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October 2018

Soil erosion is at the root of serious economic, social, and environmental problems in many countries around the world. It is therefore essential to spatially evaluate its effects in order to face them and to be able to propose the best strategies of fight, conservation and planning of land. The objective of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the vulnerability of soils to water erosion through an approach based on the Mediterranean Desertification and Land Use (MEDALUS) model across the Tonkpi Region (Western Cote d’Ivoire).

The main challenge is to develop future teacher educators and teachers who know how to use the modern technology to improve teacher and student learning. Given the fact that most of the educators are good to train the teachers, but they are not technically sound. So the educators are required to understand the usage of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) within the education and training system. This further requires an understanding of the technology, its application to various learning areas and the ability to manage information and knowledge.

The problem of child sex trafficking is widespread and commonly receives media attention as it pertains to international sex trafficking. However, commercial sexual exploitation of children is one of the most hidden forms of child sexual abuse in the United States today (Clawson and Goldblatt Grace, 2007; Kotrla, 2010, in O’Brien, White, and Rizo, 2017, p. 265). The problem is occurring in our backyard, yet very little is known about the extent of the issue. Until recently, minors involved in sex crimes were treated as criminals rather than victims.

Corporate Social Responsibility is, nowadays, considered the best driver of corporate development: reconciling the expectations of different stakeholders is the perfect way to guarantee a balanced development of the business in the long run. The issue is what CSR exactly means, what ethical compliance is and how different companies can reach the target of being socially responsible. The establishment and the effective operation of the ethics committee could be the key answer to define business’s values, stakeholder engagement plan and CSR agenda.

Cryptocurrency is the breakthrough for this era, the new way of making electronic transaction in a fast and a secure way using the block chain technology, the technology that is adopted in most of the financial institutions because of its surety. Cryptocurrencies can be traded with fiat currency in the exchange market, these currencies follow a decentralized method of monetary management that makes no human interface with the currency to manipulate or to hold.

In Edo and Delta States of Nigeria, many edible wild fruits are available in the bushes. Many of them are threatened due to urbanisation hence, this document for unborn generations. Trips were made to Ekpoma, Iruekpen, Otuo, Ewu, Uromi, Ubiaja, Auchi and Benin City markets in Edo State to obtain first-hand information on the wild edible fruits sold and consumed by the natives in those communities. Also, markets in Ogume, Utagba Ogbe, Utagba Uno, Obiaruku, Abbi, Orerokpe, Warri, Sapele, Asaba and Agbor in Delta State were sampled to know the wild edible fruits sold in those markets.

This research was conducted during November 2017 –April 2018 in USA to enhance total shopping experience of the customers through Proximity marketing communication and it’s influence on brand/store interpretation on a semantic mapping during perception analysis. The Proximity message were given to respondents through RIFD devices, Wifi devices , Bluetooth enabled devices and Mobile phones.

Introduction: Process of removing the stains from tooth is termed as bleaching. Substance used for bleaching are termed as bleaching agents. Various bleaching agents (artificial and natural) are readily available in the market. Aim: Present study was aimed in evaluating the efficacy of lemon, apple, carrot, baking soda in the whitening of the extracted natural teeth that are stained with tea decoction.

Located in the south corner of Côte d'Ivoire, Dabou knows for several decades a diversification of economic activities. This diversification of activities is accompanied by a strong spatial and demographic dynamic. The latter has led to a proliferation of household waste in the city. Despite the efforts made by the authorities, the removal of this waste remains a crucial problem.

There are divergent views about the actual nature of the conscience of a man. To some people, the conscience is the voice of God in man, having godly characteristics and playing divine roles under divine influence. Others however see it as a natural inclination, tendency, or propensity in a man that tends towards a particular direction consequent upon a given ‘social’ influence under which it develops. To the latter, conscience is rather a product of ‘social learning’ rather than ‘divinely influenced’ agent that could only play godly roles of reproof or approval in a man.

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic disease in which a generalized pain condition is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disorders, mood disorders, headache, irritable colon syndrome, etc. Although FM has been known for many years, it has only recently been the subject of more thorough studies, although there are still many unknown issues about it.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sales growth, turnover of receivables and working capital turnover to liquidity at various industrial companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (BEI). The method used is quantitative research methods, has a hypothesis, and using secondary data. The sampling method used was purposive sampling technique. The method used to analyze the relationship between the dependent variable and the independent variable is the method of multiple linear analysis.

The antibacterial properties of fabrics are being considered to be an important and inevitable parameter for garment especially those that are in direct contact with the body. The main aim of this research is to investigate the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract of Sidarhombifolia against bacterial strain Staphylococcus aureasand Streptococcus pyogene and evaluate the phytochemical screening of the extract. Extract from 3 different parts of sidarhombifolia was extracted using ethanol as solvent.

The rapid development and increasing global distribution of modern information and communication technologies such as PCs, the internet, email and mobile phones have transformed the way economies operate and the way individuals, societies and States interact with each other. ICT is an essential instrument when it comes to reducing poverty, driving social and economic development and supporting democracy and good governance, education and health care.

Background: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has emerged as one of the most serious public health problem in our country. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counselling and testing (HCT) conducted at Integrated Counselling and Testing Centres (ICTCs) is a cost-effective intervention in preventing transmission of HIV. Therefore, this study was conducted to find out the socio-demographic profiles, HIV status and risk behaviour pattern of attendees and also to elucidate the reason for their visit to ICTC.

Background: In old age there are many problems that occur which can affect the quality of life of the elderly. One of the government's efforts to improve the quality of life of the elderly is the posbindu program or nursing home. Objective: To determine how the elderly class influence the quality of life of the elderly. Method: This Research uses mixed methods with sequential exploratory strategies. This research began with qualitative research and continued with quantitative research.

In this text, analyses about different studies and researches on the impact that graduates are currently having in the work field, at a national and international level are related; making an approximation to the reasons why this type of research is carried out and what relevant information has been written about the subject; which will serve as the structure of the project entitled "Impact of Law Program graduates attached to the Faculty of Legal and Humanistic Sciences at UCEVA in the work field in the municipalities of Tuluá and Guadalajara de Buga, Colombia, from 2013 to 2017".

In a modern society women are playing multiple roles as productive workers, eminent entrepreneurs, efficient managers, investors etc. The economic developments of many countries are stunned because of the underutilization of feminine workforce. If we are willing to acknowledge their economic significance there is no doubt, they will absolutely excel in their performance and finally lead to long term economic growth. But unfortunately women are facing great difficulties in their workplace and existing laws proves ineffective and inadequate.

There are radical changes in the education system of our country aimed at creating an optimal structure of education that adequately reflects the state of modern society. The intellectual system that being subordinated the principles of self-development, self-education displays itself in the education easily. That is why today the new synergistic approach is actively being discussed and is being implemented in education.

In the present investigation the green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles was carried out by using aqueous fruit extract of Emblica officinalis .Optimization for substrate (Zinc acetate) concentration was evaluated for 1mM, 50mM and 100mM. The biogenic ZnO nanoparticles were characterized by UV-Visible spectrophotometry and FTIR (Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy).

Background: Physical activity helps maintain good health whereas sedentary behavior is associated with several life-style disorders. Objective: This study was therefore conducted to understand physical activity pattern of young adults and to compare the use of fitness band and phone app for counting steps. Methods: Step count of subjects was observed using a phone app (Runtastic pedometer) and fitness band (MI) pedometers. One hundred and fifteen subjects (60 young men and 55 young women) participated in this study. They were divided into two groups- fitness band and phone app group.

Early childhood education has developed a specialised discourse to allow individuals within the profession to communicate effectively about all matters associated with the design and implementation of learning programs for children from birth to eight years. Early childhood education is changing rapidly due to the dynamic nature of positive and negative trends affecting the profession.

The breast milk is very healthy and full of nutrition, it provides the primary source of nutrition for newborns before they are able to digest more diverse food. The breast milk also contains balanced nutrients that are require for brain development, growth and a healthy immune system that act against viruses, bacteria, and parasites, since an infant’s immune system is not fully developed until the age of 2 yrs. Due to some reasons, few lactating mothers unable to give breast milk to their infant when there is an inadequate milk secretions.

The study was based on contextual and distributed view of leadership. Quality improvement and pedagogical leadership was seen as primary responsibilities in early childhood education leadership by all studied groups. The study indicated different practices of distribution of responsibilities for leadership. However, it indicated that developed forms of leadership distribution were rarely used.

Water resources are essential to a country’s economic growth and economic development if they are effectively utilized by converting into tangible goods and services within an economy. However, the utilization of resources varies from one resource to another and in different areas. In arid and semi-arid lands, water resources play an important role in sustaining rural livelihoods as well as wildlife and plants.

Erwinia mallotivora has been identified as the causal pathogen of papaya dieback disease in Malaysia, and has become one of the major threats to the papaya industry. Pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins are considered as plant defense proteins, where they are capable to prevent or reduce the effect of pathogen and insect attacks. Accumulation of PR proteins is associated with the development of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in plants.

Introduction: Parents are the most consistent influence in children’s lives and are in unique position to influence young people’s health and personal development during their transition to sexual life. Sex education should be an integral part of the learning process that should begin in childhood and continued to adult life, because it is lifelong process. In India, due to various cultural and religious beliefs parents are generally not interested to talk about sex-education though they are the first socializing agent of the children.

Along with consistently transforming industry circumstances and also polices, there's a need to build revolutionary products which fulfill consumer requirements. It is vital to contemplate considerable knowledge with insurance product progress and realize need of well-equipped assistance at all phases, which includes executing industry research, establishing product attributes, executing cash-flow modeling along with revenue assessment, developing regulating processing product, enactment of the product or service.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), of the U.N. is dedicated to providing food security for all.

This paper conducted a study on the information needs and information seeking behaviour of students in St. Joseph’s College Irinjalakuda. Relevant literature of the information resources and its use in various categories of users has been reviewed. The study examined to know the information seeking behaviour of students and use, availability and effectiveness of library resources to satisfy their information needs. Updates, easy accessibility, reference and latest books collection on various subjects are to be increased and to encourage and motivate the use of information sources.

The current study was designed to demonstrate the microbiological quality of oral liquid antibiotics. The in vitro antibacterial potential of the antibiotics was checked. In this regard three samples of oral liquid suspension of Flucoxacillin collected from different drug stores of Dhaka city were tested. All the samples were found to be loaded with total viable bacteria and fungi in the average of 104 cfu/ml and the bacterial and fungal load exceeded United States Pharmacopeia (USP) or British Pharmacopeia (BP) limit (≤102 cfu/ml for bacteria and 10 cfu/ml for fungi).

This paper intends to determine whether there is a relation between the external public debt and the economic growth in the Republic of the Congo 1975-2015. To achieve the purpose, we have applied a model of multiple regression. Therefore, the results demonstrate that the external public debt and the debt service had a negative effect on growth. Hence, the study recommends to the Congo to comply with convergence criteria of EMCCAS which set the threshold of the public debt by 70 % of GDP.

Home comfort contributes to improving the living environment and several approaches to materials are implemented to improve thermal comfort in homes. This study focuses on the development and mechanical characterization of an insulating material based on Parkiabiglobosa (Néré) and cow dung. Beforehand, a chemical analysis on the tannin content of five concentrations ofNéré’s pod was carried out for three different time’s maceration. In view of the results, the concentrations 120 g/l and 180 g/l after 24 h of maceration were retained to make the different insulant specimens.

Salinity problem in crop production will become worse in areas with rapidly growing human population and limited water resources, which necessitates the use of saline water for irrigation. Cultivation of salt tolerant perennial trees using saline water is potentially an important strategy to save fresh water resources and maximize the forage yield of small-scale farms in the marginal and saline environments.

Background: The isolation of actinomycetes from coffee plantation soil increases the chance for the production of high auxins—IAA producers, helping in maximum increase in growth of the plants. Objectives: In the present study, actinomycetes were isolated from the less explored coffee plantation soils and the strains were screened for IAA producing activity which can be exploited for the production of agroactive compounds like auxins. Methods: The actinomycete strains were isolated from coffee plantation soils of Chikkamagalur district Karnataka, India.

Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges, a protective membrane that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord. To reduce the mortality and morbidity owing to meningitis, an early establishment of the diagnosis and early institution of therapy are imperative. Therefore, we conducted this study with the main objectives of examining the specific clinical features with which our patients in a tertiary care setting presented, and also the abnormalities in the CSF biochemistry. Aim of this study is to study the clinical profile and CSF examination in patients of meningitis.

Eating behavior, alcohol consumption, and anxiety, depression and manias, can negatively influence university students, in their healthy lifestyle. This study of transversal and inferential descriptive type that included a representative sample conformed by university students of the last degree of the health area of the Autonomous University of Campeche, México. The purpose of this work was to determine in students of the health area, the associations that exist between the alimentary behavior with the consumption of alcohol, anxiety, depression and manias.

Wound closure and healing is the prime goal of a surgeon. With modern advances and techniques, therapeutic application of growth factors from autologous blood has demonstrated enhanced healing properties. Platelet rich products like second generation (L-PRF) and third generation (T-PRF) platelet concentrates have simplified the process without biochemical handling of blood.

Soil erosion is at the root of serious economic, social, and environmental problems in many countries around the world. It is therefore essential to spatially evaluate its effects in order to face them and to be able to propose the best strategies of fight, conservation and planning of land. The objective of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the vulnerability of soils to water erosion through an approach based on the Mediterranean Desertification and Land Use (MEDALUS) model across the Tonkpi Region (Western Cote d’Ivoire).

Soil erosion is at the root of serious economic, social, and environmental problems in many countries around the world. It is therefore essential to spatially evaluate its effects in order to face them and to be able to propose the best strategies of fight, conservation and planning of land. The objective of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the vulnerability of soils to water erosion through an approach based on the Mediterranean Desertification and Land Use (MEDALUS) model across the Tonkpi Region (Western Cote d’Ivoire).

Low back pain is the common problem of almost all age group around the world. Many different modalities were used to relief the pain. One cannot be confined on any one to prove that it was the best technique to treat back pain. Objective: To explore the treatment techniques used by physical therapists in the management of low back pain. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in major physiotherapy out-patient departments of Karachi covering major government, semi government and private sector hospitals.

Introduction: Depression is the frequent disorder among the elderly population and has the consequence of increasing morbidity and mortality and worsening of quality of life. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the depression and quality of life of the elderly. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study to obtain date on the diagnosis of depression, quality of life and level of physical activity using the BECK questionnaires and the WHOQOL-BREF and IPAQ, respectively. socioeconomic variables (age, income, marital status, with whom they live).

Frontal bone fractures are rare and occur in only 5-12% of maxillofacial traumas and have a relatively low incidence if compared to the remaining types of fracture involving the cranio-maxillofacial region. The fact that the frontal bone is more protected from traumatic events by both the prominence of the nasal pyramid which protects the naso-orbital region and the frontal bone higher resistance to mechanical impacts could attribute to this.

Frontal bone fractures are rare and occur in only 5-12% of maxillofacial traumas and have a relatively low incidence if compared to the remaining types of fracture involving the cranio-maxillofacial region. The fact that the frontal bone is more protected from traumatic events by both the prominence of the nasal pyramid which protects the naso-orbital region and the frontal bone higher resistance to mechanical impacts could attribute to this.

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is most commonly found pre-cancerous conditions prevalent in Southeast Asian countries like India. The treatment varies from conservative to surgical depending on the stage of the disease. Significant improvement was noticed in most patients, if treated byintralesional steroids. Here, we are presenting a rare complication of sterile abscess formation after 3 weeks of intralesional corticosteroid injection for the management of grade II oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) which is very rarely reported in the literature.

Menopause appears as an iceberg comprising a vast heterogeneity of extremely troublesome physical and psychological symptoms which profoundly affect the quality of life. The present study was undertaken to appraise the sociodemographic profile and spectrum of menopausal symptoms in women visiting OBGY O.P.D. of Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha and to evaluate the influence of menopause on QoL. This monocentric hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out between 1st October 2016 to 31st August 2018 in OBGY Department, on 330 menopausal women.

Present paper deals with the pollen diversity of some plant species of order Malvales, which belongs to subclass Polypetalae of class Dicotyledon. Malvales is the most important order of subclass Polypetalae. Here investigated plants were taken from Malvaceae, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae families. Mostly plants are multipalynous in porate grains the common type were polyporate. The pollen grains varies in their size from large to very large, the most common are large sized grains. The shape of the pollen grains seems to be more or less constant i. e. prolate, spheroidal to oblate.

Present paper deals with the pollen diversity of some plant species of order Malvales, which belongs to subclass Polypetalae of class Dicotyledon. Malvales is the most important order of subclass Polypetalae. Here investigated plants were taken from Malvaceae, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae families. Mostly plants are multipalynous in porate grains the common type were polyporate. The pollen grains varies in their size from large to very large, the most common are large sized grains. The shape of the pollen grains seems to be more or less constant i. e. prolate, spheroidal to oblate.

Infantile Seborrhoeic Dermatitis (ISD) is a skin disorder in infants usually started before the age of three months .It is characterized by inflammation and desquamation in areas with a rich supply of sebaceous glands. The favorable response to antifungal therapy in Seborrhoeic Dermatitis may indicate a role for fungal infections in these conditions. This study aimed to identify the interrelation between ISD and Candida-albicans infection infants attending Dermatology clinic in Mosul city, who had a clinical picture of ISD were included in this study.

Oral cancer is any malignant neoplasm of buccal mucosa, tongue, lip, floor of mouth, gingival or palate. Oral cancer is the 6th most common cancer of the world and 3rd most common in South-Central Asia. In Asian countries like India, buccal mucosa is the most common site of oral cancer. Head and neck cancer patients are at high risk of developing Second primary tumor arising from same dysplastic mucosal field. Metastasis of OSCC occurs at a reported rate of 4% to 26%. Most distant metastasis from OSCC is reported to occur in liver, lungs and bone.

Background: We aimed to evaluate the change in attention and concentration after hemodialysis (HD) treatment in patients with chronic renal failure by line bisection test. Material and Method: 40 chronic renal failure patients (17 women, 23 men) with a mean age of 64.65±10.24 who had HD treatment and 40 controls with a mean age of 64.88±10.07 were included in the study. The control group was selected from HD patients with similar demographic characteristics. A line splitting test was performed twice, and just once before the end of HD and immediately after the end of HD.

Objective: The present study represents the effect of the extracts of A. sativum bulbs growing in Sudan on glucose reuptake by rats hemidiaphgrams, and; to investigate the anti-hyperglycemic effect of the extracts on glucose-loaded Wistar albino rat. Methods: A. sativum bulbs were powdered and extracted continuously by Soxhlet apparatus using 96% ethanol to obtain the total crude ethanolic extract. The extracts with increasing polarity were successively prepared with petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol using the Soxhlet apparatus.

Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) originated from Africa where it is an important grain legume. The knowledge of genetic variability level within a crop species is an important step towards improving it. The objective of this study was to determine the level and structure of genetic diversity of bambara groundnut from Burkina Faso. In this study, 92 bambara groundnut accessions from three climatic zones of Burkina Faso were characterized with 17 random amplified polymorphic DNA markers.

Investigation on human-wildlife induced conservation threats to wildlife of Hanto controlled hunting area was carried out between 2016 and 2017. The objective of investigation was to identify the role of trophy hunting and human-wildlife induced conservation threats to wildlife of Hanto. To achieve the objective, questionnaire survey, focus group discussion and wildlife habitat survey techniques were employed to assess conservation threats of wildlife in the study sites.

Background: The supraorbital nerve is one of the main cutaneous nerves supplying the forehead and scalp region. It exits through the supra-orbital foramen/notch to innervate the skin and may be injured during various surgical and anesthetic procedures. The exact location, morphology and morphometry of these foramen show variations which had great clinical impact. This study focuses on such variations. Materials and methods: The study is done in 106 human dry crania from the department of Anatomy, Yenepoya Medical College.

Background: The ever rising caesarean rates in Obstetric practice are a method of serious concern. A very common indication of Caesarean is history of previous caesarean. One of the reasons for this is the caution that is to be used for use of prostaglandins in these patients for cervical ripening. There are alternate methods of cervical ripening well documented in literature. One of the methods is extra amniotic use of Foleys catheter for cervical ripening which may also induce labour.

Isat-2-one was reacted with 4-amino acetanilide in the presence of glacial acetic acid and ethanol. Water molecule was eliminated to form Isatin Schiff base. The obtained Isatin Schiff bases, on reaction with multiple benzaldehyde derivatives in the presence of ethanol and potassium hydroxide formed various products of chalcone derivatives. The obtained compounds (C1-C7) were analysed using H+ NMR, IR, Mass spectroscopy and elemental analysis data and were found to match with the given structures.

This meta-research synthesizing the assertion for the need of cultural relevance in mathematics instruction revealed these findings that the complementation of ethnomathematics with academic mathematics for students to achieve the desired learning outcomes and the global significance of ethnomathemaics to mathematics through the congruence between culture and mathematics.

The decentralization of authority, which affects business enterprise cultural way of life which expands, globalized the association. The saved up of globalized human resources for simple leadership and dynamic speaking to. The stored up of accurate going for walks environment with representatives pleasure for all inclusive the undertaking development. The authoritative adequacy makes to accumulate the enterprise employer in a globalized stage. For those gauges the needs of human asset such way of employees, services, and stakeholders.

The Ascomycetous Fungi is the largest group. These fungi are highly diverse and versatile organisms adapted to all kinds of environment. Also they are heterogenous in nature and rich in their pattern. owever, it was observed that since during last few years Mycology, a branch of Botany has been neglected in Marathwada region and no studies have been done on this particular branch. Therefore, it was felt to undertake the work on taxonomic studies of ascomycetous fungi. To investigate fungal flora and to study their taxonomic aspects, Ramling hill forest was selected.

This study was intended to analyze data mining techniques of telecommunication companies in the Philippines. This study was guided by the following objectives: to provide an overview on data mining; to examine the various data mining techniques of telecommunication companies in Philippines; to identify the challenges of data mining faced by telecommunication companies in Philippines. The study employed the descriptive and explanatory design; secondary means were applied in order to collect data.

The issue of employability is one of the main development challenges facing Côte d'Ivoire. In an environment where the majority of jobs are offered by the informal sector combined with the high propensity of jobseekers to look for paid jobs, the production of graduates by the education system, the number of people out of school, the Inadequate job training and insufficient job offer, the Ivorian government has chosen as an alternative, the promotion of employment through self-employment.

Demarcated opacities are the developmental defects characterised by insufficient mineralization in enamel. The defects exhibit clinically as a creamy-white demarcated opacities ,yellowish brown to macroscopic loss of tooth structure. The Aim of this study is to evaluate the demarcated opacities in 12-15 years children using different forms of asthma drug.

Several types of researches were done to model and simulate the reciprocating pump rod stiffness change even through mechanical spring, hydraulic actuators, and pneumatic actuators. The objective of this research is to simulate the effect of changing the reciprocating pump rod stiffness value on the reciprocating pump performance and its starting requirements.

Background: Pegfilgrastim is the most widely used long-acting G-CSF available worldwide in the management of febrile neutropenia during chemotherapy. Objective: The present multicentre study evaluated efficacy and safety of pegfilgrastim biosimilar against innovator reference pegfilgrastim, when given subcutaneously in patients with Chemotherapy Induced Neutropenia (CIN).

In the modern trends of computing, the exchange of external component is very essential, in order to make the programmer more comfortable for exchanging of data from one device to another. In the traditional days when ever we are going to insert the device in the running computer then, the system were unable to identify the device, so we need to restart the system each time whenever we are going to make any insertion or deletion of the peripheral as per our requirement (Social Networks of Things for Smart Homes Using Fuzzy Logic, 2018).

Background: Lumbar disc herniation is one of the most commonly encountered problems in daily neurosurgical practice. Microdiscectomy or open discectomy (MD/OD) are the standard procedures for symptomatic lumbar disc herniation and they involve removal of the offending intervertebral disc compressing the nerve root. Discectomies are done in several ways like laminectomy and discectomy, Microdiscectomy, Endoscopic discectomy etc. We are practicing lumbar discectomy without sophisticated instruments without the aid of headlight loupe or microscopic magnification.

The nature of snail was reviewed as well as the importance of snail meat was studied from different researches. The preliminary treatments of snail meat were outlined. The recipe for the preparation of snail meat in tomato sauce was listed and the method for its preparation was also well studied. The preformed plastic package was discussed, especially, recyclable and recycled plastics. Aseptic packaging was fully explained and applied in packaging of snail meat in tomato sauce in preformed plastic container. This encourages business in snail meat processing.

This research article briefly demonstrates the requested style for submission of a manuscript to the Journal of Search Engine Optimization techniques. I explicitly discuss or implicitly demonstrate the stylistic requirements for a manuscript so that articles published by the journal have a consistent, straight-forward style. My goal is to make the process of preparing a manuscript simple for the authors, the process of preparing an accepted article for publication easy for the editor, and the process of reading an article pleasurable for the user.

Aims and objective: Anxiety, fear and pain assessment is essential in day to day Dental practice. The present study was conducted to check salivary cortisol response to stress among subjects undergoing, scaling, restorative and biopsy procedures: An In Vivo Study Methodology: The salivary cortisol level were checked in 60 patients, out of which 30 patients were healthy patient who do not require any Dental treatment and 30 patients who underwent Scaling, Restorative And Biopsy procedures. The groups divided were as follows.

This study investigates the effects of Cement, gypsum and recycling concrete on compaction properties of the clayey soil. Inorganic clay with low Plasticity was used in this study as a natural soil. For this purpose a series of laboratory experiments have been implemented and varieties of samples were made by mixing cement, gypsum and recycling concrete with natural soil. Three different percentages of cement (3%, 6% and9%), three different percentages of gypsum and recycling concrete (3%, 6% and 9%) were used as stabilization materials.

Introduction: The purpose of the present in vitro study was to compare and evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of 6% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine and 0.9% normal saline using passive ultrasonic irrigation technique against enterococcus faecalis in root canals. Material and Method: Total forty extracted human single rooted teeth were selected and divided into experimental and control group. Access cavities were prepared and specimen decoronated to standardized root length. ATCC 35550, MTCC code 4399 of pure culture of Enterococcus Faecalis has been used in this study.

The present study was under taken during 2004-05 and 2005-06 at Regional Research Station, Mainpuri. The experimental soil was sandy loam, having pH 8.5, organic carbon 0.45%, total nitrogen 0.04%, available phosphorus 10 kg/ha and available potassium 278 kg/ha, therefore, poor fertility level indicated nutrients stress condition. The main objective was to enhanced the productivity of Indian mustard with suitable doses of chemical fertilizer in the combination of bacterial fertilizer. Four levels of Bacillus circulans culture (bacterial fertilizer) i.e.

In the present business scenario, marketing communications has a very significant and specific role to play. Indeed, marketing communication is an effective and essential tool through which organizations disseminate ideas and information about their brand and product to the large masses. Communication is the first and foremost need of any business and plays a cardinal role in marketing.

The rise in defiance cases among children in schools in Kenya calls for the need for proper diagnosis and effective intervention. This is because of the effect it has on the child’s social functioning and academic performance as well as the economic impact it has on their families. The main purpose for this study was to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) among children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in selected primary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya. Two primary schools were purposely selected in Nairobi, Kenya.

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy, and according to the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) statistics for 2006 to 2010 it is the fourth most common cancer in women. More than 75% of endometrial cancers are endometrioid carcinomas, whereas 5% to 10% are serous, 1% to 5% clear cell, and 1% to 3% mucinous carcinomas. Up to 5% are other histologies, including uterine sarcomas (i.e., carcinosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and endometrial stromal sarcoma).

This study describes the investigation that carried out to study the effects of Cement, gypsum and wheat husk ash on compaction properties of the clayey soil. Inorganic clay with low Plasticity was used in this study as a natural soil. For this purpose a series of laboratory experiments have been implemented and varieties of samples were made by mixing cement, gypsum and wheat husk ash with natural soil. Three different percentages of gypsum and wheat husk ash (3%, 6% and 9%) used as stabilization materials.

The purpose of this paper was to investigate the influence of parents’ socio-economic status on absenteeism in public day secondary schools in Keiyo North Sub County of Elgeyo-Marakwet County, Kenya. The specific objectives of this study were; to investigate the relationship between parent’s level of education, occupational status and level of income on absenteeism among secondary schools students in public day schools. The study was guided by Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The study adopted expost factor research design.

Erythema ab igne (EAI) is a skin condition caused by long-term exposure to heat without thermal burn. Prolonged thermal radiation exposure to the skin can lead to the development of reticulate erythema, hyperpigmentation, scaling and telangiectasia in the affected area. Generally, the outcome of treating EAI with some topical agents including tretinoin cream and imiquimod cream was not satisfactory. Unfortunately, there is no standard laser therapy for EAI yet. Therefore, in order to investigate the efficacy and safety of Dr.

The antiradical potential of Lippia multiflora evaluated by the DPPH radical method reveals that the hydroethanolic extract has a higher antioxidant capacity (957.90 ± 2.42 mmolEAA / mg) than the aqueous extract (489.35 ± 11.29 mmol EAA / mg) against 14.43 mg / mL for ascorbic acid used as reference antioxidant. The contents of the phenolic compound extracts have been determined and vary according to the extract. These values are between 104.68-957.90% for total phenols, 0.038-0.338% for flavonoids and 0.002-0.031% for condensed tannins.

In this study pure (PVA) polymer film and films of (PVA:PVP) polymer blends at weight ratios (((100:0), (70:30), (50:50), (30:70)) wt%) preparation using the casting method. The dielectric and mechanical properties of (PVA:PVP) polymer blends films have been studied.

Objective: The present paper describes the simple and efficient protocol for the reduction of key intermediates in three API’s like Dabigatran, Domperidone and Olanzapine using Iron metal with Ammonium formate as main reagents with suitable solvent system. In Dabigatran and Domperidone the conversions are nitro to amine and in Olanzapine nitrile reduction followed by cyclization.

The main objective of the study is to assess implementation of continuous assessment to advance students’ language skills in Hawassa College of Teachers’ Education. To gather the relevant information from the concerned teachers and students, four data collection instruments were used. This study is aimed at investigating how continuous assessment contributes for the advancing students’ language skills. The data also showed that about half of the respondents described as continuous assessment sometimes indicates the actual performance of their language skill.

A 42-year-old male patient with a history of chest pain presented to the emergency room our hospital. MSCT angiography was performed using a 256-slice computed tomography (CT). The MSCT angiographic analysis showed a total occlusion of the medial left anterior descending artery (LAD) after the 2nd diagonal branch. An urgent coronary angiography performed later the same day, it excluded a significant coronary artery disease. Conclusion: In patients with tachykardia and arrhythmias, image quality is frequently affected by motion artefacts, limiting ist utility.

The present literature review aims to discuss resistance training for adolescents. Due to some contradictions regarding the benefits of bodybuilding aimed at young people (children and adolescents), there is some resistance from parents and guardians to allow this practice. However, more recent studies have shown that resistance training for adolescents and children can contribute to increased strength and endurance.

The article outlines the political, economic, social, spiritual changes in the country, the high rates of birth and natural growth, the growth of the indigenous people.

The fast growing development in Egypt has required big movements of investments and people from the Nile Valley towards the North Western Coast of Mediterranean Sea. A hydrochemical and geoelectrical investigation was conducted in the matrouh-negilla area in the northwestern coast of Egypt to investigate and find out the groundwater aquifer, its extension, depth and thickness. Also, chemical analysis was used to evaluate the chemical characteristics of groundwater and assessment of water quality.

Half of the English language instructors are more concerned with improving the allocated part of the pedagogy, but in the process of the assigned course completion with prescribed syllabus, some wrong messages get conveyed, some wrong impressions were made and eventually there comes a massive gap of communication in between the Student group and the English language instructor. The importance of paralinguistic features while teaching English to the speakers of other languages must be the primary concern during the second language acquisition process.

Background: Children with Down syndrome frequently show postponed beginning of independent walking. Treadmill preparing is a compelling intercession that invigorate a prior walking start. In addition, orthosis regularly are given to children with Down syndrome to increase steadiness and advance prior free walking. The purpose of this study was to give knowledge into the formative results of early orthosis use in a mix with treadmill training in children with Down syndrome contrasted with treadmill training alone.

Objectives: To describe the incidence and characteristics of Paclitaxel induced acute pain syndrome. To assess the change in pain (i.e., P-APS) related to paclitaxel alone or combination of carboplatin. Methods: The Study was a prospective one in which we included the eligible patients scheduled to receive paclitaxel weekly or 3 weekly; alone or in combination with another chemotherapeutic agent Carboplatin. Details regarding acute Pain were collected and evaluated.

Cardiovascular diseases are generally considered a public health problem, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular evolution and the use of the time scale in order to develop the risk of developing CVD in the next 10 years.

The cases of Alcoholic Hepatitis are increasing day by day due to drinking alcohol habit in our society. Amale patient of age 56 years working as DGM in NTPC came with the complaint of abdominal heaviness, indigestion, alternate diarrhea and constipation, decreased appetite, nausea, tiredness and general weakness for six months. Patient was diagnosed a case of Alcoholic Hepatitis after taking history and required investigations specially LFT, USG W/A and Fibroscan.

Smoking is a very hazardous problem in the whole world. The smoking of a cigarette/ cigar is not only harmful to the lungs of that person who is smoking but also harmful to the people surrounding him. Sometimes smoking becomes responsible for the road accident when it use by the person who is driving four wheeler or two-wheeler and it is also responsible for firing in the forest. Smoking is an addiction and due to that other family members are also being addicted. The aim of this study is to aware the people from smoking.

Lefort 1 osteotomies are very commonly performed orthognathic surgical procedure and is of wide application in correcting dentofacial deformities. The down fracturing technique of maxilla is an important step in Lefort osteotomy and is associated with occasional trouble shooting. Aim of the study: was to evaluate the ease of two down fracturing techniques –by using a 0.5 mm stainless steel wire traction and using modified leverage technique using two periosteal elevator and chisel.

It is said that teaching is essentially a spiritual process, involving contact mind with mind. A good teacher exerts a powerful and abiding influence on the life of educand. In shaping the child we not only shape the future man but also the future of the nation and the entire human society as such. Teacher is also a human being. We cannot expect him to be perfect in this imperfect world. There are level o f personal stress caused by teaching profession i.e. Stress becomes too high, his performance breaks down.

In the current era, the study of emotional intelligence and psychological well being become a key interest of researcher in various disciplines. This study was undertaken to assess how gender moderate the relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological well-being of adolescents. The study also intends to access the relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological well-being among adolescents. For the purpose of the study, 250 students (125 male and 125 females) enrolled in 11th grade was selected as a sample from the Karad of Satara district.

Schizophrenia is a mental illness which creates a great impact on the patient and his community. The examination of the various risk factors related to the disease is important in the determination of its aetiology. The present study aimed to examine the risk factors attributed to the development of schizophrenia. A case control study method was used comparing patients with schizophrenia with control subjects. The sample of cases and their controls were collected from Al-Zahrawy hospital in Mosul city. The sample collection was for the period from 1st January to 30th of June 2000.

The commercial yield of banana is mainly affected by Odoiporous longicollis and Cosmopolites sordidus in Bihar during fruiting season and it is limiting the qualitative and quantitative aspect of banana crop.

Background: Intussusception occurs when a portion of the alimentary tract is telescoped into an adjacent segment. It is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction between 5 months and 3 years of age. Most cases are idiopathic. Aim of study: To study the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of intussusception and the relation between age and residency with time of presentation and mode of management, and to find out the impact of delay in presentation on the outcome.

Tissue culture involves the use of small pieces of plant tissue (explants) which are cultured in a nutrient medium under sterile conditions. Many primary steps involved are the preparation of nutrient medium, the establishment of aseptic culture, inoculation, development of the plant in growth room, hardening of micro plants and transfer to the greenhouse.

The relationship between income distribution and development process is one of the oldest issues in economic research. Most economists and policymakers agree that economic growth will reduce poverty in developing countries. The basic political question for policy-makers is: how much economic growth reduces poverty? If the goal is to reduce poverty, then clearly, economic growth is a plus for poverty reduction and reduction of income inequality.

A mathematical model for estimating of the population size of West Bank and Gaza Strip is used. This model was first proposed in 1992. At that time there was no national, independent or reliable census there. Applying our (same) model showed a great deal of agreement, between our estimates for population size with the resulting figures of recent censuses, not only for these two areas, but for different countries worldwide.

Women have been struggling for equality since ages. They were ill-treated and discriminated against throughout their lives. The women, who constitute almost one and a half of the population, can visibly be identified as socially eliminated, economically exploited and politically deprived section of society, mainly in developing countries. Purdah system, polygamy, child marriages, sati were some bitter realities of the prevailing times for women in India. In Derozio’s times women came to be seen as vulnerable. An abiding concern with the plight of widows runs through his poems.

Shaping and Cleaning is considered as one of the most important phase of the endodontic treatment. In our study we compare and evaluate the remaining dentin thickness of root canals using Neo-Endo and Revo-S file systems with the help of cone beam computed tomography for analysis. Thirty extracted human mandibular molars were taken and Pre-instrumentation cone beam computed tomography scan was done. After the instrumentation with each file post instrumentation cone beam computed tomography scans were taken.

The relationship between income distribution and development process is one of the oldest issues in economic research. Most economists and policymakers agree that economic growth will reduce poverty in developing countries. The basic political question for policy-makers is: how much economic growth reduces poverty? If the goal is to reduce poverty, then clearly, economic growth is a plus for poverty reduction and reduction of income inequality.

Background: Recently there is growing interest in preparing healthy foods with high nutritional values and in the same time safe. Therefore, strengthening cheese with vegetables, fruits and mushrooms can be considering a good attempt to apply this interest. Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the nutritional characteristics and sensory properties of processed cheese incorporated with mixture consists of nine different vegetables and mushroom.

We demonstrate here a model proposed by Lee and Carter (1992) for fit and to forecast mortality rates. This approach is used widely in demographical applications and academic literature because the structure of the Lee-Carter model allows for the construction of confidence intervals related to mortality and age-specific death protections. To improve the performance of the Lee-Carter model, several extensions to the original version have been proposed.

The unique low cost effective technology for the slender entrepreneurs of Silk dyeing effluent has been planned and executed. Environmental outlets like Silk dyeing effluent are harmful and needs a high cost Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) to achieve Zero effluent discharge limits which is not affordable for low investers. In remediating this effluent using the Biofertilizers with multifunctioning activities with Biodegradation, Biocontrol and Plant growth promoting properties were selected.

The role of education in social transformation and progress is unchallengeable. Education ensures multiple dividends to a society. It is a great equalizer and emancipator. It empowers the individuals by providing skill and generating employment potentialities in them. Thus, education is the greatest change agent of a society. Viewed from such significance of education, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declared it as the basic human right of every individual. The Paper deals with the Privileges of distance education availed by the today’s women.

Low Phospholipid Associated Cholelithiasis syndrome (LPAC) is a disease of the young woman. The diagnosis is suspected by the presence of certain criteria and confirmed by genetic testing. We report the case of three brothers who have presented with recurrent biliary pain and an abnormal liver function. Their parents were first degree cousins who had been surgically treated for a biliary disease. The diagnosis of LPAC was backed by clinical and radiological arguments.

Quinoline derivatives are reported to have anti microbial, anti inflammatory, analgesic and anti cancer activities. The incorporated oxymethyl carbamide at 8th position of the quinoline ring was found to influence the biological activities of the molecules with this some of new quinolinyl oxymethyl azetidinones and quinolinyl oxymethyl azetidinones thiazolidinones were synthesized from 8-hydroxy quinoline through (quinolin-8yloxy) acetyl hydrazide intermediates.

This study aims to analyze the implementation of the strategy of teaching by the pars by the teachers at the time of a sequence of class in gymnastics. In reference to the theories of the socio-constructivism of Vygotsky (1978) and situations of Brousseau (1986), it is a question of showing the various adaptations operated by the teachers in spite of the difficulties which they encounter at the time of the implementation of this strategy.

Non-extraction orthodontic treatment implies the correction of malocclusion and thereby improvement in facial profile, aesthetics and smile without sacrificing permanent tooth/teeth. Every clinician is tempted to treat his cases by non-extraction mode of treatment, and this mode of treatment is more desirable for patients undergoing orthodontic treatment.

Background: High Maternal mortality continues to be a challenge in reaching millennium development goal-5 target. The WHO has reported that two-thirds of maternal deaths occur in just 11 countries, with India topping that list at 17%. Objective: The main objective of study is to identify major cause of maternal deaths and to suggest recommendations for improvement. Methods: Details of all maternal deaths analysed over a period of 6 years i.e. from January 2011 to December 2016, occurred in obstetrics and gynecology department, GSVM Medical college, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

This article presents the study on the determination of climatic parameters used in sizing of solar and thermal systems. Our work aimed at determining the air temperature, the relative humidity of the air, the insolation period and the global solar radiation of several localities of Burkina Faso. These weather data have been obtained over 30 years from ten (10) synoptic stations. The averages of these parameters have been calculated. From these averages, we have proposed the correlations between climatic parameters and geographical coordinates.

Aim: To assess the presence of candida isolates from saliva samples of HIV sero-positive patients. Objectives: To study the expression of different species of candida isolates from saliva samples of HIV sero-positive patients and to identify if any newer species candida is present in the saliva samples of HIV sero-positive patients. Materials and Method: 30 subjects with recently detected HIV sero-positive status and not undergoing Anti-Retroviral Therapy were selected. 0.5 ml of saliva samples were collected in the sterile bottles from these patients.

Background: 1.2 million die every year in road traffic accidents in the world. Abdominal trauma forms an important component of surgical emergencies. It is one of the leading causes of death and disability. The victims are mostly young adults and in the prime of their life. Various mode of Blunt injury abdomen, varied mode of presentation and diagnostic challenges that blunt injury abdomen poses forms a fascinating subject to study. Objectives: To study various aetiologies of blunt trauma abdomen and their outcomes in term of morbidity and mortality.

Phosphate solubilising bacteria (PSB) and fungi (PSF) were enumerated by employing Pikovskaya and Modified Pikovskaya agar supplemented with Tricalcium phosphate (TCP) as insoluble phosphate source. The P solubilisers formed yellow halos around their colonies on Modified Pikovskaya agar (MPVK) using Bromophenol blue. The frequency of PSB was highest in the Kharar soil (5.1%) and the least in Model Town, Ludhiana soil (2.2%) in rhizosphere zone.

Background: Periodontitis is related with certain systemic conditions as well as with some intra oral local factors including patients’ oral practices and habits. Objective: To review the evidence on the potential roles of modifiable and non modifiable risk factors associated with periodontitis. Methods: A Case control Study was conducted on group of randomly selected patients coming at General Pathology Department, Institute associated with dental college in western India. Clinically diagnosed dental patients having periodontitis were considered as study population.

Training presents a prime opportunity to expand the knowledge base of all employees, but many employers find the development opportunities expensive. Employees also miss out on work time while attending training sessions, which may delay the completion of projects. Despite the potential drawbacks, training and development provides both the company as a whole and the individual employees with benefits that make the cost and time a worthwhile investment. Statistics prove that companies across the globe invest heavily on employee training and development.

Hyperbilirubimenia is one of the most common problems in neonates. Observed as an abnormal physical finding in the first week of life in approximately 60% of term neonates and 80% of preterm neonates. Photo therapy is one of the routine management of jaundice. It has been hypothesized that photo therapy leads to increased calcium absorption by the bones through irradiating the pineal gland and reducing melatonin level.

Adolescence is a stage of ‘Storms and Stresses’. The period of adolescence is of ultimate important in human’s life. In this period a person gets physical, mental and emotional maturity. Adolescents are faced with challenging issues including the puberty, identity formation and transition from childhood to adulthood. Unmanaged stress can cause adolescents with potentially significant health impacts and higher risk for behavioral problems, suicide and risky sexual behavior, smoking, substance abuse, school dropout, self-harm, and poor eating habits.

Adolescence is a transition phase passing through between a child and an adult. During this period, rapid physical growth and physiological as well as psychological changes, occurs. Primary dysmenorrhea is a common menstrual complaint with a major impact on women's quality of life, work productivity and health-care utilization. The prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea varies between 16% and 91% in women of reproductive age, with severe pain in 2–29% of the women. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea varies all over the world.

Background: Anxiety disorders are considered a major health problem and economic. About 10% of the world population suffer from this disorder. In Brazil it is estimated that 9.3% of its population. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate association between anxiety, consumed drugs and alcohol among university and non-university in a cityfrom Bahia. Methodology: The survey was conducted with 462 adult’s university and non-university, to obtain the data, we opted for the questionnaire BECK and ABUEL anxiety.

To identify different histological feature of testis of infertile males and classify the types into well defined groups to use Johnsen Score for grading of the degree of spermatogenesis, to find out age distribution and to compare the results obtained with similar studies. During 12 months period from January 2017 to January 2018,100 consecutive testicular biopsies were collected from infertile males. After being immediately fixed in Bouin's solution, for at least 24 hours, they were embedded in paraffin and 4 micron sections were cut and stained by hematoxylene and eosin.

Every day people, businesses, organizations, communities and the Government use digital technology to make decisions, to make goods and to deliver services more efficiently and more quickly. The digital economy refers to both the digital access of goods and services, and the use of digital technology to help businesses. Digital economy is a term that is often used to cover this activity, but is hard to define.

Background: Carcinoma in colon shows a wide range of morphological differentiation in spite of clinically being nondistinctive. Histomorphology is not enough for differentiating and categorising the type of colon carcinoma with confidence; immunohistochemistry acts as valuable adjunct to it. Materials and Methods: Resected colon specimens were grossed and sections given from representative areas and stained by conventional H and E method and further evaluation done by immunohistochemical markers CK-7 and CK-20 with grading.

Background: Hyperandrogenism is a common disorder in adolescent females. Objectives: Our study investigated prevalence of hyperandrogenism among female students of Taif University in kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its associated correlates. Methods: The study was conducted from September, 2017 to June, 2018. Nine hundred undergraduate volunteer students from the female university participated in the study. Questionnaires about demographic characters, menstrual history of students, self-estimate of hirsutism and alopecia were distributed to students.

There is a world-wide increase in the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and it is associated with an increase in obesity. As the adipose tissue in epineurium is related to some extent to amount of body fat, it is possible that the amount of such fat may affect the nerve conduction. In this study, we have analyzed effect of Body Mass Index (BMI, Group Obese) on various parameters of Median nerve conduction study in one hundred twenty three Type II diabetes mellitus subjects.

India is one of the epicenters of global diabetic pandemic. It is silent epidemic that disables kills and strikes people at their most productive age and reduces life expectancy of older people. Diabetes is a global issue and a threat that does not respect borders, social classes or races. It is responsible for increased morbidity and mortality and imposes a catastrophic financial burden on patients and huge burden on healthcare system.

Background: Onychomycosis refers to fungal infection of nails with various etiological agents, involving dermatophytes, yeasts and moulds. Onychomycosis continues to be worldwide problem constituting a large bulk of cases attending the dermatology outpatient department. Diabetics are more prone to onychomycosis, most of the time the infection is subclinical and may lead to secondary infections and bad prognosis. Hence this study was undertaken to diagnose onychomycosis earlier in diabetics which will help to start suitable antifungal therapy and prevent further complications.

This study was conducted at Komabangou gold zone. The objective of the study is not only to determine metal trace element concentrations in the leaves of two (2) plant species at Komabangou gold site, but also to determine the extent of deforestation associated with gold washing. Investigations are carried out by methods of evaluation of deforestation and determination of the concentrations of MTE in the leaves of two plant species by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES).

Background: Potable drinking water is an absolute necessity, as its quality is as important as its availability. Consumption of unsafe drinking water contributes to about 4 million annual cases of diarrheal and water related diseases world-wide. Purification removes particulate matter and disease agents from water obtained from potentially contaminated sources, thus making it potable. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and practice of household water purification and storage techniques among residents of sokoto north local government area, sokoto state, Nigeria.

The present work is a review of the literature on "The Professional of Physical Education in the Prevention of Occupational Diseases through Work Gymnastics". The studies seek to clarify how the Labor Gymnastics applied with the approximate time of ten to twenty minutes is effective in the prevention of occupational diseases LER / DORT.

The article outlines the political, economic, social, spiritual changes in the country, the high rates of birth and natural growth, the growth of the indigenous people.

Morbidly adherent Placenta (accreta/percreta) is one of the serious complications in pregnant women and is frequently associated with severe obstetric hemorrhage usually leading to hysterectomy. Placentation disorders has increased owing to increased cesarean deliveries, resulting in increased fetomaternal morbidity and mortality. Although repeated caesareans are one of the largest risk factors for the adherent placenta, increasing maternal age and parity, as well as other uterine surgeries also result in the same.

Green networking is the practice of selecting energy-efficient networking technologies and products, and minimizing resource use whenever possible. Green networking practices include: • Implementing virtualization. • Practicing server consolidation. • Upgrading older equipment for newer, more energy-efficient products. • Employing systems management to increase efficiency. • Substituting telecommuting, remote administration and videoconferencing for travel.

Background: Potable drinking water is an absolute necessity, as its quality is as important as its availability. Consumption of unsafe drinking water contributes to about 4 million annual cases of diarrheal and water related diseases world-wide. Purification removes particulate matter and disease agents from water obtained from potentially contaminated sources, thus making it potable. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and practice of household water purification and storage techniques among residents of sokoto north local government area, sokoto state, Nigeria.

Paraneoplastic syndromes are frequently found in lung cancer and can often be the first manifestation of disease. While some of the paraneoplastic syndromes are commonly observed others like nephrotic syndrome are rare. We report here a rare case of an elderly male smoker presenting with nephrotic syndrome and an underlying occult malignancy non small cell lung carcinoma though without any obvious lung mass.

The basic question is: peace for what? Or what is the criterion of peace? Pacifists generally maintain that peace must include social justice, universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice. This concept of peace has won general acceptance among scholars. The question arises as to how peace in this sense has never been established throughout human history, that is, peace with social justice. History itself provides empirical proof of the fact that this definition of peace is not in accordance with the law of nature.

This study examined the emotional intelligence and will to win level among male basketball players. A group of fifty (N=50) male inter-college level basketball players of Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab were selected for this study. The purposive sampling technique was used to attain the objectives of the study. All the subjects, after having been informed about the objective and protocol of the study, gave their consent and volunteered to participate in this study.

Could the United Arab Emirates (UAE)commit more fully to eliminating gender discrimination by amending its existing legislation and adopting new laws which support and promote gender equality? This article sets out to determine the truth of the claim that its ability to do so is limited due to a conflict with Islamic law which is operational in the UAE and other regions of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). One of the ways this examination does so is by investigating the socio-cultural context from which Islam emerged.

Floods are the natural disasters which affect the environment, human race and even infrastructure to a great extent. Flooding is one of the most burning issues in the world. The ill effects of flooding have to be minimized or should be prevented through the application of the various amazing flood defence systems. This article mainly focuses on the several flood mitigating methods or systems that can be carried-out effectively during the floods inorder to reduce the ill aspects of devastating floods.

This study aims to describe the phenomenon of disinterest in writing copy from the case of the district of Ahomey-Lokpo. The survey was of a quantitative and qualitative type, involving 60 learners, 08 teachers and 20 parents, totaling 86 subjects. The issue of disinterest in copying has become the leitmotiv of all debates about education as a factor of development. Indeed, like many developing countries, Benin is affected by the phenomenon: especially in the rural zone of its territory.

Bucovina, an ancient cradle of culture and civilization, is recognized nationally and internationally due to its beautiful natural landscapes and anthropic tourist objectives, the folk customs and traditions specific to this area. Today, tourism is a distinct field of activity, with an ever more active presence in the economic and social life, with anever-increasing rhythm of evolution.

The effect that modern technology and innovation has on societies and cultures today, as well as on the decision-making process of any place, is evident in our common everyday life. Each and every process that we as individuals undergo on a daily basis is interlinked with drivers based on knowledge and data compiled. Today, modern global practices emphasize that economic growth, as well, is more dependent on knowledge; knowledge being, in essence, the repertoire of information that is used in order to make better decisions.

The present study was conducted to focus on the role performance of the private tutors and school teachers with regard to their quality of instruction, mode of behavior, sincerity & subject knowledge. The sample consists of 80 secondary level students of which 48 boys and 32 girls students were selected randomly from two high schools in Durgapur sub-division, W.B. A three point attitude scale, based on role performance was used to collect the data from the students.

Background: An alarming number of school going students suffer from several emotional and behavioral problems. Academic Anxiety is one among them. It is a key point of focus for psychologists, educationists, parents, and teachers. On the other hand, interdisciplinary researches with special reference to yoga and psychology are growing rapidly in this era of applied science. Aims: The current study aimed at exploring the effect of Yogic Intervention on the academic anxiety level of school going students. Methods: Researcher has taken purposive sampling method for the current research.

Introduction: Recurrent enterocolitis with failure to thrive during neonatal and infancy period are common manifestations of immunodeficiency, especially when associated with delayed separation of the umbilical cord. But in rare cases, these manifestations are associated with surgical causes as bowel obstruction, which will be missed because of the similarity of the clinical picture. Objective: To present a case of bowel obstruction which was missed under diagnoses of immunodeficiency, in the pediatric and surgical department at subspecialty children hospital.

In the evaluations and statistical analyses presented here we examine which reasons for quitting activity in a gym prevail in men and women, and how far the genders differ in these reasons. The collected data should help to derive recommendations for action in order to increase the customer satisfaction in fitness companies and to reduce the long-term drop-out rates by an adequate service offering. In the survey a total of 225 people, who had quitted their membership in the past, were questioned in a telephone inquiry.

Fibromatosis Coli or Sternomastoid Tumor also known as Pseudotumor of Infancy is a benign, rare fibroblastic lesion presenting in infants as neck swelling or mass. This benign tumor of uncertain etiopathogenesis usually appears in first two months of life and is one of the causes of congenital torticollis. On ultrasonography, a diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy was suggested. FNAC was performed from both the swellings and a diagnosis of Fibromatosis Coli was made based on these cytomorphological findings.

A 14 year-old boy, without relevant previous history, completely asymptomatic before one day of MR (measles-rubella) vaccination, developed paroxysmal event of muteness, intermittent episodes of bilateral lower limb weakness with difficulty in walking, visual hallucinations and suicidal ideas and eventually developed Psychosis after a week of his dose of MR vaccination. EEG, MRI-Brain, MRI-Spine were normal. The diagnosis was confirmed as Acute Conversion Disorder possibly triggered due to MR vaccine. Patient was started on Tab.

Adherent placenta is not a rare association with previous caesarean it usually presents with vaginal bleeding during difficult placental removal in 3rd stage of labour. Increasing incidence is due to increasing caesarean rates.

The authors are commenting on the article entitled “Real-world of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy in diabetic macular edema in the United States” published by Ciulla et al. in Ophthalmology Retina; http:/ /10.1016/j.oret.2018.06.004.

Fistula in ano is an infective disease of anal canal usually caused by crypto glandular infection of anal crypts. In fistula in ano there is an abnormal communication between two epithelial surfaces and the track is lined by unhealthy granulation tissue. It can be correlated with Bhagandara described in Ayurveda texts. Bhagandara (Fistula-in-ano) considered in Kricchrasadhya Vyadhi (difficult to treat) because of its high recurrence rate thus it is mentioned as Mahagada in Sushruta Samhita The present case study was conducted on a male patient aged 40 yrs.

Immediate and early loading (6weeks) consists of putting the implant into function via a temporary prosthesis generally slightly under occlusion. This approach has become a viable alternative nowadays, especially in areas where aesthetics is crucial, often it is the case of one or two maxillary incisors. It has a considerable contribution to saving time. But what could be the clinical results and possible complications? The aim of our letter to the editors is to answer this question by comparing the complications of this approach with those of deferred loading, ie after osseointegration.

Distraction Osteogenesis (DO), also called "callus distraction", "callotasis" and "osteo-distraction" is a relatively new technique for orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons which have revolutionized the correction of major skeletal deficiencies. It has gone a long way in reducing the need for osteotomies and grafting in the treatment of dentofacial and craniofacial deformities. The forces applied to bone also create tension in the surrounding soft tissues, initiating a sequence of adaptive changes termed distraction histogenesis.

Fabella Syndrome is an extra-articular cause of intermittent pain on the postero-lateral aspect of the knee caused by compression on the posterior part of lateral Femoral condyle by the Fabella bone. (Sesamoid bone in the proximal part of the lateral gastrocnemius muscle) In some cases, the sesamoid bone is replaced by fibrous tissue or the Fabello- fibular ligament. The symptoms are more commonly seen hypermobile population who commonly hyperextend their knees leading to rubbing of the Fabella or the fibrous tissue on to corresponding femoral condyle.

Introduction and Objectives: Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures recently are done in gastroenterology setup as a part of fast-track concept. A major volume of gastrointestinal procedures are performed routinely on daycare basis under sedation as upper and lower GIT endoscopy. Many anesthetic agents used to provide sedation for these procures. Propofol, opioids, and midazolam form the backbone of the various regimes employed in the endoscopic suites all over the world. Dexmedetomidine is a pharmacologically active selective α 2-adrenergic receptor agonist.

Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effectiveness of four endodontic sealers (AH Plus, Enseal, MTA fillapex and Sealapex) after 48 hours. Materials and Method: The freshly mixed sealers used were AH Plus, Enseal, MTA fillapex and Sealapex. The sealers were prepared according to manufacturer’s instruction and placed in prepared wells of 36 agar plates which were inoculated with Streptococcus viridans, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis. (10 samples were made for each Microorganisms).

Insulin is the only hormone to regulate the metabolism of glucose. Currently, exogenous insulin administration is the widely-used standard strategy for human diabetes patients. However, the injection of insulin cannot be a sufficient method to prevent from the progression of the disease and the development of diabetes complications. Here, we investigate an efficient strategy, in which we employ human pluoripotent stem cells to overexpress human insulin or estrogen-related receptor γ (ERRγ) gene.

This case report highlights dental treatment abuse performed by an incompetent person on a woman. A quack is defined as "an unqualified person who falsely claims to have medical knowledge'. Most developed countries have explicit legislation with respect to the 'lawful' practice of dentistry. Dental quackery is prevalent in India on a large scale and many people especially from lower sections of the society resort to these treatment methods for their dental problems. The main reasons for visiting a quack were cost (53%) and non availability of dental clinics (20%).

The authors are commenting on the article entitled “Half-time photodynamic therapy in treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy” published by Sheptulinet al. in Graefes Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology; http:/

Salivary duct cysts, of different types, clinically referred to as mucoceles comprise 6-9% of salivary gland diseases. Mucoceles are cavities filled with mucous. When they occur in the floor of the oral cavity, they are called ranulas. Mucous is the exclusive secretory product of the accessory (minor) salivary glands and the more prominent product of the sublingual (major) salivary gland. These lesions can be superficial, classic or deep.

Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices of contraceptive method among married reproductive females. Material and methods: The present study was conducted in tertiary hospital in kashmir from october 2017 to october 2018.Total 500 married females in reproductive age were enrolled in study. Result: In study 100% females had knowledge of permanent method of contraception and among temporary method condom followed by IUCD were most popular. The most common source of information was media. The most common reason for non use of contraceptive method was family pressure.

Background: Adolescence is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood. This critical period of transition is identified by a range of ages. World Health Organization has defined adolescence as a period between the age group of 10 to 19 years. Around 1 in 6 persons in the world is an adolescent: that is 1.2 billion, most of them in the developing countries. Current nutritional status of adolescent girls will decide the well being of the present as well as the future generations.

A 31-year-old female patient who was receiving warfarin, who was being followed up with neuro-psychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) and accompanying anti-phospholipid syndrome (APL), who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) due to complaints of numbness in upper extremity and neck pain in emergency room, who developed cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest during MRI examination and recovered with cardio-pulmonary resuscitation will be discussed with the findings of NPSLE which are suggestive for cerebral involvement.

In this study, the aim was to find out the prevalence of blood groups in a group of neonates as well as in their mothers in Rockland Hospital, Delhi. In this study, the blood groups of 458 neonates and their 458 mothers were evaluated respectively. In our study, the results showed that the prevalence of different blood groups among one group of neonates was approximately: B+ 34%, O+ 27%, A+ 24%, AB+ 8% and Rh negative- 7 %.

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a world widely distributed among pregnant ladies and it is considered the most prevalent congenital viral infection in the developed countries where acute infection during pregnancy is a leading cause of deafness and serious neurologic manifestations in the newborn babies and a questionable cause for recurrent abortions.

Hashimoto Thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease that results in destruction of the thyroid gland and gradual and progressive thyroid failure. The more commonly reported malignancies in patients with Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis have been lymphoma and papillary carcinoma. A prevalence of medullary carcinoma of only 0.35% has been reported in Hashimoto’s patients. We present a case of 42 year old female who presented with complaint of swelling in the neck associated with difficulty in swallowing and hoarseness of voice. Total thyroidectomy was done.

Introduction: Donor age may have an impact on the renal transplant outcome. Kidney transplantation from older donors may result in a worse outcome, and the survival benefit of kidney transplantation compared with dialysis may be reduced. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of donor age on graft function, graft survival and patient survival kidney transplant outcome. Aim & Objectives: To evaluate the impact of donor age on graft function, graft survival and patient survival.

Aim and Objectives: To compare the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in managing residual stones after ureterolithotripsy and mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out of 71 patients with proximal urinary tract stones (greater than 10 mm) who underwent ureterolithotripsy or mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy at Institute of Urology, Madras Medical Collegefrom 2015 to 2018.

Introduction: Cholestasis of pregnancy is also known as jaundice of pregnancy, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, obstetric cholestasis or prurigo gravidarum. The condition manifests clinically in second or third trimester with generalised pruritus. Although maternal outcome is invariably good an increased fetal risk has been reported, namely preterm delivery, low birth weight babies, bradycardia, meconium staining of amniotic fluid, fetal distress, intrauterine death of fetus and increased perinatal mortality.

Background: During pregnancy, progesterone & estrogen level increases, resulting in increased vascular permeability, gingival oedema, crevicular fluid level, prostaglandin production which may lead to gingival inflammation & render gingival tissues less resistant to inflammatory changes caused by bacteria. Objective: To evaluate prevalence of periodontitis in pregnant women. Method: The study included 924 women with low risk pregnancy of <32 weeks of gestation.

Aim: To evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice towards denture hygiene among denture wearer patients in Wardha region. Material and Methods: A total of 80 complete denture wearer patients completed a comprehensive questionnaire. Statistical Analysis: The data obtained through questionnaire was synchronized and analyzed statistically. The software used in the analysis was SPSS 17.0 version. Conclusion: Most of the denture wearers have limited knowledge of denture cleansing and oral hygiene practices.

Background: The aim of the study is to take into account the relationship between asymptomatic hyperuricemia (a HU) and morphological changes in the kidneys. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of kidney biopsy of 110 patients divided into two groups: with a HU (n = 62) and non- HU (n = 48).We analyzed each morphological change separately in the respective groups, then the data were compared between the two groups.

Systemically reviewing the topic dry socket and its component: incidence, predisposing factors, aetiology, clinical features, treatment, and prevention. All studies pertaining to the topic and its component were included. Exclusion criteria were applied to exclude studies that were not PubMed indexed. The materials and methods used for this systemic review were to search in the PubMed database, using specific words "Dry Socket, incidence, predisposing factors, aetiology, clinical features, treatment, and prevention" and published in the English language.

Alcohol consumption is currently one of the adolescents problems whose numbers tend to increase every years. The result is that in addition can compromise the security of the environment such as the rise of juvenile gangs, sexual misconduct, rampant of thuggish could also impact on the health of adolescents. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with alcohol consumption and its impact on the health of adolescents in Palu City, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. This study used mixed research method were quantitative and qualitative research.

The C-Category Mines, in the form of rocks and soil, is one type of mines of which management authority is carried out by the local government. The C-category quarry does indeed provide benefits in the form of employment and contributions to certain parties, but the mining activities conducted within produce dust that can have a negative impact on the environment and health in the form of air pollution that causes Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (URI) in workers.

Objective: The objective of this in vitro study was to compare precision of impressions of post space preparations obtained from conventional and digital systems. Material and Methods: Twenty-four decoronated and endodontically treated maxillary central incisors were used for the study (n=12). Samples were embedded into acrylic resin molds and randomly divided into two groups. Impressions for post-space were obtained using two systems; group D (digital group), group C (conventional group).

Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (cCHD) is characterized by intra-cardiac right-to-left shunting resulting in entrance of unsaturated blood into the systemic circulation and arterial hypoxemia. One of the common example of cCHD is TOF. It is characterised by right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, ventricular septal defect, overriding of aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy. Brain abscess is common in patient of right to left shunt. Surgery for brain abscess is preferred to be done under local anesthesia, as the general anesthesia is consider as a risky option.

Background: The ever rising caesarean rates in Obstetric practice are a method of serious concern. A very common indication of Caesarean is history of previous caesarean. One of the reasons for this is the caution that is to be used for use of prostaglandins in these patients for cervical ripening. There are alternate methods of cervical ripening well documented in literature. One of the methods is extra amniotic use of Foleys catheter for cervical ripening which may also induce labour.

Anorectal melanoma is a very rare tumor of neuroectodermal origin with poor prognosis because of delay in diagnosis. It is often mistaken for benign conditions such as hemorrhoids or rectal polyps. Surgical treatment ranges from local excision to radical abdominoperinal resection. Because of its rarity only few cases have been published in literature. Herein, we report series 3 case of anorectal malignant melanoma and further review management in light of the relevant literature.

In India, there is an increased mortality and morbidity due to various causes among pregnant women. Anaemia during pregnancy is a very common condition because the growing fetus demands more nutritional intake and the incidence is very high and our purpose is to make people aware of the causes and preventive measures of anaemia in the urban areas. This study is designed to investigate and assess the knowledge regarding causes and preventiv measures of anaemia among pregnant women.

Objectives: Adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs) are rare malignant tumours of salivary glands. Their occurrence at numerous other body sites is rare and poorly described. Frequent local recurrences, late distant metastasis and perineural invasion are commonly seen in these tumours. The aim of this study was to analyse the array of these tumours at various body sites. Materials and Methods: A single centre retrospective search over two years revealed 18 cases whose clinical, epidemiological, histomorphological and immunohistochemical findings were evaluated.

Maintaining a natural tooth than extraction will conserve the tooth and also will be beneficial for the patient. Root resection is a technique for maintaining a portion of a diseased or injured molar by removal of one or more of its roots. A periodontally or endodontically compromised tooth can be retained. In this case series the diagnosis and management of two endodontically and periodontally compromised tooth i.e maxillary first molar is achieved by surgical resection of the root followed by regenerative procedure if required and MTA placement.

It is a hard fact that condition factor in fishes (Rohu) which is studied, shows marked fluctiuations during the year, so much so that on the basis alone the year can be broadly divided into four important periods like, the winter (January to March), the pre-monsoon (April to June), the monsoon (July to September), and the post monsoon (October to December). The condition of fish productivity in general is good particularly during the winter and pre-monsoon months. The reason is that the food environment is favourable during the pre-monsoon period. The adult fishes are sexually matured.

Wild relatives of the cultivars are now being given much attention by conservationists across the globe. The Piper genus is an extremely well known and widely distributed pantropical taxon of aromatic plants. The wild relatives of species Piper nigrum are reported from The Nilgiris, approximately 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level. The antioxidant assay of the fruits of Piper schimidtii, Piper mullesuaand Piper velayudhanii were conducted following DPPH Radical Scavenging Assay and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC)assay by Phosphomolybdenum method.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari