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February 2016

Background: Personality has an important role in understanding fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Aims: In this paper, we explored the association between the clinical course of Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) and patient’s response to emotional stress in terms of temperament and character and intrapsychic and interpersonal dimensions. Methods: Participants: n=57 women with Fibromyalgia Sindrome; control group: n=203 healthy women. Tests: TCI, SASB (Structural Analysis of Interpersonal Behavior), CDQ and ASQ.

Health insurance is now emerging as a tool to manage financial needs of people to seek health services. Today, various health insurance schemes are available in the market and providing benefits from an individual to an entire family. During 2013-14, the gross health insurance premium collected by non-life insurance companies was 17,495 crore. Present paper tries to present the health insurance scenario and some of the issues and challenges facing by the health insurance sector in India.

Peritrochanteric fractures mainly comprise of fractures of trochanter and subtrochanteric region. Despite marked improvements in implant design, surgical technique and patient care, peritrochanteric fractures continues to consume a substantial proportion of our health care resources. Trochanteric fractures are common in the elderly people. The more latest implant for management of trochanteric fractures is proximal femoral nail, which is also a collapsible device with added rotational stability. This implant is a centromedullary device and biomechanically more sound.

Background: Offspring of diabetic mothers can have a transient cardiomyopathy, which is major complication of diabetes. L-arginine may aid in reducing the risk of cardiovascular-related complications such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and other heart diseases. This observation indicates to examine the effect of arginine in off springs of diabetic mother with different physical andcardiac parameters. Methods: Female mice were treated with streptozotocin (STZ) to induce pregestational diabetes prior to breeding with normal male to produce offspring.

Background: Ethiopia is one of the oldest independent African countries. Illiteracy is the most crucial factor impacting Ethiopians limited health seeking behavior. The country suffers from an enormous burden of preventable communicable and non-communicable diseases and nutritional deficit disorders. The population faces a high rate of morbidity and mortality which needs holistic quality care from health care professionals including nurses. Ethiopia is struggling with an extreme shortage of health care professionals.

Background: At the beginning of the third millennium, hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) remains a major public health problem globally; more than two billion people have been infected worldwide, and of these, 350-400 million suffer from chronic infection. Patients chronically infected either with hepatitis B (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) are at increased risk of developing cirrhosis, end stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Different risk factors were found to be associated with the transmission of these viruses in various settings.

The human pancreas develops embryologically from the fusion of the ventral and dorsal buds. Under normal conditions, the superior branch of the ventral pancreatic duct fuses with the dorsal pancreatic duct and participates in the formation of the main pancreatic duct (Kim et al., 2002; Nesseler et al., 1983). In the embryo, the accessory pancreatic duct is the main drainage duct of the dorsal pancreas and enters the duodenum at the minor duodenal papilla.

Solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs) are unusual neoplasms of the pancreas of uncertain histogenesis that occur mostly, but not exclusively, in young women. The pathologic features and immunophenotype of SPT are unique and well characterized. Despite its low malignant potential, proximately 15% of patients with SPT develop metastatic disease, mostly involving the liver or peritoneum. Even in the presence of disseminated disease, the clinical course is usually protracted, and the overall 5-year survival is reportedly 97%.

The histology of corpora amylacea in mammary glands of Madras red sheep was recorded during various stages of physiological phases. The corpora amylacea were observed as round, oval or irregular cauliflower shaped concentrically laminated bodies. These were seen in their various stages of formation and located both in the lumen of alveoli and septal connective tissue. The occurrence of corpora amylacea increased gradually from lactating mammary glands and observed more in late lactation and dry mammary glands during involution.

The Drug Lansoprazole has short half-life and hence requires frequent administration. Therefore the possible way for formulating a sustained release formulation of Mucoadhesive Microsphere. These formulation are prepared by Ionic gelation techniques by using polymer Sodium Alginate and Tragacanth. Various evaluation parameters are assessed, with a view to obtain sustained release of Lansoprazole. In the present study six formulations are formulated by using Sodium Alginate and Tragacanth various proportions.

Objectives: To study the epidemiological incidence, assess various allergens, symptoms & analyze prescribing pattern of respiratory tract diseases associated with allergies. Methodology: Questionnaire based survey was conducted in pulmonology department, for 4 months includingall outpatients& excluding inpatients& children below 10 yrs. Result and Discussion: Out of 72 patients included, 40.27% were males&61.42% were females. Respiratory problem was more in age group 20 to 30 yrs.

The workers working in hot humid summer environment outdoor as well as those working indoor in various industrial, governments, private or domestic establishments have increase risk of suffering with heat related illness. Those working indoor also experience equal adverse effects as they have frequent change in exposure to hot outdoor climate and hot and humid indoor temperatures while reporting on duty, during lunch breaks and at end of the shift. These indoor workers may be affected with heat stroke related illness.

Most odontogenic tumors are intraosseous in nature but at times they might have peripheral location like gingiva therefore they are referred to as peripheral odontogenic tumors (POTs). Peripheral odontogenic fibroma (POdF) is the only POT that is more frequent than its central counterpart. This tumor is rather an uncommon gingival enlargement that is slow growing benign neoplasm that is unencapsulated exophytic gingival mass, which is composed of fibrous connective tissue associated with various amount of calcifications and islands of odontogenic epithelium .

In recent years, plant derived polymers have evoked tremendous interest due to their diverse pharmaceutical applications such as diluents , binders, disintegrants in tablets, thickeners in oral liquids, protective colloids in suspensions, gelling agents in gels and bases in suppository. These polymers such as natural gums and mucilage are biocompatible, cheap and easily available and are preferred to semi synthetic and synthetic excipients because of their lack of toxicity, low cost, availability, soothing action and non-irritant nature.

Renal arteries normally arise from the abdominal aorta at the level L1 vertebra. During routine dissection of abdomen by the undergraduate medical students we noted, two additional renal arteries were observed on both sides arising from abdominal aorta. It is not associated with any other anomaly of kidneys or other vascular anomaly. Both arteries were caudal to the normal renal artery, entering the hilum of kidney anterior to the renal vein. Accessory renal arteries usually arise from aorta below the normal renal artery.

Esthetic zone restoration with implant supported tooth replacement is one of the most difficult procedures to execute and has high esthetic challenges because loss of tooth leads to bone resorption and collapse of gingival architecture, causing esthetic compromise and inadequate bone for implant placement. Immediate implant placement is considered one of the conservative and predictable methods to achieve harmonious gingival architecture that also helps in preservation of bone height, soft tissue and esthetic profile.

Introduction: Access to healthful drinking water is a worrying health problem all around the globe. 2.5 billion children are affected with diarrhoea every year in South-East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. In India diarrhoea alone kills over 7,00,000 in one year. The objective of the study was to assess the potential of planned teaching programme (PTP) of knowledge on prevention of water borne disease among school children. Methods: The study adopted quasi experimental, one group pre-test post-test design. 60 children studying at Sri Venkatramana Hr.

Background: In bovines, snout is used as a tactile organ while foraging for food and in social interaction. The snout has the surface that is comparable to the glabrous skin of most non-hooved mammals. Aim of study: To study the structure, pattern of innervation and nerve terminations in the snout of the cow, so as to understand somatosensory adaptation of mammals. Material and Methods: Skin samples from fifteen animals (cow/ox) were taken, sections prepared and stained with a cytological (Haematoxylin – Eosin and Von Gieson’s stains) and a neural stain (Silver Impregnation).

Dental Implants are becoming the treatment of choice for replacing missing teeth, especially if the adjacent teeth are free of restoration. When placing an implant in the esthetic zone, the soft tissue profile along with the bone profile becomes of utmost importance. In certain cases the soft tissue is insufficient or might get traumatized during the implant procedure.

All people, no matter the race, have their own beliefs and practices concerning health and disease. Each society or community has its peculiar way of doing their things and it is known that these practices and beliefs go a long way in influencing the people's perception, attitude and management of diseases and other health related problems that befall them. Each ethnic group brings its own perspectives and values to the health care system, and many health care beliefs and health practices differ from those of the traditional health care culture.

Hair loss is a rare side effect of psychotropic drugs. Mood stabilizers are the most related drug class with this side effect. Studies reporting the sertraline-induced hair loss are limited in number. Sertraline is a potent antidepressant of SSRI group which selectively inhibits the reuptake of serotonin from the presynaptic terminals. The mechanism for hair loss has not been elucidated completely. Psychotropic drugs are usually considered to lead to hair loss through influencing the telogen phase of growth of hair follicle.

Objectives: 1. To assess the knowledge on video game addition among Children 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of Structured teaching program on Video game addiction 3. To identify the association between the level of the knowledge with the selected demographic variables. Hypothesis: H1: There is significant increase in the level of the knowledge on video game addiction after the Structured teaching program H2: There is significant association between the pre and post test knowledge score with the selected demographic variables.

Viral warts are benign proliferations of the skin and mucosa caused due to the infection with human papilloma virus (HPV). Cutaneous manifestations like flat warts are a common presenting complaint in children and adolescent. The estimated frequency is up to 10 percent of pediatric population. Warts may present as symptomatic or asymptomatic and appear as hyperkeratotic, smooth or dry papules with irregular borders. Warts are clinically diagnosed. Treating warts is a therapeutic challenge for physicians. No single therapy has been proven effective at achieving complete remission.

Objectives: To detect the changes in the trabecular pattern of the mandible in the post menopausal women using direct digital radiography (DDR) system & their correlation with the bone mineral density (BMD) measured at the femoral neck. The study also explored the possibility of using trabecular pattern on the mandibular intraoral periapical direct digital radiograph as a diagnostic tool to identify individuals at risk of osteoporosis. Study design: 40 healthy dentate post menopausal women, between the age group of 40-60 years were included.

Histological assessment of surgical margins as negative lacks sensitivity in identifying cells with a cancerous genotype but no pathologic phenotype. Aberrant glycosylation in tumor cells results in loss of cell surface glycoprotein and sialic acid. Studies have shown a modified expression of such tumor-related genes and cell molecules in histologically negative margins.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the options for treatment of Miller’s Class I and Class II gingival recessions using coronally advanced flap (CAF) and platelet rich fibrin membrane (PRFm) with CAF and connective tissue graft (CTG). Materials and methods: A surgical treatment was carried out on 30 subjects (23 women and 7 men) with a total of 118 symmetrical recessions of Class I and Class II by Miller on different places of the jaws, using two different methods.

Situs Inversus Totalis is a rare condition with not much known sex discrimination. The cause for the same is still unknown although some studies describes certain maternal medical conditions like diabetes mellitus as a reason. The term Situs Inversus is a short form of the later meaning inverted position of internal organs. Such individuals are generally asymptomatic and have a normal life expectancy and it may go unnoticed for a long period of lifetime. Other congenital abnormalities can also be seen with this condition like cardiac defects, pulmonary infections.

Background: Medical students are considered to be under more stress than the general population. Stress affects an individual both physiologically and psychologically. Stress is not an objective phenomenon but a subjective phenomenon. Hence, a self-reporting and self-evaluating questionnaire to assess the stress would be an ideal tool to quantify the stress. The Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire (MSSQ) is valid in measuring the stress in medical students.

Epidemiological study of the malignant eyelid and conjunctival tumors in children is very important in identifying the relationship between various external and internal factors and incidence in order to determine methods of prevention and effective treatment. Advanced research in epidemiological aspects of these tumors can establish a theoretical and practical knowledge base to ensure steady progress in the treatment of the tumors, which pose a serious health risk for the patients, especially children.

After second world war there was a major change in the functioning of inter-politics by great powers. The prime cause was the emergence of nuclear weapons. Winston Churchil even called it balance of terror. In fact, nuclear weapons acted as balance between the so-called super powers i.e, The U.S.A and the Soviet Union. Critics claimed that nuclear weapons was a deadly and devastating weapon that could ruin the whole world. Non use of nuclear weapons have made the world a more secure one. Gandhiji was alive when nuclear weapons were used in war against Japan.

The objective of the present research work was to formulate transdermal carbopol gel and compare five different permeation enhancer (polyethylene glycol400, olive oil, oleic acid, limonene and dimethyl sulfoxide), using a model drug (Nifedipine) to evaluate the antihypertensive activity of gel and compared for in vitro and in vivo drug release. The formulated gel were evaluated for physical appearance, drug content, viscosity, spreadability, pH determination, clarity, extrudability and also for antihypertensive activity are suggestive of good characteristic properties of best batch.

Background: Subarachnoid block is the preferred anaesthetic technique for transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). As both spinal as well as saddle block can be used for the surgery, we aim to compare the haemodynamic parameters and adequacy of surgical condition resulting from subarachnoid block versus saddle block in patients posted for transurethral thulium laser prostatic ablation.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of Ki-67(LI) in breast cancer lesions among Sudanese females. Study design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Radiation and isotope center at Khartoum (RICK), Sudan, during the period between October 2012 and September 2013. Methodology: Tissue sections obtained from 200 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of breast cancer lesions were immunohistochemically stained using monoclonal antibody (MIBI) for Ki-67.

Acute gastric volvulus is torsion of the stomach by more than 180° and a life-threatening condition, but its intermittent and vague symptoms may make diagnosis difficult. There are different types of gastric volvulus, with the variant presented in our case being the less commonly encountered mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus.

Acute gastric volvulus is torsion of the stomach by more than 180° and a life-threatening condition, but its intermittent and vague symptoms may make diagnosis difficult. There are different types of gastric volvulus, with the variant presented in our case being the less commonly encountered mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus.

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome, which affect carbohydrates, lipid and protein metabolism. It is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by hyperglycemia due to impaired glucose utilization, resulting from defect in insulin secretion and insulin action. Alteration of some trace elements (mg and cu) has been reported in Diabetes Mellitus. These trace elements might have specific role in the pathogenesis and progress of the disease.

Background: Coronary Artery Disease is one of the leading cause of death, ranked “FIRST” worldwide among the eight killer diseases. It accounts for one-third of all deaths worldwide, two thirds of which occur in the developing countries. Elevated levels of hs–CRP found to be associated with deleterious effects on endothelial function and platelets, which increase risk of atherosclerotic plaque formation.

Cheilitis granulomatosa is a chronic swelling of the lip due to granulomatous inflammation. It is a rare inflammatory disorder first described by Miescher in 1945. It is a monosymptomatic form or an incomplete variant of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome; a triad of recurrent orofacial edema, recurrent facial nerve palsy and fissuring of the tongue. As the etiology remains unknown, treatment of cheilitis granulomatosa is very challenging. We here by present a case of cheilitis granulomatosa in a 42-year-old female patient with swelling of lower lip for last eight years.

Over the past several decades, the phenomena of leadership continue to predominate in mainstream business and healthcare literature. Working as a nurse leader requires complex skills and competencies that could affect not only staff, but also patients. Leadership development is a lifelong process. As nurses progress throughout their careers, they will face new challenges. The need for change will always exist and as the circumstances of nurse’s lives are constantly altered, the leadership skills also need to be refined, renewed and further developed.

Background: Acute Pancreatitis is usually a short-lived inflammatory response to pancreatic gland injury. This study had been proposed to distinguish the etiology of acute pancreatitis by serum lipase/amylase ratio and association between serum creatinine and development of pancreatic necrosis in patients with acute pancreatitis. Materials & Methods: Total five hundred and thirty patients (352 males and 178 females) with acute pancreatitis were selected for the study.

Background: Citrullinated proteins have been discovered in the joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis but not in other forms of joint disease. The diagnostic, predictive and prognostic role of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is widely accepted. Moreover, detection of these antibodies in subjects presenting with undifferentiated arthritis (UA) is associated with a significant risk to develop the disease.

The period of germination is a determinant factor that influences the establishment of seedlings in field, mainly in those regions with adverse climate conditions. Due to this, the breeding programs has creating or adapting new cultivars for these conditions, being the saline soils one of the mainly concerns.

This article presents an innovative program, Al-Madinah Program, which focuses on developing creative thinking abilities. The creative thinking abilities are considered key aspects that promote suburb outcomes from which the students are enabled for future careers. Moreover, Al-Madinah Program is beneficial to develop verbal fluency to the talented EFL students, The Al-Madinah Program is founded on modern educational and talent theories. The scientific model of Al-Madinah Program is based on three fundamental aspects: Cognitive processes, Sentimental processes, and Program strategies.

The increased HMGco A reductase therapy in the field of cardiovascular disease can be well explained by potent LDL and total cholesterol lowering ability. About 5 to 7.78 percentage of Indian population receiving daily statin therapy. Since statins are less suspected for its long term events, the improved understanding of long term effects of commonly used statins are necessary to reduce the accumulation of drug induced complications in hospitals. Long term effects of statins include neuropsychiatry adverse effects like cognitive impairment, dementia and short term memory loss.

Nowadays, one of the major problems of soybeans production in Brazil is the presence of green seeds in lots with drastic consequences on physiological quality. The development of methods for detection of green seeds by image analysis technique can speed up the process and reduce the subjectivity of manual methods. To evaluate the use and efficiency of the equipment SAS ® (Seed Analysis System) was used five lots of commercial soybean seeds, from which samples were prepared with different proportions of green seeds (5% to 50%).

The objective of this study was to adjust the accelerated aging and electrical conductivity tests, to evaluate the physiological potential of lots from Brachiariabrizantha Marandu cultivar seeds, represented by four lots. For the accelerated aging test, seeds were submitted to traditional accelerated aging and with saturated NaCl solution and five periods of aging, 0, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h.

The high quality seeds use for the pumpkin fruit production is an important factor because it is directly related to productivity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of x-ray test in the physiological and biochemical quality of pumpkin seeds (Curcubita moschata). Seeds of three different lots were submitted to x-ray test in Faxitron x-ray device, MX20 model, DC-12 option, with an intensity of 18 kV per 20 seconds.

This study was designed to evaluate the anti diabetic activity of aqueous extract of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Phytochemical screening, promate and elemental analyses of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp were determined. Alloxan was used to induce diabetes in diabetic groups at concentration of 8 0 mg/kg body weight intraperitonially.

Among physiological disorders, chalkiness is one of the main problems in rice breeding since it directly affects grain quality and rice price in the market. Chalkiness can occur due both genotypic and environmental effects, including malformed grains, moisture content, pest attack, and water stress. Therefore, the study of mechanisms influencing the expression of chalkiness can greatly help breeders to deal with this problem.

It had as objective to evaluate, by chemical and physical analyzes, breaded prepared with mechanically separated meat (MSM) increasing inclusion, of waste from Nile tilapia filleting, subjected to two cooking methods. It was observed a decrease in moisture and increase in lipid, protein and ash of baked and fried breaded on both treatments. The MSM increasing inclusion produced greater water loss, increased lipids and calcium. Among the amino acids, lysine was the most abundant.

Diabetes mellitus is frequently associated with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and dyslipidemia. Early identification of risk factors of cardiovascular disease will decrease the morbidity in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was done to assess the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension among type 2 diabetic population. 40 cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus with duration of 8 to 12 yrs and 40 controls of both males and females in the age group of 40 to 65 years were selected. Laboratory investigations like fasting glucose and blood pressure were taken.

The effect of organic manure on the symptoms development of Iris Yellow Spot Virus Disease (IYSVD) caused byiris yellow spot virus (IYSV) (of the genus Tospovirus, family Bunyaviridae) in organic onion production was investigated. The randomized complete block design (RCBD), with three replications was used for the experiment. The treatments consisted of six organic manure combinations.

The storage of seeds under appropriated conditions of temperature and relative humidity reduces the breathing process and thus decreases the process of deterioration. It was aimed to evaluate the physiological quality of mandacaru seeds stored in two different environments and three packages. The treatments were disposed in a split-plot arrangement, in a completely randomized design with four repetitions.

Anthropogenic activities were major causes of stress on natural ecosystems. Pesticides based Agricultural activities have been identified as major contributors to environmental stress, which affects all ecosystem components. The present study was conducted to estimate the toxicity of three pesticides such as Endosulfan, Chlorpyrifos and Carbaryl on the Eye stalk, Thoracic ganglion, Gills of the fiddler crab, Uca triangularis by histological and biochemical analysis.

With the objective of known to the effect of application of potassium on theagronomic yield and biological and postharvest of inflorescences of sunflower, two experiments was carried, one under field conditions and another at laboratory. In laboratory, the variables was evaluated under randomized block design where at treatments was four levels of fertilization: 0, 50, 100 y 150 kg ha-1 of K2O. In laboratory, the variables vase life, diameter of chapter, percentage of mature tubular flowers and water consumed, was evaluated under a design completely randomized.

Currently, coffee is being recognized as beneficial to human health for acting as a stimulator in several areas of the organism, and being considered a functional nutraceutical plant. In the present research had as an objective to study the effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption on the health of adult volunteers. Forty-eight individuals were separated into three age groups, 20 to 29, 30 to 39 and 40 to 50 years, which were subdivided both into inactive and sedentary groups as well as by type of coffee consumption (caffeinated or decaffeinated).

The antifungal activity of Alcoholic Medical Extracts (AMPE) of Leaf Thyme, Thymus mastichina L. Lamiaceae (AMPE-1); Leaf Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis L., Lamiaceae (AMPE-2); Cloves, Eugenia caryophyllus (AMPE-3); Bark, Cinnamomum zeylanicum (AMPE-4) and Roots Ginger, Zingiber officinale L. Zingiberaceae (AMPE-5), on fungal species suchas Aspergillus flavus, A.niger and A.ochraceuswere evaluated by a standard disc diffusion method after determining the activated agents in each medical plants.

Natural radioactivity is widespread in the earth environment and it exists in various geological formations such as earth crust, rocks, soils, plants, water and air. The natural radiation exposure level around the globe usually varies by different factors. The natural ambient gamma survey in tobacco cultivated field soil samples along Dindigul and Erode districts of Tamilnadu, India, has been carried out using a The ECIL, Scintillometer, type SM 141E. The total average concentration of ambient gamma is found as 8.54 (µRh 1).

During the collection of genus Solanum L. in India, we have collected some interesting specimens of Solanum in Munnar hill ranges of Western Ghat, India. After the critical identification the species was identified as S.muricatum Ait. It is vegetable fruit yielding plant native to South America commonly called as Pepino. The present record of this species is a new addition to the Flora of Western Ghats. A detailed description and Photographs are provided here for easy identification of a new vegetable fruit plant.

This study was conducted to determine the effects of size grading on growth performance of white sea bream (Diplodus sargus) juveniles. Wild-caught fish were size sorted into two different groups: small (5.6 g) and large (7.5 g) and then four experimental groups were assigned as 100% small group (S100), 25% large + 75% small group (S75), 50% small + 50% large group (S50), and finally 75% small + 25% large group (S25). Twenty fish were stocked into each tank (450 L) connected with a flow through system in three replicates per treatment.

A field experiment was carried out at Agriculture Research Station, Awashi, Tal.Khed, Dist.Ratnagiri under Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli during the year 2012 to 2015 in in randomized block design with five treatments with four replications comprising different levels of N fertilizer (150,200,250,300,350 kg ha-1) in two splits i.e 45 days and 90 days of planting, respectively. Application of 200 kg N ha-1 showed marked improvement in growth and yield attributes without affecting the quality parameter i.e curcumin content of turmeric.

The quality of domestic water supplied to households in the Effutu Municipality was evaluated using twenty-two physico-chemical parameters. Pearson rank correlation coefficient and an independent one-tailed student t-test were used to analyse the results. Except for colour, no significant statistical differences were observed between the samples from the headworks (HW) and the households. The correlation between the headworks (Hw) and household in terms of the other parameters varied from 0.99-1.0. Generally, water samples from both the Hw and the households were potable by WHO standards.

Background: The majority of infected wounds are polymicrobial and their treatment is complicated owing to relatively slow growth of organisms and growing resistance of anaerobic bacteria to antimicrobial agents. Hence, the present study was initiated to assess the efficacy of Povidone iodine alone and in combination with Ornidazole and Metronidazole in anaerobic isolates. Methods: Brucella blood agar plates were inoculated with suspension of anaerobic clinical isolates of Peptostreptococcus magnus, Clostridium perfringens, and Bacteroides fragilis.

Mirabilis jalapa is a medicinal plant which belongs to the family Nyctaginaceae, commonly called the four o’clock flowering plant or marvel of peru, which is the most commonly grown ornamental plant and is native to tropical South America, and introduced in North America, mainly in southern, eastern and western states. However there are some disagreements about where it came from originally: Mexico, Chile and India.

The corn extruded snacks were supplemented with moth bean and garden cress in order to enhance the nutritional quality of the snacks. The garden cress (GC) was added to different extruded snacks at the level of 2.5, 5%, 7.5% and 10% level while, moth bean (MB) was added at the level of 20 % to the corn flour. The developed snacks were acceptable till 7.5% level of garden cress incorporation. The organoleptically acceptable snacks were analysed for nutritional evaluation.

The present investigation has been carried out to study the influence of AgNO3 on in vitro zygotic embryoculture in Oroxylum indicum (L) Kurz (Bignoniaceae), a vulnerable, medicinal forest tree. The zygotic embryos were cultured on MS medium augmented with different concentrations (1.0-7.0 mg/L) of BAP/KIN/TDZ individually and also in combination with 0.1 mg/L AgNO3. More number of multiple shoots (20±0.82) /explant was observed at 5.0 mg/LBAP. Whereas 0.1 mg/L AgNO3 +3.0 mg/L TDZ had induced the maximum number of shoots (32±0.02)/explant in comparison to all other PGRs used.

Biological control of soil borne plant pathogens is a potential alternative to agrochemicals that are harmful to human health and for the environment. Antifungal potential of acetone extracts of four medicinal plants (Acorus calamus, Arctium lappa, Origanum vulgare and Thymus serpyllum) of different families were tested against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici causal agent of wilting in Tomato. Leaves of four medicinal plants were examined for antifungal activity in vitro using the Poisoned food technique.

Air is mixture of various biotic and abiotic molecules. Biotic molecule includes pollen, fungal spores, insect, insect parts and trichomes etc. These biotic molecules directly inhale by human being along with the air. Fungal spores are known for their ability to cause diseases in plants and also in human being.

In this article, review on hydrogen internal combustion engines is discussed. The objective of this paper is to provide a means of waste heat and renewable hydrogen based fuel utilization. Energy, once used, is not regenerative. This means that, during any energy activation, we are filling up the space and Planet with parasite in the forms of energy (Anergy) or Global warming. The development of a high efficiency, low emissions electrical generator will lead to establishing a path for renewable hydrogen based fuel utilization.

Water is an essential natural resource for sustaining life and environment but over the last few decades the water quality has been deteriorated due to its over exploitation. Water quality is essential parameter to be studied when the overall focus is sustainable development keeping mankind at focal point. The present study was conducted to analyze the various parameters of under-ground water in Narwana City, Haryana, India and to check its fitness for drinking.

The word interview comes from Latin and middle French words meaning to “see between” or “see each other”. Generally, interview means a private meeting between people when questions are asked and answered. The person who answers the questions of an interview is called in interviewer. The person who asks the questions of our interview is called an interviewer. It suggests a meeting between two persons for the purpose of getting a view of each other or for knowing each other.

levels of heavy metals and pesticide residues were studied in water and sediment samples from Ondo coastal region of Nigeria. Pesticide residues were extracted from water and sediment and analysis was done using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometer. Heavy metals in water and sediment was obtained by digestion, the digestate was analyzed using atomic absorption spectrometer.

The Prepaid Water meter is a technology for prepaid billing of water along with sufficient monitoring of the water meter readings mechanically from a outside place without any human intervention. This system gives fast and accurate billing of water as well as prevents any abuse of it. In this paper, a technique having adequate security support, for prepaid charges of water using Short Message Service (SMS) has been illustrated. Existing Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) networks have been used for transmitting and receiving SMS.

Microwave assisted organic synthesis (MAOS) is a new and quickly growing technique in synthetic organic chemistry. This synthetic technique is based on the empirical observation that some organic reactions proceeds much faster and with higher yield under microwave irradiation compared to conventional heating. Development of new methods for the synthesis of heterocyclo-fused carbazoles is currently attracting the organic chemist due to the discovery of many carbazole alkaloids with varied biological activities.

In this paper we investigated the effect of magnetic field on the peristaltic transport of a biofluid in an inclined channel by modelling the fluid as a Johnson-Segalman fluid under the assumptions of low Reynolds number and long wavelength. The governing equations are solved using the perturbation technique. Stream function is determined and the relationship between velocity and the longitudinal pressure gradient is obtained.

Growth of high rise building has always depends upon available material and level of construction technology and the state of developing of the services necessary from time for the use of the building. The primary design concern for many high rise building is their operational efficiency rather than environmental impact. A new balance needs to be stuck between these two factors, insufficient energy use is a particular concern whilst energy use is currently a relatively minor financial cost, It is associated in major environmental cost.

The photo catalytic bleaching of textile azo dye Methylene blue has been carried out in the presence of semiconductor Nb2O5 and the progress of reaction was observed spectrophotometrically. The effect of various operating parameters like pH, concentration of the dye, amount of photo catalyst and nature of photo catalyst on the efficiency of the reaction has been studied. Kinetic analysis of photo degradation reveals that the degradation follows approximately pseudo first order.

Power reliability and restoration are considered significantly challenging issues in the development of future smart grids. Different characteristics can impact the reliability and restoration process of the future power distribution system. Two of the main characteristics of future smart grids are the integration of hybrid renewable resources and the implementation of load-side management (LM) programs. In this paper, the impact of integrating wind and solar energies and also the application of LM programs on the reliability and restoration process is examined.

The article deals with the problem of wastes disposal, which are produced from gold and uranium ore production. The article proposes novel method for disposal and burial of the wastes by means of leaching inside of opencast pits. In the scientific work complex approach is used, including analytic methods for the theoretical justification of temperature variations inside of the leached volume, analysis methods for calculated and experimental data processing, laboratory experiments for the determination of mechanical and thermal parameters of leached ores.

Cloud computing assures to offer subscription-oriented and quality computing to the users of cloud worldwide. With the improved demand for delivering services to a large number of users, cloud providers need to offer segregated services to users and meet their quality anticipations. Resource Provisioning means the selection, deployment, and run-time management of software (e.g., DB server management systems, load balancers) and Hardware resources (e.g., CPU, storage, and network) for ensuring assured performance for applications.

Due to impact of global industrialization, on developed countries, there has been a sharp increase of CO2 concentration from 270ppm to 400ppm, during the 20th century. This is due to use of fossil fuels for power production, among other reasons. This has challenged the existence of human beings and other organisms. If not controlled, the survival of living organisms will be in danger. In order to balance the ecological system comprising air, water and biosphere, less polluting renewable energy sources should be used to meet energy demand.

In this paper we find bounds for the zeros of the polar derivative of a polynomial under certain conditions on the coefficients. Our results generalize many known results in this direction.

Infrastructure development of freight transport system is vital in Master Plan for Acceleration and Expansion on Indonesia’s Economic Development (Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia/MP3EI). Based on this context, this study aims to analyse one of freight transport main characteristics namely transport cost between cities in South Sulawesi Province.

Water is the most important Nature’s gift to the mankind. Without Water there is no life. Now man understood its importance, especially where water is not easily available. Now this is being managed by the proper manner in city areas where the use of water is more than its availability. This wireless level indicator and controller can automatically switch ON and OFF the domestic water pump set depending on the tank water level and also display the level of water using LCD as well as using LED’s and buzzer.

The quality of domestic water supplied to households in the Effutu Municipality was evaluated using twenty-two physico-chemical parameters. Pearson rank correlation coefficient and an independent one-tailed student t-test were used to analyse the results. Except for colour, no significant statistical differences were observed between the samples from the headworks (Hw) and the households. The correlation between the head works (Hw) and household in terms of the other parameters varied from 0.99-1.0. Generally, water samples from both the Hw and the households were potable by WHO standards.

Very expensive water treatment technologies are not capable for the treatment of polluted Yamuna river water and the conventional water processes based on chemical, filtration and/or biological treatment process are also not suitable to remove TDS. Generally untreated wastewater contains high level of organic and inorganic materials, numerous pathogenic microorganisms, nutrients and many other toxic compounds.

The Present Study is intended to estimate Groundwater Quality Index for Nagapattinam Taluk. In order ascertain the quality of groundwater for public consumption, recreation and other purpose. There are several ways to assess the quality of water as deemed fit for drinking, irrigation and industrial use. Water quality index indicating the in terms of index numbers, offers a useful representation of overall quality of water for public or for any intended use as well as in the pollution abatement programmes and in water quality management.

A generalized approach to the modelling of transient heat flow in steel ingots during cooling in the continuous casting mould is presented. The mathematical development starting with the relevant differential equations and their modelling using the Hills’ integral profile method gave polynomial functions which characterized the transient heat flow in the steel ingots. An optimal feedback control law was obtained for the system based on the quadratic performance index, and was expressed as a function of given by , which assures asymptotic stability as .

At present the most serious problem of pollution is the direct result of human activity. Some metropolitan cities like Bombay, Calcutta, Bangalore, and Pune are showing typical urban pollution. Among these cities, Pune produces large quantity (1000-2000 mt/day) of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). As there is no effective system to manage this daily mass generated as waste, it has become a major problem for Pune Municipal Corporation. Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) disposes this solid waste at Urali Devachi Depot which is 20 km away from Pune city.

Today online social networks has provide only little support for prevent the displaying of noisy contents on users space. To address this issue, we propose directly to control the noisy contents in user private/public space. This is achieved by using machine learning techniques to automatically assign with each short text messages under the categories based on its content with the help of content based filtering and users customize to filter without displaying of noisy content from their own private space by applying of filtering rules using rule based system.

The Fractional Fourier Transform (FrFT) is a generalization of the ordinary Fourier transform. The ordinary Fourier transform and related techniques are of importance in various different areas like communications, signal processing and control systems. In fact, the FrFT has already found many applications in the areas of signal processing and communications.

The aim of this study was to analyze the chemo toxicity and physico – chemical parameters of soil nutrients with time on the nearby area of Kaliasote Dam during season 2006-2007. A total of 10 samples were taken from different sites of Bhopal (M.P.) The various soil parameters were analyzed included the soil pH, electrical conductivity, water holding capacity, total nitrogen, organic carbon and phosphorous. Results showed that soil parameters varied a little during the whole year.

In the current digital era, biometric authentication is proving to be the most reliable foolproof method for authenticating a user based on his/her finger print impressions. The scope of biometric authentication is not limited to only an employee attendance but can be successfully utilized in all cases where some form of recording of attendance is desirable and some disciplinary action is required to be taken, such as student class attendance. The raw data generated by a typical biometric machine consists of enormous hidden information.

In this paper, a multi-server, finite Capacity, interdependent queueing model, controllable arrival rates with discouraged arrivals and retention of reneged customers is considered. The steady state probabilities of system size are derived explicitly. The effect of the probability of customer’s retention on the expected system size has been studied. The analytical results are numerically illustrated and relevant conclusions are presented.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is the basic need of all the organizations of this era to develop a competitive advantage. In this paper, we have shown with the help of an example that organization with highest value of Customer Service Index (CSI) attains maximum profit which establishes the fact that CRM is the need of hour. Some rudimentary statistical techniques along with regression study have been used to establish the theory.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is the basic need of all the organizations of this era to develop a competitive advantage. In this paper, we have shown with the help of an example that organization with highest value of Customer Service Index (CSI) attains maximum profit which establishes the fact that CRM is the need of hour. Some rudimentary statistical techniques along with regression study have been used to establish the theory.

In conventional engine design, the camshaft uses a fixed or variable cam profile to achieve a reasonable compromise between idle speed stability, fuel economy, and torque performance. Significant improvements in engine performance can be achieved through individual control of the valve timing. The cams open the valves (lift) for a certain amount of time (duration) during each intake and exhaust cycle.

Regression analysis is a powerful forecasting technique in various field. It is used in different fields viz. Agriculture, Economic, industries, Social Sciences. The fuzzy regression is a nonparametric method. When dataset is very small, uncertain, fuzzy way and qualitative in nature then fuzzy regression method is appropriate .It is widely used in management science and engineering field, also in this paper, we have applied two methods viz. fuzzy least square method and possibility regression analysis with numerical example.

The matrix exponential is a very important subclass of functions of matrices that has been studied extensively in the last 50 years. In this paper, we discuss and introduce new method to compute the matrix exponential where this matrix in .

This paper presents a method of analysis for the prediction of static and dynamic behavior of lathe spindle. The VIBXPERT software kit is used to determine the dynamic characteristics of the spindle and FEM method is used to determine the static parameters of the headstock spindle of the lathe. Analysis of the vibration severity for different spindle speed, feed rate and depth of cut. Static analysis is carried out by determining the forces acting on spindle and deflection and stiffness of the spindle.

The work presented seeks to assess the sustainability of different solar photovoltaic electricity generating systems based upon energy, environment and economics. The sustainability indicators evaluated for energy, environment and economics are electrical output, life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and Life cycle cost of electricity generated per kWh. The selected solar photovoltaic based electricity generation technologies for sustainability evaluation are amorphous, mono crystalline and polycrystalline.

Percy Bysshe Shelley was the most revolutionary and non-conformist of the Romantic poets. His passionate search for personal love and social justice is shown in his poems – which are some of the greatest in the English language. He was an individualist and idealist who rejected the institutions of family, church, marriage and the Christian faith and rebelled against all forms of tyranny. Shelley’s ideas were anarchic and he was considered dangerous by the conservative society of his time. Many of his poems address social and political issues.

A detailed limnological study of the anchar lake in Kashmir was conducted during March2015 to June2015. Six study sites were selected for the collection of samples. The physico-chemical parameters of water and population density of three phyla viz, Arthropoda, Annelidaand Mollusca were determined. The ionic composition of water of the Ancharlake varied in close relationship with the catchment pattern of the concerned water body. The Ancharlakereceiving all sorts of allochthonus material from the catchment had the highest conductivity. The water of the Lake was well buffered with pH > 7.

Globotruncana bulloides Vogler 1941 belongs to Class: Rotaliata which indicates Early Santonian-Middle Maastrichtian from the previous works. This genus is distributed in two formations in North Iraq, Kometan and Shiranish formations. The lithology of Kometan Formation is well bedded limestone and the author was found the new stratigraphic range of the genus in this formation.

The main aim of this comparative study was to assess the English grammar learning strategies of high ranking and low ranking students. To achieve this objective, the three modes of learning namely implicit learning, explicit-inductive learning and explicit-deductive learning were studied in relation to the stated basic questions. For the study descriptive survey method was used. The extreme or deviant case sampling technique was employed to select the subjects for the study. Questionnaire and focus group discussions were used as data collection instruments.

It depends on managing the ability so as the performance of the staff continuous to move in an upward direction to continue its growth and existence of the organization. The concept of performance and performance management today has made important to extent to which the duties of the personnel receiving a compelling understanding of what happened as well as the work performed skills. The organizations of corporation performance management system implement and prepare taking into account their own needs and the structural characteristics.

Enthusiastic activity in its sumptuous nature works gorgeously as an essential element in growing the children up lavishly in their early childhood years by letting them to be engrossed in the incarnation of constructive activity, planned activity or pretend/dramatic activity under the edifice of indoor or outdoor game playing abode.

In the recent years the hospitality sectors are growing very spontaneously. The hospitality sector mainly includes the hotels and restaurants. The hotel employees are getting high benefits from the industries. The employee, who are all have a positive attitude in the working hotel industries those are all get good benefits. Employee attitude increasing the productivity because; those are all have higher morale, job satisfaction. This study makes the analysis of one way ANOVA and correlation of the factors.

This paper is a theological reflection and narrative on the understanding and practice of worship among Baptists. It identifies doctrines and practices that accentuate the Baptist theology of worship. Its aim is to demonstrate that Baptist Christians have a theology of worship that is concurrently biblical and realistic to the situations-in-life of the people. The discourse employs the theological-analytical method in exploring the theology of worship harvested from the Statements of Faith and practices of the congregational Christians called Baptist.

This is a text research which underscores the fact that although the Bible unites all Christians, its interpretation divides them. This is one of the many paradoxes in Christianity. Although all Christians accept the Bible as their source or reference book, they disagree so much in terms of how its contents should be interpreted. Essentially, therefore, the Bible is concomitantly the meeting point and the departure point of all Christians.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to find out the Impact and use of electronic information services by the research scholar and faculty members at Dr. Zakir Hussain Library, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. Design/methodology/approach: Primary data were collected by using questionnaire method accompanied by interview and observation method as techniques of data collection. The data collected through questionnaire, organized and tabulated by using statistical method, tables and percentage.

The main objective of this investigation was to discover the vocabulary learning strategies used by high and low achiever Ethiopian English major undergraduate university students. Jimma, Ambo, Debre Birhan and Miza Tepi universities were randomly selected using a lottery method. Questionnaire and interview were used to collect relevant data of the study. One hundred thirty-four (134) students, who were enrolled in the aforementioned universities in 2013/14, filled out the questionnaire, and six purposely selected students from each university provided data through an in-depth interview.

Introduction: For centuries, a myriad of studies and theories have been developed and arguments on both sides have been long debated regarding the early discovery of the pulmonary blood circulation. Attributions for the original discovery of this landmark medical discovery were mostly bestowed upon a number of European scholars and physicians for their individual contributions in the 15th to 17th centuries AD. Chiefly among those European contributors are Claudius Galen; William Harvey; Michael Servetus; Andreas Vesalius; and Matteo Realdo Colombo.

The Sino-Indian conflict and cooperation loom large in academic and public debates on security issues in the changed global geo-political situation after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. In the 21st century both are poised to become a major powers. The reason been the decline of military power and the enhancement of economic capabilities of the both the countries, The past records speak of unfortunate political and military relations. Despite the fact, the Chinese government has emphaised on the concept of ‘Peaceful Rise of China.’ What the term means to India.

The research methodology adopted to carry out the impact study for a systematic and scientific investigation includes the explanation on every component related to research design and implementation effectively. An extensive literature review carried out to conceptualize the basic research framework and subsequently formulate hypotheses for empirical testing.

Human trafficking is the trade in humans, most frequently for the function of Sexual Slavery, Forced Labor or for the extraction of organs or tissues. Each year millions of persons are trafficking both nationally and internationally in India. The weak legal landscape of developing countries such as India, supported by factors such as gender biasness, domestic violence and lack of access to education and economic prospects, provide existing and potential traffickers with sufficient available victims.

Re-establishing a patient’s lost dental aesthetic appearance is one of the most important dental demands, new treatment materials and methods have been coming on the sense. In order to achieve this aim, most dentists prefer more conservative and aesthetic approaches, such as direct and indirect veneers. This paper shows that each type of treatment has advantages and disadvantages but we can choose the best technique due to some personal factors of the patient and from his preferable side, we tried to clarify these factors to present the best treatment for long term benefits.

Background: World Health Organization (WHO) has to designate obesity as one of the most important public health menace. Studies suggested that overweight in adolescents has been associated with negative body image. Method: A cross-sectional study was used that includes students from secondary and high schools located in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. It was conducted between March 2014 and June 2015. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated from this data.

Disseminated histoplasmosis is a very severe and often fatal opportunistic infection mostly seen in immunocompromised hosts and rarely in immunocompetent individuals.

The loss of the facial structures for an individual can have a physical, social and psychological impact. Maxillofacial prostheses that restore and replace stomatognathic and associated facial structures with artificial substitutes aim to improve the patient aesthetics, restore and maintain health of the remaining structures and consequently provide physical and mental well being. Amongst all the maxillofacial defects, eye defects require keen attention. As it is rightly said that” Eyes speak louder than words.” Therefore prosthetic rehabilitation of such cases should be done.

The electron transport chain is the final phase of tissue respiration through which the energy from oxidation of nutrients is converted into an electrochemical gradient. This electrochemical gradient generates a proton motive force which is converted into high energy phosphoanhydride bonds of ATP within the mitochondria. Studies have shown that the transduction of electromotive force into phosphoanhydride bond is not perfect as there is some degree of uncoupling in which the electrochemical gradient is dissipated when protons are returned to the mitochondria not through ATP synthase.

Trypsin is a proteolytic enzyme routinely used as an effective cell dissociating agent in tissue culture based viral vaccine manufacturing processes. Conventionally a porcine or bovine origin trypsin is used for this purpose. Being an animal origin material, it can potentially contaminate the final product by known or unknown adventitious agents inherent in the source material. Animal-derived materials are now subject to more stringent regulations.

Dental implant designed for the treatment of periodontal disease with the aim of site‐specific delivery of Tinidazole as controlled drug delivery system, which has excellent activity against anaerobic microorganisms. The calibration curve for tinidazole was developed in pH 6.6 phosphate buffer at 287.6 nm in the range of 2 to 14 μg/ml.

Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignancy of childhood. Second common primary intraocular malignancy, commonest being choroidal melanoma. Distance metastasis occurs to central nervous system, distal bones, lymph nodes, spinal cord, bone marrow. Metastasis to parotid gland is a rare occurrence. A four year girl presented with a growth in right eye, diminution of vision. There was a swelling over parotid area of right side & metastasis to sixth cervical vertebra. FNAC from the parotid swelling and the tissue of enucleated tumor confirmed retinoblastoma.

Background: COPD is one of the major health problems worldwide which negatively affects patients, their families, the employment sector and the society and is estimated to become the third cause of death worldwide by 2020. Aim and objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between health related quality of life and disease severity using SGRQ C. Methods: It is a prospective, observational study conducted for a period of three months that assessed the QoL using SGQR C of COPD patients aged 30 – 85 years.

Introduction: Decalcification is the commonly employed technique in histopathology laboratories as a part of calcified tissue preparation for the microscopic examination. Chemical agents are most commonly used for routine decalcification procedures, though some agents adversely affect the tissue integrity and staining properties. Aim: To compare the efficacy of various decalcifying agents by histological evaluation of hard and soft tissue components of teeth. Materials and Methods: The decalcifying agents namely 10% Nitric acid (HNO3) were used to decalcify 60 human permanent teeth.

Objectives: Objectives of our study were to evaluate the efficacy of intraoral periapical radiographic E-speed film and radiovisiography (RVG) and to compare the efficacy of both in the detection of incipient proximal caries. Methods: 40 extracted human premolar teeth were collected and conventional radiography and RVG were done using the intraoral radiographic machine, using paralleling technique. These images were evaluated for the detection of incipient proximal caries by three observers and graded according to 5 grade scale.

The budget for healthcare sector in 2015 is expected to be Rs. 33,150 crores by the government of India. As the time passes the health has become a major concern for each individual and in these web-based healthcare services took a huge transition. The web-based healthcare services is the easy going phenomenon where the management of health taken places on their own. From the last decade, a huge change has taken place as now the patients are able to take decisions related to medications, treatments and services as per their convenience.

Aim: This study carried out to evaluate the effectiveness educational program regarding mechanical prophylaxis of deep venous thrombosis on nurse's knowledge and practice. Methods: Fifty registered nurses were working in the surgical and orthopedic words at king fahed hospital who is assigned for caring for patients post –operatively. Tools: two tools: Tool (1): Nurse's Knowledge Regarding to DVT Disease, and its Preventive Measures Questionnaire Sheet.

Pichia etchellsii Bgl1 gene coding for BGLI protein was fished out from yeast genomic DNA using PCR based strategies. The primers were designed based on the internal peptide sequences of native BGLI protein. Bgl1 gene was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. The deduced amino acids encoded by Bgl1 showed high similarity with the sequences of Glycoside hydrolase family 3 members. The predicted isoelectric point (pI) of the protein was 5.2 and A+T% and G+C% were 58.06% and 41.95% respectively.

Diabetic retinopathy is the most frequent cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20–74 years. Patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) are 25 times more likely to become blind than non-diabetics. Every person with diabetes is at risk of developing DR. More than 75% of people who have diabetes for more than 20 years will have some form of DR. Diabetic retinopathy is the result of damage to the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina. They leak blood and other fluids that cause swelling of retinal tissue and clouding of vision.

Human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) or menotrophin causes growth and maturation of the ovarian follicle in women who do not have primary ovarian failure by mimicking the action of endogenous LH and FSH and in men it promotes sperm formation if testosterone level and FSH levels are low. Therapeutic menotrophins are preparations of gonadotrophins having both FSH and LH activity, extracted from the urine of postmenopausal women, which have undergone additional steps for purification and then used as fertility treatment.

Background: Desire for improved aesthetics and the consequent need for cosmetic dentistry have increased tremendously in recent times making aesthetic procedures an integral part of periodontal treatment. The treatment of choice for recession coverage should address the biological as well as the patient’s aesthetic demands. Zucchelli and Sanctis (2000) proposed a modification in the coronally advanced flap technique for treatment of multiple recession defects in aesthetic areas. Case series in which zucchelli’s technique was done to obtained desirable results of root coverage.

Introduction: Narrow alveolar ridges in anterior maxilla remains a serious challenge for successful placement of endosseous implants. Case Presentation: This case report addresses a surgical procedure for expansion of the atrophic pre-maxillary ridge 2.7 mm wide using the Esset kit. A dental implant was immediately buried post expansion. Discussion: This segmental ridge-split procedure with gradual bone expansion provides a quicker method wherein an atrophic ridge can be predictably expanded and eliminating the need for a second surgical site.

The Present study tries to explore the effect of Mindfulness Therapy on Anxiety & Adjustment among adolescents. Anxiety is a displeasing feeling of fear and concern while adjustment is the ability to adapt oneself according to environmental demands. The present study aims to investigate the effectiveness of Mindfulness Therapy on Anxiety reduction & improving the levels of adjustment among adolescents. For this data was collected randomly from Ganna Kishan College, Mohammadi Lakhimpur Khiri District U.P. on 100 adolescents (50 Males and 50 females).

Acute abdomen in pregnancy may be difficult to diagnose and treat. Any serious intra-abdominal condition attended by pain, tenderness and abdomino muscular rigidity for which emergency surgery must be considered. We hereby present case of ileal perforation with Meckel’s Diverticulum and grade 3 adhesion’s in a 28 weeks pregnant patient. This case is being presented for its rarity and its diagnostic difficulty.

Objective: The aim of this study is to find out the variation in micronuclei (MN) frequency with various risk factors in oral and oropharyngeal carcinoma in West Bengal, India. Methods: In this study 107 subjects with oral leucoplakia were grouped according to their exposure to tobacco (both smoked and chewed), alcohol and betel quid. Their buccal smears were obtained on slides, air dried and fixed with 80% methanol and finally stained with Giemsa stain and observed under microscope. The MN frequency was calculated and analysed.

The troponins are regulatory proteins found in skeletal and cardiac muscle. Most of the early markers identified were enzymes, and as a result, the term "cardiac enzymes" is sometimes used. However, not all of the markers currently used are enzymes. Cardiac biomarkers should be measured in all patients who present with chest discomfort consistent with acute coronary syndrome. Elevations of cardiac enzyme levels should be interpreted in the context of clinical and ECG findings. In this study, cTnT levels of 50 AMI patients were compared with the 25 normal blood donors.

Aim: The aim of the study was to establish Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms for skeletal and dental relationships amongst local Udaipur population in Rajasthan state of India. Materials and Methods: Sixty subjects (30 Males & 30 Females) from different parts of Udaipur in the age group 18 to 25 Years (Mean age 21.3 Years) were selected at random for study and lateral cephalograms were taken. All the cephalograms were traced two times by Single operator at different time interval using conventional hand tracing.

Introduction: Laparoscopy because of its availability and safety provides a valuable tool in the evaluation of undiagnosed chronic pelvic pain. It is a simple and definitive means of establishing the presence or absence of pelvic pathology without resorting to major abdominal surgery. Objective: To evaluate the causes of chronic pelvic pain using laparoscopy and to correlate between clinical examination, ultrasonography, and laparoscopy. Settings and Design: The present prospective study was done in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of LD Hospital, GMC Srinagar.

Intussusception is defined as the telescoping of proximal segment of intestine (intussusceptum) into a distal segment of intestine (intussuscipens). Intussusceptions are classified into three general categories: enteric (small bowel into small bowel), ileocolic (small bowel into colon) and colonic (colon to colon). In this article we have reviewed about mucinous adenocarcinoma causing ileocolic intussusception

Oro-pharyngeal cancer is one of the six most frequently occurring cancers. Oral cancer is often preceded by specific lesions and conditions that are called precancerous. A number etiological agents and pathological processes have been found to be associated with oral precancerous lesions. These changes may result from chronic physical trauma, tobacco use, genetic abnormalities or in many instances cause may not be known.

Hyperglycemia in DM is associated with increased lipid peroxidation and excessive production of free radicals which lead to oxidative stress by autoxidation of glucose. It is an important pathogenic mechanism in the development of diabetes and its complications. The research work included 50 healthy controls and 100 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fasting blood samples collected using aseptic technique were evaluated for serum levels of the fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, vitamin C, vitamin E and glutathione by spectrophotometric method.

Foodborne illness (sometimes called "foodborne disease," "foodborne infection," or "food poisoning) is a common, costly—yet preventable—public health problem. Many different disease-causing microbes, or pathogens, can contaminate foods, so there are many different foodborne infections. In addition, poisonous chemicals, or other harmful substances can cause foodborne diseases if they are present in food. The present study was focussed to check the effect of silver nano particles on the food borne pathogens.

Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is a tropical legume that could be an important summer cover crop, it has the potential for suppressing both crops and weeds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of sunn hemp in different spacing intervals and densities, in the germination of corn, beans, rice, soybeans and weeds. The study was conducted in Cáceres/MT and Paraguaçu Paulista/SP. Sunn hemp was planted to obtain matter for the extraction of allele chemical compounds and the suppressive effect from growing sunn hemp on the weeds on the crops in the field.

Inspite of innumerable conservation practices taken by management authorities over the past two decades, the ecological condition of the famous urban lake (Dal Lake) has deteriorated and it is getting enriched with plant nutrients (mainly N and P) and pollutants, getting slowly shallower and shrinking gradually in size. In this backdrop, an exhaustive study was undertaken from summer 2011 to spring 2013 to evaluate the present trophic status of the lake by determining nitrogen load from its catchment area, floating gardens and houseboats.

Rice research institutions have been dedicated to solve problems related to increasing grain yield and enhance the performance of rice lines for important agronomic qualitative traits.However, breeding for multiple traits is difficult since traits frequently show a not always positive phenotypic correlation between each other.

The study was conducted on the fluctuations in the monthly average prices of pulses in market of Latur district of Maharashtra. The Quantitative assessment of various data with respect to pulses by data from the Latur APMC. the data for marketing of major pulses pertaining to the time series analysis 15 years data were collected for period from 2000-2014. The study of market arrivals and prices indicated that the highest arrivals of chickpea were in the month of March, February, and April while Mung and urd bean are in the month of October and Tur in the month of February.

This study aimed at characterizing the floristic features of plant species associated with four wild medicinal plants in the Egyptian deserts. Two plants were chosen from the inland north part of the eastern desert (Wadi Hagul and Wadi El-Molak) namely Pulicaria undulata (L.) C. A. Mey. and Hyoscyamus muticus L., and the two other species were selected from the coastal desert along the Deltaic Mediterranean Sea coast namely Calligonum polygonoides L. subsp. comosum and Nicotiana glauca R.C. Graham. A total of 125 plant species belonging to 107 genera and 29 families were recorded.

This study examines the interdependence of natural gas price (HENRYHUB) and oil prices (WTI and BRENT). The aim of this paper is to examine how the dynamics of correlations between the markets evolved from January 01, 2004 to February 26, 2015. To this end, we adopt a dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) model into a multivariate Fractionally Integrated Asymmetric Power ARCH (FIAPARCH) framework, which accounts for long memory, power effects, leverage terms and time varying correlations.

We evaluated the response of millet cultivars (ADR 500 and BRS 1501) to nitrogen fertilization (0; 45; 90 or 180 kg ha-1) and pre-cut heights (0.70; 0.80 and 0.90 m). Data underwent analysis of variance and means were compared by Tukey´s test. Crude protein (CP) was determined by the Kjeldhal method; insoluble neutral and acid detergent fiber (NDF and ADF) and lignin by sequential method. Ether extract (EE) was determined by Soxhlet method and total carbohydrates (tCHO) by Sniffen´s equation. Both cultivars showed linear response to nitrogen.

The experimental materials were sown in the research area of Department of Dry land Agriculture and Pulses Section of the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CCS HAU, Hisar during rabi season of 2013-14. The experiment comprised 21 genotypes (including local & national checks) and was grown in 3 replications in a plot size of 8 rows of 4m length with plant-to-plant distance of 10 cm and row to row spacing of 45 cm in dry land area and 30 cm in irrigated area.

Tube rose is an important flower plant of our country earning a lot of revenue and trade. Of different diseases affecting tube rose cultivation, collar rot induced by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. is an important soil borne disease causing devastating losses. In the present study, the sensitivity of the collar rot pathogen was investigated. Out of nine aqueous plant extracts, evaluated in vitro root extract of moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) and seed extract soapnut (Sopindus trifoliate L.) were found highly inhibitory to S.

Water stress is a serious threat to the agricultural production and is likely to further increase. Osmoprotectants, plays an important role in the protects of plants from various environmental stresses. Moreover, Soybean is susceptible to yield loss from water deficit. Therefore, a greenhouse research was conducted aimed at assessing the Impact of exogenous osmoregulators and compost application in alleviating the adverse effects of water stress on soybean. The results indicated that, water Stress significantly reduced nitrogen content which results in the reduction of seed yield.

Presently an attempt is made to get detailed information on anatomical architect of the nectariferous tissues present in the ventrally folded stipules in Cassia alata using Cross section of stipule and its SEM images. The anatomical studies revealed that nectar secreting tissues are present both on ventral and dorsal fold of the stipules located on both sides of petiole in C. alata. The cross section of the stipule show upper and lower ends made of epidermal tissues and secretary paranchymatous tissues in between.

A common problem in water distribution networks is the formation of bacterial biofilms inside them. The biofilm is a community of microorganisms which is embedded in a solid surface and it is the natural state in which the most bacteria are in the environment or infectious processes The biofilm formation is a dynamic and continuous process and it forms a complex microenvironment in the pipes. This process depends on several factors including materials from which pipes are made. So the drinking water has lost quality along its passage by supply pipes.

Freshwater fish, Tilapia mossambica is an important species in Tamil Nadu region having good nutritional values. Fishes living in close association with may accumulate pesticides. In the present study, the toxic effects of the endosulfan LC50 5 µg/L. The most common changes were observed in both 10% and 30% sublethal concentrations of endosulfan in liver of Tilapia mossambica for different exposure period.

Resident of Baubau City is most using potable water from river and groundwater as drinking water resources. However, rapid developments have deteriorated quality of drinking water sources in Baubau City, Indonesia. For determining water quality has been used Biotic and Polution Index to assess pollution level of Baubau River, Baubau City, Indonesia. Macro invertebrates was collected at 3 station:upper, middle, and lower river from May to September 2014 and at the same time, temperature, total dissolved solid, total suspended solid, pH, dissolved oxygen were analyzed.

The effects of different salinity levels on germination of wheat seedlings, water regime and chlorophyll content have been studied. Seeds and seedlings of wheat were grown in NaCl solutions of 0 (control), 100, 150, 200 and 250 mmol L-1concentrations under controlled conditions. The results proved that bread wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivium L) Gyrmyzy gul and Gobustan were the most salt tolerant among thestudied genotypes.

An algorithm for production of a liquid humic fertilizer (from the waste of the biotechnological manufacturing of a biological-origin liquid-phase biological product) has been presented. The algorithm includes factors affecting end-product qualities such as extraction agent concentration and volume, extraction temperature, etc. The work has several stages. The quality of the experimental samples of the liquid humic fertilizer has been assessed at each stage.

Lactic acid bacteria are industrially important organisms recognized for their fermentative ability as well as their health and nutritional benefits.There is an increasing interest in these species to reveal the many possible health benefits associated with them. The actions of LAB are species and strain specific, and depend on the amount of bacteria available in the gastrointestinal tract. However, products with or processed with LAB are accepted as a natural way to preserve food and promote health.

Dietary fibre has long history, its term originated by Hipsley (1953) who coined dietary fibre as non-digestable constituents making up the plant cell wall Dietary fiber is broadly classified according to its solubility into soluble and insoluble fibers. Microbial and synthetic are rich source of soluble fiber. Cereals, pulses and oilseeds are rich sources of insoluble fiber. Fibre, as a food ingredient, shows various types of techno-functional properties such as emulsification, fat replacement, stabilizer, texturizer and cryoprotectant in wide range of processed food products.

Although Côte d’Ivoire is the first producer in cocoa, its cocoa production is made by extension while yield are still low because of soil fertility decrease, diseases and pests and planting material quality. If this can be solved by improved varieties creation, soil fertility and it management need to be treat seriously to face climate changes effects. Chemical fertilization has been tested unsuccessfully and raised others problem due to acidification and product quality.

Last times the reserves flora and fauna are investigated systematically, the planned scientific observations and researches are performed on the basis of the certain program and method widely the state and biosphere reserves and Reserves, in the state guarding zones of the different countries. But it is necessary to comment that the researches being performed in these areas aren’t much for the present and there is a great need for broadness of such works.

The study was carried out in order to explore the Angiosperm flora in the proposed site of Aranmula International Airport Pathanamthitta, Kerala. The airport project, which is at the center of a raging political storm in Kerala has run into fresh trouble with the Kerala State Biodiversity Board (KSBB) expressing serious reservations over the land use changes and eco physiological imbalance.

Present day therapeutics against TNF have some disadvantages in the form of cost, immunogenicity, etc., resulting in a need for an approach using small antigen binding antibody fragments called scFv (single chain variable fragment). In this study, construct with anti-TNFscFv was developed and expressed in E.coli under optimal conditions of 30oC and 37 M IPTG. Periplasmic secretion was achieved using 2% glycine and 1% Triton X-100in the culture medium. Addition of 0.5 M sorbitol ensured that the protein was expressed as a soluble form.

Phylogenetic relationship of grasshoppers of family pyrgomorphidae is vague and less studied aspect, molecular analysis of phylogenetic relationships has not been done so far .In this study we have analysed phylogenetic relationships of six species of pyrgomorphidae using nuclear genome through RAPD-PCR.Ten primers used in this study have produced only polymorphic bands with varying numbers in between the species.

Arsenic is a toxic heavy metal that enters the environment through various natural and anthropogenic sources and affected various metabolic pathways of plants and animals. Wheat and other plants grown under Arsenic condition accumulate it and decreases growth and productivity. Its toxicity may result from disturbance in plant metabolic activity and disturbance in the uptake and transport of mineral nutrients. Some nutrients and arsenic compete for the same transporters and it accumulate in plant parts to replace nutrient.

Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, capillaries and post-capillary venules. It plays an important role in many normal physiological processes such as normal tissue growth, embryonic development, wound healing and menstruation. Many natural inhibitors block the process of angiogenesis which may leads to inhibition of tumor growth. The chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay is well vascularized in vivo model used to study angiogenesis, anti-angiogenesis and teratogenic effect of individual compounds and complex plant extracts.

Field experiments were conducted during Kharif season for two consecutive years of 2008-09 and 2009-10 with rice at Experimental Farm, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar (Tamil Nadu), India on deep clay soil (Typic Haplusterts) to study the impact of inorganic and organic nutrient sources and levels on yield, N uptake and its use efficiency in rice under SRI and conventional system of cultivation (CSC).

The ultimate aim of research worldwide is to make the environment a pollution free environment with clean as well as safe air and water. Our subject is too closely related to the on the ongoing research, i.e., removal of toxic constituents from the aqueous solutions for dependable and clean water for several uses. Pithophora Cleveana Wittrock was used as an biosorbent for the removal of zinc metal ions from aqueous solutions.

1(O-Arsonophenylazo)-2- naphthol - 3,6 - disulphonic acid (APANS, H5A), an excellent agent due to presence of five electron donating functional groups, have been found to form complexes with various metal ions. It is used in determining the composition and the stability constants of a number of complexes formed under a limited pH range using spectrophotometric methods. In the present investigation.

The inhibition of mild steel (MS) in 1 M HCl solution with aqueous extract of Calotropis procera L. leaves (AECPL) was studied by weight loss method at 303-333K temperatures. It was found that inhibition efficiency increased with increase in concentration of extract and decreased with increase in temperature. Maximum 60.86%inhibition efficiency was observed at 303 K and at 8% (v/v) concentration of extract. Adsorption of extract at mild steel surface follows Langmuir adsorption isotherm.

In the search of plants as a source of natural antibiotics, four medicinal plants namely Anisomeles malabarica (L.) R. Br. ex Sims (Lamiaceae), Erythrina variegata L., (Leguminosae) and Merremia gangetica Cufod., (Convolvulaceae) and Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso (Convolvulaceae) were selected for the present investigation. In the present study, four bioactive phenolic acids were isolated from methanolic extract of the selected plants viz., tannic acid (A. malabarica), ferulic acid (E. variegata), chlorogenic acid (M. gangetica), p-coumaric acid (O.

Behavioral research of queuing has focused on customers in the queue. The current paper examines whether queues can also affect customers choice between services associated with different queues. Waiting lines or queues are a common phenomenon in life, especially in the province of organizations that are for profit making. Queues are common in such places as petrol or filling stations, supermarkets stores, clinics, hospitals, motor parks, manufacturing firms, to mention a but a few.

Big data is the term for any gathering of information sets, so expensive and complex, that it gets to be hard to process for utilizing customary information handling applications. The difficulties incorporate investigation, catch, duration, inquiry, sharing, stockpiling, Exchange, perception, and protection infringement. To reduce spot business patterns, anticipate diseases, conflict etc., we require bigger data sets when compared with the smaller data sets.

Continuous measurements of CO2 mixing ratio and meteorological parameters have been made in National Centre for Earth Science Studies (NCESS), Trivandrum (8.5°N 76.9°E) from June 2014 to May 2015 and analyzed the diurnal and seasonal variation of CO2 mixing ratio. The average atmospheric CO2 during study period was 321±14.78 ppm. The diurnal variation with a maximum during the early morning and late night and a minimum in the afternoon is clearly observed. Photosynthetic activity and the atmospheric boundary layer play an important role in diurnal variation of CO2.

Forensic Science is a multidisciplinary science which helps in crime investigation. To link a suspect to a crime, DNA analysis has been playing a key role. According to the Locard’s exchange principle, when a suspect comes in contact with the crime scene, there is a transfer of evidence from the crime scene to the suspect and vice-versa. The suspect tends to leave the epithelial skin cells containing traces of his DNA on the surface which he comes in contact with. This DNA is referred to as touch DNA and can help in identification of the suspect involved in the crime.

In this paper we have studied the cause of geomagnetic storm on 13-March, 1989 of solar cycle-22. We conjectured that the solar variability is basic cause of geomagnetic storm. For our study we have utilized daily value of solar parameter (sunspot number, solar proton flux, solar flare class, frequency occurrence of solar flare) as well as geomagnetic disturbance indices (Ap, Kp, Dst) and cosmic ray intensity data from ground based neutron monitor of Moscow having magnetic cut-off rigidity 2.42 GV, latitude 55.47N and longitude 37.32E.

A (p,q)-graph G is called square sum (Acharya, 2011) if there exists a objective function such that the induced function defined by for every edge is injective. In this paper, we define Reverse square sum if . The sub-division graph is the graph obtained by inserting a vertex a w of degree 2 into every edge uv of G such that uw and vw are two edges.

The present investigation is aimed at assessing the current water quality standard along the stretch of Brahmani river in terms of physico-chemical parameters. In the selected study area the River Brahmani is receiving a considerable amount of industrial wastes and witnessing a considerable amount of human and agricultural activities. Nine samples were collected along the entire stretches of the river basin during the period from June-2013 to May-2014 on the first working day of every month.

Physics is said to be difficult subject. Physics learning is not an easy task. There is strong evidence all over the world that physics students are not learning the concepts necessary for a good understanding of the physics world. Their learning of scientific facts remains in the classroom only. The computer is one of the most brilliant gifts of science having characteristics of speed, accuracy, reliability and integrity. It can execute over a million instructions per second without any mistake.

This study was performed to investigate the effect of the activity at high-altitude on carbonic anhydrase (CA), catalase (CAT), erythrocyte glutton peroxides (GSH), methylenedioxy-methylamphetamine (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme levels.8 sedentary males, 9 male athletes and 9 male skiers between the ages of 17 – 19, 26 healthy volunteers took part in this study. Athletes doing athletics and the sport of skiing in the experimental group have been selected among athletes who are doing long duration endurance training, training for 2 hours per day and 7 days a week.

First, a three-dimensional anisotropic free body is considered which will provides six stresses and six strains, which constitute a 6x6 matrix of stress/strain relations. Next, we apply each component of the matrix in equilibrium and stress displacement relation after non-dimensionalizing all the variables to allow asymptotic expansion and integration. Then we can derive the first approximate shell theory of anisotropic materials. The integration procedure over thickness will allow laminated anisotropic wall materials.

The modern International community witnesses a huge development in the principles of human rights, and the principle of interfering in the internal affairs of the States is not any more an obstacle for the control of human rights in the States. However, since the middle of the last century, the American States began to show interest in the rights and duties of the countries. In this regard, Montevideo Convention was held in 1933 to insure the rights and duties among these countries.

In the globalization of the savings and the speedy alterations of the life style is becoming a crucial for people to travel from one station to another place that make the important of the automobile for people to move. At this point, automobile players should take advantage on the scenario, but need to realize about the factors of the brand that's particularly important for the customer buying behaviour.

The development of small and medium scale enterprise has been canvassed as the foundation of any solid development of any nation world over. The objectives of this paper include: (i) To find out the relationship between effective management of small scale enterprise and the nation’s economic development, (ii) To examine whether financial challenges faced by sole proprietorship business can affect employment generation in Nigeria amongst others.

The Malaysian Public Service has taken diverse measures to reduce performance-related problems. The New Economic Model (NEM) was established in 2010 to strengthen the public sector in Malaysia in decision making and performance appraisal as well. It enhanced public sector performance and efficiency in service delivery and service quality. The purpose of this research was to investigate the strength level of the relationship between types of workplace learning and task performance in an innovation and communication-oriented culture.

Stress can be defined as a modern disease of our time. Problems arising in the life of an individual's work raises the stress out of business. On the other hand, not only regarding job stress, employees are regarded as an important issue to be resolved regarding businesses. For this purpose organizations, especially in recent years, job stress reduction, increased motivation and allocate increasingly high budgets to improve productivity enhancing social projects.

The growth and expansion of tourism are a complex phenomenon and requires multiple pronged approaches to study its various dimensions to consider sustainability limits. Leh district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India is blessed with adventurous topography, rugged terrain, narrow valleys, high altitude lakes, lofty mountain peaks, extensive glaciers, unique wildlife and traces of original Buddhist culture are mostly confined to this region.

This study was conducted to investigate the EFL reading attitude of Grade 11 and Grade 12 students at Tinishu Meti and Jain Preparatory Schools, Ethiopia, using quantitative and qualitative methods. Systematic random sampling was used to select 98 samples out of 325 students to provide quantitative data by filling out questionnaire. Purposive sampling technique was used to choose 32 students to participate in FGDs.

The focus of this study is to examine how recruitment and selection practices affect employee satisfaction in sugar manufacturing firms in Kenya. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a representative sample. Data was collected using questionnaire. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as means, standard deviations, skweness and kurtosis, while inferential statistics were Pearson correlation and multiple regressions. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to tests convergent Validity and discriminate validity.

If one were asked to write an essay on India; what would be the general opening line? Agriculture is an integral part of our identity. Then why are our farmers the victims of neglect from state as well as the society? Why is it that if you state your vocation as farming, the banks and insurance companies that are usually too enthusiastic regarding your dream house and car lose their interest? These are the serious questions raise in the mind of man before starting the detail study on framers situation in Maharashtra.

The European Union (EU) is committed to Sustainable Development Governance (SDG). However the enforcement of its SD agenda remains a challenge. The EU’s SD strategy (SDS) is ambitious, wide in scope but flexible to adjustments necessitated by emerging challenges imposed by EU member states as they pursue their respective national interests. The Common EU SD vision is therefore undercut by various national agendas and sovereignty issues. Concurrently, the EU’s external action is increasingly being integrated into its SD strategy.

Research into decision making is a most important issue today in behavioral science. Individuals are organisms yearning to exist and constantly making innumerable judgments and decisions, consciously or unconsciously. This research proposes to compare Spinoza’s behavioral theory “Ethics” with modern research findings, presented by Nobel-prize winners Tversky and Kahneman in “Thinking, Fast and Slow” and “Judgment under Uncertainty”. “Representativeness” and “Availability” as error causes of Tversky and Kahneman’s System 1 are parallel to Spinoza’s Kind I – "Inadequate cognition".

TPP Agreement has finalized negotiations and will deploy next year; outlook for export of Vietnam textile products is expected to increase breakthrough to the market of Member States of TPP. To be not out of the development, have competence to compete, stand and expand market share in international markets, the requirements set out for the economic sector in general and textile sector in particular is very high.

Dynamic analysis is vital issue in econometrics, hence we were applied it to model and estimate exchange rate. The study suggested four variables in explaining exchange rate movement, these variables covers the proxies of fiscal, monetary and mixed policy. Furthermore GDP is introduced to reflect the overall performance of the economy. Some variables were stationary while others were not. Cointegration tests confirmed the existence of long run equilibrium relationship between exchange rate and the explanatory variables, hence the model was estimated by error correction model.

This research aims to (1) study the opinions of students on the effectiveness of teaching in the Faculty of Education, Mahamakut Buddhist University, Isan Campus, (2) compare opinions by gender, age, grade, and discipline, (3) identify the extent of the problems, and provide suggestions for change. Survey methodology was used. Data were collected by a closed and open-ended questionnaire with 142 samples derived by simple random sampling. Data were analyzed by computer program to determine the mean, the standard deviation, t-test, and F-test.

This paper has examined the link between decentralization, popular participation and human resource management challenges and prospects. It is evident that decentralization has very good intentions aimed at enhancing popular participation in decision making and bringing governance and service delivery to the grassroots. This process involves entrusting local district, town and city councils with authority and responsibilities for delivering services like housing, water, roads, health facilities, bridges, transport, land management issues, among others.

In the present investigation that the isolation of fungi from battery effluent soil. The maximum fifteen fungal isolates were screened and identified. These fungi were heavy metal tolerance and biosorption potential also highly performed. Growth of the fungi were tested using various concentrations of 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 mg/ml of MgSO4 and CuSO4 heavy metal treated by potato dextrose liquid medium. In all the fungi were tolerate and well growth up to 300 mg/ml except the higher concentration of 400 and 500 mg/ml. Biosorption efficiency was depending upon the growth and incubation.

This paper presents a mapping of a Business Cooperation Network of existing construction materials in the State of Goiás, in which it sought to identify the competitive gains. The results revealed that the existing gains in the studied network are: increased market power, generation of collective solutions, reduced costs and risks, capital accumulation, collective learning and collaborative innovation.

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