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June 2015

The root canal treatment is one of the most common dental procedures, the aim of which is to save natural teeth and prevent the need for dental implants or bridges. With contemporary advances in endodontic techniques, increasingly complicated cases are undertaken of general dental practitioners —with variable results. Unfortunately, as a consequence the majority of procedures carried out by endodontic specialists today are retreatments. The aim of this review article is to focus on some problems of endodontic treatment and their management.

Introduction: Biocompatibility is fundamentally important to ensure the health of patients, dental staff members (including laboratory personnel) and practitioners themselves. Furthermore, the legal liability of dentists is often linked to biocompatibility issues. Practitioners should understand enough about biocompatibility testing methods to critically judge advertising claims and ask relevant questions of manufacturers. Data: Articles from 1942-2014 were studied and relevant articles were included in this review.

Background: Fall injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In the Bangladesh capital, Dhaka, there are numerous manholes and ditches in the road, which are a very dangerous hazard for anyone who falls in them. In many cases, these dangers are not protected or covered over. Objective: To explore the issue of urban falls, how the emergency rescue process is initiated and what the lessons learnt are from the tragic event involving a four year old boy who fell down an unprotected well.

Biological control, as alternative of confrontation of vector organisms, is becoming more necessary every day due to the development of resistance to insecticides. The objetive of this investigation consisted in identifying the species of copepods and fishes that inhabit in the fluvial ecosystems of Sancti Spíritus province, with emphasis in the species with best bio regulators qualities about larval populations of culicids. The investigation comprised the period 2000-2011.

Temporomandibular muscle pain disorder comprise a broad array of peculiar disorder that produces symptoms of unpleasant feeling, discomfort and pain of temporomandibular joint and muscles of mastication. Self management instructions routinely inspire patients to restrict movement and rest their masticatory muscles by intentionally limiting their usage, the self management instructions also promote cognizant and encourage patients to reduce their parafunctional habits.

Introduction: The goal of cataract surgery has changed from mere restoration of vision to attaining spectacle independence. While the introduction of phacoemulsification and foldable monofocal IOLs led to spectacle free vision only for distance, multifocal IOLs led to complete spectacle independence for both distance as well as for near, but with its own set of drawbacks. Material and Methods: A prospective interventional study consisting of 50 eyes of 50 patients divided into two groups of 25 each.

Objectives: To determine the clinicopathological features and histopathological grading of oral squamous cell carcinoma in local patients. Material and Methods: A total of 127 patients presenting with various histological subtypes and grades of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma were recruited. Clinical and gross examination findings including age, gender, laterality, site of tumor and ulceration had been recorded. Microscopically tumour subtype and histological grading according to Anneroth’s grading system was carried out.

A 60 years old man with a past history of right renal stone 10 years ago presented with right flank pain for 1 year and gross Hematuria. CT Scan shows right renal mass. Nephrectomy was done. Specimen was subjected for histopathology which confirmed findings of high grade TCC in renal pelvis that extended into renal parenchyma and reach to renal capsule.

Consumption of drinking water with high concentration of sulphatewas resulted in osmotic diarrhoea, especially in infants. The aim of this applied-analytical study was to investigate sulphate removal from urban drinking water using batch reactor electrochemical. I examined sulphate removal efficiency in different operating cases of the variables current density (1 to 8 mA/cm2), electrodes material (aluminium, copper, iron, steel, and zinc), pH (6 to 8), and time (5 to 40 min). I determined sulphate according to procedure detailed in standard methods.

Lumpy skin disease is one of economically important cattle diseases in small holder farmers and livestock industries. A study was carried out between October 2011 and February 2012 in selected districts of Afar and Tigray regional states to assess financial impacts of lumpy skin disease and benefits obtained from control interventions. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data on the epidemiological variables and production losses of the disease.

Background: Stone – associated squamous cell carcinoma is rare unlike other urothelial tumours, and it is a disease of neglect seen in the elderly harboring stone for a long time. It is usually aggressive with fatal outcome. Patients and Methods: The study reviewed all patients with stone – associated squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder managed in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, State Specialist Hospital Maiduguri, and Specialist Hospital Damaturu between January 2005 and December 2014.

Background: Vesical calculus is fairly common especially in the arid and semi arid regions of the World especially in the developing countries where is associated with lower socioeconomic status. Majority of vesical calculi occur on a background lower urinary tract obstruction. The study aimed at evaluating the pattern, presentation, and management outcome. Patients and Methods: The study reviewed all patients with bladder calculi between January 2010 to December 2014 in University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH).

Background: Infertility is a major concern in clinical practice due to its impact on the psychosocial life of the patient. Varicocele has been established as a leading cause of infertility. The study reviewed varicocele associated infertility and the outcome of its management. Aim: To review varicocele associated infertility and the effect of varicocelectomy on the outcome of management. Patient and methods: All patients with varicocele associated infertility managed in UMTH between January 2007 and December 2011 were studied. Results: Forty seven patients were analysed.

Thyroid dysfunction is an endocrine disorder commonly associated with Type-II Diabetes mellitus though their correlation is yet to be clearly understood. This study was conducted to establish a correlation between blood glucose level and thyroid profile in type-II Diabetic Mellitus patients. The study involved two groups: Case group and Control group. 50 patients of type-II Diabetes Mellitus having high circulating levels of Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were considered as Case group and 50 non diabetic, healthy individuals having normal thyroid level were taken as the Control group.

PRES develops frequently in patients of eclampsia/severe PET. Hypertension is absent in ∼25% of patients and, when present, does not typically reach the level of failed autoregulation.When neurological symptoms occur in a patient of eclampsia or severe PET,MRI/CT should be requested to make early diagnosis of PRES for effective treatment and thus complete recovery.

This case report describes a pediatric patient with congenital prolidase deficiency, a rare, autosomal recessive metabolic disorder with severe dermatological manifestations, particularly ulcers of the lower extremities. While this condition has been very rarely reported with around 70 cases reported in literature till recently, it may be more common than previously acknowledged.

Background: Gonadotropin (FSH) and testosterone abnormalities are usually associated with abnormal spermatogenesis. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate Follicle stimulating hormone and Testosterone among Sudanese infertile population. Methods and Materials: The frequent descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during the period from October 2014 to March 2015 in which a total of ninety infertile men all over three years of infertile condition and ten age-matched controls with proven fertility were selected for the study.

The evolution of periodontal plastic surgical techniques allowed the clinician to meet growing expectations and demands of today's dental patient. Newer techniques are evolving in restorative dentistry and periodontics to treat these defects to improve the esthetics, form and functions of the dentition. Aims: to determine the stability of the horizontal augmentation of the anterior maxilla using particulate bovine allograft under a membrane.

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is an unusual syndrome characterized by fever, splenomegaly, jaundice and the pathological finding of hemophagocytosis (phagocytosis by the macrophages of erythrocytes, leucocytes, platelets and their precursors) in bone marrow and other tissues.HLH may be diagnosed in association with malignant, genetic or autoimmune diseases but is also predominantly linked with Ebstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection.

Background: Computed radiography which can capture a latent analog images, which is been then digitized in the Reader. During the translation process there is a chances were artifacts can be produced in the image which can result in non-clinically acceptable for diagnosis. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the CR artifacts, with frequency of occurrence and the types of artifacts occurring with remedial measures.

Background: Acne vulgaris, a common skin disorder is treated by multitargeted approach. There is scarce data evaluating adapalene in combination with other drugs. Objectives: We compared the efficacy and safety of efficacy of topical combination of 1% Clindamycin and 0.1% Adapalene with 2.5% Benzoyl peroxide and 0.1% Adapalene in mild to moderate acne. Methods: 80 patients, attending outpatient department of dermatology with mild to moderate acne vulgaris as per Indian Acne Alliance grading were randomised into two groups with 40 patients in each group.

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety between transcervical Foley catheter and hygroscopic mechanical dilator for induction of labour in women agreed for vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) with unfavorable cervix at term. Study Design: This is a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted at a tertiary hospital on 60 women who agreed for trial of vagina delivery after cesarean section and required induction of labour due to various indications.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of life skill training on mental health, positive thinking and marital adjustment of married women in mobilization bases of Karaj city. The study was an experimental one with pre-test-posttest control group design. The data were collected by running the General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg and Hiller, 1979) , Munch's scale of happiness (Kuzma and Stones, 2000) and marital adjustment scale (Spanir , 1976 ) on 265 women who were selected through random clustering method.

Early detection of pathological vaginal discharge is important to prevent complications of underlying diseases which can severely compromise women’s health, fertility and survival. A review of the published literature was performed to describe health seeking behaviours and cultural practices related to vaginal discharge among women in reproductive age group. This review involved searching databases using the search terms such as vaginal symptoms/ discharge, reproductive disorders, health seeking, self-management.

Aflatoxins (AF), the toxic secondary metabolites produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, are a major concern in the poultry production. The dietary aflatoxins reduce weight gain, feed intake, and increase feed conversion ratio. Aflatoxicosis significantly reduced the carcass traits.

Introduction: The goal of fracture treatment is to obtain union of the fracture in the most compatible anatomical position which allows maximal functional restoration of the extremity. The increase in stability provided by Locking Compressive Plates (LCP) is most helpful to surgeons treating a fracture in poor-quality bone, a comminuted bicondylar fracture. Aims: To show efficacy and outcome of Locking Compression Plate (LCP) implantation in lower limb fractures (mainly in femur and tibia). Study design: Prospective descriptive study.

Today’s children are tomorrow’s citizen. A healthy child is a priceless asset of the country. The normal growth of a child is dependent on the knowledge of their parents, especially of their mothers. Growth is nothing but the physical maturation of the child. During childhood, growth is a complex process. Unless better understood, parents feel anxious and can’t deal with it. Methodology: A descriptive- cross sectional study was undertaken to assess the knowledge of mothers of school children, Nellore.

Aim/Objectives: Major concern of inguinal hernia repair is recurrences and chronic groin pain. Aim of this study is to know the delayed complications like recurrence and chronic groin pain after Lichtenstein hernioplasty and to share our experience of Lichtenstein hernioplasty. Methods: We conducted Observational study of 150 unilateral groin hernias operated in our institute with Lichtenstein technique. Data was collected after indoor case paper review and after postoperative follow-up in Outpatient department and by telephonic conversation.

Purpose: The study focused on identifying the precipitant factors related to the onset of seizure attack in person with epilepsy (PWE) and to develop a teaching module on preventable precipitating factors (PF). Materials and Methods: A semi structured interview schedule was used to assess the seizure PF among 100 patients with epilepsy in the last and past seizure attack attending the epilepsy clinic of Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi. (AIMS) Descriptive and inferential biostatistics was used to analyse the data. Results: 72% of the participants identified at least one PF.

Anemia is directly or indirectly responsible for 40% of maternal mortality in India. In spite of National anemia control programme the prevalence of Iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women continues to be high in our country. The present study was conducted in Government Maternity Hospital, S.V. Medical College, Tirupati to compare the efficacy of Oral iron and Intravenous iron sucrose. Intravenous iron sucrose administration showed statistically significant improvement in hemoglobin level of 2.95gm/dl and PCV rise of 7.34% within a short time, compared to oral iron.

Cystic hygromas are manifestations of early lymphatic failure. They appear as simple or multi-septated fluid collections, most commonly at nuchal region. Prenatal diagnosis of cystic hygroma can be made within 2nd trimester of pregnancy. Hydrops fetalis is defined as accumulation of fluid in serous cavities and/ or edema of soft tissues in the fetus. Incidence of fetal hydrops is approximately 1 in 2500 to 3500 neonates with incidence co-existence of hydrops and cystic hygroma even rarer.

Klebsiella spp. are commonly encountered bacterial pathogens. β-lactamases produced in Klebsiella spp are mainly AmpC and Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). ESBLs, confer resistance to penicillins, cephalosporins and monobactams but are inhibited by clavulanic acid. AmpC β-lactamases confer resistance to oximino cephalosporins, alpha methoxy beta lactams and monobactams. In the present study, a total of 100 isolates of Klebsiella spp.

Fahr’s syndrome is a rare condition presenting with symmetrical bilateral intracranial calcifications. A 62 year old female presented with psychosis and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Her neurological examination was normal. Computerized Tomography of brain revealed extensive symmetrical calcifications in bilateral basal ganglia, thalami, bilateral centrum semiovale subcortical white matter, pons and dentate nuclei.

Amavata is disease caused by vitiation of Vata by Ama, which is the product of incomplete digestion and metabolism. Agni in Ayurveda includes the digestive processes of gastrointestinal tract as well as the metabolic processes in the tissues. Ama could therefore be produced by flawed digestion in gastrointestinal tract or in the tissues by defective metabolic processes.

Sepsis and severe sepsis are one of the leading causes of significant morbidity and mortality among the critical patients despite the use of broad spectrum antibiotics and fluid resuscitation therapies. Microbiological cultures which are considered the gold standard to diagnose sepsis require time. The rapid diagnosis of sepsis still remains a challenge for the clinicians thus requiring the role of a biomarker for early and rapid detection and also the prognosis in septicemia.

Introduction: The prevalence of Low Birth weight in India is 28% as compared to 6-7% among developed countries, the major burden being Intra Uterine Growth Retardation. Low Birth weight (<2.5kg) babies pose an increased risk of Morbidities and leads to impairment in growth and development. There are numerous factors contributing to low birth weights, which includes maternal, paternal and socio-demographic factors. Objectives: To study the prevalence of low birth weight in a rural community and to study the association of various factors on the prevalence of low birth weight.

Obesity has emerged as one of the leading medical challenges of the 21st century. Obesity occurs as a result of imbalance between energy input and output and is tightly linked with metabolic diseases. Hypothalamus, a critical portion of the brain, regulates varied number of physiological processes including energy balance and nutrient metabolism. One of many theories explaining obesity proposes that weight gain is caused by dysfunction of the hypothalamic neurons that regulate energy homeostasis. A possible cause of neuronal dysfunction is inflammation.

Asperger’s syndrome is grouped under the umbrella of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). This syndrome is usually undermined and remains undiagnosed despite its high prevalence among the psychiatric population. Such individuals usually find it difficult to establish social interactions and are involved in repetitive and sometimes futile activities. One point of concern is the tendency of such individuals to get involved in acts of violence and sexual offence.

Research findings of microbial monitoring at the archaeological site of Monte Sannace have indicated high levels of bacteria, especially on the inner walls of the painted tombs, as tomb no. 8 (range: 16 - 56 CFU/ml). Tomb no. 105 was rich in organic matter (range: 10.34 - 16.33 g/Kg), organic carbon (range: 6 - 9.47 g/Kg) and biological growth was not very high (range: 0 - 15 CFU/ml). Research findings have demonstrated that deterioration in each kind of tomb was very different. In no.

Shortage of water leads to drought stress. Drought stress causes generation of activated oxygen species (AOS) in plants. To overcome water shortage problem plants shows some adaptive mechanism such antioxidant defense and accumulation of osmolytes or osmoprotectants against “AOS”. Activity of enzymes such as catalase (CAT), proxidase (POD) and amylase, protein content and accumulation rate of osmoregulants such as proline and carbohydrate were studied in different Durum Wheay cultivars.

A cancer biomarker refers to a substance or process that is indicative of the presence of cancer it may be a molecule secreted by a tumor or a specific response of the body to the presence of cancer. Background: The aim of the present study is to investigate the feasibility and potential of the molecules Cytokeratin 20, Cytokeratin 17, Cytokeratin 10 and Anillin as tumor specific markers to rapidly detect cancer. Materials and Methods: The expression of biomarkers was analyzed by preparing RNA and synthesized cDNA.

This article has been extracted from the PhD thesis of the principal author, who submitted the study to the University of South Africa in the year 2013. Pathogenicity of three representative isolates of each Fusarium anthophilum (MRC 5519, MRC 5520 and MRC 5806) and Fusarium fujikuroi (MRC 5807, MRC 5808 and MRC 5809) obtained from naturally infected rice plants in the fields with bakanae symptoms were tested. All isolates of both F. anthophilum and F. fujikuroi were able to cause bakanae symptoms on seedlings of four different rice cultivars and lines.

This investigation was undertaken to elucidate the toxic effect of carbendazim CBZ and the role of garlic supplementation in wildlife sentinels. Forty quails were acquired comprising two and four week’s old birds (20 per age group). The quails were placed in to 5 different groups (each for 6 & 8 weeks) comprising 4 birds each. Pesticide dosage was 1.25mg/g body weight. 1 gram of garlic was administered per bird. Blood samples were analyzed using the microhaematocrit and cyanmethaemoglobin methods.

Small mammals are one of the most successful and diverse groups of mammals which inhabit a wide range of habitats in different area of the world, and most of them are rodents. Small mammals with their arthropod ectoparasites which live near to human’s inhabitation play a significant role in the transmission of diseases to humans and domestic animals.

The aim of this article is to examine the location as well as the pattern of patronage of bus stops in Ilesa. The objectives of the study were to identify the location of bus stops, examine the impact of these locations on traffic flow, examine the level of patronage and the appropriateness of these locations to planning standard. Data were located using random sampling and hierarchical sampling for the commuters and operators respectively. The GIS technique was also used to site the location of bus stops in the study area. The data were analyzed using SPSS package and ArcGIS 9.3.

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a Gram positive soil bacterium is a well known biocontrol agent. Its pest specific toxicity arises from crystalline inclusion comprising of one or more polypeptides called insecticidal crystal proteins (ICPs) or delta endotoxins produced in the sporulating cells. Any strain of B. thuringiensis may have more than one gene for toxic proteins. Development of B.

In the present article an attempt has been made to analyze large scale production of tobacco mixed gutkha and panmasala by several spectroscopic techniques. In the Asian countries like India the materials used by the peoples at the extreme level as their regular diet. Due to their regular consumption and addict numerous disadvantage has been come out in the light. Number of research article flaunting that in the materials like tobacco and panmasala (Raj Shrestha Ashwini Kumar et al., 2012) such as rajngandha etc.

Egypt is one of the largest countries of onion production; thus, possibility of ethanol production from onion residues by fermentation process was investigated. Onion residues of some Egyptian cultivars, including Giza 6, Giza 20, Giza red and Shandaweel1, were used for ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a biocatylast under different parameters, such as temperature, pH and using Botrytis cinerea as biodegrading bioagent. The results showed that the total sugars content of plants juice was 43.14 for Giza 6, 36.0 for Giza 20, 41.5 for Giza red, and 32.1 g/L for Shandaweel1.

One 7-years-old, three days postpartum, 3rd lactating, approximately 375 kg body weight jersey (Bos Taurus) cow was diagnosed as toxic metritis with mastitis following rectal examination and isolation of Arcanobacter pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and E. Coli organisms both in uterine discharge and milk samples besides pyrexia (107⁰C), anorexia, reduced milk yield with hot inflamed udder, copious dark reddish, fetid uterine discharge.

Although sophisticated processes have been developed to prepare the leather goods, handcrafts methods still remains an industry giving the high quality products. The job is performed by cutting, gluing, sewing, dyeing and buffing or polishing various leather products. Entire process involves the occupational exposure to toxic chemicals like benzene, toluene, styrene, n-hexane and metallic compounds like chromium and certain organic dyes. There exists a health risk of neuro-psychiatric disorders and behavioral changes after chronic toluene intoxication in these workers.

Soil containing the earthworms (Alma nilotica), host of the target ciliate Dicoelophrya nkoldaensis Fokam, 2012, was dug monthly for six months. Worms where counted in situ to establish earthworm’s volumic density (VD) and subsequently dissected to evaluate ciliate abundance (AB). Ten soil physicochemical parameters were analyzed: Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), Mg2+, Ca2+, Available Phosphorus (AP), K+, Na+, organic carbon (OC), organic matter (OM), total nitrogen (TN), Moisture (M), and pH.

Pollen of Datura metel has been found to have a role in causing allergy in sensitive patients. The present paper reports the comparative protein profile of the pollen of D. metel at different stages of development. The pollen was collected both before and after anthesis and the change in protein profile and concentration studied for both immature (before anthesis) and mature (after anthesis) stages, as well as in different seasons.

Problem-based learning (PBL) has become the most significant innovation in medical education of the past 40 years. In contrast to exam-centered, lecture-based conventional curricula, PBL is a comprehensive curricular strategy that fosters student-centered learning and the skills desired in physicians.PBL is an effective way of delivering medical education in a coherent, integrated program and offers several advantages over traditional teaching methods.

Now, agricultural sector of India has undergone a major shift from traditional crops to modern high value crops and got a tremendous potential to push overall agriculture growth. The pattern of crop diversification of India has been analyzed by using secondary data from 1980-81 to 2011-12. Simpson Index of Diversification (SID) and regression analysis have been used to analyze the patterns and determinants of crop diversification in India. This study reveals that India is moving from food grain crops to non-food grain crops.

The quality of food intake by an organism play an important role in maintenance of health and fitness. Nowadays the trend towards health, figure and fitness has increased. Therefore, in the present study D. melanogaster reared on different sugar based media used to test the effect of artificial sweeteners on locomotory activity (larval crawling and adult climbing). It was noticed that larvae fed on artificial sweetener had significantly lesser crawling activity than those larvae fed on normal and Sucrose based media.

The study is based on primary data collected from 507 randomly selected households in 52 towns in the Kumasi metropolis in Ghana in an attempt to investigate the factors that influence primary cooking fuels option in urban homes in Ghana and suggests alternative measures to improve the use of sustainable alternative fuels and cleaner cooking. Graphical and cross-tabulation methods are applied to data drawn from a survey conducted in the metropolis.

Study background: There is an increased incidence of Type-II Diabetes and Coronary artery disease (CAD) in the Indian subcontinent during the past few decades.1 Abnormalities in the Lipid profile considered to be atherogenic include hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-Lipoprotein and hypercholesterolemia. Recently sub-fractions of the Lipoproteins are found to be predictive of CAD especially in type-II Diabetic patients. Aim of study: The present study consists of estimating Apo-A1 lipoprotein levels in Diabetic patients with CAD and without CAD. Study type: comparative study.

An attempt was made to investigate the antioxidant activity of the methanolic extract of Diplazium esculentum. Antioxidant activity of D. esculentum was evaluated using DPPH (1, 1- Diphenyl -2- picrylhydrazyl) and Ferric reducing power along with superoxide, hydroxyl and nitric oxide radical scavenging assays. The methanol extract showed the most potent radical-scavenging activity in DPPH with 85.43 % at a concentration of 12.5µg/ml, whereas the reducing power of the standard ascorbic acid was found to be only 58.3 %. The IC50 value of the extract was found to be 25.72 μg/ml.

Aim: Assesment of serum Calcium and enzyme concentrations in sickle cell disease in patients nearKing George Hospital in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. The levels are in blood samples during stable state as well as during the crises state. The values are compared clinincal manifestations during in both conditions of Sickle cell patients.

Aim: Assesment of serum Calcium and enzyme concentrations in sickle cell disease in patients nearKing George Hospital in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. The levels are in blood samples during stable state as well as during the crises state. The values are compared clinincal manifestations during in both conditions of Sickle cell patients.

Seed germination inhibition in green gram (Phaseolus radiatus) by compounds inhibitory to cell division has been previously shown to be an in vitro assay mechanism for the screening of antimitotic drugs with anticancer potential. While these studies sought to demonstrate the retardation of cell growth and proliferation as a function of drug treatment, the inhibition of selected hydrolytic enzymes in germinating seeds as a means to further substantiate the biochemical efficacy of these drug molecules forms the objective of the present study.

This study aims to assess and evaluate the number of traditional commercially important medicinal plants of the Sirumalai hills of Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Based on a field survey this documentation has been studied during 2014. Purpose of this documentation was to identify and quantify the most important medicinal plants used for the general health of the indigenous people of Sirumalai Hills. Due to the modern civilization most of the places ethnomedicianal information was gathered through questionnaire from the tribal and non-tribal people of Sirumalai hills in Tamil Nadu.

Chemical dip treatments viz; Calcium Chloride @ 0.25%; 0.5 % and Neemexcel @ 500 and 1000 ppm along with control (dipped in plain water) coupled with two different storage conditions i.e. Zero Energy Cool Chamber (ZECC) and Ambient storage were evaluated for postharvest rotting and quality of fruits for the extension of shelf-life and fruit quality of apple cv. Red Delicious, for 120 days.

Organisms require energy for growth, development, reproduction, resistance to environment variables. In the present study effect of synthetic and natural energy drinks on resistance to starvation has been studied using D.melanogaster.

Sustainability transformation as a powerful concept has become “hot spot”. Although recent studies on sustainability transformation are mostly based on resilience theory and/or transition theory theoretically and empirically, its conceptual grounds, theoretical development and practical relevance are still in infancy.

The study assessed the cytotoxic effect of two heavy metals, Cadmium and nickel in Allium cepa, L and antigenotoxic potential of Moringa oleifera, Lam. leaves extract against these heavy metals. Bulbs of A. cepa were exposed to20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 ppm of Cadmium and Nickel supplied in the form of CdCl2 and NiCl2. A gradual decrease in the germination percentage, mitotic index and increase in the frequency of aberration were observed with increasing concentrations of the heavy metals. Chromosomal stickiness and c- mitosis were found to be common aberrations due to metal exposure.

Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are high molecular weight polymers with long chain composed of sugar residues and secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding environment. Bacterial EPS has a complex mixture of macro molecular poly electrolytes including carbohydrates, proteins and sometimes nucleic acids, each comprising variable molecular mass and structural properties. Stem and root nodulating isolate of Aeschynomene indica plant was identified by 16S rRNA sequencing as Rhizobium mayense.

An assessment was done to investigate the effect of farmyard manure, DAP, neem cake and leaf extract on biochemical (viz., chlorophyll, protein and carbohydrate) parameters of paddy seedlings. The biochemical parameters were measured on 30th and 45th day. The values indicated that the chlorophyll ‘a’, chlorophyll ‘b’ and total chlorophyll contents were higher in T4 on 30th day and 45th day. Similarly, the protein content was higher on 30th and 45th day in 0.5 ml extract of T4 plants. In 1 ml of sample, on 30th day, the protein content was higher in T1 and on 45th day, it was higher in T4.

An assessment was done to investigate the effect of farmyard manure, DAP, neem cake and leaf extract on biochemical (viz., chlorophyll, protein and carbohydrate) parameters of paddy seedlings. The biochemical parameters were measured on 30th and 45th day. The values indicated that the chlorophyll ‘a’, chlorophyll ‘b’ and total chlorophyll contents were higher in T4 on 30th day and 45th day. Similarly, the protein content was higher on 30th and 45th day in 0.5 ml extract of T4 plants. In 1 ml of sample, on 30th day, the protein content was higher in T1 and on 45th day, it was higher in T4.

Spread spectrum modulation technique is different from the conventional communication system. A good correlation property and large linear period of Pseudo-random sequence is the basis of spread spectrum communication systems intern CDMA (code division multiple access communication systems). Out of several techniques to implement direct sequence spread Spectrum (DSSS), one technique PN (pseudo noise) sequence/ code which is referred as the high rate digital code is generated on MATLAB. This generated m-sequence is then converted into polar format.

In ethanolic medium and in the presence of the basalt and gabbro as new naturally reusable heterogeneous catalysts, an easy and efficient one-pot multicomponent protocol, 6-amino-5-cyano-4H-pyrans 1 were synthesized. Also, we report here that compounds 1 are useful and easily available as starting materials for the preparation of functionalized azines in a series of ring transformation in which the amino group furnishes the required nitrogen rings. Structures of the all isolated products 1 - 22 were established based on their elemental and spectroscopic analysis.

This project presents a power-factor corrector (PFC), which is mainly composed of two phase transition-mode (TM) boost-type power-factor correctors (PFCs) and a coupled inductor. By integrating two boost inductors into one magnetic core, not only the circuit volume is reduced, but also the operating frequency of the core is double of the switching frequency. Therefore, both the power-factor value and the power density are increased. A cut-in half duty cycle can reduce the conduction losses of the switches and both the turns and diameters of the inductor windings.

The breaking (demulsification) of 50-50% w/o petroleum emulsions of two oils (A and B) by Green (chemical and centrifuge) methods were studied in comparison to conventional (chemical) method. The green methods consisted of silicon based chemical demulsifiers and high-speed centrifuge operated at 12,000 RPM, while the conventional method consisted of Amine group based demulsifiers. In chemical method, the concentrations were varied (0.5%, 1.5% and 3%), while in centrifuge method, the processing time was varied (10 and 30 minutes).

Due to increasing in demand of faster data transmission speed in the future telecommunication systems, the multiple antenna systems have been actively investigated and successfully deployed for the emerging broadband wireless access networks. Multiple Input Multiple Outputs (MIMO) takes the advantage of multiplexing to increase wireless bandwidth efficiency and range. MIMO-OFDM is a technique to increase channel capacity without using additional transmit power or spectral bandwidth.

In my paper I will evaluate features for processing Map reduce of Data science which ensures business alignment, growing skills, share knowledge and manage best practices and also cost effectiveness of the Hadoop. Data science is about to build data products not just answering the questions and products empower others to use the data. May help communicate your results, may empower others to do their own analysis actually data science is able to take data and able to understand it, to process it.

Our research contained thermal behavior (DSC thermographs and thermal parameters), wetting properties (spreading behavior and contact angles), microstructure (x-ray analysis and scanning electron micrographs) and empirical solder applications (photo graphs of soldering electronic device) of new ternary tin- bismuth- X (X= Cu and Ag), quaternary tin- bismuth- X (X = Zn-In, Zn-Cu, Cu-In, Sb-In and Ag- In) and penta tin- bismuth- X (X=Ag-In-TiO2) solder alloys.

In this article, an inventory model is developed under the situation in which a credit period is offered by the supplier to the purchaser. It is assumed that deterioration rate is a function of time and demand rate in the power law form of the price is considered. Shortages are allowed and are partially backordered with an exponentially decreasing time dependent backlogging rate; moreover variable holding cost and the effect of inflation are also taken into consideration.

It seems cleverer to look into any TSP first by learning from its historical background in order to grab the fundamentals of the task usually required in such kind of exercises. TSP problems are described shortly as easy model to understand but actually hard in solving process. Thus, simply remember that TSP under the category of [problem having more to do with the called hard-problems; they are non-polynomial based problems (i.e. No polynomial time algorithms known) in most cases. In fact, TSP initially (1800-1832) did not involve math concepts.

Derivation of modified Reynolds equation is obtained for the hydromagnetic squeeze films with lubricant additives on the basis of hydromagnetic flow model and Stokes Microcontinuum fluid model. An example of porous rough rectangular plates is used to guide the Stochastic modified Reynolds equation with lubricant additives and MHD effects. The equations are solved analytically using the stochastic method developed by Christensen.

Generally boxes made from characteristics of the insured and the vehicle, are assumed to be homogeneous in terms of claims. The presence of large claims in a class is not only disrupting this homogeneity assumption of the boxes, but also the stability of risk indicators such as the pure premium. The extreme value theory provides a rigorous probabilistic mathematical basis on which we can build statistical models to predict the intensity and frequency of extreme events. Our method provides a comparison between the variance of a single threshold and that of a convex combination.

Heart is a pumping organ, it pumps blood in the arteries which is circulated throughout the various parts of body. The blood pressure is the force with which blood moves through arteries (the vessels which carry blood from heart to the rest of body). When heart muscle pumps, the force of the blood against artery walls it is called the systolic blood pressure. When heart relaxes between beats, the force of the blood decreases and blood pressure drops, this is called the diastolic blood pressure.

In this paper new feature is added to the Hardware Automation PC at the automation Service Class User (SCU) end to communicate and collect the image, logs and other details from the CA1000 PACS Workstation, Service Class Provider (SCP) for further reliability analysis of the Healthcare IGS systems. There are further performance improvements done to the XMLRPC server Image Processing unit (IPU) and the Hardware Automation PC socket Communication programs for a reliable communication between them.

5G is a technology used in research papers and projects to denote the next major phase of mobile telecommunication standards beyond the 4G/IMT-Advanced standards. 5G is not officially used for any specification or official document yet made public by telecommunication companies or standardization bodies such as 3GPP, WiMAX Forum, or ITU-R. New standard releases beyond 4G are in progress by standardization bodies, but at this time not considered as new mobile generations but under the 4G umbrella. To develop an application for Character Recognition on Android based Mobile Phones.

This study reports the development of Novel electrically conductinghydrogel polymerthat is shown to combine both electro-properties and hydrogel characteristics. First carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) hydrogel with excellent swelling behavior was prepared by using succinic acid (0.5%), then (CMC\polyaniline) conducting hydrogel was fabricated by in situ polymerization of aniline within the matrix of CMC hydrogel. The influence of initiator as well as aniline monomer concentration on the conductivity of hydrogel was investigated.

Life time measurements for Egg Allumin [EA] with two different anti-viral drugs Amantadine [A] and Quercetin [Q] in SPAN40 have been carried out by Time resolved fluorescence spectrofluorimeter. The decay parameters have been calculated. The average lifetime (τ) and χ2 values have also been calculated and tabulated.

Safe, adequate, and accessible supply of water together with proper sanitation are surely basic needs and essential components of primary health care and vital resources in which access to safe and reliable water supplies has received increased government attention in Ethiopia. As a result, the national coverage rate for this service has gradually improved. Yet still some central and peripheral areas of urban l do not get drinking water from an improved water source.

The study was premised on a comparative analysis of institutionalised and non-institutionalised orphaned children with reference to their wellbeing .A sample of 5 rural primary school teachers, where most of the institutionalised orphans learn and another purposively selected 5 primary school teachers where most of the non-institutionalised orphans learn, was made. Another part of sample comprised 10 orphans, 5 from the local orphanage centre and another 5 from non-institution. All the 20 participants were individually interviewed and audiotape.

The present study aims to promote an applied global ethic and adopts a religious posture that, instead of nurturing differences, teaches children to appreciate universal human principles.

This article evaluates the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and the critical roles played by the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) that sought to sow the seed of peace and democratic governance in the Balkans. The article discusses the structural fissures that spawned the conflict in Bosnian-Herzegovina and the contemporary developments that spurred the outbreak of the civil conflict and its concomitant devastation in the Balkan enclave.

Lifestyle brands are created, built and established based on cultural values, attitudes and living arrangements of a specific group of target audience. As branding activities are aimed at generating awareness and communicating information that ultimately relates to the overall purpose of marketing, the creation of lifestyle brands is to enable target audiences or target market sectors to identify and associate with the elements of the specific lifestyle contexts they practice, prefer, and aspire to.

An organized and systematic approach is required to evaluate, diagnose and resolve esthetic problems predictably. It is of prime importance that the final result is not dependent only on the looks alone. Our ultimate goal as clinicians is to achieve pleasing composition in the facial aesthetics by creating an arrangement of various esthetic elements. Treatment planning according to the facial architecture and dental configuration allows function and harmonious aesthetics to be improved.

Tourism is emerged as a large service-sector industry in the modern world which has become a global instrument of economic, cultural and social development. The country India, which have plenty of natural beauty and resources like cultural heritage, archaeological remains, historical ruins, bio-diversity, heritage site etc. enough scope for the tourism promotions. Manipur, “the Land of Jewels”, is one of the smallest and easternmost states in India having a geographical area 22,327 sq.km with salubrious climate, exotic greenery and rich flora besides its rich culture.

Last few weeks have seen a frenzy of debate taking place around the topic of Net Neutrality. While customers accuse the service providers (ISPs and telecom companies) of trying to “control Net” through their new “Zero Pricing Plans”, the service providers have been adamant that the new regulations are meant for the optimization of bandwidth. The topic of Net Neutrality needs to be explored from various angles; then and only then alone would it be possible to reach a fair conclusion regarding the issue.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a widespread problem that can affect victims’ well-being and functioning across the lifespan. It is a concern of society because the physical and mental harm endured by children is extremely destructive. Children of many different backgrounds have been forced to engage in unwanted sexual behaviour because CSA is not isolated to one demographic class. In order to help stop this scourge there is a need for a thorough understanding of the factors that place children at risk for becoming sexually abused at various levels.

The aim of the research was to analyze the attention of university teachers participating in a continuing training program. The research was conducted in October 2014. It consisted of recording the sustained attention of 30 teachers in a training process in a public university in Mexico, using the technique of participant observation. On average seven out of 10 teachers who receive training pay attention to the teacher's presentation during the first hour of class and do only six in the second hour.

Pregnancy can be fascinating phase with so many changes taking place and so many things to look forward to such as the needs for comfortable maternity clothes. (Cumming and Cunning, 1960) Maternity wear has gained lot of importance in the recent years. The reason can be attributed to the fact that there is an increase in the number of pregnant women who are carrying out their routine activities during this period. Each woman is unique and each pregnancy is different as well.

The electronic money, in the strictest sense, is a revolutionary financial service that provides great advantages to its users. Itsuse in the social masses incorporates it in the financial system creating real opportunities for development and social inclusion. It attends to all population stratification from any economic situation requiring financial services toorderits economy efficiently.

The purpose of the present study was to compare the blood pressure and pulse rate among selected national level male football, basketball and hockey players. For the purpose of the study, sixty (N=60) national level male players (twenty for each game) from Chandigarh (UT) were selected as subjects of the study by using stratified random sampling technique. The age of the subjects ranged between 19-25 years. To find out the significance differences selected national level male football, basketball and hockey players, one way ANOVA was used with the help of SPSS software.

There has been an unprecedented increase in groundwater withdrawal around the world on account of tremendous agricultural and industrial expansion leading to severe degradation of groundwater quality and quantity. There is an imminent need to implement efficient water management systems aided by effective water quality monitoring programs.

Treatment of tuberculosis in pregnancy always presents certain difficulties and should consider not only the condition of pregnant woman, but also a child. Recently tuberculosis and pregnancy were considered incompatible. Presented clinical case demonstrates possibility of treatment during pregnancy with good clinical outcome and recovery of specific process in the mother and adequate development of the child.

RCH I - The program was formally launched on 15 October 1997 RCH phase I I began from 1st April 2005. Maternal Health • Strategies • Essential Obstetric Care • Emergency Obstetric Care

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is one of the most important and popular vitamins, and is contained in most fruits and vegetables; the problem with vitamin C is its easy degradation during storage. In this study, the degradation kinetics of vitamin C was determined in tomato and pawpaw, and the market storage methods considered were: open air (ambient) storage and sack (jute bag) storage for six days. Iodometric method of analysis was employed in analyzing the concentration of vitamin C in fruit samples.

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that is rapidly becoming a major threat to population all over the globe. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or because cells of the body do not respond properly to the insulin that is produced. Antidiabetics from natural source play a key role in treatment of diabetes. Herbal plants are power house of sources for anti-diabetic principles. The present study aimed the anti-diabetic activity of combined extract of liquorice and jatamansi. Liquorice previously proven for anti-diabetic activity.

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of first aid in BSc nursing students of a MVJ Nursing College, Bangalore. Methodology: A rapid assessment of first aid knowledge was done on 100 female BSc nursing students aged between 17 to 19 years by using pretested structured questionnaire. Results and Conclusion: Nursing students had inadequate knowledge regarding first aid at the beginning of their nursing career. Therefore initiatives should be taken to train them at an early stage.

Iso-chromosome of long arm of X chromosome i(Xq), which occurs due to abnormal transverse cleavage of the centromere during cell division, found in some cases Turner Syndrome. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of isochromosome X in patients with short stature with or with- out primary (PA) and secondary amenorrhea (SA) in our population.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. It is associated with the development of end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Studies have shown that patients infected with different genotypes of HCV may respond to different antiviral therapy differently and thus HCV genotype information is very important in helping physicians to better managing their patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate a real time PCR HCV genotyping assay against a nested RT PCR.

Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency. Early diagnosis and timely intervention salvages the testis. Methods; 50 patients of acute scrotum were admitted in general surgery department who were ≤25 years of age. After Detailed history, thorough examination, relevant investigations and Doppler ultrasound, patients were divided into two groups. Group A included patients who required immediate surgical intervention and Group B included patients who were managed conservatively. Type of surgical procedure, Postoperative period, hospital stay and follow up findings were noted.

Chronic Suppurative Hidradenitis is an apocrine glands inflammation present in the skin adnexa over theaxillary, anogenital and perineal region. It occurs due to obstruction and inflammation of the draining duct with sinus formation .Obligate anaerobes contribute to mixed skin flora and they are known to causepolymicrobial synergistic infection along with facultative anaerobes. Obligateanaerobes usually cause deep seated necrotic infection with foul smelling discharge. Here is a case of an unmarried women presenting with a lump in the breast with a foul smelling discharge since 2 years.

The proliferating trichilemmal tumor is an uncommon neoplasm presenting as a solitary lesion over the scalp. It is usually a benign neoplasm. We describe a case of proliferating trichilemmal tumor which presented as an ulcerated solid swelling of the scalp over the vertex, with bony erosion reaching the superior sagittal sinus.

Background and Objectives: Urolithiasis is a frequently occurring urological disorder associated with multiple etiological factors, out of which bacterial infection is one .A definite relationship is seen between the presence of bacteria and activity of bacterial urease in development of stones .This study was thus undertaken to analyse the renal stones and their association with different bacteria. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in a tertiary care center in North East India. 95 stones were collected intraoperatively.

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a potentially preventable complication. The aim of this study was to detect the incidence of surgical site infection in clean surgeries, risk factors involved, and organisms isolated. Study design: From June 2009 to January 2010, patients admitted for surgery under General, Orthopedic, and Cardiovascular surgery departments in a tertiary care Hospital were included in the study. The exclusion criteria included, age less than 18 years and more than 80 yrs.

Objectives: (i) To assess whether oligohydramnios is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome and (ii) to compare the pregnancy outcome in this study group with a control group and determine the difference in outcome between the two groups. Methodology: This prospective study was conducted over a period of 1 year (Jan 2014 to Jan 2015). The study was conducted on 80 pregnant women with gestational age > 34 weeks and they were divided into a study group of 40 patients having oligohydramnios and a control group of 40 patients without oligohydramnios.

A rapid, simple, selective and sensitive LC-MS/MS method was developed for the determination of Teicoplanin in human plasma using Imipramine as internal standard (IS). The method was developed with turbid ion spray (TIS) in the positive ion and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The assay procedure involves a simple liquid – liquid extraction of Teicoplanin and Imipramine from human plasma by using methyl-tert-butyl ether. The mobile phase was acetonitrile: 10mM ammonium formate, pH 4.5 in the ratio of 90:10%v/v.

Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders resulting from the deficiency of one of the five enzymes required to synthesis cortisol, and hence, increased production of adrenocorticotrophin releasing hormone (ACTH) which leads to adrenal hyperplasia. In 11--hydroxylase and 17--hydroxylase deficiencies, the accumulation of the mineralocorticosteroids or 11-deoxy-cortisol can lead to hypertension.

Objective: To determine the frequency of HP seroprevalence and infection in ß-TM patients both symptomatic and asymptomatic for RAP and to compare between ß-TM patients and controls presenting with RAP. Materials and Methods: The study included 2 groups group I consists of forty ß-TM patients Aged (3 – 18) years. They were subdivided into Group Ia (symptomatic for RAP) and Group Ib (asymptomatic for RAP) each group consists of 20patients. Group II (control group) consists of 20 children complaining of recurrent abdominal pain with no chronic illness whose ages and gender were compatible.

Background: The Tridax procumbens plant is well known for its traditional medicinal values. The present study deals with evaluation of antifungal activity of the extracts obtained from Tridax procumbens L. Method: Different extracts of the parts like leaf, stem, flower and roots were prepared in five solvent systems of polar and non-polar origin. The antifungal activity was assayed using agar well diffusion method. Results: All extracts of different parts responded variedly. The methanolic root extract of Tridax procumbens was found to be most potent for the Candida species.

Background: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the most commonly used imaging modality in the evaluation of knee injuries. So, this study was planned to use MRI in determining the incidence of knee lesions in traumatic knee patients and their relation with the age and sex of the patients. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was performed for a period of 1 year after taking the permission from institutional ethics committee in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Patients referred to the Department of Radiology with post traumatic knee joint symptoms were recruited.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a treatable and curable disease. Junior doctors and nurses working in health-care settings are often the first to identify and manage TB cases. Hence, a thorough knowledge regarding TB disease and its management under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), and recent guidelines on Directly Observed Treatment Shortcourse (DOTS) strategy is crucial for health care professionals. Objectives: To assess the knowledge regarding tuberculosis, RNTCP and DOTS among health care professionals at a tertiary care hospital.

Nursing students are valuable human resources. Detection of potential fear of negative evaluation among nursing students is crucial since it can minimize the quality of life. Fear of negative evaluation is the apprehension and distress arising from concerns about being judged negatively, despairingly or hostilely by others. Quality of life means satisfaction with life or satisfaction of needs. Aim of the study to examine the impact of fear of negative evaluation on quality of life, among faculty nursing students. Design: This study demonstrates a descriptive co-relational design.

Objectives: Postdate pregnancy is the most common indication for Antepartum fetal heart rate testing because of its increased perinatal morbidity and perinatal mortality. It has long been recognized that the risk of adverse fetal outcomes, such as stillbirth, meconium aspiration, asphyxia, and the dysmaturity syndrome, is increased as gestational age progresses beyond 42 weeks. Materials and Methods: 55 patients with pregnancy beyond 40 weeks attending antenatal out-patient department of the Rajiv Gandhi medical college in the period between October 2014 to march 2015 were included.

Study Objective: To compare the clinical effects of 3.5ml of 0.5% isobaric bupivacaine and 3.5ml of 0.5% isobaric levo-bupivacaine intrathecally in total abdominal hysterectomies. Design: A prospective randomized study. Materials and Methods: 100 patients belonging to ASA physical status I & II (each group 50 patients n=50) were randomly selected for the study. The time of onset of sensory and motor block, hemodynamic status, duration of analgesia and adverse effects if any were compared in both the groups. Group I patients received 3.5ml of 0.5% isobaric Bupivacaine.

Porcine Taenia solium cysticercosis causes taeniasis in humans, the source of neurocysticercosis that causes life-threatening epileptic seizures. The current drug of choice cannot kill parasite larvae in the brain of pig. In addition, meat inspection in most countries does not include inspection of the brain. A questionnaire was administered to 74 smallholder pig farming households in porcine cysticercosis endemic villages of Mbulu district, northern Tanzania, to explore about pig brain consumption habits as compared to those of pork.

Use of diaper among infants and children is essential and universally accepted. However, many children face difficult condition by developing diaper dermatitis. Development of technology helps substantially lessen the severity of diaper dermatitis, but additional care and improvements are essential. Etiology includes overhydration, irritants, friction, diarrhoea, antibiotic use, increased skin pH, and increase duration of use of diaper. Early identification and treatment decreases associated morbidity and mortality.

Cigarette smoking remains the leading cause of preventable premature morbidity and mortality in many countries around the world. It has been established that one of the constituents of tobacco i.e Nicotine has considerable influence on increasing the lipid levels in blood. Derangement of cholesterol metabolism leads to increased triglyceride concentration in blood. This study was undertaken in Thanjavur medical college to evaluate lipid profile in young cigarette/bidi smokers in Thanjavur, and compare it with nonsmokers in fasting state.

We are reporting a case of HIV 2 infection from Kolkata, West Bengal, India. There are case reports of HIV 2 infection from western and southern parts of India, but reports from Eastern India are rare. Also this is an isolated case of HIV 2 infection in which diagnosis to death was very rapid. The patient was admitted with a diagnosis of HIV-2 infection and CD4 count of 42. He was diagnosed to have Pulmonary Tuberculosis and anaemia. The patient was discharged with proper treatment.

Background: Spontaneous ascitic fluid infection (SAI) is an acute infection of ascitic fluid. SAI has three subtypes; SBP, CNNA, MNB. The prototype is Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). SBP is a frequent and serious complication in patients with cirrhosis leading to significant mortality and morbidity. Diagnosis of SBP is mainly established by elevated polymorphonuclear leukocyte count and positive ascitic fluid bacterial culture. Methodology: Records of patients with suspected diagnosis of Spontaneous ascitic fluid infection were analyzed in the present study.

Aim of present study was to compare the adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity and Lactic Dehydrogenase (LDH) in various types of arthritis conditions with synovial effusion. No. significant difference was observed in ADA activity in synovial fluid of control and study groups in various arthritic conditions. The highest value of ADA activity and LDH was observed in synovial fluid of patients with tubercular arthritis followed by rheumatoid, septic, osteo and post traumatic arthritis.

Domestic violence particularly, Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a universal phenomenon with deep rooted socio-cultural causes having regional differentials in its potential correlates. Objectives: (1 To ascertain the prevalence and patterns of intimate partner violence (IPV) in study area.2) To investigate socio-demographic risk factors of IPV. Methods: Community-based survey conducted among 624 married women in the reproductive age selected by WHO-30 cluster sampling. Results: About 24% women sometimes during married life suffered from intimate partner violence.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the sealing ability of a new material, biodentine with MTA when used as a furcation repair material. Material and method: Thirty recently extracted mandibular molars with non-fused well developed roots were collected and intentional furcation perforations were made with a bur. The perforations were repaired with MTA andbiodentine. These specimens were then immersed in 2% methylene blue dye. After their removal, they were sectioned and examined under stereomicroscope to evaluate dye penetration.

Hallervorden-Spatz Disease is a rare inherited CNS disorder that is characterized by abnormalities in the globus pallidus. 32 year old man presented with unsteady gait and progressive generalized motor difficulty associated with dysarthric speech since two years. MR studies demonstrate iron storage in the basal ganglia in patients

Background: Psychological stress is a major cause of lost working days in the world and can lead to stress related disorders among the productive age group. Knowledge on the impact burden of work related stress and the stressors like physical, psycho social environment is important in improving the mental health of the working population. Objectives: This study was done with the objectives of assessing the burden of work related stress and its risk factors among various working population.

Objectives: To detect the prevalence of asymptomatic Candidal colonization among HIV positive and Healthy individuals and to investigate the relationship of asymptomatic Candidal colonization of oral cavity and CD4 T-lymphocyte count and to assess antifungal drug susceptibility for Candida species by Fluconazole and Voriconazole in vitro. Methods: Asymptomatic candidal Colonization of oral cavity were investigated in total 50 HIV positive patients having CD4T- lymphocyte count < 500 cells / cu. mm and absence of antifungal treatment at Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital Wardha, India.

Background: Nosocomial infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). A Nosocomial outbreak of neonatal septicemia occurred in theNICUs of a tertiary care hospital in Kashmir during Nov-Dec 2008. Aims and objectives: The present study was undertaken to study various aspects of this nosocomial infection outbreak.

This study was carried out to know the prevalence of aminoglycoside and quinolone resistance among the collected isolates and to analyze the antibiotic susceptiblity patterns of various drugs against these isolates to find which drug offers the best solution against multidrug resistant Gram negative pathogens. Total 1824 clinical samples were collected from patients suspected of bacterial infection between March 2013 to May 2014. These samples were subjected for bacterial identification.

Quality of life (QOL) is a vague concept. It is multidimensional and theoretical in nature. It incorporates all aspects of individual’s life. The main aim of the present study is to explore the sociodemographic correlates (i.e. gender, marital status, socioeconomic status, religion, educational status and social support) of quality of life. The World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire, short version (WHOQOL-BREF) was administered to 100 adults. WHOQOL-BREF comprised of four domains i.e., physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environmental domain.

The present study was conducted in Kashmir (India) in September 2014. The present study examined influence of self regulation on mental health among the academic arrangement staff of the Govt. Degree Colleges of the District Srinagar. The sample comprised 100 academic arrangement staff members, of which 50 were males and 50 were females selected randomly from the different degree colleges of the district Srinagar. The age of the sample group ranged from 24 to 30 years.

Background: The concept map (CM) has been documented as a learning tool in nursing education. However, there is no instrument available to assess how nursing students perceive its assistance in problem based learning (PBL). Aim: The aim of this study was to develop an instrument to evaluate the perception of CM used in PBL for nursing students. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted which used a self-report questionnaire. Data from 213 nursing students in a PBL course was gathered.

The study was carried out to ascertain the functional groups present in Piper longum, and to assess its ability to disrupt biofilms caused by throat infectious methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Ethanol extract of Piper longum was subjected to fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis which revealed the presence of different pharmacologically active functional groups. Two strains of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MH4 throat isolate and MTCC 96 standard strains) were used.

Aims and objectives: Accurate functioning of the papillary muscles and their chordae is very essential to maintain good competence of the valves. Their dysfunction can lead to valvular incompetences. A comparative study of papillary muscles of ventricles of human, sheep, goat, cow and pig is done. Through this comparative anatomic approach, the morphology of the human tricuspid valve complex, its similarities and differences to those of the animal hearts studied becomes more apparent. Methods: The hearts were opened to view the interior of the ventricles.

Onychomycosis caused by nondermatophyte molds are rare. Here we are reporting 2 cases of onychomycosis in apparently immunocompetent individuals, caused by Penicillium marneffei –the fungus which is generally considered either as a contaminant or an opportunistic pathogen capable of producing disease only in immunocompromised individuals.

Background: Osteoarthritis) OA (is one of the most common chronic disability diseases which affect patients with high prevalence especially women in Arab world. Aim of the study, first, to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated home-based nursing intervention on osteoarthritis outcomes among women with knee osteoarthritis versus hospital care intervention. Second, to examine the relationship between work activity levels and osteoarthritis scores among studied women.

Objectives: The present review explores the multifactorial etiologies of Chlorodontia (Green teeth) and aims to create awareness among dentists and dental hygienist who deal with the patient directly on use of safe medicine to prevent green discoloration of teeth. Materials and Methods: Data has been collected from various sources which include review and research articles published in reputed journals, (pubmed, google scholar, scopus etc) web pages and books to accomplish meaningful solutions through different treatment strategies.

Introduction: Neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation can be documented by immunohistochemistry (IHC) with the use of synaptophysin (SYN) and chromogranin (CGA) in some lung carcinomas with conventional non-small cell morphology. These tumors are referred as non-small cell lung carcinomas with neuroendocrine differentiation (NSCLC-ND) or non-small cell lung carcinoma with occult neuroendocrine differentiation. The finding of NE differentiation in some NSCLC has led to the hypothesis that these tumors may form a subgroup with a prognosis and response to treatment between NSCLC and SCLC.

Background: Lung cancer is one of the commonest and most lethal cancer throughout the world. Tobacco smoking continues to be the leading cause of lung cancer worldwide. An increase incidence of lung cancer has been observed in India. Objective: The aim of this study was to find out the demographic and clinico-pathological and radiological profile of diagnosed lung cancer patients and its relation to smoking habit in area of western Rajasthan, Jodhpur, India.

Nader, Paris Island and Marul lettuce cultivars grown on polyethylene mulch and bare soils treated with either Nitrobein, Rhyzobactrein, or Hupotas. The objective of this study was to evaluate the responses of these cultivars to mulching and organic substance treatments. The obtained results revealed that lettuce grown on mulched soil significantly reduced IAA, GA3, ABA, CK, N, K, Ca, B, Na, and Fe in varying lettuce tissues. Owing to the increased root zone temperatures caused by polyethylene mulching in late summer.

Ethiopia is endowed with 22 lakes and many reservoir water resources that can be developed and utilized for the wellbeing of the people. However, improper human interference exerted pressure on lakes, reservoirs and rivers draining into them. Lake Hashenge one of the lakes is suffering from excessive sediment loads that have been caused by deforestation, soil erosion, land use change and improper watershed management. The main objectives of the study were to characterize Hashenge catchment, estimate annual sediment accumulation in the lake and estimate the life span of the lake.

The presence of mycotoxins in cocoa beans and chocolate products is emerging as an important public health. There is a réal need for more information about the occurrence of mycotoxigenic fungi in cocoa beans. The mycoflora of cocoa beans in two producing regions was assessed and its potential for ochratoxin A (OTA) production was evaluated. A total of 37 fungal strains were isolated by plating method. Six species of moulds belonging to four genera were isolated from all cocoa samples tested: Absidia, Rhizopus, Aspergillus niger, A. carbonarius, A. ochraceus, A. flavus, A. versicolor, A.

Betulinic acid (BA), a novel pentacyclic triterpene, widely distributed in plants .This study examined possible protective potentials of Betulinic acid on antioxidant parameters and histology of testis and epididymis of glyphosate-treated rats. Glyphosate significantly elevated Malondialdehyde (MDA) in testes and epididymis by 41.8 % and 49.5%, respectively, compared with controls.BA significantly decreased MDA by 47.8% and 34.0%, respectively, compared with glyphosate group.

Study Objectives: To check whether Does breathe held at maximal expiration could decrease pain and improve the range of motion, QOL and breathing function in non specific low back ache patients. Low back pain is a very common problem in general population. 70-85% of people have back pain at some time in their life. (Andersson, 1997) Low back pain is defined as pain localized between the 12th rib and the inferior gluteal folds, with or without radiation to legs.

Human beings tend to form attachment with their primary caregivers since the very beginning of life. Attachment theory has particularly interesting applications for understanding adolescent’s development, because it is during this time that children explore intimate, supportive relationship outside the family. The present study analyses and compares the attachment adolescents of Jammu city share with their mothers, fathers, and peers. Attachment was evaluated in three dimensions namely, degree of mutual trust, quality of communication and level of anger and alienation.

The current experimental study was carried out to determine the physico-chemical parameters of Solani River at Roorkee district Haridwar, Uttarakhand. For this purpose three sampling sites were selected to analyze various parameters like temperature, pH, total solids, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, total hardness, free carbon dioxide and chloride. Among these parameters TDS and BOD was observed beyond the desirable limits of BIS at all the sampling sites.

In the present study, we estimated the value of marine biodiversity off Sal island (Cape Verde) through a contingent valuation methodology, where tourist divers, who had recently dove off Sal island, were asked about their willingness to pay (WTP) for the protection of local marine biodiversity through donations, fees, or other forms for the creation of a trust fund. Of 347 respondents,32% stated they were unwilling to contribute (protest bidders).

Type 1.5 diabetes also known as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is an important form of diabetes which occurs in about 10% of patients classified as type 2 diabetes and not initially requiring insulin. β- cell dysfunction in type 1.5 diabetes is caused mainly by Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GADA). β- cell stress results in an induction of Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) expression, where Hsp 90 is a regulator of Class II antigen processing and presentation.

Stevia rebaudiana is an herb with a very high medicinal value. It has more than 100 phytochemicals. It is used as sugar substitute. The extracts from leaves are used for the microbial assay and study the antimicrobial activity. The microbes used for the testing the activities are E.coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhi, Aspergillus niger, Candida parapsilosis, Trichophyton rubrum.

Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a highly prevalent chronic degenerative disease, which is indicated by insulin resistance (IR) in insulin-target tissues, and aberrant insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. Several common polymorphic genetic variants have been concerned in type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance, though the results of previous researches performed on different ethnic groups and populations are greatly contradicting.

During the survey of plant disease 2013 and 2014, powdery mildew disease was found on sandalwood. Pseudoidium santalacearum (U.braun and Hosag.) U.Braun and R.T.A. Cook. was identified as the causal agent of a powdery mildew disease occurring on sandalwood Santalum album L. in Mandsaur and Indore districts of Madhya Pradesh India on the basis of symptoms, morphological characters and host range. This disease was observed in leaf of sandalwood tree located in the boundary area of Panchayat bhawan Mandsaur and Agriculture College campus, Indore.

In the present study heavy metal resistant bacteria were isolated from soil collected from the FaoUm-Qasr district in Basra governorate, South of Iraq. On the basis of morphological, biochemical, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogeny analysis, the isolate was authentically identified as Bacillus thuringiensis. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the isolate against cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) was determined on solid medium. B. thuringiensis showed significant resistance to high concentrations of Pb of 1800 mgl-1 and 50 mgl-1for Cd. The bioaccumulation capabilities of B.

The genus Drosophila represents an unprecedented model system, it has been initially used to understand basic genetics i.e.., Pattern of inheritance, speciation and evolution, comparative experimental research and to study human diseases. Further, many of the mechanisms from the cellular level to molecular levels were very well conserved both in Drosophila and human beings. Therefore, information on the biodiversity of genus Drosophila is limited.

Back ground: Because of the incidence and the health –related problems of post- menopausal osteoporosis it has become a social problems requiring appropriate management strategies. The present study is an attempt to estimate the levels of calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, sodium, potassium, alkaline phosphatases and vitamin D of post-menopausal osteoporotic women. The present study was carried out to find out the association of minerals with post-menopausal osteoporotic women.

Cichlid fish, Etroplus maculatus was used in the present study in order to evaluate the median lethal concentration of bisphenol A. Seven different concentrations of bisphenol A at 4 mg, 6 mg, 7 mg, 8 mg, 10 mg, 12 mg and 15 mg/ L for 10 animals per group were exposed for 96 h maintaining a control group. Physico-chemical parameters of water as pH, hardness, dissolved oxygen, and temperature was maintained during the treatment period. LC50 was then determined by probit analysis and it was found to be 6.48 mg/ L concentration.

Tropical forest ecosystems are one of the richest terrestrial ecosystems which support a variety of life forms and maintain huge global biodiversity. The phytosociology is one of the important aspects for analyzing the structure, composition and phytodiversity for thoroughly understanding the vegetation dynamics. Both structure and diversity of vegetation have strong functional role in controlling ecosystem processes like biomass production, cycling of water and nutrients.

Adoption of horticulture, both by small and marginal farmers has brought prosperity in many regions of the country as India is endowed with a wide variety of agro-climatic conditions & enjoys an enviable position in the horticulture map of the world. In spite of its great importance, it facing a lot of constraints like photo-stress, moisture stress, temperature stress, weed growth, deficiencies in soil nutrients, excessive wind velocities and atmospheric carbon-dioxide. These constraints can be alleviated by adopting a unique, specialized hi-technology known as protected cultivation.

Moringa leaves have been known as a potential protein source. Moringa plants could be an alternative source of protein with the potential to overcome the problems of malnutrition. This is because the flour has a protein content of Moringa leaves which are three times higher than milk powder. Hence an effort was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of Moringa oleifera Leaf Protein Concentrate (MLPC) on the health status of moderately anemic adolescent subjects.

Drosophila (L.) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is a very good model organism since the time of Morgan it has been used to understand the pattern of inheritance, variation, speciation and evolution. In addition to this basic research work, it has also been utilized to understand many of human metabolic disorders due to availability mutants and conserved physiological mechanism in both of it. Further species of Drosophila not only show cosmopolitan nature but also exhibits. Complexities in species compositions form good model to study the eco-distributional patterns of various species.

Quick Service Restaurants are a key segment of the organized Indian Food Services market and have expanded rapidly over the years. This is because the young population of India(356 million as per a UN Report, Nov 2014) is brand conscious and these fast food chains provide quality food at affordable prices. They have become an aspiration for the rural masses as with the penetration of mobile phones and internet, even they are aware about international brands and cuisines and are a regular hangout place for the urban lot.

Mahua (Madhuca indica) is a multipurpose tree used in food, medicine, timber, etc. For plantation purposes seedling of this important species were raised in nursery. A root rot disease caused by Fusarium solani in nursery was observed during rainy season (July – September) for the first time from central India. Soil drenching with 0.2% ridomil at fortnightly intervals fully controlled the disease.

Static bioassays were conducted in laboratory to evaluate variation in acute toxicity between technical grade (92 % a.i) and commercial formulation (10 % EC) of cypermethrin to four freshwater organisms viz. the crustacean Cyclops viridis, the oligochaete worm Branchiura sowerbyi, the gastropod Pila globosa, and one week old tadpole larva of the toad Duttaphrynus melanostictus. Commercial formulation (F) of cypermethrin was found more toxic than the technical (T) grade cypermethrin. Based on 96h LC50 values of T and F cypermethrin C.

The present investigation was undertaken to design and develop efficient filter with coast effectiveness and easy handling for juice shopkeepers. The filter was designed with easily available materials and the physico-chemical parameters of water were analyzed to verify the alterations. Mean while total coliform, fecal coliform, Standard Plate Count (SPC) and Most Probable Number (MPN) of juices along with water sample were estimated so as to confirm the reduction in microbial load.

Static bioassays were conducted in laboratory to evaluate variation in acute toxicity between technical grade (92 % a.i) and commercial formulation (10 % EC) of cypermethrin to four freshwater organisms viz. the crustacean Cyclops viridis, the oligochaete worm Branchiura sowerbyi, the gastropod Pila globosa, and one week old tadpole larva of the toad Duttaphrynus melanostictus. Commercial formulation (F) of cypermethrin was found more toxic than the technical (T) grade cypermethrin. Based on 96h LC50 values of T and F cypermethrin C.

Oxalis corniculata Linn. has been found in many traditional systems of medicine for treating various human ailments. Studies revealed that this underutilized plant possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiamoebal, antihelminthic, antiscorbutic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, antidiarrhoal, anticancer, antiulcer, antiseptic, anti- diabetic, hepatoprotective, hypolipidemic, abortificiant, and wound healing properties. It is consumed by the tribal communities as emergency food.

Vector control is an essential requirement in control of epidemic diseases such as malaria, filariasis, dengue, etc. that are transmitted by mosquitoes. Excessive use of synthetic pesticides causes emergence of pesticide resistance and harmful effect on non-target organisms. This has necessitated an urgent search for development of new and improved mosquito control methods that are economical and effective as well as safe for non-target organisms and the environment. Herbal insecticides of plant origin become a priority in this search.

A study was conducted to find out the effect of pre and post storage treatments on polypropylene sealed packed cut roses with different cold storage (2o) durations viz., 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 days. PP packed flowers treated with pre and post storage vase solution consisting of 5% sucrose + 8 HQC 300 mg/l + α-lipoic acid 200 mg/l, cold stored up to 20 days showed promising results with maintained flower quality. In general the trend showed decrease in water uptake, foliage intactness and vase life as well as higher bent neck with increase in storage duration.

Earthworms are eco-friendly and play a variety of roles in agro ecosystem. The gut of earthworm is the factory to manufacture the beneficial microbial densities and their products. The excreted nutrients enrich thousand times more than the surrounding soil. Experiments have proven that crops grown in earthworm inhabitant soils had increased the yields from 25% to over 30% than in earthworm free soils.

Information divergence measures and their bounds are well known in the literature of Information Theory. In this research article, we shall consider a new non-symmetric information divergence measure. Upper and lower bounds of non-symmetric divergence measure in terms of Kullback-Leibler divergence measure have been studied. Numerical bounds of new divergence measures are also discussed.

Tanning industries produces large quantities of waste water which on direct discharge causes severe environmental pollution. Basic chromium sulphate used in the tanning process is not consumed fully and about 30-40% of it is washed away to the environment and thus creates severe environmental problem especially to the aquatic system. Here a simple method is developed to remove the chromium content of the tannery waste water. Waste water discharged from tannery has different character (pH) at different stages of the tanning process.

The C-S-Metal complexes were synthesized via a simple and satisfied method by reaction of ketene gem-dithiol with transition metal salts, NaAuCl4.2H2O, NiCl2.6H2O, CoCl2 and HgCl2. The products were investigated against some microorganisms e. g. Bacillus subtilus, Staphylococcus and Lactococcus. A satisfactory inhibition was observer especially for gold complex.

This study aims was simultaneous identified and quantified, used a HPLC method, eight active pharmaceutical ingredients, Cyanocobalamin (Vitamine B12), Benzyl alcohol, Chloramphenicol, Prednisolone, Tylosin A, Tylosin B, Tylosin C and Tylosin D. In a very short time, and with very low cost, all eight compounds was separated and quantified used this HPLC method (UV-VIS detection). The method is enough sensitive to quantified and monitorised related substances/degradation product according to VICH GL 11(R).

B2O3-K2O-MgO glasses with different concentrations of MgO (0-20 mol. % in the steps of 5) were prepared by melt quench technique. Structural characterizations of these glasses were conducted through FT-IR, DTA and density measurements. The amorphous nature of the glasses was checked by X-ray diffractometry (XRD). The transformation of BO3 trigonals to BO4 tetrahedral units has evidenced from the FT-IR spectra of the prepared glass samples and the BO4 units increases with an increasing concentration of MgO content.

Swirl flame stabilisation of lean premixed fuels has been studied and applied to gas turbines for a number of years, giving considerable benefits in terms of reduced pollutant emission, especially of NOx. However, there are still problems that can occur during the combustion process including those related to flashback (especially with hydrogen enriched fuels) and combustion induced instabilities. Swirl of the primary system is optimised to minimize pressure drop, flame contact with the injectors and swirl system, whilst avoiding flashback.

Since the creation of the universe, natural radioactivity has been an integral part of our environment and all living things are living and have to live in a sea of radiations. The natural radioactivity is caused by γ-radiation originating from the uranium, thorium series and K40. In the present study the activities of Ra226, Th232, and K40 have been measured in the lignite samples of the of Nichahoma Lignite belt of the Kashmir valley, India using NaI(Tl) Gamma ray spectrometer.

Swirl Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is a form of cloud computing where the Cloud Service Provider (CSP) provides virtualized computing resources through the internet. A client may ask for an IaaS service, deploy the image of its Virtual Machine (VMi) which contain sensitive computation. However, the customer have no means of verifying that its VM run in a secure environment. To address this problem we propose a design of Trusted VM deployment (TVMD) model, in which the customer can deploy its VMi into a set of trusted Node (N) on the IaaS perimeter and enhance backend attacks.

The present study was aimed at the determination of specific activity of locally manufactured and commercially available five cement types used as building material in Kashmir valley, India by using a NaI (Tl) gamma ray spectrometer.

The natural polysaccharide chitosan has been extensively studied for predicting its efficiency as drug delivery systems for tumor. The ‘smartness’ of chitosan to release drug molecules specifically near to the tumor sites; makes it different from other drug carriers. The computational modeling and simulation technique has been adopted to predict the efficiency of the drug delivery system with different anti-cancer drugs. Interaction profile, stability profile, surface profile, potential profile and drug-release profile have been studied.

In today’s modern era Grid computing has become a very important research topic within computer science. Grid Computing is mainly focus on how to coordinate and share the use of diverse resources in today‘s distributed environments. The multi-departmental and dynamic nature of these environments introduces some challenging security issues, which include interoperability with different “hosting environments”, integration with existing systems and technologies, and trust relationships among interacting hosting environments.

The natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite is capturing view in many industrial applications like automotives and many other human centric oriented frugal innovation products and fundamental research. Fiber reinforced polymer composites have a wide variety of applications as a class of structural materials because of their advantages such as ease of fabrication, relatively low cost of production & superior strength as compared to neat polymer resins. The fiber which serves as a reinforcement in polymers may be either synthetic or natural.

Dichloroarsenic (III) benzoyl and p-substituted benzoyl piperidyl thiocarbamyl and Chloroarsenic (III) di benzoyl and p-substituted di benzoyl piperidyl thiocarbamyls of the type AsCl2(C13H14N2OSX) and AsCl(C13H14N2OSX)2 have been synthesized in acetone by the reaction of AsCl3 and benzoyl and p-substituted benzoyl piperidyl thiocarbamyls in 1:1 and 1:2 molar ratios at room temperature [C13H14N2OSX, X= H in compound 1,5, OCH3 in 2,6, OH in 3,7 and Cl in 4,8 respectively].

Manufacturing sector is the backbone of any economy. It fuels growth, productivity, employment, and strengthens agriculture and service sectors. Astronomical growth in worldwide distribution systems and IT, coupled with opening of trade barriers, has led to stupendous growth of global manufacturing networks, designed to take advantage of low-waged yet efficient work force of India. HR practitioners believe that the engagement challenge has a lot to do with how employee feels about the work experience and how he or she is treated in the organization.

Human dimension plays a critical role in determining budget outcomes. The managers performance in budget setting will indicates the extent of the organizational success. As budget represent the important tool in translating the planned strategies into action, it is therefore critical for the managers to adapt the correct behavior that could significantly shape and lead them into good performance. This paper presents the examination of the ‘Trail Model’ in determining a manager’s performance in budget setting.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of technology, work experience, education and training, both simultaneously and partially on the performance of production workers in East Java, and the most dominant variable affecting the performance of production workers in East Java. In this study, there are three independent variables consisting of technology, work experience, education and training, as well as the dependent variable is the performance of the production workers.

Fisheries sector plays a very important role in socio-economic development of the state of Tripura. In spite of different measures being taken by the Government of Tripura to make the state fish self-sufficient, a large amount of fish are still being imported from neighbouring states and Bangladesh. This indicates existence of positive gap between demand and supply which can be filled up if appropriate policy measure towards strengthening the condition of fishermen is undertaken. Any policy measure to be successful needs a clear understanding of the status of its stakeholders.

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