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September 2023

  1. Swamy, K.R.M.

    Kodo millet belongs to the Family: Poaceae, Subfamily: Panicoideae, Tribe: Paniceae, Genus: Paspalum and Species: Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Poaceae –The grass family is the fourth largest family of the flowering plants. It includes about 700-800 genera and 11000-13000 species distributed worldwide. Apart from a high degree of taxonomic diversity, the. family has unmatched ecological and economic diversity. Kodo millet is divided into three races (regularis, irregularis, and variabilis) based on panicle morphology. In southern India, there are small (karu varagu) and large seeded (peru varagu) varieties recognized, often grown together in the same field. Cytological studies have revealed the chromosome number as 2n =4x = 40. Kodo millet is indigenous to India, and it is believed to have been domesticated some 3000 years ago. It well adapted in the tropics and subtropics. Kodo millet is generally cultivated with its weedy species and no distinction is made between the species during harvest. It is also reported to be native to West Africa. It is grown as a minor crop in most of these regions, except in the Deccan Plateau of India, where it is grown as a major food source. It is a very hardy crop, drought tolerant, can survive in marginal soils where other crops cannot survive, and can provide 450-900 kg of grain per hectare. Vernacular names of Kodo millet is in Hindi - Kodon, Kodava; English - Kodo millet; Kannada - Araka,Haraka; Marathi - Kodra,Kodru; Tamil – Varagu; Malayalam – Varaku; Punjabi - Kodon,Kodra; Oriya – Kodua; Telugu – Arikelu; Gujarathi – Kodro; Bengali – Kodoaa dhaan ; ; Urdu – Kodon. The cultivation of kodo millets started in India about 3000 years ago. Apart from India, it is cultivated in Russia, China, Africa and Japan. In India, it is widely grown in Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Chhattisgarh. Among all millets available, it is well known for the highest drought resistance and produces high yield in a short duration thus is of great economic value. India is the world leader in the production of kodo millets, and thus its cultivation is of great economic significance. Kodo millets are cultivated in the kharif season (monsoon season) and Kodo millets are processed into high-value foods and drinks. Apart from economic and culinary benefits, kodo millets have numerous health benefits. Kodo millet also has considerable production potential in marginal, low fertility soils and chronic moisture deficient areas of the country and plays an important role for the food security of the people inhabiting dry and marginal lands. The seeds have an excellent storage life and can be stored for several years. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. The millet is certainly superior to rice, gluten free and rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals. It has large potential to provide nourishing food to subsistence farmers in Africa and elsewhere. It is eaten as a famine food in Africa. Kodo millet is ground into flour and used to make pudding in India. In Africa it is cooked like rice. It is economically important. Its uses include: human food (cereal), animal food (fodder, forage) and medicine. It is harvested as a wild cereal in West Africa and in India. Widely cultivated as a minor millet in Africa and Asia, especially India. Also used for forage and as a feed supplement. In India, it has been used as a substrate for mushroom production and for medicinal purposes. The plant is used to clear the corneal opacity, to treat stiffness of lower limb, polyuria, diabetes, obesity, epistaxis, wound, indigestion, excessive hunger, in diabetes, eye infections, dysuria, hydrocele. Typhoid and its leaf and root paste are used to relieve labour pain. The paste of the whole plant and grain flour is taken as anti-dysenteric and to cure the skin diseases. Tribal of southern Rajasthan in India boil the grains as rice and use in diabetes and dysentery. It is also used as delivery convalescence. Most interestingly, the Santal tribes use the grain to prepare a country liquor. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Kodo Millet are discussed.

  2. Akalazu J.N.

    Weed is a terrible pest that has a negative impact on biodiversity and agricultural production, and the application of natural mycoherbicides represents one of the most innovative and promising strategies to suppress invasive weeds and improve crop productivity. During the 2020–2021 growing seasons, the efficacy of a Fusariumoxysporummycoherbicide against Mimosa diplotricha weed was examined in the field. The mycoherbicide application significantly (p 0.05) reduced Mimosa diplotricha percentage emergence, and infection rate, and increased garden egg yield. These results encourage the need to search for new mycoherbicides that replace synthetic herbicides and pesticides.

  3. Jacinta, N. Akalazu

    Medicinal plants hold significant value for researchers engaged in the study of plant and animal disease management.The objective of the study was to evaluate the chemical composition and antifungal activities of Garcinia kola (bitter kola) leaf extracts on cucumber fruit rot fungal pathogens.Garcinia kola leaf methanol extract at 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25mg/ml concentration was employed to assess the fungal inhibition, while the extract diluted with 1 mL of potato dextrose agar broth at 100, 50, 25, 20, 20, 15, 15, 10, and 5 mg/Ml, was utilised to assess thein-vitro minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify the compounds present in the G. kola leaves. The study found Botryodiploidiatheobromae, Fusariumoxysporium, and Aspergillus flavus in diseased cucumber fruits.As extract concentrations decreased, fungal mycelial growth inhibition decreased linearly. Synthetic fungicide, Mancozeb had the highest inhibition, having a specific inhibition value of23.0 mmon Aspergillus flavus, 26.23 on Fusariumoxysporium, and 26.70 on Botryodiploidiatheobromae, this was followed by 25mg/mlof the extract,having inhibition zone of 19.567 on Aspergillus flavus, 20.57 on Fusariumoxysporium, and19.01mmon Botryodiploidiatheobromae. Garcinia kola extract with lowest MIC was 100 mg/Ml, having a specific MIC value of 7.40 for Aspergillus flavus, 9.40 for Fusariumoxysporium, and 6.40 for Botryodiploidiatheobromae. However, 5 mg/mL of Garcinia kola extract had the highest MIC. The Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, revealed the presence of 30 bioactive compounds with a variety of pharmacological activities. The predominant compounds include 2,5-Methanofuro[3,2-b]pyridine, octahydro- (21.416%), 5-Amino-2-methoxy phenol (17.539%), 2,5-Methanofuro[3,2-b]pyridine, oc (17.465%), and 8-Azabicyclo[5.1.0]octane (22.035%). Hence, the inhibitory effects of bitter cola leaf on Cucumber fruit rot fungal pathogens may be attributed to the presence of these compounds, suggesting their potential as a viable substitute for synthetic fungicides.

  4. Feng Shikai and Gatbonton, Ryan Ray

    This study aimed to explore the potential impact of intelligent network multimedia technology on enhancing the sportsmanship attitude of student-athletes. It employed a combination of descriptive-comparative-correlational design and qualitative research methods that involved 800 participants from two majors: 480 from the Physical Education major and 400 from the Social Sports Guidance major. The sample selected for analysis consisted of 416 individuals, with 216 students from the Physical Education major and 200 students from the Social Sports Guidance major. Additionally, 10 teachers were deliberately chosen to partake in interviews facilitated by a researcher-made questionnaire. The results revealed insights regarding the utilization of multimedia technology and the sportsmanship attitude among student-athletes Furthermore, a weak but significant relationship was identified between the extent of multimedia technology usage and the sportsmanship attitude of athletes, particularly concerning rules, officials, and social conventions (r = –0.10, p = 0.038). Thematic analysis of teacher interviews unveiled key themes encompassing the use of multimedia technology during athlete training and games, perceptions of the technology's impact on sports, and challenges encountered in its application. As a recommendation, the study underscores the need for the formulation of a comprehensive multimedia technology utilization plan, recognizing its potential to influence sportsmanship attitudes and contribute positively to sports education.

  5. Syed Aaqib Abbass , Naseer Ahmad Khan , Muzafar Ahmed Chopan and Syed Najmu Saqib

    Splenunculus or splenunculi are congenital small asymptomatic benign nodules on spleen, present as splenic tissue mass but separate from the main spleen. They are formed as a result of failure of fusion of the primordial splenic buds in the dorsal mesogastrium during the 5th week of foetal life. Splenunculi are generally asymptomatic. Rarely they can be a cause of left upper abdominal pain. The study was to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of splenunculi in patients undergoing Computerised tomography of the abdomen in Kashmir division of Jammu and Kashmir. Methods: The study was carried in the Department of Radio-diagnosis and Imaging, GMC Srinagar of Kashmir. 178 patients in the age group 18-70 years (with a mean age of 47.6years) were included in the study. The patients with history of previous abdominal surgery, abdominal trauma, abdominal malignancies and haematological disorders were excluded from the study. The patients that were included in the study were keenly analysed for splenunculi and if present, the number, location, size and shape were noted and analysed. Results: A total of 178 patients with abdominal CT scans were analysed from June 2021 to June 2022. The most common age group was between 41-60 years. Among the178 subjects, 58 had splenunculi (33%). Majority were solitary and small (0.5-1cm) (53%). Most of the splenunculi were located at splenic hilum (50%) and were 0.5-1cm in size and oval in shape. Conclusion: The incidence of splenunculi in kashmiri population was high in the age group between 41-60 years compared to other age groups. Majority of splenunculi were solitary and the most common location being splenic hilum and size of 0.5-1cm with oval shape .

  6. Ahmad Kasem Haj Ali

    The use of language by the media to affect the views and preferences of viewers is something that may be decoded by examining the pragmatic functions performed by the various discourse markers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the persuasive applications of discourse markers in the media as well as the pragmatism of their application in this environment. We are going to look at the many sorts of discourse markers that are employed in the media to influence the viewpoint of an audience, and then we are going to explore what this implies for the discourse of the media as a whole.

  7. Md Jahedul Islam, Prof. Dr. Sharmin Chowdhury, Prof. Dr. AMAM Zonaed Siddiki and Prof. Dr. Mohammad Alamgir Hossain

    Background: The Rohingya population encounters a multitude of health-related obstacles while residing in densely populated refugee camps that are constrained in terms of resources. These challenges encompass both communicable and non-communicable diseases, malnutrition, and restricted availability of healthcare services. Health education programs have been implemented in order to enhance the health behavior and health status of the Rohingya refugees, as a means of addressing the aforementioned health concerns. Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to find out the impact of health education on regular health behavior in improving health status among the FDMN community in Rohingya refugee settlement, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey on Rohingya refugee people (N=510) living in refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh was conducted to assess the impact of health education on the health behavior. Data was collected via face-to-face interviews after having voluntary consent from the participants using a pre-tested, structured and language validated questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and behavioral practices on different health outcomes. Randomized, Non probability and purposivesampling methods were followed. Results: A total of 510 refugee people were enrolled in this study where maximum participants’ age was between 21-30 years (n=224, 43.9%). Male and female respondents’ participation was nearly equal (male: n=264, 51.8%; female: n=246, 48.2%). About half of the respondents (n=277, 54.3%) were illiterate or did not have any institutional education. Socio-demographic variables showed significant association with different diseases-based knowledge and attitudes. Impact of health education was found noticeable as The impact of health education might be regarded as satisfactory as 71% respondents are currently using anti-mosquito nets/coils/spray where it was 57% during 6 months back. Here 68% respondents found practicing hand wash properly before meal and after toilet with soap compared to 51% during 6 months back. It was seen that 61% respondents knew about essential nutrients where it was 47% during 6 months back. Again 73% respondents thought that fruits & vegetables are good sources of vitamins & minerals which was recorded 68% in 6 months back. 78% respondents used to wash fruits, vegetables and other raw foods before consumption which was 61% before 6 months. Also seen that 66% respondents believed that healthy lifestyle and healthy food habit can prevent diseases (both communicable and non-communicable) where 52% thought similar in 6 months earlier. Discussion and Conclusion: According to this study, we found that Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh got many opportunities, benefits and cooperation in many ways like shelter, food-nutrition support, healthcare facilities, safety, safe drinking water access, health education through many health communication approaches from Bangladesh Government, local authority, local NGOs and different global NGOs. We observed that socio-demographic characteristics, health education related knowledge and attitudes were correlated. The findings showed that age and education shape health knowledge and attitudes. Health education's impact on Rohingya refugees is consistent with other refugee studies, indicating its value in improving health outcomes. Beside these, there was a satisfactory impact of health education in improving the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding different health issues.

  8. Manju Dubey and Dr. Anita Chowbey

    Adsorption is a surface phenomenon that is used to remove both organic and inorganic pollutants. Chemical indicators, dyes, and biological dyes use methylene blue a lot. The printing and dyeing processes generate a significant amount of organic dye wastewater. The development of an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue dye was the focus of the study, which sought to determine how various activators affected this process. H3PO4 and KOH activations were used to conduct the optimal batch adsorption studies of MB dye on the adsorbent. The effectiveness of MB removal was examined in relation to a number of process parameters, including the initial MB dye concentration, adsorbent dose, and contact time. AC-KOH performed good result than AC-PA in terms of MB dye removal when the adsorbent dose was 1.25 g/L. According to the contact time studies, methylene blue removal was found to be 100% at 70 minutes. When using methylene blue, the percentage of MB that is removed begins to decrease in proportion to the MB concentration. The data that was obtained during the experiment can be used with either model. Nevertheless, Langmuir Isotherm is more precise. The pseudo first order model fits well in the kinetic study.

  9. Shubhanshu Gaurav, Chandrashekhar Chalwade, Joseph Francis, Vamsee Krishna Maddu Vidhi Mehta, Vinita Puri

    A study was undertaken Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor (BLT), also known as Giant Condyloma Acuminatum, is an uncommon and locally invasive tumor primarily affecting the anogenital region, often associated with human papillomavirus (HPV). This paper reports two cases of BLT successfully managed with staged operative procedures. Surgical excision, followed by secondary healing, yielded favorable outcomes without complications. BLT management remains a clinical challenge due to its size and recurrence rates, highlighting the importance of a multi-disciplinary approach and further research to enhance treatment strategies. These cases contribute to the understanding of BLT and emphasize the need for improved interventions to enhance the quality of life for affected individuals.

  10. Uma Singh Sachan and Anil Kumar Singh

    Controversial drugs are the drugs which possess uncertainty related to their identification by means of nomenclature. Perplexing synonyms are the root cause for controversy. “Sandigdha Dravya” is a term used for those medicinal plants which are mentioned in Ayurvedic classics but their exact botanical source is not known. Hence, it is our duty to develop reliable methodologies for correct identification, standardization and quality assurance of Ayurvedic drugs.Different samhitas and nighantus were reviewed to ensure correct botanical identity of the drug and to resolve the controversy.The different botanical identities are compared in Samhita and Nighantu most suitable drug is concluded.The correct botanical identification is achieved on basis of morphological and pharmacological activity of drug.

  11. Janaki, D., Maragatham, S. and Santhi, R.

    Balanced fertilization using the right kind and amount of fertilisers is made possible using Soil Test Crop Response (STCR) studies. The application of fertiliser by farmers in the field without understanding the soil fertility and nutrient requirement of crops results in negative impact on the soil and crops either through nutrient shortage or toxicity due to excessive or inadequate fertiliser use. Therefore site-specific nutrient management strategies have to be adopted to sustain soil health and to maintain soil fertility in sodic soil. A demonstration trial on STCR-IPNS was conducted during samba season during 2021-2022 in Alathur soil series in Anbil Dharmalingam Agrl. College and Research Institute farm in field No A5a of Trichy with rice variety TRY 3. The result revealed that STCR-IPNS based fertilizer prescription recorded the highest grain yield (5150 kg ha-1) and maintenance of soil fertility. The yield increase in STCR-IPNS (5150 kg ha-1) over blanket fertilizer recommendation and farmer’s fertilization practice was 16.0 and 24.7% respectively. The data on post-harvest soil fertility revealed that the higher available N (235kg ha-1), P (24.5kg ha-1) and K (273kg ha-1) status was observed in STCR-IPNS followed by blanket recommendation and farmers fertilization practice. To get higher yield and soil fertility maintenance and to avoid excess and under usage of fertilizer, the STCR –IPNS fertilizer prescription is highly essential.

  12. Mr. Yash Dadhich and Dr. Rashmi Singh

    Corona has been affected globally. It has affected us in every aspect. This situation was declared a pandemic. Corona has affected people not only physically but also in other aspects that is psychologically, economically, and emotionally, and the impact is seen to date. Many families have lost their loved ones. Besides Corona the pandemic, the lockdown was imposed by the government because of the pandemic, due to which no one could get out of the house. In such a situation a serious issue arose for the students, they were deprived of going to school; there was a sufficient lack of education and interaction with their peer groups. Many online platforms were used like Google Meet, Zoom, etc. In the initial phase, students and teachers faced a lot of issues, but with increasing time they also became comfortable in using it. But as it is well known a coin has two sides. Gradually the children faced some issues that were related to their physical and psychological health. This study aims to find that online education has a psychological and physical impact on male and female students. A Google form was prepared to measure the psychological and physical changes. We took a sample of 60 students from 9th to 12th standard who were 14 to 18 years of age from Udaipur city. The result was found to show that there is a significant impact of online education during Corona on the physical and psychological health of adolescents.

  13. Dotsè Charles-Grégoire ALOSSE

    Héritière du libéralisme politique et économique, la dynamique de la mondialisation contemporaine est impulsée par des acteurs multinationaux et transnationaux aux enjeux globaux que sont les organisations internationales, les firmes multinationales et les organisations non-gouvernementales. La mondialisation désigne le recouvrement du monde par les modèles politiques, économiques et culturels occidentaux d’inspiration libérale qui s’appliquent sur l’ensemble de la planète. Mais la part de l’Afrique dans l’économie mondiale est souvent minimale à cause de la dégradation des termes de l’échange entrainant sa vulnérabilité sur le marché mondial. L’objectif de notre analyse est de proposer, en substitution à la logique unilatérale de la mondialisation qui fait porter les biens et services du centre vers les périphéries, celle qui permet d’articulation le local et le global afin de relever les atouts dont dispose l’Afrique dans la mondialisation. Les résultats plaident des politiques économiques ambitieuses capables de susciter une large participation de l’Afrique à la production de la richesse mondiale, à travers la recherche d’une articulation optimale entre l’échelon local et l’échelon global.

  14. Dr. Brajendra Pal Singh, Dr. Amit Mehra, Dr. Deepika Divan and Dr. Mamta

    Large population of the world troubled with Arsha (hemorrhoids) till now. This is perhaps due to incompatible of the human diet and social obligations demanded by civilization. Lifestyle related factors are mainly thought to be cause of increasing prevalence of hemorrhoids (Arsha). In modern management Haemorrhoidectomy is most commonly employed technique which is a painful, aggressive and more invasive procedure with less satisfaction and high risk of recurrence. The kshar sutra ligation in Arsha (piles) may be said a type haemorrhoidectomy by medicated thread without complication with in short time with successful cure rate. No special preparation of the patient is required. The treatment is ambulatory and patient may return to his light work after 3-4 days of ligation. Blood loss during ligation is nominal varying from 0.2 to 1 ml from one pile mass only. Kshar sutra ligation in Arsha is one of the traditional procedures described in Ayurveda for the management of Arsha. Aacharya charaka has advised ksharkarma for the management of Arsha. Chakradatta, the commentator of Sushruta Samhita also mentioned indication of ksharsutra ligation in Arsha.

  15. Ji Hongshen and Lizelle Eugenio Villanueva

    This study explores the relationship between coach leadership styles and athlete self-efficacy at Guangzhou Sport University, China. The research focuses on transformational leadership practices and their impact on student-athletes. The majority of student-athletes, primarily males aged 21-23, participate in football. Coaches' transformational leadership practices were assessed across five dimensions: modeling the way, inspiring a shared vision, challenging the process, enabling others to act, and encouraging the heart. Results indicate that coaches excel in inspiring a shared vision and encouraging the heart. Student-athletes perceive their coaches as role models who set examples and build consensus. Coaches are also effective at fostering a collective vision and celebrating accomplishments. Challenging the process, coaches actively encourage innovation and risk-taking. They support athletes in their pursuit of improvement, emphasizing doubting ideas rather than individuals. Enabling others to act, coaches treat athletes with respect, value diverse perspectives, and empower decision-making. This dimension highlights coaches' commitment to guiding rather than directing performance. No significant differences were found in assessments based on athlete profiles (sex, age, sports area), suggesting consistent leadership effectiveness. Furthermore, the study reveals high levels of athlete self-efficacy in professional thought, personality, sport discipline, and psychological aspects. Athletes show confidence in their abilities, fair play, personal development, and emotional control. Significantly, a strong relationship exists between coaches' transformational leadership and athlete self-efficacy, emphasizing coaches' influence on athletes' confidence and belief in their capabilities. This research suggests the implementation of a Teamwork Synergy Program to enhance teamwork and collaboration, further leveraging transformational leadership and self-efficacy among coaches and athletes. In conclusion, this study underscores the vital role of coaches in fostering athlete self-efficacy through transformational leadership practices. Coaches' ability to inspire, challenge, and empower athletes significantly impacts their self-belief and performance. The proposed Teamwork Synergy Program offers practical insights for optimizing leadership and self-efficacy in sports environments.

  16. Rima Mahapatra, Kuntal Hazra and Saikat Sen

    Benzothiazole analogues have played an important role in the field of medicinal chemistry for current drug discovery and development processes. It becomes a choice of lead compound for new researchers due to its wide variety of pharmacological activities and so on. We have synthesized some novel 7-chloro-6-fluoro benzothiazole analogues keeping the nitro group in their structure as the importance of fluorine and the nitro group has always taken great attention for long for their interesting abilities to enhance the pharmacological activity of the drug.

  17. Sayyad, R.S. and Jadhav, V. M.

    A study was undertaken under Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva (GKMS)–District Agromet Unit (DAMU) scheme running under the guidance of India Meteorological Department (IMD) and Indian Council Agricultural Research, New Delhi. The aim of this study was to provide weather based agro advisory bulletin to the farmers based on the weather forecast. A feedback survey of 150 farmers of Palghar district was conducted during 2021 and results had showed that the farmers who followed the agromet advisories are able to reduce the input cost and increases in the net profit. 64%of the farmers were followed weather-based agro advisory bulletin in all practices of crop cultivation. 65% of the farmers were highly satisfied with these Agromet Advisory Services (AAS). 35.3 % (53) farmers saved 6000-10000 rs. by following agro advisory regularly, followed by 32% (48) of farmers saved Rs.0-5000 of their production cost because of timely getting weather forecast and Agromet Advisory Bulletins (AAB) by DAMU. The study concluded that the application of agromet advisory services, based on current and forecasted weather is helpful for enhancing the crop production and income too.

  18. Singha Sumeru

    This paper includes the ever increasing pressure to increase the food production to meet current demand for protection of crops from pests. Pesticide include chemicals to protect crops from insects (insecticide), weeds (herbicide) disease causing micro- organism (fungicide and bactericide) chlorine is the basis for many of the most toxic and persistent synthetic chemicals known.

  19. Bersabeh Alayou Tadesse

    Urban land administration is a critical aspect of urban development, particularly in developing countries. This study evaluates urban land administration practices in MehalMeda Town, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, using a mixed-methods approach. Document analysis, semi-structured interviews, and a survey of households and landowners were conducted to identify challenges and strengths of the current system. The study found that the urban land administration system in MehalMeda Town faces numerous challenges, including weak legal and regulatory frameworks, inadequate institutional capacity, and lack of public participation. The study also identified some strengths, such as the presence of local land use plans and some efforts to implement participatory approaches. However, these strengths are not adequately leveraged due to the existing challenges. The study recommends various measures to improve urban land administration in the study area, such as strengthening legal and regulatory frameworks, enhancing institutional capacity, and promoting public participation. The findings have broader implications for urban land administration in Ethiopia and other developing countries, particularly in the context of rapid urbanization and land market dynamics.The study contributes to the literature on land administration by identifying the challenges and strengths of the urban land administration system and proposing practical measures to enhance it. It also highlights the importance of improving land administration practices to ensure the efficient and equitable use of urban land, which is crucial for sustainable urban development.

  20. Dr. Vipasha Choudhary and Dr. Vanita Anand

    The current research explores a significant financial dimension that involves women competing with men on equal footing. Due to increasing literacy rate among women, better educational and employment opportunities, and women empowerment friendly government policies, women are moving towards financial independence. Women must organise their finances at every stage of their lives in order to be prepared to tackle any unforeseen circumstances on their own. In order to be secure in the event of a financial crisis, women must be active participants and knowledgeable about all their financial planning. Irrespective of a woman being single, married, widowed or divorced, they must ensure their well being and financial stability. In this area, although some women are still reluctant getting involved, many have now started taking interest and being aware. Guidance can be sought from financial investment experts who can customise portfolios to cater to individualised risk tolerance and objectives.

  21. Harshita Budhadev

    Environmental microbiology, the study of microorganisms in their natural habitats, has emerged as a dynamic and essential field at the intersection of microbiology, ecology, and environmental science. This comprehensive review delves into the intricacies of the microbial universe within our ecosystems. It navigates through the rich tapestry of microbial diversity in terrestrial, aquatic, and extreme environments, shedding light on the remarkable adaptations and interactions that shape our planet. Microbes play pivotal roles in driving ecosystem processes, from nutrient cycling to pollutant degradation, providing invaluable ecosystem services. Furthermore, the intricate relationship between environmental microbes and human health is explored, with a focus on both the risks of pathogen exposure and the benefits of microbial diversity in bolstering our immune systems. Intriguingly, this review investigates extremophiles, microorganisms capable of thriving in extreme conditions, and their biotechnological applications, offering insights into cutting-edge biotechnology advancements. It also examines how environmental microbiology is at the forefront of sustainable solutions, such as bioenergy production, bioremediation, and ecosystem restoration. As the field advances, it confronts new challenges posed by climate change and human activities, making it vital to explore emerging trends and future directions. This review underscores the pivotal role environmental microbiology plays in understanding and addressing pressing global environmental issues. In the ever-evolving exploration of the microbial universe, this review provides a comprehensive overview, highlighting the past achievements and promising avenues for future research in environmental microbiology, making it an invaluable resource for scientists, educators, and policymakers.

  22. Dr. Sandhyarani Moirangthem

    The present study explores the relationship between perceived social support and perceived stress among the university postgraduate students. Descriptive research study design was used and a sample of 84 university postgraduate students was drawn using purposive sampling technique. The multidimensional scale of perceived social support by Zimet et al. (1988), and perceived stress scale by Cohen and Williamson (1988) were administered on 84 university students within the age range of 20 to 25 years (M=22.13, SD=.99), and the sample comprised of 64 female (76.2%) and 20 male (23.8%). Statistical analyses of the research data reveal high perceived social support from family (60.7%), friends (58.3%) and significant others (58.3%) in university students; majority of the students (78.6%) reported moderate perceived stress, followed by severe (14.3%) and low perceived stress (7.1%). Female students showed greater perceived stress and greater perceived social support from significant others than male students, however, male students showed greater perceived social support from family and friends than female students. Findings of the present study show significant, negative correlation (r=-.25, p<.01) between perceived social support from significant others and perceived stress; significant, negative correlation (r=-.27, p<.01) between perceived social support from family and perceived stress; negative correlation (r= -.19) between perceived social support from friends and perceived stress which confirms that perceived social support from significant others, family and friends helps in reducing perceived stress among the university students.

  23. Dr. Elekwa, U. A.

    Democracy, government by the people and for the people, has lost its flavor as its processes are being thwarted. Considering the 2023 Nigerian Election its obvious its oligarchy not democracy that rolled out. The rich few took over the polity. It was not about competence and capacity but about economic power. It was characterized with vote buying in dollars, intimidation, thuggery and falsification of results. Prejudice was obviously noticed as the umpire in the election failed or performed below expectation. Despite the huge sum of money invested. The Independent National Electoral Commission Result Viewing Point (IREV) was not functional during the Presidential election. The provision of the Bimodal Voter Accreditation System (BIVAS) not only raised the hopes of the citizens for a credible election butcontributed to the influx of voters at the polling station. However, the money bags dictated the tune of the elections. INEC not only failed. Thugs took over polling stations outright intimidation of voters and xenophobic attack on the Igbo in Lagos.

  24. BAMPINI Souglouman and ABALO Miesso

    L’interprétation de la création artistique se présente toujours sous l’aspect des contradictions, presque insurmontables, introduisant des paradoxes et ambiguïtés. L’objectif de cet article est de montrer, dans une approche phénoménologique de la création artistique, qu’aux termes de ces contradictions, l’art n’est qu’une forme de manifestation de l’esprit humain. Car, seul l’artiste est capable de créer des œuvres qui sont à la fois une imitation de la réalité et une expression de son propre esprit. Ainsi, l’art n’est ni une imitation imparfaite et trompeuse, sinon illusionniste du monde des Idées, ni une représentation fidèle de la réalité sensible ou de la nature, avec une dimension esthétique supplémentaire. Mais l’art est tout simplement l’expression de la conscience de l’esprit absolu et donc un moyen de comprendre et de transformer le monde.

  25. Dr. Bidhan Chandra Mondal, Dr. Palak Khanna, Dr. Debabrata Sarkar, Dr. Tapan Kumar Giri and Dr. Debabrata Biswas

    Articulating paper is crucial in prosthodontics as it facilitates accurate occlusal analysis, pinpointing high spots, evaluating restorations, and preventing post-operative issues. It enhances treatment precision, ensuring patient comfort and functionality while minimizing discomfort, muscle pain, and chewing difficulties. Articulating paper provides an objective tool to prevent overadjustment, maintaining the integrity of dental prostheses and restorations, ultimately improving patient outcomes and satisfaction in dental procedures. it is a vital tool in dentistry, its correct use and critical evaluation is necessary.

  26. Nithin, J.C. and Nagendra Marisetty

    A financial results announcement is a significant event in the corporate world where a publicly traded company reports its financial performance to shareholders, investors, analysts, and the broader market. Financial results announcements are crucial disclosures that provide insight into a company's financial performance, impact stock prices, and play a vital role in maintaining transparency and accountability in the corporate world. They are essential tools for investors, analysts, and stakeholders to make informed decisions and assess the health and trajectory of a company. This study examines the market reactions to financial results announcements of BSE SENSEX companies over four quarters spanning 2022 to 2023. The analysis focuses on abnormal returns, providing insights into how these returns deviate from normal expectations during a 21-day window period surrounding each announcement. The findings reveal consistent quarterly patterns, with a notable negative trend in abnormal returns leading up to the event days (typically day 0), indicating a cumulative negative impact on returns during the pre-event period. However, after the event days, abnormal returns exhibit mixed patterns, reflecting both positive and negative deviations from normal returns. Notably, these differences in returns on event days are not statistically significant.

  27. Ananda Tony Satya Sekarmaji and Ade Arsianti

    Background: In Indonesia, Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in males and third most common in females. Like other types of cancer, the main treatment is a series of chemotherapies. On the other hand, it is known that a proportion of “low-class” Indonesians, those who earns less than 1 million rupiah per month, in the economical aspect (58%) prefers the use of herbal medicine instead of conventional treatments. Hence, the research and development of cancer drugs from herbal materials such as Sarang Semut (Myrmecodiapendans) is vital. Objective: To analyze phytochemical component and cytotoxicity of Sarang Semut (Myrmecodiapendans)towards colon Wi Drcell line. Methods: Sarang Semut (Myrmecodiapendans) was macerated by solvents N-Hexane, Ethyl Acetate, and Ethanol and analyzed through phytochemical tests and thin layer chromatography (TLC). In addition, the cytotoxicity effect of all three extracts were analyzed towards WiDr colon cancer cell using 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) Assay. Results: Sarang Semut (Myrmecodiapendans) contains secondary metabolites Saponin, Flavonoid, Tannin, Triterpenoid, and Alkaloid. TLC analysis revealed that all three extracts of Myrmecodiapendans had six chemical compounds. MTT Assay revealed ethylacetate and ethanol extracts of Myrmecodiapendans had no cytotoxic effect towards WiDr colon cancer cells, whereas n-hexane extract of Sarang Semut (Myrmecodiapendans) had strong cytotoxic effect towards WiDr colon cancer cells. Conclusion: N-hexane extract of Sarang Semut (Myrmecodiapendans) is a promising candidate for development of new anti-colon cancer drug.

  28. Naga Durga Devi. Bathula

    Introduction: Mechanical ventilator support is one of the major supportive modalities used in intensive care. The nurse requires knowledge about the indications, modes and settings of ventilator and different aspects of nursing care. Methodology: A Quantitative research approach and one group pre-test – post-test research design was selected. The study includes 60 staff nurses selected by convenient sampling technique. The study was conducted in Narayana Medical College and General Hospital at Nellore. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the data by period of 4weeks schedule. Results: The results revealed that, there was a significant difference between mean pre-test scores and mean post test scores of knowledge regarding modes of mechanical ventilator among staff nurses. Major finding of the study the ‘t’ value for the experimental group knowledge on pre test 10 that the mean of the pre-test knowledge scores is 12.83 and the standard deviation 3.9 while the mean of the post-test knowledge scores is 24.2 and the standard deviation is 4.5 the calculated ‘t’ value (14.05*) is higher than the table value (2.00) at 0.05% level of significance. Conclusion: the study concluded that, the knowledge on modes of mechanical ventilator was effective and improved the level of knowledge among staff nurses.

  29. Naga Durga Devi. Bathula

    Introduction: Antioxidants are natural substances that include vitamins, minerals, and other compounds in foods. They are believed that helps to prevent diseases by fighting substances called "free radicals" that are produced when our body uses oxygen. Methodology: A Quantitative research approach and one group pre-test – post-test research design was selected. The study includes 60 cardiac patients selected by convenient sampling technique. The study was conducted in Narayana Medical College and General Hospital at Nellore. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the data by period of 4weeks schedule. Results: The results revealed that, there was a significant difference between mean pre test scores and mean post test scores of knowledge regarding antioxidant diet among cardiac patients. The pre-test mean knowledge score is 8.08 with SD 4.2 and the post test mean score is 38.03 with SD 6.16. The calculated value of paired t’test is 1.3 which is statistically significant at P< 0.05 level. Conclusion: The study concludes that the structured teaching programme is effective in enhancing the knowledge regarding antioxidant diet among cardiac patients.

  30. Hao Yue and Gatbonton, Ryan Ray

    This study investigated the intricate relationship between critical thinking and the development of soft skills among college students. The research drew on the Transferability Hypothesis, which posits that skills acquired in one domain can be applied to another, to explore the extent to which critical thinking abilities influence the enhancement of time management competencies. A total of 214 students participated in the survey, responding to a researcher-made questionnaire designed to gauge their critical thinking abilities and soft skills development. The survey results revealed specific patterns. The students demonstrated a high level of agreement in their responses concerning Judgement and Problem-Solving skills (Mean = 2.54, SD = 0.47), ranking it first among the critical thinking skills assessed. Questioning (Mean = 2.51, SD = 0.49) also garnered agreement and was ranked second. Interpretation (Mean = 2.49, SD = 0.51) and Analyses (Mean = 2.47, SD = 0.49) exhibited disagreement and were categorized as low-level skills. The mean score for critical thinking skills overall was 2.50 (SD = 0.24), reflecting a collective inclination towards disagreement and a low-level proficiency. On the front of soft skills development, the students showcased a high level of agreement in Time Management Skills (Mean = 2.54, SD = 0.50), ranking it first among the assessed soft skills. Communication Skills (Mean = 2.53, SD = 0.47) and Adaptability Skills (Mean = 2.52, SD = 0.48) followed suit, with students expressing a collective agreement. Creative Thinking Skills (Mean = 2.48, SD = 0.49) yielded disagreement and were designated as low-level skills. The mean score for soft skills was 2.52 (SD = 0.25), signifying a widespread agreement and a high level of proficiency.

  31. Swamy, K.R.M.

    Foxtail millet or oodalu belongs to the Family Poaceae, Subfamily Panicoideae, Genus Echinochloa and Species Echinochloa frumentacea Link. Two barnyard millet species namely Echinochloa frumentacea and E. esculenta are under cultivation in the different parts of world. Echinochloa frumentacea (Indian barnyard millet, sawa millet, or billion dollar grass) is a species of Echinochloa. Both Echinochloa frumentacea and E. esculenta are called Japanese millet. This millet is widely grown as a cereal in India, Pakistan, and Nepal. Its wild ancestor is the tropical grass Echinochloa colona, but the exact date or region of domestication is uncertain. Echinochloa frumentacea is generally known by a few names like sanwa and jhangora (Hindi), shyama (Sanskrit), oodalu (Kannada), kuthiravaali (Tamil), kavadapullu (Malayalam), udalu and kodisama (Telugu), shamul (Marathi), sama (Gujarati), shamula (Bengali), kira (Oriya), bhagar or varai (Marathi & Chhattisgarh) and swank (Punjabi). Indian barnyard millet most probably originated from India where it has been domesticated from the wild E. colona. Wild E. colona originated from the tropics and subtropics of the Old World but can now be found in the tropics and subtropics all over the world and is very common in South-East Asia. Indian barnyard millet is known from ancient Egypt and East Africa but is at present widely grown as a cereal only in India, Kashmir and Sikkim. It has been introduced into the United States, Canada and Australia, especially as a forage. In continental South-East Asia, Indian barnyard millet is quite commonly cultivated but in Peninsular Malaysia it only occurs as a rare weed in cultivated fields. Japanese barnyard millet most probably originated from Japan where it was domesticated from the wild E. crus-galli some 4000 years ago, and was later introduced into Korea, China and adjacent Russia as a cultivated cereal. Wild E. crus-galli is native to temperate Europe and Asia but has spread to temperate and tropical areas all over the world; it is also very common in South-East Asia. Japanese barnyard millet is only extensively cultivated in Japan, Korea and northern China. Barnyard millet is an ancient millet crop grown in warm and temperate regions of the world and widely cultivated in Asia, particularly India, China, Japan, and Korea. Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Bihar are among the Indian states where it is cultivated. Barnyard millet has a sweet, nutty flavour, and is easy to cook with different spices. Apart from being delicious, Barnyard millet benefits heart and kidney health. The presence of a high amount of fibre, iron, and phosphorus in Barnyard millet is helpful in controlling blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. It has gained more popularity in the Sattvic movement to embrace native gains that are good for both humans and the environment. It is the fourth most produced minor millet, providing food security to many poor people across the world. Globally, India is the biggest producer of barnyard millet, both in terms of area (0.146 m ha-1) and production (0.147 mt) with average productivity of 1034 kg/ha during the last 3 years. Yields of Indian barnyard millet amount to 700-800 kg/ha of grain and 1000-1500 kg/ha of straw. It is believed that it can reach a grain yield of more than 2 t/ha. As a forage crop in the United States it can produce as many as eight crops per year. Average yield of Japanese barnyard millet is 1.65 t/ha. The milling process of Foxtail millet may include husking, debranning and grinding. The husked grains are polished. Polished grain may be ground to flour. The grain can also be cooked like rice or processed for flaking. In this review article on Origin, Domestication, Taxonomy, Botanical Description, Genetics and Cytogenetics, Genetic Diversity, Breeding, Uses, Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Barnyard Millet are discussed.

  32. Mr. Om Prakash Shukla and Mr. Libin Babu

    Background: The majority of individuals view tobacco use as an adult issue. Most tobacco users start doing so before the age of 25. Use of tobacco negatively impacts oral health. This study aims to assess the current oral health status as well as their awareness of the detrimental consequences of tobacco usage on oral health. Objectives of the Study 1. To assess the oral health status of adults consuming tobacco using observational checklist. 2. To determine the knowledge on hazards of tobacco consumption on oral health. 3. To find an association between oral health status and knowledge on hazards of tobacco consumption on oral health. Research Methodology: A descriptive correlative approach was used. Study was conducted in Primary Health Centre, Gwalior, M.P. Total sample 100 tobacco-using people, including 50 smokers and 50 chewers were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using a structured interview schedule and observation checklist. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (unpaired t-test and chi-square test). Result: The findings revealed that there was no significance difference in knowledge scores between tobacco chewers and smokers (t 98= 0.7, p > 0.05). There was no significant difference between oral health status of the tobacco smokers and tobacco chewers (t 98 = 1.85, p >0.05). There was no correlation between knowledge on hazards of tobacco consumption on oral health and oral health status of the smokers. Chi square value showed significant association between occupation of tobacco smokers and oral health status (21 =9.09, p< 0.05). Interpretation and Conclusion: The study revealed that even though the adults had good knowledge on hazards of tobacco consumption on oral health they had poor oral health status. This confirms the necessity for undertaking educational programs to raise individuals' understanding of tobacco use and issues it causes in Youth.

  33. Kharode, B.G. and More, M. S.

    The Present workdivided in five part in first the coumarin was synthesise from resorcinol and ethyl acetoacetate in acidic medium. In second step coumarineacylated by reacting with chloroacetyl chloride, which on further react with hydrazine and finally the Schiff base of some aromaticaldehyde with amine containing coumarine moiety were synthesized. The physical measurement and structural elucidation by spectrum like FT-IRand 1H-NMR, used in this work.

  34. Dr. Marwa Ibrahim Abd Al-Janabi, Dr. Saad D. Oleiwi and Dr. Entisar D. Mustafa

    The study was conducted in the laboratories of the College of Agriculture, Department of Food Science, and included the production of cupcakes from oats with different types of sugar, with the aim of comparing the physical, chemical and rheological properties, the degree of turbidity, and the degree of gelation for the different treatments. Various samples were taken from the cupcakes produced from oats by replacing white sugar with brown sugar, dansin, and stevia sugar. The results of the physical characteristics showed a high moisture content in oat cupcakes with stevia added. And a reduction in cupcakes with added brown sugar. The percentage of fat also increased in cupcakes to which brown sugar was added, and decreased in cupcakes with white sugar. The highest ash value was found in white sugar cupcakes and the lowest in students. The highest value of carbohydrates was found in the brown sugar cupcakes. We also notice that the brown sugar cupcakes had superiority in turbidity and the lowest in the students’ cupcakes. As for the measurement of gelation, the standard treatment cupcakes surpassed them, and the lowest value of gelation was in the academics’ cupcakes and stevia sugar.

  35. *Dr. Aashee Verma, Dr. Prerna Hoogan Teja, Dr. Shruti Mittal and Dr. Mahak Gagain

    Francis Galton, once asked “What’s in a face?”His main aim was to understand if there was a similar facial appearance for both. To do this, he made photographic composite images of both faces, he overlaid numerous images of faces onto a single plat creating one final composite face that had characteristics of each original face. He noticed that the composite face was much more attractive than the original faces. “This phenomenon is now known as the averageness effect, where attractive faces tend to be indicative of the average traits of the population. There are two main explanations (that follow the symmetric theory) that explain the attractiveness of the composite face. The evolutionary advantage theory proposes that individuals with symmetric faces tend to be more attractive. It draws upon the fact that they look healthier than those with unsymmetrical faces. Human genes are created to develop symmetrically. Asymmetric faces are formed from defects and small imperfections created before and after birth. Most of the people have slight facial asymmetry which in normal but some people have significant asymmetrical faces. Various etilogical factors contribute to facial asymmetry. It has a wide range of possibilities because of structures involved, structures in question and causative factors. Understanding the etiopathology and classifications of facial asymmetry helps for accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. Various authors have classified facial asymmetry on the bases of etiology or morphology, time of onset, structures involved, whereas some have described facial asymmetry on merely facial measurements. The sole purpose of this article is to provide all the classifications of facial asymmetry by various authors.

  36. Moirangthem Thoibi Devi and Hemkala Dhakal

    Introduction: The use of tobacco is one of the main factors for several diseases which include cancer in various parts of the body. In India implementation of pictorial warning was enforced on May 31, 2009. India has been ranked fifth in the listing of countries that have implemented pictorial warning label on tobacco product. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India has notified new theme of health warning for all tobacco products for the period of 12 months, after which the second set of images will be used by 2018. Materials and Methods: A descriptive survey research study was conducted in urban and rural area of East Sikkim. The samples of the study were tobacco users.100 samples were selected using convenient sampling technique. Out of which 50 samples were taken from rural area and 50 from urban area of Gangtok, East Sikkim. Data was collected by administering self-report structured questionnaire on awareness and attitude towards pictorial warning label on tobacco product and the data obtained was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result: Out of 100 samples, 50 samples belonging to urban area their demographic data findings shows that majority of the samples 50% (25) belonged to the age group of 21-30 years, 66% (33) were Muslim by religion, 64% (32) were male, 60% (30) of the sample were unmarried. Majority of the samples 84% (42) belonged to APL category, 40% (20) had secondary education qualification. Findings regarding awareness of samples residing in urban area shows that majority 86% (43) had high awareness (aware of pictorial warning label on tobacco product and harmful effects of tobacco use) and 14% (7) had moderate awareness. 44(88%) had favorable attitude regarding initiative taken by the government in implementing pictorial warning label on tobacco product to create awareness about harmful effects of tobacco use and 12%(6) had unfavorable attitude (pictorial warning label does not bring any thought of quitting tobacco use, consume tobacco even after seeing the picture, pictorial warning label on tobacco product has no meaning). Findings regarding the demographic data of rural area shows that majority of the samples belonging to the age group of 31-40 years were 28% (14), 48% (24) were Hindu by religion, 68% (34) were male, 37% (17) of the sample were married. Majority of the samples 54% (27) belong to BPL category, 26% (13) had secondary education qualification. Findings regarding awareness of samples residing in rural area shows that most of the sample 48% (24) had high awareness, 40% (20) had moderate awareness and 12% (6) had low awareness towards the pictorial warning label. Similarly, 80% (40) of the samples had favorable attitude regarding initiative taken by the government in implementing pictorial warning label on tobacco product to create awareness about harmful effects of tobacco use and 20% (10) had unfavorable attitude towards pictorial warning label on tobacco product. Conclusion: The present study revealed that majority of the samples had high awareness towards pictorial warning label on tobacco product and most of them believed that pictorial warning label on tobacco product create awareness about probable health hazards of tobacco use and that these health warning positively assists in reducing or quitting tobacco usage.

  37. Sachin Thapliyal Vimal Kumar and Ajay Kumar Gupta

    Vitiated Dosha can be eliminated through the nearest possible route by five internal purification procedures, called Panchakarma. These are Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya and Raktamokshana. Among these Basti Chikitsa is considered ‘ardhachikitsa’ by Acharya Charka, because Basti Chikitsa is the prime line of management for vitiated Vata Dosha. In Ayurveda, descriptions of different types of Basti are available, among which Matra Basti is one of the most important types. Surgical disorders like BPH, Fissure in ano, Osteoarthritis, Post-operative Pain, Sciatica, etc. are not satisfactorily managed by allopathic medicine and surgery. After the surgical management of BPH and Fissure in Ano, there is a high chance of recurrence. On the other hand, in Osteoarthritis, Post-operative Pain, and Sciatica, analgesics may develop many complications. So, in this article efforts are made to present the significance of Matra Basti in the management of surgical disorders.

  38. Kokora Aya Philomene, Moroh Jean-Luc Aboya, Anouhe Say Jean Baptiste, Karamoko Detto, Kouadio Serge-Arnaud Kozi, Angoratchi Ebaley Marius, N’dri Ahou Roselyne, Angoua Amanahan Mauricette Prisca, Kossonou Kouadio François Baudelaire and Coulibaly Adama

    In the north of Côte d'Ivoire, sweet potato is a very abundant raw material. The peelings and leaves which constitute by-products are likely to be enriched in proteins. This study proposes to use the fermentation process as a means to increase the nutritional value of sweet potato by-products. Thus, cultivable bacteria and yeasts from sweet potato leaves and peels were counted and isolated following spontaneous fermentation. Subsequently, a controlled fermentation was carried out with twelve (12) microorganisms isolated on a shredded leaf, a shredded peel then on a proportional mixture of shredded leaf and peelings of two varieties of sweet potato. Samples were taken on day 0, on the 5th and 10th day of fermentation in order to determine the pH as well as the protein content of the various substrates. The results showed a diversity of bacteria and yeasts capable of producing protein from sweet potato leaves and peels. Among these microorganisms used, the LevE03 yeast provided a satisfactory result with an increase in the amount of protein ranging from 2.56g/100g to 17g/100g, i.e. an enrichment rate of more than 500% after fermentation of the leaves of sweet potato by this yeast. The LevE03 yeast is of particular interest for the enrichment of the leaf substrate in protein.

  39. Zahra Kmira, Zaier Monia, Mootameri Wided, Bouatay amina, Ncibi Seif, Dhib Asma, Ben Youssef Yosra and Khélif Abderrahim

    Here we report a case of synchronous smoldering multiple myeloma and Niemann Pick in a 54-year-old man.

  40. Barrial-Lujan, A. I. and Rodríguez-Paucar, G. N

    Environmental valuation allows calculating the value provided to society by the ecosystem services of the environmental asset generated by a natural space. The objective of the study was to determine the total economic value of the ecosystem of the high Andean of the Chumbao River basins, Andahuaylas province, Perú. For this purpose, the methodology of Analytic Multicriteria Valuation Method, which combines two methods: AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and the method of updating rents; For data collection, a paired comparison questionnaire was used, in which 39 people with vast knowledge of the environmental asset in reference participated. In this way, the results are expressed that the total economic value associated with the ecosystem of the environmental assets of the high Andean basin of the Chumbao River the sum of $ 774,163,167.16 calculated with a relationship of random consistency acceptable, where the experts prioritized the value of direct use (42.43%), followed by value of indirect use (24.22%), In terms of option value and stock value are relatively similar that are below 13% and, finally, the legacy value was relegated (8.12%). Thus, quantifying and reporting the importance of environmental assets means providing a more effective tool for government management to achieve environmental conservation and sustainability goals.





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Dr. Swamy KRM
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Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
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Eapen, Asha Sarah
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Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
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Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
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Anam Bhatti
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Mirzadi Gohari