactating women) were anaemic. Nutrition International (Formerly known as Micronutrient Initiative) supported Government of Bangladesh in revitalising IFA as a key component of the ANC package through demonstration of strategies to improve the coverage and adherence of IFA among pregnant women in selected districts with the objective of reducing iron deficiency anaemia.

A description of the transition metal ions especially copper(II), iron(III), uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) based on the toxicity of the elements on human organs is included. A brief description of the electron rich species interacting with copper (II), iron(III), uranium(\/I) and thonum(IV) metal ions is also included.

In the last few years there has been a rapid exponential increase in computer processing power, communication and data storage. But still many complex and computation intensive problems, which cannot be solved by super computers. In the field of computing, a lot of changes have been observed due to the increased use and popularity of the Internet and the availability of high-speed networks. Resource sharing in a pure plug and play model that dramatically simplifies infrastructure planning is the promise of “Cloud computing”.

In this work, the structural and vibrational studies for the most stable conformer of the anticancer drug Bis-chloroethylnitrosourea (BCNU) or Carmustine have been carried out at the DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level using the Gaussian 09 software. It was predicted to exist predominantly in non-planar structure.

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing with ageing of the population and life style changes associated with rapid urbanization and westernization. Though there are many drugs available in market to address this issue, the drug resistance is a real challenge to the pharmaceutical industry. To address this problem, we have selected a well-known anti-malarial drug, Artesunate (AS). With strong earlier reports on anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-pyretic activities of this compound, we aim to study the anti-diabetic activity of AS.

Lanthanide(III), Cerium(III), Praseodymium(III), neodymium(III), Samarium(III), gadolinium(III), terbium(III), dysprosium(III) and yttrium(III) complexes of Schiff bases derived from ferrocenyl keto acid and 2quinolinoyl hydrazine (H2L) and Ferrocenyl keto acid and 8quinolinoyl hydrazine (H2L1) have been prepared. The complexes are of the type [Ln(HL)L](H2O)n, [Ln(HL1)L1](H2O)n (n=12) and [Ln(HL1)L1] and these have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, conductance measurements. Magnetic moments thermal analysis, infrared and electronic absorption spectra.

Nickel Aluminium ferrite with general formula NiAlxFe2-xO4for ‘x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0’ were synthesized by High Energy Ball milling. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra (FTIR) and Dielectric characteristics were measured at room temperature as a function of frequency for synthesized ferrite.

The unabated growth in crimes in India causes concern to apply meta-analysis and demonstrate the predictors of anti-social behaviour. The ability to estimate whether someone prompts to commit a crime in the future through a meta-stacked framework which can handle imbalanced Big-data is presented in this paper. Several ensemble classifiers investigate various questions concerning the professional and private lives and evaluate them for parameter tuning on cross validation.

Vasile Berinde obtained the existence and uniqueness of coincidence and common fixed points of non-commuting almost contractions in cone metric spaces. Inspired and motivated by the main result of Berinde, in this research we have studied the existence and uniqueness of coincidence points and common fixed points of a class of almost contraction maps in complete cone b-metric space. Some examples are also provided to support the result of this paper finding.

Background: Hyperlipidemia is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is primarily treated by statins. The present survey was conducted to understand the prescribing practices of physicians and cardiologists in managing patients of dyslipidemia with various statins. Methods: This was a prospective, cross sectional, questionnaire-based survey of Indian physicians and cardiologists managing the patients of dyslipidemia with statins.

Collaborative supervision helps teachers to develop professionally. Therefore this study which was conducted in 2017 sought to investigate the factors that affect Departmental Collaborative Supervision (DCS) and the Professional Development (PD) of Teachers of English language (ToEL) in Secondary Schools in Trans Nzoia County, Kenya. It was a follow-up study to the one done in Bungoma County in 2015-2016 in order to corroborate the findings.

This study sought to assess how leadership-related factors such as emotional intelligence, project leader motivation, leadership power and influence, leadership competence and project leader team work affect project performance. Total Kenya Limited like other oil marketers has faced leadership challenges in the undertakings of its projects.

The present research study was aimed at to assess the impact of technology usage on social maturity of teenagers. The study was carried out in Ludhiana district on sample comprised of 200 rural and urban teenagers in age-group of 16 to 18 years studying in 11th and 12th grade in the selected Government Senior Secondary School of urban and rural areas. Further the sample was equally distributed over two sexes (Boys= 100, Girls=100) from rural and urban areas.

An ad hoc wireless network is a temporary and dynamic environment where a group of mobile nodes with radio frequency transceivers communicate with each other without the intervention of any centralized administration or established infrastructure. Due to the limited transmission range of each mobile node, communication sessions between two nodes are usually established through a number of intermediate nodes, which are supposed to be willing to cooperate while forwarding the messages they receive to their destination.

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the effects of standing desks use on musculoskeletal complaints and student perspective within the classroom in a physical therapist education program students. Method: Twenty two students (10 male, 12 female) aged27.9 years (± 6.4) participated the study. The participants completed an online questionnaire consisting of demographic questions. An online version of the Boston University Computer and Health Survey was used to assess participants’ musculoskeletal complaints before and after standing desk use.

The creation of landslide susceptibility maps is a critical step in helping organizers, local authorities, and policy makers with disaster planning. As such, the reliability of these landslide susceptibility maps is essential for decreasing loss of life and property. Increasing populations and settlements in sloped areas have generally enhanced the effect of landslides. In this study, a geographic information system and analytical hierarchy process were used to determine landslide susceptibility zones in Burdur province.

In a globally dynamic business environment, continuous employee engagement is a key driver of sustainable employee performance in the 21st century organizations. A survey of Kenya firms revealed that on average, businesses allocate 3% of their operating budgets to private security services and security upgrade. The main objective of the study is to determine the influence of employee engagement on employee performance in the Private Security Industry in Kenya. The study sought to improve employee performance, efficiency, and effectiveness in service delivery.

In a globally dynamic business environment, continual training is a key driver of sustainable employee performance in the 21st century organizations. A survey of Kenya firms revealed that on average, businesses allocate 3% of their operating budgets to private security services and security upgrade. The main objective of the study is to determine the influence of training on employee performance in the Private Security Industry in Kenya. The study sought to improve employee performance, efficiency, and effectiveness in service delivery.

This research aims were to: (1) produce Curious Note Program worksheet and (2) know science process skills improvement. This was a development research by using 4D models (define, design, develop, and disseminate). The development product was tested in grade XI MAN Yogyakarta 2, 26 students for limited test and 55 students for field test.

On a global basis, the combined agricultural emissions of Nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4) account for about 20% of the annual increase in radiative forcing of climate change. Quantification of these gas emissions from soil is difficult because of their large spatial and temporal variability. Field experiments were carried out at Tamil Nadu, South India during 2010-2011 quantifies the green house gas (GHG) emissions from conventional flooded rice – rice and futuristic maize – rice cropping systems with minimum tillage.

The pyrazol-3-yl-1,3,4-thiadiazole and thiadiazolines were prepared from the reaction of 3-formyl-4,5(1H)pyrazolinedione 4-(phenylhydrazone) with thiosemicarbazide followed by oxidation with FeCl3, Br2 in water or treatment with Ac2O; in case of bromine the cyclization was carried out with bromination of the phenyl group in p-position. Similarly, treatment of 3-formyl-1-phenyl-4,5-pyrazolinedione 4-(phenylhydrazone) with thiosemicarbazide.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a major medical, social, and economic problem in both developed and developing countries. It often affects all life domains from fairly basic self-care activities to advance and complex social interactions, work, and leisure activities and eventually has a profound impact on quality of life. The aim of the study was planned to investigate the health-related quality of life with chronic low back pain patients and to examine the effect of clinical and activity levels of patients on the quality of life.

The investigation was implemented at 12 A Unit, institution dependent on the Universidad Pedagogica Nacional (UPN) located in Chilpancingo, Guerrero, Mexico, in February 2016, its objective was to obtain an evaluation of environmental competencies that teachers have and therefore should be apply in the teaching-learning process. In this study, was necessary the students´ participation, because, it contribute to strengthen this evaluation.

In India there are more than 1300 accidents happening each day and more than 400 people are losing their life. In which many people are dying just because they can’t reach the hospitals at time. It is mainly because the emergency vehicles like ambulance get stuck in traffic signals for a long time, which costs life. So to avoid this problem, we have come up with an idea to design an advanced system that controls traffic signals during emergency situations and provide easy passage for emergency vehicles.

The new technology has the ability to transmit a voice over Internet protocol process networks by using an Asterisk PBX. In present day, companies implement to produce different VoIP products of many features in market. This paper has an aim to introduce the VoIP and implementation of Wi-Fi based intercom system using ARM11 to based on Asterisk PBX. In this paper, we first introduce theory of VOIP.

E-learning is witnessing a big pace in education field and has a significant role in higher education due to the rapid and huge development in technology. Smart book is one of these developments that has enriched the educational process and has its influence on students’ performance. This research studies the effect of smart e-book on the pass rate of students in an IT course at the Arab Open University branches in six Middle East countries and investigates and deduces the factors that affect the obtained results.

A brief evaluation of heat transfer through helical coil heat exchangers is present in this study. Improvement in heat transfer owed to helical coils has been stated by many scholars. Heat exchanger are significant engineering system with extensive variety of application including HVAC, power plants,heat recovery system, chemical processing, refrigeration and air conditioning system, food industries, nuclear reactors etc.

The term high-strength concrete (HSC) is generally used for concrete with compressive strength higher than 41MPa. ACI Committee had defined High Strength Concrete (HSC) is the concrete that can attain specified compressive strength for design of at least 41MPa, or more. With the development of high grade cement and availability of proper mineral admixtures and chemical admixtures, it has become quite common to adopt concrete with compressive strength of 60MPa and above. Development of high strength concrete has made it possible to build taller and long span structures.

Phonological awareness is the sensitivity to the Spreadsheet might be implemented in the mathematical algorithm, model, visual, and application effectively. In the implementation, spreadsheet is easy to study. The advantage of spreadsheet is that spreadsheet can serve as a number-processing program and a dynamic graphical display. In relation to these features, through this article the researcher would like discuss the use of the spreadsheet on the quantization of particle energy in one-dimensional box within the learning process of quantum physic.

Providing feedback in language learning is an essential step in the learning process, but the question has always been what type of feedback and when and how to provide it. Some support the idea of providing direct corrective feedback, while others support the idea of indirect corrective feedback.

This paper argues that instead of the idealistic and romantic approaches towards the nation, O'Connor adopted a very realistic one through which Ireland is viewed as a Free State with problems that need to be addressed in a more realistic manner. Obviously, O'Connor's engagement with the Irish society is comprehensive as it includes all aspects of society, such as family relationship, the relationship between father and son, and the changes that have taken place under the effect of this encroaching materialistic culture.

Translation is an art of transcreating the source text and making it readable for the target language audience. In other words, it is a process of decoding the source language text and encoding it in the target language. The main objective of this paper is to discuss the problems faced by the translator while translating poetry. The essence of poetry lies behind the experience of the poet. Similarly, the translation and the translator may not have the same experience, which has been undergone by the original author.

Background: Flowers of Mirabilis jalapa were used as traditional medicine in Asia, Europe, America and Africa as purgative, diuretic and wound healing. Abelmoschus esculentus (Leaves) were used to treat abdominal pain, diarrhoea, genitourinary and respiratory problems. Objectives: The present study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of 50% hydro ethanol extracts of Mirabilis jalapa flowers and leaves of Abelmoschus esculentus through various in vitro assays.

The controversy surrounding the POSCO project has clearly emerged as a struggle around material issues of livelihood and the economic future of local communities in coastal Jagatsinghpur and the Khandadhar hills of Keonjhar and Sundergerh. The local community in the three gram panchayats of Dhinkia, Nuagaon and Gada Kujanga clearly see the agrarian economy, based primarily around betel vine, as one that assures them a future. However, the Government of Orissa claims that the POSCO project, among others, is a crucial part of the economic advancement of the State.

The paper intends to explore the theme of self discovery and identity in Shashi Deshpande’s The Dark Holds No Terrors. For a woman, the need for self fulfillment, autonomy, self realization, independence and individual actualization are important and this quest triggered off by some crisis in their lives make them strive heroically to overcome their cultural conditioning and barriers created by society in matter of tradition and manners.

Whatever else education is deemed to be, it is incontestable that it at least involves the transmission of knowledge. Considerable time and effort is thus devoted to this task in our schools. Teachers are trained to be sufficiently equipped with skills in a specialized subject area, thereby passing on to their students the knowledge they have acquired. Educational leaders have done much to ensure that knowledge is transmitted effectively in schools, and this task minimally requires that those who teach are proficient in the art and science of teaching.

Several studies have identified spirituality to impact the performance of Muslim managers. However, there are still pocket of complaints about nonconformity of managers to the principles of Islamic spirituality. The current study made efforts to provide novel ideas that have basis in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) to gain insights into experiential understanding of managers about Islamic spiritual culture (ISC), and it subsequently developed a substantive theory for moral modifications. This study used qualitative multi-approach.

The intent of this study was to assess the shortcomings of implementation of National Agricultural Extension Policy (NAEP) reforms on agricultural food production and poverty status among small-scale farmers in Siaya and Kilifi Districts. Ex-post facto survey design was used and three semi structured questionnaires and one focus group discussion guide were used to collect data from policy makers as key informants, administrators in extension service provision and extension workers.

This study aims to determine the impact of father absenteeism that occurred in early adult female adoptive children. This research is a qualitative research with case study approach. The object of this study is a family that has adopted children without any marital relationship of husband and wife, cared for by a 50-year-old woman who became the mother for early adult female adoptive children. Methods of data collection in this study using observation, interview and documentation study. In testing the validity and reliability of research using triangulation.

Two years B.Ed course has brought drastic changes in the field of teacher education. One among that is school exposure for 2 weeks in the semester 1 and 2. School exposure programme is a pre-requisite for a trainee teacher. It is rightly regarded as the most crucial part of any teacher education programme. It provides a platform for trainee teachers to the real classroom situation. It involves an actual practice in engaging and exposing themselves in planning, preparing instructional materials for regular subject teachers.

Operations and project cost overrun is one of the many challenges faced by businesses in this current global market. The effects of cost overrun are numerous ranging from loss of profit, threat to business competitiveness and survival and many others. Therefore, the need a strategy that incorporates cost control cannot be over emphasized. This article discusses the different cost control techniques that can be employed when drawing a business strategy.

This study aimed to find out the taxonomy of social acceptability indicators for K to 12 Program. The descriptive survey design utilizing a questionnaire-checklist was used in the study. The respondents of the study were teachers and parents of selected Public Elementary Schools in the three districts of Zamboanga del Norte during the School Year 2015 – 2016. There were 240 teacher-respondents and 240 parent-respondents employed in the study. Out of 240 respondents, 80 were taken in every district. The statistical tools used in the study were the frequency and percentage count.

This paper focuses on the secluded life of women, their helpless condition and their transformation on the basis of feminist perspectives. Attia Hosain’s, Sunlight on a Broken column, blends the individual destiny of its female protagonist with the destiny of her nation. This article also projects Attia Hosain as a spontaneous woman writer with her excellent artistic skill in her critical and creative endeavours.

Frost is one of the most serious threats to the subtropical horticulture in the Western plains and lower Himalayan region. Modulations in leaf water and lipid content and their linkage to low temperature acclimation process have been worked out in twenty five subtropical fruit plant species through relative electrolyte leakage (REL) studies. Acclimation values of different species were calculated on the basis of REL (%) observed under open field and polyhouse grown plants. Mechanism of frost stress tolerance in different species has also been highlighted through these studies.

In the following article a consideration is made around the administrative and organizational conditions that companies must have, regardless their corporate purpose is, whether public, private, large, medium or small-sized (among other characteristics), but that are addressed to remain and endure in time. Those administrative and organizational processes of the companies are acknowledged as fields of interest.

Consumer’s rights are inalienable rights that must be protected by the consumers, business organizations and the government. Public policies emanate from the government of a state and are geared towards regulating business relationships among the citizenry or distributing social amenities to individuals and communities. The CPC was established by the CPC Act,1992 and charged with the responsibility to promote, protect, and safeguard the rights and interest of consumers with respect to the consumption of goods and services.

Many studies have been conducted on the dichotomy between Christian and African religion (s), to understand why African Christians turn to traditional practices when they encounter everyday life crises like prolonged sickness, pre-mature death, and quarrels amongst couples and also luck of child to point a few. One cannot understand the reason for consulting traditional healers without focusing on how this is negotiated and perceived by the actors themselves.

The ecosystem services provided by coastal zones have been severely affected by anthropogenic activities. The purpose of this study was to determine both the perception of residents of a coastal town on their environmental issues; as well as the empirical knowledge that they have developed over the years, with which environmental education strategies can be established for the sustainable use of their natural resources. The study was carried out in three localities settled around the Nuxco lagoon, Guerrero, Mexico, applying surveys to settlers and interviews with key informants.

The innovative practices always persuade concerned people whereas ideas and innovation become the hall mark of progress. Stock market is also not exempted from this; since financial derivatives have given drastic change in the growth of Indian stock market. The product of derivatives existence in Indian stock market is for minimizing price risk. The derivative Product in Indian Stock market has become multi trillion dollars over the years

This paper is intended to provide an overview of the importance of adaptation to climate change and to present the adaptive capacities of Albania smallholders. Extreme weather events for example floods in winter and droughts in summer are occurring more frequently and inducing big losses in rural areas of Albania. Climate change poses the risk of much greater impacts in Albanian farms due to its demonstrated conditions and low level of adaptive capacities.

There is a reciprocal relationship between population growth and economic development. Although many socio-economic indicators affected to change the population growth rate, the health and education indicators have observed that there is a significant development of the people. Therefore, this study has paid special attention to the said variables.

Teaching Malay Language Literacy Program is part of the Literacy and Numeracy Screening (LINUS) Program to be carried out to the pupils of level 1 in primary school. These skills are very important and needs to be mastered by all pupils of level 1 pupils before they can proceed to level 2. The failure of pupils to master these skills will certainly affect their proficiency in other subjects. This study aims to determine strategies implemented in teaching of Malay language literacy of level 2 in schools situated in Sarawak.

Studies worldwide have revealed that School Administrators are key contributors to students’ academic performance by enhancing teacher motivation. In Emuhaya and Vihiga Sub Counties performance had been below mean grade of C+. From the years 2009 to 2013, Emuhaya and Vihiga Sub Counties’ candidates who scored C+ and above were 3535(26%) and 2104 (15%) respectively lower, compared to neighbouring Hamisi and Sabatia Sub-Counties’ with 3913(28%) and 4275(31%) candidates respectively. The contribution of School Administrators to teacher motivation was not known.

Although lower extremity is used as primer in football, upper extremities are very important for stability, speed and accelaration. The anthropometric properties of the athletes are one of necessary prerequisites for success that affect the performance. The hand grip strength is accepted as an objective measure for evaluation of upper extremity performance. The aim of our study is to investigate the effects of upper extremity’s anthropometric properties, age, height and weight of football players on hand grip strength.

School administrators are mandated to enhance students’ academic performance by use of instructional supervision, teacher motivation, teaching learning resources and physical facilities. In Emuhaya and Vihiga Sub Counties performance had been below mean grade C+. From the years 2009 to 2013, Emuhaya and Vihiga Sub Counties’ candidates who scored C+ and above were 3535 (26%) and 2104 (15%) respectively lower, compared to neighbouring Hamisi and Sabatia Sub-Counties’ with 3913 (28%) and 4275 (31%) candidates respectively.

Climate Change has been considered as the prominent global effect in the present scenario, impacting all spheres of the planet. Global warming has been considered as an global concern. Even in Sikkim too, its impact are occuring in reality. This paper tries to study on the perception of residents of Samdur, Gangtok ward 16, East Sikkim about their awareness on climate change and its impact on human health.

This paper focuses on teachers’ perception of organizational trust, organizational toxicity and performance. Three research questions and hypotheses are formulated for the study. The sample comprised one-hundred fifty-six teachers. A structured questionnaire is used to collect data. Mean, t-test, correlation, and regression analyses are used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses formulated. The study reveals that the organizational trust affects the organizational toxicity negatively, while it affects the performance positively.

Rupture of diaphragmatic hernia is a Current literature on education for sustainable development records a number of skills for education for sustainable development in a variety of branches of learning with the exclusion of teacher education.

Soil erosion by water is one of the most important global land degradation problems mainly because of its negative onsite landscape effects such as loss of soil quality and offsite effects such as sedimentation of rivers, lakes and estuaries. This study tends to investigate and monitor the spatial extent of gullies in Agulu – Nanka of Anoacha and Orumba North LGA using Geo-Information Technology.

Objectives to establish socio-economic status of the population/household of katihar district, Bihar. The socio economic status (SES) is an important determinant of health, nutritional status, mortality and morbidity of an individual. SES also influences the accessibility, affordability, acceptability and actual utilization of available health facilities. Paper finding depend upon primary data collection demographic features of household survey & age-wise distribution of male & female population of katihar district.

The present study was undertaken to study the existing financial and educational goal setting pattern, assess the effect of socio-personal factors of the homemakers on the financial and educational goal setting pattern and explore the constraints in goal setting and attainment of farm families. Results revealed that overall goal setting pattern of farm families was quite erroneous (overall SMART percent score of 15.90) with financial goal setting per cent score of 14.20 and educational 17.6.

Cipla Pharmaceuticals is the global company. The case study discusses the path of internationalization of the company over ages.

Women’s entrepreneurship has been recognized during the last decade as an important untapped source of economic growth. The women entrepreneurs create new jobs for themselves and others and by being different also provide society with different solutions to management, organization and business problems as well as to the exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities. Women have broken the barriers of society and have demonstrated great results in entrepreneurship. They need to be motivated to recognize and respect their own potential.

India is the second largest producer of vegetables (Next to China) in the world with a production of 40 million tonnes from four million hectares of land area. This high level of production can supply only 120gms of vegetables per capita per day as against the recommended dietary allowance of 200gms vegetables per capita per day. The study of vegetable marketing in terms of marketing channels, price spread in Jaipur district of Rajasthan indicates that farmers mostly adopt channel 2 in marketing of their surplus produce having mashakhores as one of the intermediaries.

This paper present the use of information resources by students in Sacret Heart College, Chalakudy. Relevant literature of the information resources and its use in various categories of users has been reviewed. The study examined the types of information resources used by the research scholars, the frequency of use, the purpose of use of information resources and problems faced by the students while accessing the same.

Cluster Frontline Demonstration were conducted to study the evaluating the performance of improved cultivar, seed treatment, sulphur application, diseases, insect and pest management on production as well as productivity and profitability of mustard. Cluster frontline demonstration (CFLD’s) were conducted during 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18 with evaluation the performance of Chhattisgarh Sarson-1, variety of mustard in Raigarh, Pussore and Kharsia blocks of the district and record the feedback information of farmer’s.

The present study was carried out to assess the work-worker-workplace interface using survey method on 120 women worker in selected hosiery units of Ludhiana City. Data pertaining to physical characteristics of workers, anthropometric measurements, ergonomic assessment of work and workplace was collected by using duly pretested and finalized interview schedule. It was observed that most ignored environmental aspect was: no air circulation, less light and climate too hot in summer and cold in winter.

The objective of the study was to determine the effect of public procurement practices on procurement performance of CDF projects in Kwale County government in Kenya. Procurement professionals have always walked on a tight rope in order to implement objectives and goals. Their ability to accomplish these procurement objectives and policies indicate that procurement officials are influenced by political, legal- internal and external factors.

A comprehensive knowledge and the strict enforcement of the fishing ban are important attributes for increasing fish production. The study determined the knowledge of implementation of Joint Administrative Order (JAO) fishing ban, assessed the impacts of enforcement of the ban as to its current fishery operations and production, marketing and income and alternative livelihood activities for fishers’ subsistence. Key informants interview and fish catch survey were conducted. Focus Group Discussion was employed to the categorized 460 respondents as fishers (86. 95%), women’s group (3.

The objective of this work is to carry out a bibliographic survey about the scientific production on indigenous education in the state of Rondônia, Brazil. It is important to recognize the discussions about the theme, which is so current and necessary for understanding intercultural educational processes. The hypotheses that guided this work were that the academic production on the subject is vast, due to the Amazonian nature of the federal university and research lines of its graduate programs and secondly that these works will have a colonialist perspective on such processes.

The benefits of hotel and restaurant taxes are still needed and perceived by the Government of Denpasar City and other Regencies in Bali such as Badung, Buleleng, Jembarana, Tabanan, Bangli, Klungkung and Karangasem. However, there is no legal certainty given by the Laws and Regulations on “specific percentage number” of profit sharing related to such taxes. Tri Hita Karana is understood as the life philosophy to create a balance consistent life of human being towards God, another human being and environment.

Phonological awareness is the sensitivity to the segmental nature of the speech, an understanding that spoken language comprises of discrete units ranging from entire words and syllables to smaller intra-syllabic units of onsets, rimes and phonemes. Acquisition of phonological awareness skills has been found to be essential for the development of literacy. Measurement of phonological awareness has become crucial because, these abilities consistently predict reading ability in typically developing children (Ehri, 1999; Wood and amp; Terrell, 1998).

Writing for the defender and his position during the criminal process is as attractive and difficult. It is attractive because a good advocate must be a good acquaintance with the law, have professional skills and act within the boundaries of his profession ethics, be able to communicate, recognize logic and psychology. It is difficult because it is a great enterprise to define in a topic the procedural position of the defender and his defense techniques, ethics, professionalism, criticism, and wealthy court practice.

This study integrated dispositional characteristics of an individual with work-life balance research. Based on the premise that dispositional characteristics is a major contributor to work-family conflict, this research examined resources likely to reduce work-family conflict women entrepreneur experience. Work family conflict (WFC) and work family enrichment (WFE) and the dispositional characteristics (DC) influence in work life balance (WLB) were explored as potential resource. The 50 women entrepreneurs were taken for studied. The sample was diverse in terms of their business.

Five common Pakistani plants Allium sativum, Allium cepa, Zingiberofficinale, Terminaliaarjun aand Moringaoleifera were used to prepare two polyherbal formulations 5G and 5N for the treatment of chronic hypertension and tachycardia. Both the treatment combinations were applied on the healthy rabbits in the phase-I. Histopathology of rabbits organs revealed no side effect by any of the two combinations. DPPH assay indicated the superiority of 5G combination over 5N due to its higher antioxidative potential.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the type of failure and nature of failure in crown and bridge prosthesis and to asses is there any correlation between type of failure and nature of failure in crown and fixed partial denture. Materials and Methods: Convenient judgement sampling of patients who reported to the department of prosthodontics with complain of failures in crown and fixed partial denture were selected for the study from 2013 - 2017. A sample questionnaire were prepared to collect relevant data.

Intra-ductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas are neoplasms that are characterized by ductal dilation, intra-ductal papillary growth, and thick mucus secretion. It was first defined by Ohashi et al. in 1982 .It has been reported that the prevalence of IPMNs were 13 to 20%. In general, compared with malignant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, IPMNs have better prognosis. They can be devided in two groups: Main Duct IPMN (MD-IPMN) and Branch-Duct IPMN (BD-IPMN).

The maxillary first premolar, which is said to be a metamorphic tooth between incisors and molars, normally has two roots with two root canals. But, an endodontist must always be expecting aberrant anatomical variations as these teeth may have a third canal present, which is easy to miss if the tooth anatomy is not understood and the canals are not searched meticulously. This article presents one such anatomical variation in maxillary first premolar, which presented with three roots and three root canals.

Statement of the Problem: Panoramic radiography is a widely used two dimensional extra oral radiographic technique for detection of dental diseases, jaw pathologies and other systemic diseases. Purpose: This study investigates the use of this technique as a routine screening procedure to detect hidden pathologies that may go undiagnosed clinically. Materials and Method: One hundred patients who visited dental OPD were selected for the study. SPSS Version 19.0 was used for statistical Analysis.

The use of radiation in dentistry is now pervasive and routine. From long time back, manual techniques and advancements have surpassed a huge leap based on radiation influenced diagnosis, treatment protocol and follow up. So, as essential tools across all branches and specialties of medicine. The inherent properties of ionizing radiation provide many benefits, but can also cause potential harm. Its use within medical practice thus involves an informed judgment regarding the risk/benefit ratio. This judgment requires not only medical knowledge, but also an understanding of radiation itself.

Inguinal hernia recurrence after surgical repair is major concern. As minimal access surgery is gaining wide spread acceptance in surgical field, laparoscopic hernia repair is becoming popular. In this manuscript we validate the claim of laparoscopic repair which is associated with faster recovery, less pain, better cosmesis, and less post-operative complications. Here we report our experience of laparoscopic TAPP repair for recurrent inguinal hernia.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the amount of debris extruded apically during Endodontic retreatment using manual Hedstrom and rotary k3, ProTaper Universal Retreament instruments. Materials and method: 45 Extracted human single straight rooted mandibular first premolar teeth were used in this study.

Phototherapy (PT) is one of the most common non invasive methods of treatment of choice for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in neonate. There are very few studies which show the effect of phototherapy on platelet count. So, this study done to show the effect of phototherapy on platelet count. This is a prospective hospital based cohort study on 100 eligible neonates admitted in the inborn section of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) receiving phototherapy at Municipal General Hospital Mumbai, Maharashtra from June 2013 to May 2014.

Stem cell technology is one of the most recent technologies, receiving considerable attention in fields of dentistry because of growing requirement of esthetic and functional reconstruction of oral tissues. Potential advantages of stem cells in regenerative treatment have been demonstrated in many studies. Stem cells can renew themselves, thus providing new strategies to regenerate missing tissues and treat disorders. Aim of this article is to provide knowledge about stem cells and its applications in prosthetic dentistry.

Background: Term NAFLD includes fatty liver changes from steatosis to steatohepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma; histologically resembling alcohol induced liver damage, in absence of alcohol intake. Metabolic syndrome and associated co morbidities like obesity, T2DM, Dyslipidemia predisposes for NAFLD. Around 70% T2DM have fatty liver, In India, its reported to be 12.5-87.5%. Liver biopsy is gold standard for diagnosis and staging of NAFLD, since its invasive hence not used as a screening tool.

Background: Migraine is one of the most common neurological disorders in general population worldwide. There is no imaging or other tests for diagnosing migraine, so clinicians mainly rely on patients' own self-reported symptoms therefore we have undertaken this study. This research offers important insights into potential mechanisms behind migraine and hypothesizes adiponectin as a potential biomarker for migraine, which can become first laboratory investigation that can aid in diagnosis of migraine.

Cerebral ischemia is a condition in which there is insufficient blood flow to the brain to meet metabolic demand. This vascular obstruction and the subsequent decrease in the cerebral blood flow results in immediate drop in the neurological activity that might end in death of brain tissue or cerebral infarction / ischemic stroke. In the present study, the effects of Nicotine and Simvastatin and their combinational effect on cerebral ischemia-induced cognitive impairment in rats were investigated. The animals were pre-treated with Nicotine and Simvastatin for a period of 10 days.

There has been an increase in recognition of the negative aspects of smart phone overuse in the young students. These negative aspects include significant effects on sleep, self-regulation and stress. This emerging issue motivated me to analyse the relationship between the aforementioned factors and smart phone usage. The investigation includes data collected from students in the age group of 19 through 22 using an online questionnaire. The participants are divided into high smart phone users and low smart phone users based on the self reported rating scale.

Aims and objectives: To determine which among the two MTHFR gene polymorphisms viz , C677T and A1298C has greater contribution to non syndromic cleft palate and lip (nsCL/P). Materials and methods: The study group consisted of the DNA samples of 20 patients with nsCL/P and 20 unrelated controls. DNA sample was subjected to Polymerase Chain Reaction and products are digested with restriction enzymes. The digested products were subjected to electrophoresis to ascertain the presence of MTHFR gene variants (A1298C AND C677T) in the samples.

Assessments on the conditions of biological organisms in an aquatic ecosystem evaluate the condition of waterbodies desirable for aquatic life uses. This study was carried out to survey the biotic community and water quality of Dicayo. Specifically, this aimed to determine the level of physico-chemical parameters measurements such as the temperature, pH, nitrate, total suspended solids, total coliform, depth and width.

The present study has been carried out to investigate the neuroprotective activity of cinnamon (Cinnamon zeylanicumin) on lead induced neurotoxicity and behavioral impairments in rats. Different behavioral parameters and biochemical assays in brain of rats were observed. Rats exposed to lead (lead acetate 5.0mg/kg body weight p.o. for 28 days) caused a significant decrease in body weight, brain weight and behavioral changes as compared to controls.

The electrochemical oxidation of PP (polyphenols) in Oil Mill Wastewaters (OMW) has been studied on Tin oxide (SnO2) electrode in chloride containing solution. The degradation follows the pseudo-first-order kinetics indicating that the process was controlled by mass transfer. The supporting electrolytes containing nitrate and carbonate exhibited slower kinetics than those obtained using chloride. The PP can be electrochemically degraded effectively in chloride containing solution.

Applications of queuing theory enhance congestion assessment of in-patient facilities in hospitals and can improve significantly on the impact of quality healthcare as well as on patient satisfaction. This study examined the congestion situations which include the length of stay (LOS) for admissions and discharges of male and female in-patients at Psychiatric Unit of Specialist Hospital (PUSH), Yola. Data were obtained from a secondary source and analyzed with Easy Fit software, IBM-SPSS, TORA and MS-Excel.

Energy is one of the major inputs for the economic development of any country. In the case of the developing countries the energy sector assumes a critical importance in view of the ever increasing energy needs requiring huge investments to meet them. Energy conservation and energy efficiency are separate but related concepts. Energy conservation is achieved when growth of energy consumption is reduced, measured in physical terms. Energy conservation can there for be the result of several processes or development such as productivity increase or technological progress.

Now day car manufacturing industries are ruined by a robot. Robots are participating different types of tasks, such a tasks welding is one of the major operation, most of the industries are spending more time for inspecting the welding state. For this purpose, we propos welded crack detecting robot. This robot is holding. The magnetic flux system (MFS), MFS has been developed for the detection of the welding cracks on the plate. The MFS signal response from the welding sample which the Cracks varies and not the proper joining sample surface.

Due to rapid urbanization and uncontrolled growth rate of population, municipal solid waste Management (MSWM) has become acute in India. MSWM, though an essential service, is given low priority. Although presently many cities in India taking a step forward and adopting new technologies like Thermal treatment which reduces the load on landfill site and increase the life span of it.

A Cylinder liner is a cylindrical part to be fixed in to an engine block to form a cylinder. It is one of the most significant efficient parts to make up the interior of an engine. Aim of the thesis is to design and analysis of a dry liner for diesel engines. The first step is to model the dry liner part by using Pro/Engineer. The dimension of the liner are taken from “Kusalava Industries”, Vijayawada for the engine of Hino – X Ashok Leyland model.

Needs analysis is generally believed to be important in ESP context because it enables practitioners and materials writers to find out about their real learners’ needs. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the mismatch between the Cutting Edge course book and the needs of Prince Sultan Air Base students. A total of 70 students from different technical sections at Prince Sultan Air Base participated in the study. Two types of data collection methods were used in this study: quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interview).

This paper examines the underlying relationship between corporate social responsibility and higher educational institutions and calls for a more clearly defined goals for universities to involve themselves with the wider world where the objective is not only to increase the profit and maximize the wealth but also to improve the environmental and social impact of doing the business.

Image processing has become an essential component in many fields of biomedical research such as tumor detection, automatically determining the volume of a heart chamber, screening lung scans for possible diseases. Different techniques for automatic detection of liver tumor involve various steps: image acquisition, segmentation, classification using neural network and optimization, and identification of tumor type. This paper presents a new approach to detect and segment liver tumors.

Biologics are a novel category of drugs which are a solution to modern medicine's problems. They are derived from human genes and are genetically engineered proteins. Biological therapy is shown to be effective in neoplastic, autoimmune, inflammatory, cardiovascular, dermatologic, infectious, and allergic reactions. This article elaborates on the role of biologic therapy in patients undergoing invasive dental treatments and the need for antibiotic cover in such patients.

A thorough knowledge of root canal anatomy along with the anatomical variations that may be present is essential for success of endodontic therapy. Unusual presentations in the number of the roots or the canals should be expected in every tooth. Mandibular second premolars are thought of as having a single root and canal.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a multi-factorial disease. It is the most common endocrine disorder in women of child- bearing age. This clinical characterized of diseases include disrupted ovulation and hyperandrogenism, but the clinical picture and symptom intensity can vary. Currently, the ultrasound assessment of ovaries is one of the essential criteria for the diagnosis of PCOS according to the Rotterdam consensus (2003) and Androgen Excess and PCOS Society (2006).

Background: A number of evaluations (at small and large scale) regarding selfmedication have been carried out but very few of them reflect the opinions of the medical students. Objectives of the Study: To find out the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding selfmedication among students of 4th year MBBS NMC, Pakistan Study Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Setting: The study was carried out among 4thyear MBBS students of NMC, Multan and data was completed and analyzed in the department of community medicine NMC, Multan, Pakistan.

Introduction: WHO criteria for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and the associated risks of fractures are based on bone parameters assessed by dual x absorptiometry wich will be compared with normative T-score or Z-score values of the same ethnical origine. Thus the necessity to establish normative data for each population according to habit and ethnicity. Normative Data including male and female and studies about factors of bone mass for Congolese populations were lacking.

The primary role of nursing education in any country is to produce a critical mass of nursing workforce; and the scaling up of educational programmes as part of nursing education transformation is essential to produce high quality nurses in the profession. However, there is no assumption that changing qualifications will automatically have a profound effect on the shortage of nurses. The aim of this debate is to highlight the impression of the new nursing qualifications on the production and supply of nurses.

This article depicts the innovative techniques using syringes in orthopaedics. Syringes are commonly used in orthopaedics since long. Using syringes in commonly performed procedures in Orthopaedics in various ways is not only economical but patient friendly also. This article depicts the few innovative techniques involving the use of syringes as suction drains in pediatric patients, as tissue protector sleeve in tibia nailing, as urinary catheter stopper, as bone cement moulds and as guard in fingers with K wires.

Background: T4 syndrome is one of the commonest causes for upper back pain leading to pain and dysfunction. The condition being common in physically active persons, it can lead to substantial difficulties in performing their regular and simple activities. It can even affect them psychologically, leading to a depressed life.

Introduction: Glucose flux is known to be affected by exercise and many articles have been written concerning glucose rate of appearance, rate of disappearance, and of oxidation. Little is published on the response of blood glucose during maximal competition however. An investigation was undertaken to monitor Blood glucose during competition swimming and to see if there was any relationship to blood lactate and duration of effort. Methods: One hundred and four (104) swimmers from New Zealand world championship trials and South African Olympic trials (National events).

Synovial chondromatos is (SC) is an uncommon disorder defined as reactive cartilaginous proliferation, characterised by synovial metaplasia (Yu, et al., 2004). With intra-articular proliferation of cartilaginous nodules originating from the synovial membrane. It mainly affects large joints such as knee, hip, shoulder, and elbow. Its manifestation in the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ), is a rare finding, occurring predominantly in females.

Of the diseases which affects the prostate the most frequently encountered lesions in clinical practice are benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostatic cancer (Cotran et al., 1994). Proliferative activity and invasiveness of prostatic glands increases from the benign to malignant end in the spectrum of prostatic lesions. For histopathological diagnosis, H&E (Hematoxylin and Eosin) staining is the gold standard. But sometimes on routine H&E staining prostatic lesions cause a diagnostic dilemma.

Even though enhancing appearance and improving psychosocial status have been put forth as important motivating factors behind the decision to initiate orthodontic treatment, the exact reasons for initiating orthodontic treatment may vary across cultural and socio-economic backgrounds. Hence the current study was undertaken to determine the motiving factors for patients who seek orthodontic treatment.

Andrographolide (AGL) is a labdane diterpenoid that has been isolated from the stem and leaves of Andrographis paniculata. In Ayurvedic tradition, Andrographis, commonly known as Kalmegh or “King of Bitters” has long been used as a bitter tonic, to promote digestion and appetite. Recently, there are many reports that have findings on anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activites of AGL. This motivated us to carry out this study, in which we aimed at investigating the anti-apoptotic potential of AGL with special emphasis on breast cancer.

The abandonment of treatment is a major problem in low-resource settings and the monitoring of the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low-resource settings is difficult due to a high rate of follow-up after initiation of treatment. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing the output of the patients who started ART treatment processing circuit. Methods: This study was analytical type unmatched case-control.

Introduction: In this study we want to evaluate facial and smile esthetics in Garhwali population with cephalometric and photogrammetric study and a novel esthetic evaluation technique has also been assessed that explains the relationship of the maxilla and mandible to the cranial base in the form of a triangle, called the T-analysis. Materials and Methods: 120 subjects were taken, out of which 60 class I subjects comprising of 30 males and 30 females having the esthetically pleasing profile and smile were selected for extraoral photograph and cephlometric analysis..

Introduction: Liquid based cytology which is at present the standard protocol in cervical cytology samples is also being increasingly used for evaluation of non-gynecological specimens. There are few studies comparing LBC with conventional smears (CS) in salivary gland (SG) fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) and most of them have been done on Thin Prep. This study compares the cytomorphological details of Sure Path and conventional cytology in cases of pleomorphic adenoma.

Presence of displaceable flabby tissues in the denture bearing areas present a challenge to the clinician during complete denture fabrication as 'flabby ridges' adversely affect the support, retention and stability of the dentures. The tissue surface of the conventional denture is rigid leading to uneven distribution of load which can worsen the case of flabby ridges. Liquid-supported dentures eliminate this disadvantage by providing flexible tissue surface which allow better distribution of stress and hence provides an alternate treatment modality in such cases.

Overdentures are the choice of treatment for most of them, but the only snag is its cost. The use of overdenture therapy preserves the sensation of proprioception, preserves the edentulous ridge, maintains the border seal and provides the patient with good speaking ability and chewing efficiency. The retention and stability of such prosthesis is enhanced greatly in bar supported overdentures.

The prosthetic management of the edentulous patient has long been a major challenge. Complete maxillary and mandibular dentures have been the traditional standard of care. However, most of the patients report problems adapting to their mandibular denture due to a lack of comfort, retention, stability and inability to masticate. For many years osseointegrated implant-supported overdentures have been used in the rehabilitation of the edentulous lower jaw with excellent result.

Aim: First premolar extraction is the treatment option usually for bimaxillarydento-alveolar protrusion patients. Tongue space and length tends to be reduced after the retraction of anteriors and thus this study was done to determine the effects of first premolar extraction and retraction of the anteriors on the upper airway dimension. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was carried out on the available pre- and post-orthodontic treatment records of adult patients who had bimaxillarydento-alveolar protrusion.

Purpose: PEEK (polyetheretherketone) is a synthetic polymer being used increasingly as a dental implant material due to its iso-elastic nature and enhanced mechanical properties. This study analysed the cytotoxicity and biocompatibility of PEEK which helps to improve its bioactivity and ensure widened clinical prospects in future. Methods: Samples of PEEK dental implant material were added to murine T3T fibroblasts which were cultured in Dulbecco’s modified eagle medium at 37ºc.

Lymphomas are malignant neoplasm of lymphocytes and their cell precursors. The two main forms of lymphomas are: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). The NHLs are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) being the most common variant of NHL. It is an aggressive lesion that can either develop de novo or as a transformation from a less aggressive form of lymphoma. In the oro-pharyngeal region, DLBCL usually involves Waldeyer’s ring (WR), paranasal sinuses, mandible and maxilla.

Ayurveda described about Acute and Chronic toxicity but also about unique concept of Dushivisha and Garavisha. Now-a-days the incidence and prevalence of diabetes in non-communicable disease increasing as flame of forest. Today we Indians looking towards western world and adopting their culture as well as population explosion, industrialization further added harmful chemicals to our environment and food materials.

A study was conducted during the period from August, 2015 to April, 2016 to survey the occurrence of viral diseases in chicken in and around Shillong, Meghalaya, to study the pathology and finally to diagnose them by using common molecular techniques. A total of 370 dead and sick birds were collected from different organized and unorganized poultry farms in and around Shillong, Meghalaya. Of these, 109 cases (i.e. 29.46%) were diagnosed as viral diseases.

Introduction: Stress is considered to be the main factor responsible for the development of temporomandibular disorders. (TMD) These factors are more commonly seen to cause TMD in professional college students. The aim of this study is to correlate the stress factors in development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in professional college students at two different times: six months before and one on the week before their college semester final examinations.

A study was conducted during the period from August, 2015 to April, 2016 to survey the occurrence of viral diseases in chicken in and around Shillong, Meghalaya, to study the pathology and finally to diagnose them by using common molecular techniques. A total of 370 dead and sick birds were collected from different organized and unorganized poultry farms in and around Shillong, Meghalaya. Of these, 109 cases (i.e. 29.46%) were diagnosed as viral diseases.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of Tagetes erecta and 5.25% sodium hypochlorite at different time intervals against Enterococcus Faecalis in contaminated root canals. Materials and Methods: Forty five biomechanically prepared single rooted teeth were selected and were inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and randomly divided into 4 groups and control group containing 9 samples each. Group 1 samples were treated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCL) for 1 min, Group 2 specimens were treated with Tagetes erecta for 1 min.

Extra oral sinus of dental origin can occur when the purulent by-products of pulpal necrosis spread along the path of least resistance from the root apex of the tooth to the skin on the face. Patients that present with a cutaneous sinus have usually visited a general physician or dermatologist first, as the lesion can often mimic a dermatologic pathology. The presentation and symptoms may cause confusion, and at times leading to unnecessary surgical interventions.

Background: Childhood epilepsy may intrude the parent’s social and familial life thus building stress and anxiety in them. Parental behaviour, their characteristics and beliefs are important considerations for maintaining the child’s physical health, cognitive health and oral health. Thus the objective of the study was to assess parent’s knowledge and attitude about epilepsy and oral health of their child and to obtain co-relation with oral health status of the child.

A study was conducted during the period from August, 2015 to April, 2016 to survey the occurrence of viral diseases in chicken in and around Shillong, Meghalaya, to study the pathology and finally to diagnose them by using common molecular techniques. A total of 370 dead and sick birds were collected from different organized and unorganized poultry farms in and around Shillong, Meghalaya. Of these, 109 cases (i.e. 29.46%) were diagnosed as viral diseases.

Modern dentistry has changed tremendously with implant therapy. It is the only treatment modality where additional abutments can be created for improving the esthetics and function. For successful implant therapy, making a proper treatment plan considering with surgical and prosthetic part in mind is key to success. often dentists tend to create a treatment plan overlooking the basic principles of prosthetic part.

Lipoleiomyoma as we know it, accounts for merely 0.03- 0.2 % of uterine leiomyomas. Predominantly described in the uterine corpus, there have been reports describing their occurrence at uncommon sites like ovary and broad ligament. Cervical leiomyomas however account for 1-2% of all the fibroids encountered clinically and lipoleiomyomas arising from the cervix are even rarer. Our case is unique since it is a giant lipoleiomyoma of cervix in a young patient who presented with prolapse.

Introduction: Histologically, each lobe of the thymus can be divided into a morphologically distinct cortex and medulla separated by a vascular cortico-medullary zone. Material and Methods: Out of 15 cadaver’s two males and one female cadaver showed persistent thymus. Initial sections were stained with Haematoxylin–Eosin methods. Additional sections were used for immunohistochemistry and stained for the expression of high molecular weight cytokeratin, CD3.

Purpose: To evaluate the normal values of corneal densitometry of healthy subjects in order to assess a normative database. Methods: This retrospective non-randomized single-center was conducted on healthy subjects who performed a topographic examination before refractive surgery and showed no corneal or other ocular pathology. A slit-lamp examination was carried out before Scheimpflug topography scanning to exclude any corneal opacity. Parametric paired Student t-test and non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test with Bonferroni correction was performed.

Due to the growing prevalence of cervical cancer and turning it into a national health problem in developing countries, the best screening method is always considered. Herein we are going to report three cases of false negative tests of pap smear test, which is the main screening method in Iran. Our patients were 31,35 and 37 years old respectively, who did not have any evidences in favor of precancerous cervical lesions in regular screening by pap smear test but eventually were diagnosed as locally invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of ashram school teachers toward oral health. Settings and design: Descriptive study. Materials and methods: Ashram School teachers (n = 79) of Wardha district were recruited into this study. The subjects completed a questionnaire that aimed to evaluate teachers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices on oral health. Statistical analysis: The results were statistically analyzed and percentage was calculated. Results and conclusion: The participants’ oral hygiene habits were found to be regular.

Background: A number of evaluations (at small & and large scale) regarding vaccination against HBV have been carried out but very few of them reflect population opinions. Objectives of Study: To find out knowledge, attitude and practices regarding vaccination against HBV among Doctors of NMC, Multan. Study Design: It was a cross-sectional epidemiological study. Setting: The study was carried out in different surgical, medicine and gynecology wards N.H. Multan, and data was completed and analyzed in department of community medicine N.H. Multan.

Depression is one of the commonest mental problems affecting the general health as well as the oral health. Around 300 million people throughout the world are suffering from depression. Individuals with depression are often less motivated to maintain their oral hygiene resulting in dental caries, periodontal diseases, oral lichen planus, burning mouth syndrome etc. Patients coming to dental clinic with obvious oral problems might have undiagnosed depression. Hence, it is the dentist’s responsibility to communicate with the patients to detect any underlying psychological disorders.

Background: 25% of all abdominal trauma require abdominal exploration (Townsend, 2008; Hemmila, 2008; Dipak, 2016).7-10 % of all polytrauma deaths occur due to abdominal injuries (Fabion et al., 2002; Karamercan et al., 2008). Early detection and optimal procedure would reduce the morbidity and preventable mortality. Delay in diagnosis may be dangerous to the patient and can lead to the mortality and morbidity (Rishikant et al., 2015).

Brassica juncea, commonly known as Indian mustard is a species of mustard plant (Brassica juncea, 1992). Powdered seeds mixed with castor oil is used as a soothing agent for application on burns, itch and insect bites; oil is used for massage in fever, insomnia, headache, lethargy, chest and back pain. The cooked leaves are eaten as vegetables to improve appetite (Singh, 1986). Presenting a peculiar case where a woman inserted mustard seeds in her eye as a traditional method to remove foreign body from eye leading to multiple foreign bodies embedded in eye.

Behcet’s disease is an uncommon systemic vasculitis disorder of idiopathic nature. Almost all aspects of the disease are controversial including its diagnostic criteria, classification and pathogenesis. Patients present with frequent oral aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, skin lesions and ocular lesions. Usually the inflammation is self limiting but relapsing episodes are hallmark of the disease. It also involves the central nervous system, large vessels and gastrointestinal tract.

Background: Hepatitis B and C virus infections have become a serious problem of public health and a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. Globally, two billion people (about one-third of the world's population) have been infected by Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and risk perceptions towards HIV, HBV and HCV infected patients among KKU interns, undergraduate dental and medical students.

Aim: This paper aims to describe the esthetic management of anterior midline diastema and spacing in a male patient, using a ceramic veneer and a crown. Background: The use of ceramic veneers has increased due to the minimal tooth preparation involved, the color and contour stability of the material, and the enhanced esthetics. They have proven to be an effective treatment option for managing esthetic and functional problems, especially in the anterior teeth. Case background: This case report describes an interdisciplinary approach used for a 28-year-old male with midline diastema.

Introduction - Oral health is an important aspect of health for all children, but it is all the more important for children with special health needs. Visually impaired individuals are at a greater risk of developing oral diseases like periodontal disease and dental caries because of greater difficulty in attaining good oral hygiene. Method - In our study, a total of 42 Non sighted and sighted children were asked a questionnaire in their language in order to evaluate the Oral hygiene practices and Oral health knowledge.

Background: The relation between the minerals content of plants and human health benefits was proven by previous data from literature. Selenium is an essential trace element for human health due to its different biological activities. Objective: Our aim was to investigate the effects of nano-selenium (NSe) supply on broccoli sprouts from point of view of growth parameters, total phenols content and antioxidant capacity of selenium-enriched broccoli sprouts. Method: The NSe particles were produced by chemical reduction of NaHSeO3 with glucose.

At present, the electronic commerce and the customer alliance network shopping and network analysis is becoming increasingly popular, mainly is the result of highly developed and popular wireless communication. The work of software mainly includes artificial intelligence and the Internet of things, and the knowledge of artificial intelligence will be used in the research of the Internet of things. Assembly language mainly includes sequential branch cycle programming, subroutine definition and call. The core component of microcomputers is microprocessors.

The disfigurement associated with the loss of an eye or any other facial structures affect the physical, emotional and psychological wellbeing of a person. Rehabilitation with maxillofacial prosthesis relieves this psychological trauma by restoring lost facial structure and esthetic of the patient. Replacing a natural eye with an artificial prosthesis is the most critical as it is the first thing to be noticed by an observer. The ocular prosthesis must resemble the natural iris, which determines the color of the eyes.

Freshwater catfish Heteropneustes fossilis was exposed to sublethal concentration of Azadirachta indica for a period of 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours. The normal kidney of fish showed perfect nephron with interstitial lymphoid tissue but after exposure to NEEM (Azadirachta indica) a Biopesticide, showed the apparent damage in renal tubules along with disintegration of the cytoplasmic material in the epithelium., Glomerular shrinkage, Increased tubular lumen, Pycnotic nuclei, vacuolization as well necrosis.

Background: The healing potential of platelet growth factors has generated interest in using Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) in osseous defects. A prospective study was performed to determine if periapical osseous defects treated with platelet-rich fibrin exhibit enhanced healing when along alloplastic bone graft material. Methods: Periapical defects in ten patients were treated with PRF and hydroxyapatite. Radiological evaluation of healing was done at 1month, 3 months and 6 months. Histologic evaluation was done at the end of 6 months. Results: Bone Healing was seen in the PRF treated sites.

In this work we have done, in the Helsinki Declaration, which was recently published in Brazil by the World Medical Association (WMA), we aimed to reveal the issues that could create ethical problems especially for researchers. This declaration, which contains ethical principles related to medical research on humans, has provided considerable guidance to many investigators and researchers since 1964. Complicated advances relate to research involving human studies.

Introduction: Bleaching is simplest, least invasive and least expensive means available to lighten discoloured teeth and diminish and eliminate many stains in both vital and nonvital teeth. Aim- To compare different fluoride gel applications on micro-hardness of bleached teeth using Vicker’s Hardness profiles. Materials and method: 80 extracted human maxillary anterior teeth were selected. Roots of selected teeth were sectioned horizontally 2 mm below the level of CEJ and crown were sectioned labiopalatally.

Introduction: The association between arterial hypertension (HT) and hyperuricemia is very common. It has been reported that 25-40% of patients with untreated HT and more than 80% of patients with malignant HT have high SUA levels .Hypertension has itself been recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity .Normal values of serum uric acid for women are 2.5 to 7.5 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) and for men 4.0 to 8.5 mg/dL.

Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia clearly looks to be a form of bone and/or cementoid tissues limited to jaw bones. It commonly affects middle-aged women in the fourth and fifth decade. It is usually asymptomatic and is incidentally diagnosed based upon clinical and radiographic examinations. Radio graphically the lesion shows bilaterally diffuse irregularly shaped radiopacities in the alveolar processes involving at least two quadrants.

The term fibro-osseous lesion (FOL) is a generic designation of a group of jaw disorders characterized by the replacement of bone by a benign connective tissue matrix. This matrix displays varying degrees of mineralization in the form of woven bone or of cementum-like round acellular intensely basophilic structures. Diagnosis of these lesions based on histologic appearance alone has considerable limitations.

Adhesive capsulitis commonly presents with pain and limitation of both active and passive shoulder movements. It involves the glenohumeral joint and is relatively more common condition encountered in elderly and among diabetic patients. The incidence among the diabetic group of patients is 10-20%. Diabetic patients with adhesive capsulitis present with severe stiffness and pain and should be treated actively. The treatment modalities include intra-articular corticosteroid injection, NSAIDs and physiotherapy.

Aim: Pneumatosis intestinal is (PI) is a radiological finding that usually portends untoward outcomes and often warrant aggressive surgical interventions, as it could signify ischaemia. When it occurs as a post-operative complication of surgery, it creates a management dilemma. Our aim was to assess the clinical outcomes of conservatively managed post-operative pneumatosis following upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer resection in a tertiary Upper GI cancer centre.

Introduction: Dermal sinus occur in the cranial vault, and the occipital region. Rarely, is localized in the posterior fossa, particularly in the midline position, or in the cavity of the fourth ventricle. It could communicate with the skin through a fistula with potential risk of deeper abscesses. Posterior fossa abscess secondary to dermal sinus associated with intracranial dermal cyst is an uncommon pathology (0,1 to 0,7 %). Methods: A 24-month old girl was admitted to our institution with a cutaneus fistula in the midline of the occipital region.

Aim: To retrospectively evaluate the prevalence, morphology, and calcification pattern of the elongated styloid process in a hospital based population in the region of Chennai. Materials and Methods: 350 digital panoramic radiographs were retrieved randomly from the archival records and evaluated. The length of the styloid process was measured from the point where the styloid process left the tympanic plate to the tip of the process despite the styloid process being segmented or not.

An odontoma is merely a developmental anomaly. Odontomes are one of the most common type of odontogenic tumors and are generally asymptomatic. An odontome gives rise to ameloblasts and odontoblasts and are considered to be developmental anomalies resulting from the growth of completely differentiated epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Histologically, there are two types of odontomes: Compound and Complex.

The internal jugular vein is preferred for central venous cannulations due to its superficial position in the neck.Even though there is good success rate for landmarks based technique, close proximity to important structures like common carotid artery always poses a threat of inadvertent vascular puncture. This study aims to evaluate the variations in theposition of the internal jugular vein in relation to the common carotid artery with ultrasound guidance.The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board.

Aim: The aim of this study was to measure the apical debris extrusion during retreatment using three different techniques. Method: Forty five single rooted anterior teeth were selected for the study that were decoronated and were root canal treated. Access was restored with composite resin. Teeth were placed in eppendorf tubes and sealed. They were weighed before and after retreatment.

Background: Last decade has shown increase in IBD cases from Asian countries which is against the belief that IBD is very rare in developing Asian countries including Kashmir valley. There is no study done in Kashmir valley on Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Objective: To study Clinicopathological profile of IBD patients in Kashmiri population where this disease has not been studied till now. Material and Methods: 5 years study extending from June 2009 to June 2014, prospective for two years and retrospective for three years. Biopsies and resected specimen received were studied in detail.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari