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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

June 2019

Over the past few years, immense importance has been given to free radicals and anti-oxidants in the field of dentistry. Depending on the balance between their destruction and formation, free radicals can either be beneficial or deleterious to health. Stabilization of free radicals is done by anti-oxidants, thus preserving the cells from destruction. Hence, antioxidants that are prolific in our diet holds the interest of today’s dental community as an armoury to positively impact oral environment. One such anti-oxidant is lycopene.

Financial stressors combined with family-farming relationships that blur the line between business and personal lives create unique sources of stress for farmers and farm families. If not addressed, these stressors can lead to physical illness, depression, substance abuse, and suicide. Farmers are more than five times more likely to commit suicide than the general population (McIntosh et al. 2016) and are more likely to report substance abuse (Bush and Lipari, 2015).

A simple, sensitive, linear, precise and accurate RP-HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of Zaltoprofen and Paracetamol in bulk and tablet formulation as developed and validated. Chromatographic conditions used are stationary phase Grace C18 column (250mm × 4.6mm, 5µ particle size. The mobile phase Methanol: Phosphate buffer (PH 3.0) in the ratio 75:25 v/v and flow rate was maintained 0.8ml/min, detection wavelength was 241nm. The retention times were 3.101min and 5.838min for Zaltoprofen and Paracetamol respectively.

Food dietary diversification is a necessary thing to do because the food consumption pattern of our community are not yet diverse, nutritionally balanced and safe, along with the domination by rice and flour. Diversification of food consumption is influenced by many factors and one of them is the agriculture and livestock sector. This study aims to find out the Factors Associated with food dietary diversification in Mataue Village Kulawi Sub-District Sigi District. The type of this research is an analytical survey with a Cross Sectional Study approach.

Introduction: The CA MRSA gained much attention during mid 1990, after death of four children in Minnesota and North Dakota. The first reports in India on CA MRSA were reported during mid-2000s, whereas the present study reports MRSA among Community acquired pyoderma cases during mid-1990s. Methods: A total of 100 coagulase positive Staphylococcus aureus isolates, obtained from 185 pyoderma cases.

Bhagandara (Fistula in ano) is a troublesome surgical disease. Several techniques have been described from ancient age to till date for the management of fistula-in-ano, but every technique has its own limitations. These techniques also carry their own risks of recurrence and incontinence.

Research on the productivity display of the Konetuef pasture of Timor Tengah Utara Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia was carried out using a qualitative descriptive method with primary and secondary data. The results of the study explain that Konetuef pasture is a beef cattle breeding area with a grassland base belonging to Timor Tengah Utara Regency Government, East Nusa Tenggara Province Indonesia with limited quantity feed and poor maintenance management. To increase the universal base of livestock productivity, it is necessary to integrate mixed farming.

Background: Raw milk (Madara) and its products namely, Kindrimo, Nono and Manshanu sold in Abuja are ready-to-eat meals which do not readily undergo minimal processing. Thus, it could possibly be contaminated with food-borne pathogens. This microbial contamination could pose public health risk. Methods: Three hundred milk samples were microbiologically examined using appropriate culture media for isolation and enumeration of bacteria pathogens associated with milk contamination. Results: The counts of E.

Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify some compounds of the aqueous extracts of two tomato varieties grown in Cote d'Ivoire and assess their anti-hypertensive activity on arterial blood pressure in rabbit. Material: Two ripe tomato varieties were collected from different tomato fields in Yamoussoukro district (Cote d'Ivoire) during season of June to July 2018. These samples were dried and crushed. The powder obtained was used for different extract preparations. Duration : This study was carried out from june 2018 to february 2019.

Adulteration and contamination are encountered in food consumed at the household level of India, in the food service establishments and business firms, and also when sold as street foods. Non-permitted colors are the most common additives to foods. Contamination of mycotoxins, metals and pesticides in daily foods and milk has been found highly toxic and carcinogenic, and about 70% of deaths are supposed to be of food-borne origin. Food safety measures are emphasized with an objective of prevention of health hazards and strengthening of regulatory system.

The present study was undertaken with the objectives to study the effect of sprouting whole seed flour on rheological properties. For this study the Roselle seed were procured from the local market and then soaking and germination treatments were given to the seeds. All experiments were laid in completely randomized design with suitable replications for statistical analysis. The pre-treatments soaking and sprouting of whole seed were adopted in this investigation to ascertain the best treatment for onward inclusion in bakery products.

The cabbage aphid is of agricultural concern vectoring at least 20 viral pathogens in crucifers. The aphids have demonstrated tolerance to a number of synthetic pesticides. Botanical pesticides are reasonably sustainable and effective in suppressing cabbage aphid populations in crucifers hence improved crop quality and yield per hectare. An experiment was run to test the efficacy of various concentrations of a botanical pesticide derived from chive (Alliumschoneoprasum) fresh leaf extract in controlling cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae) in rape.

The present study of confined to the taxonomic revision of family salicaceae of Pakistan. In this family considerable hybridization between different taxa is involved and there is considerable morphological variation within each species. The extensive availability of frequently misidentified plant specimens. In different herbaria of Pakistan suggest that it is taxonomically a difficult family. Some species of the genus Salix Linn show nomenclatural problems. The present study was therefore under taken to clear up the taxonomic position of a number of taxa.

In this present era, the natural science, like physics, soars so high an apex in its studies and researches that it startles us and dazzles our eyes. It has been possible due to a coarse passage of journey from natural phenomena to the apriori laws of thought, or better say, a journey from physics to metaphysics. In this paper I am not going to deal with the success of physics but only to highlight its philosophy of searching.

Corrosion is one of the major issues these days in various sectors of the industries related to construction, sewage disposal, food and manufacturing. Microbiologically induced corrosion (MIC) is a key factor for infrastructure degradation worldwide, which is actually a result of wastewater collection. It is the most common form of corrosion, which is aided by the presence, and activity of microorganisms on the surface of the materials. MIC has hiked demands for sustainable and cost effective construction material on a global level.

Environmental factors have been identified as determinants of health-disease process of individuals and include: demographic conditions, leisure economics, use of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages, sedentary lifestyle and even changes in eating habits. The present study aims to evaluate the correlation between imc alterations and depression and the association with environmental factors. This is a cross-sectional and quantitative epidemiological study. Sample was composed of 488 adult individuals of both genders. Being 131 men and 357 women.

Planetary gear systems are a useful and ubiquitous means for power transfer. Ap- plications range from agricultural equipment drive lines to wind power generator gear- trains. In many applications torque spikes or reversals are an issue that shorten bearing and component life. In many applications a clutch design is used to soak up torque spikes (Hogan, 1996) or de coupling the drive during the event (Packer, 2015). This work documents and tests a design that potentially reduces torque spikes that may occur during drive line operation.

High blood pressure (AH) is responsible for a high burden of cardiovascular diseases, as well as for the morbidity, mortality and incapacities of individuals, especially the elderly, and may cause diverse health and public economy impacts in both developed and emerging countries. The present study aims to identify the presence of mental disorders (anxiety, stress and depression) in hypertensive patients who do or do not use the medication to control blood pressure. This is a quantitative, observational study in a municipality in the interior of Bahia.

This work is result of a final work proposal of the discipline Strategies of Teaching I, in PhD in Teaching at University of Vale do Taquari - Univates. The strategies discussed here are Conceptual Maps and Problem Based Learning (PBL), which will be described throughout the paper. The Conceptual Maps strategy has been developed with a second-year high school class from a private school in the municipality of Erechim, Rio Grande do Sul.

Wayfinding is an essential spatial activity that way finders experience every day in their journeys from their origins to their required destinations. The wayfinder must perceive, explore, solve spatial problems and follow a certain route to reach his/her destination.

Visible light active TiO2 nanoparticles modified with Chloro flavonol base - copper complex (Cu-CLF-TiO2) has been prepared by chemical impregnation route. The optical properties, phase structures and morphologies of the as-prepared nanoparticles were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction(XRD). Compared to bare TiO2, surface modified photocatalysts (Cu-CLF-TiO2) showed are shifted in the visible region.

This paper tries to find out the facts and status of women livelihood in India in recent years. Women typically invest in their families and communities significantly to increase the quality of life for themselves and their families. Financial independence enables women to organize themselves increase their self-reliance and it provides greater autonomy. It ensures participation of women in policy and decision-making the process at domestic and public levels.

In the present investigation the antimicrobial activities of some traditional medicinal plants which were selected based on medicinal reports practiced by native people of Myeik Township, Tanintharyi region in Myanmar. Antimicrobial activities of aqueous extract of Lawsonia inermis L.(Henna), Oroxylum indium (L.)Vent (midnight horror) and Melastoma melabathricum L.(Malabar ) tested against the following microorganism like Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus pumilus ,Bacillus subtilis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa ,Escherichia coli and Candida albicans by Agar-well diffusion method.

Mass moving or capable to move is energy. The very basic fundamental mass is, mass of light photon obtained from Plank's Black Body Radiation Formula E = h.f and the mass energy transformation relation E = mc2. These tiny photonic particles named Dark Photons whirling in space in racing with their anti particles always are in motion. When moving linear at speed c in space, they exhibit as light. They are the building blocks of the universe. They have gravity originally and in motion at speed greater than c in incremental value tending to zero; they exhibit electromagnetic property.

Background: A appendix removed for acute appendicitis has been sent for histopathological examination, but this practice has been the subject of controversy. This study was conducted to assess the feasibility or otherwise of performing histopathological examination in every specimen of appendix. Methods: we analyzed, retrospectivelyhisto pathological reports of all appendix specimens after appendectomy in last one year.

Fractures have been described as the most common orthopedic problem in goats. Fractures in goats are commonly immobilized by using non-invasive external immobilization techniques such as splints, plaster of paris, fibre glass cast and various external fixation devices due to their economic and conservative nature.

The B-adrenergic receptor antagonists, or B-blockers, are common medications used in the treatment of various cardiovascular, neurologic, endocrine, ophthalmologic, and psychiatric disorders. Because of their widespread availability, accidental and intentional toxicity is common. Also SSRI are present in the prescriptions of Neurologists and psychiatrists. The Emergency physicians also encounter many of the overdose of these drugs in patients who are on poly-pharmacy along with accidental and intentional ingestion.

Aim: To compare the efficacy of letrozole with clomiphene citrate for ovulation induction in infertile patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Methods: This clinical trial study was carried out at Gynae unit 2 Lady C.U. Shah medical college and hospital, Surendranagr from 1stJanuary 2018- 31thDecember 2018. Total 100 patients of PCO were included in the study. Diagnosis of PCO was made on Rotterdam criteria.

There are more than 100 different types of arthritis. It is common chronic, progressive musculoskeletal disorder characterized by gradual loss of articular cartilage. The disease most commonly affects the middle-aged and elderly, although it may begin earlier as a result of injury or overuse. It is often more painful in weight bearing joints such as the knee, hip, and spine than in the wrist, elbow, and shoulder joints. All joints may be affected if they are used extensively in work or sports, or if they have been damaged from fractures or other injuries.

Aging is a normal, universal and in evitable change which takes place even with the best of nutrition and health care. It is a time related change that occurs throughout life. The aging process occurs in every living species, as also in human beings by graying of hair, wrinkling of skin, hardening of articles, aches & pains in joints and weakening of eye sight, The way the older adults against to the changes of ageing depends on the individual.

The main aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of amla on increasing the hemoglobin level among anaemic adolescent gilrs in selected college, at Kirumambakkam, Puducherry. The study samples were 50 anaemic adolescent girls selected from Sabari College of Nursing, Kirumambakkam by using convenient sampling technique non randomnly. The knowledge level was assessed regarding anaemia to anaemic adolescent girls.

Mandibular fractures associated with dentoalveolar fractures presents as a management delima for achieving proper reduction and fixation. Occlusion serves as the key guide for proper reduction of mandibular fracture. When associated with dentoalveolar fracture three dimensional spatial alligment to achieve proper reduction is tiersome. Various treatment modalities are available for proper reduction and fixation of mandibular fractures, but among them the methods that minimises the need for periosteal stripping and reduces the period of IMF is the most acceptable treatment modality.

Elastics in orthodontics have been used effectively both intra-orally and extra-orally. Their use combined with good patient co-operation provides the clinician with the ability to correct both anteroposterior and vertical discrepancies. It’s the intent of the clinician to maintain optimal force values over desired period of time. Force degradation over a period of time is a major problem in the clinical usage of these elastics. Loss of force makes it difficult for the clinician to determine the actual force transmitted to the dentition.

Objective: Describe the epidemiological aspects and analyze the management of adenoids in Niamey. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective study, on adenoids in children aged 0 to 15 years, managed in the ENT and Cervico-Facial Surgery department of the Niamey Reference General Hospital ( Niger) from November 1, 2016 to November 31, 2018 The studied parameters are: frequency, age, sex, factors favoring adenoids, type and results of treatment. Results: In 02 years, we received 128 cases of adenoids, an overall frequency of 9.85%. The average age was 3.12 years old.

Background: Fistula-in-ano is an abnormal communication between the anal canal or rectum and the perianal skin. Most commonly caused by an anorectal abscess resulting from cryptoglandular infection. Patient usually presents with intermittent or constant purulent perianal discharge. There is usually a history of anorectal abscess that ruptured spontaneously or was surgically drained. Digital rectal examination remains the main stay of diagnosis in anorectal fistula cases.

The main purpose of the study is An Exploration of Teachers Perceptions in Teaching Vocabulary via Communicative Language Teaching Approach: Focus on Hobicha Bada Secondary and Preparatory School. The researcher employed descriptive research design in order to gather the needed data. All of eight teachers were selected for this study through convenience sampling technique. To collect valuable and relevant data, interview and focus group discussions used to collect data. The semi-structured and focus group discussions data transcribed and transformed into textual data form.

Paraquat(1, 1’-dimethyl-4,4’-bipyridium dichloride)is a commonly used contact herbicide in India. Chronic toxicities are not known since it inactivates on coming in contact with soil. The notoriety associated with paraquat is because it came to be used as a commonly used and cheap modality for intentional suicidal use. When ingested, paraquat is quickly but incompletely absorbed and the rest is largely excreted by the kidneys, unchanged, in about 12-24 hours from ingestion.

Background: The maxillofacial trauma is a more tedious and esthetically challenging surgeries till date.Microplates are materials which help us to achieve this both technically and esthetically with less obstacles.They take the maxillofacial trauma to the next level. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of Micro plates in fixation of Zygomatico- Complex fractures (Fronto Zygomatico Suture, Zygomatico Maxillary Buttress and Infra Orbital Rim). Materials and Methods: Study sample consists of 14 subjects with Zygomatico- Complex fractures, above 18 years of age.

Eyes are important part of the facial expression to be noticed. Loss or absence of a part of the eye can cause severe psychological and emotional problems to the patient. To prevent this, prosthetic rehabilitation should be done as soon as possible. Ready-made (stock) or custom made ocular prosthesis can be given to the patient. When time limitation exists, a stock ocular prosthesis can be given. Custom made ocular prosthesis is preferred over stock ocular prosthesis as it helps to improve aesthetics and gives comfort to the patient.

The authors are commenting on the article entitled “Focal and diffuse chronic central serous chorioretinopathy treated with half-dose photodynamic therapy or subthreshold micropulse laser” published by van Rijssen et al. in Am J Ophthalmology. DOI: http/dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. ajo.2019.03.025. Published online: April 2, 2019. The authors concluded that half-dose photodynamic therapy is the preferred treatment over high-density subthreashold micropulse laser treatment for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy patients, both with focal and diffuse leakage on fluoresce in angiography.

Background: Wheezing is considered as an important sign for bronchial hyper-responsiveness in children and adults, and it is considered one of the most common causes for visiting the emergency room. Objective: to describe the prevalence of wheezing and its associated factors in four to six-year-old children living in Jeddah city. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Jeddah city among four to six-year-old children who attend preschool between November to December 2018. We used an adapted and modified questionnaire filled by the parents; It was tested in a pilot study.

Background: Wheezing is considered as an important sign for bronchial hyper-responsiveness in children and adults, and it is considered one of the most common causes for visiting the emergency room. Objective: to describe the prevalence of wheezing and its associated factors in four to six-year-old children living in Jeddah city. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Jeddah city among four to six-year-old children who attend preschool between November to December 2018. We used an adapted and modified questionnaire filled by the parents; It was tested in a pilot study.

Background: Malignant Middle cerebral artery territory (MCA) infarction constitutes about 10% of ischemic strokes. Though Decompressive Hemicraniectomy (DHC) has shown decreased mortality, the functional outcome and prognostic markers are still inconclusive. Objective: To determine the prognostic markers and functional outcome of Decompressive Hemicraniectomy in a series of patients with Malignant MCA Infarction. Methods: This was a prospective study from November 2015 to December 2017 at tertiary care hospital. Totally, 52 patients with massive MCA infarct were included in this study.

Background: Urolithiasis is the third most common urological disease affecting both males and females. In the latter part of the 20th century the prevalence of upper urinary tract stones was increasing worldwide. Young population visiting uro and nephro OPDs and undergoing dialysis which sensitizes to study this problem to identify the riskfactors and the types of urolithiasis. Methods:Cross sectional descriptive design was used.

Adoloscent t and adult intussusception (AI) is a rare cause of bowel obstruction and is often associated with a pathologic lead point located in a single region of bowel. The mechanism of intussusception is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a lesion in the bowel wall that alters the peristaltic pattern of the bowel causing invagination. In cases where no lead point is identified, intussusception may be due to submucosal bowel edema, fibrous adhesions or dysrhythmic contractions.

Objective: To describe the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of esophageal foreign bodies in the ENT department and head and neck surgery of the Niamey National Hospital in Niger. Material and Method: From January 2013 to December 31, 2018, we analyzed the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of esophageal foreign bodies through a retrospective and descriptive study. Results: In 6 years, 247 cases of esophageal foreign bodies have been recorded.

There is a growing movement towards creating the desire for zero waste societies. This movement aims at reducing the amount of vegetable wastage. This will not only reduce environmental impacts, but also build upon a more sustainable future. Composting is one strategy to achieve these goals. The purpose of this report is to outline the findings of a composting pilot project at Universal Business School (India-Karjat, Dist-Maharashtra). This project was implemented to quantify the amount of organic waste produced in UBS canteen and assess the impact of separating and treating this waste.

Pharmaceutical Care is defined as a model of pharmaceutical practice, developed in the context of Pharmaceutical Assistance. It includes attitudes, care, ethical values, behaviors, skills, commitments and co-responsibilities of diseases, promotion and recovery of health in an integrated way to the health team. In this study, we will focus on the perception of users of pharmaceutical establishments in relation to the quality of care and Pharmaceutical Care performed at these sites.

The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste will establish bonds of friendship and cooperation especially with neighboring countries in their respective regions” and viewed from history and geographically. Lack of support of the government to improve agricultural productivity and industries and human resources a capacity to compete in any market employment and business activity in the region. These indicator became the opposite idea for Timor-Leste to join as an ASEAN member, in terms of economic aspects, especially agriculture and industry.

Students' participation in decision making on disciplinary matters plays an important role in influencing discipline in secondary school. However, students' perception determines the level of participation. The purpose of the study was to investigate the perception of secondary school students in Eldoret East, Uasin-Gishu County, on their participation in decision making, and its influence on discipline.

Anchorage in orthodontics has been defined as the nature and degree of resistance to displacement offered by an anatomic unit when used for the purpose of performing tooth movement. A temporary anchorage device (TAD) is a device that is temporarily fixed to bone for the purpose of enhancing orthodontic anchorage either by supporting the teeth of the reactive unit or by obviating the need for the reactive unit altogether, and which is subsequently removed after use.

Gender equality is a fundamental human right and a powerful driver for accelerating economic growth by unlocking the potential of women and men not only in Kenya but also at international level. Gender wage gap is a manifestation of gender wage discrimination against women or men at workplace. This discrimination is mostly demonstrated where qualified women are offered lower pay as compared to their men counterparts at the same level of work. The same situation is experienced at glass ceiling with larger gender wage gaps at the upper levels.

Background: Inadequate zone of attached gingiva is not sufficient to protect the periodontium from injury occurring due to frictional forces encountered during mastication and dissipate the pull on the gingival margin created by the muscles of the adjacent alveolar mucosa. It also facilitates subgingival plaque formation and results in loss of attachment and soft tissue recession and a shallow vestibular fornix that in turn favours food accumulation. Thus, an adequate zone of attached gingiva is essential for maintenance of periodontal health.

This article assessed the impact of head teachers’ instructional supervision practices on teachers’ performances in selected studies. The researcher used a random design to choose related variables on the impact of school head supervision to teacher’s performance. This includes, using of incentives and rewards to encourage teacher’s input, checking of teacher’s record and visiting classes during class period. The findings of this literature review revealed that school head’s practices vary from one country to another in terms of perspectives and application.

Background: To study the clinical and radiological features of symptomatic Chiari I malformations. Materials and methods: This study was a retrospective study conducted in Government medical college, Thrissur, which is a tertiary care government medical college in Kerala, India. The patients admitted with diagnosis of symptomatic Chiari I malformations during the period of 2015 to 2019 were selected for the study. Results: The mean age was 23.3 years. Females were 66.7% and males were 33.3%. Mean duration of symptoms (onset of first symptom to the time of presentation) was 16.75 months.

In the present study, an attempt has been made to find out that whether the adjustment capacity of school going girls in different socio-economic status influenced by their health related physical fitness or not. Total95girls were selected for the study. Two higher secondary schools of South 24 Paraganas district in West Bengal were selected for the study. In this study the present researchers considered adjustment level as dependent variable and Health Related Physical Fitness as independent variable.

Background: Menstrual cycle is defined as cyclic events that take place in a rhythmic fashion during the reproductive period of a woman’s life. Changes in the ovary during each menstrual cycle occur in two phases: A. Follicular phase B. Luteal phase. During the Luteal Phase Progesterone hormone level decreases which causes difficulty in breathing. Respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics which is designed to stretch inspiratory chest wall muscle during inspiration and expiratory chest wall muscle during expiration.

Vermiform appendix is considered to be a vestigial organ its importance in surgery results inflammation known as acute appendicitis. If appendix mass is present, standard treatment is the conservative Oschner Sherren regime. However it is based on the inflammatory process already formed and difficult to find the appendix and faecal fistula may form. But some cases may require surgical management if the clinical condition of the patient detoriates. This study is used to compare the conservative management versus early surgical management of appendiceal mass.

Background: Kathak is the typical form of Indian classical dancing originated in northen India. The normal stance position of kathak dancers during the performance consists of overly turning out the foot. This results in the typical, functional hyper pronated foot. So, the purpose of the study was to find of the effects of intrinsic foot muscles strengthening exercises on foot postural deviations in the Kathak dancers. Objective: To evaluate the effect of intrinsic foot muscle strengthening exercises on foot postural deviation in Kathak dancers.

Involvement of the community in school management may not necessarily improve education service delivery in schools. The purpose of this study was to conduct an empirical study on the challenges School Management Committees (SMCs) experience in monitoring the implementation of Universal Primary Education (UPE) in Uganda. SMCs are mandated to participate and monitor all the activities that make a school operational.

Aging refers to a natural process inherent in every Human Being. Important advances in the area of health, the awareness of this population to lead a life with more quality and thinking of incorporating a healthier style based on the practice of physical activity, makes life expectancy increase symbolically. In this aspect, the practice of physical exercise plays a very important role, causing the elderly to develop through resistance training the different physical capacities, each of which will provide several functional, neural and strength gains.

Background: A meticulous knowledge of the anatomy of sphenoid sinus and its related adjacent structures preoperatively is crucial in order to prevent unintentional damage to the vital structures like optic nerve which can result in blindness and injury to internal carotid artery which can result in fatal haemorrhage. Material and Method: Our CT scan based study was conducted by Postgraduate Department of Anatomy in collaboration with Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Government Medical College, Srinagar for a period of 1 year.

Aim: comparative evaluation of alloplastic bone graft alone and combination of autologous platelet rich fibrin with alloplastic bone graft in the treatment of vertical intrabony defects by selecting patients with chronic periodontitis. Methodology: A total 28 sites with vertical intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis patients of age range 25-54 years were included in the study.

The paper intends to present a case study report on how the ideas of Education for Sustainable Development were mainstreamed and integrated into national standards and curricula of basic and complete secondary education in Mongolia. First, we tried to give a proper definition of the terms such as ‘Sustainable Development’, ‘Education for Sustainable Development’ from Mongolian nomadic perspectives.

Background: The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) has attempted to standardize reporting and cytological criteria in aspiration smears. Aim: The objective of this study was to analyze the thyroid cytology smears by TBSRTC, to determine the distribution of diagnostic categories and subcategories, to analyze cytological features, and to correlate the cytopathology with histopathology, wherever surgery was done. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of 100 fine needle aspirations (FNA) of thyroid nodules.

The study aimed to investigate the perception of teachers and education experts towards the implementation of inclusive education in primary schools of south nations, nationalities peoples region: its practices, challenges and opportunities. To meet the objectives of the study, descriptive survey method was used. This method is concerned with surveying existing current status of inclusive education practices, opportunities and challenge.

Background: Prevalence of alcoholism among men is so high in puducherry (66.2/1000males) compared to neighboring states Tamilnadu and Karnataka. The effects of alcohol dependency can cause more damage and pain than any other internal or external influence on the family unit,. wives feel difficult to manage their marital life and feel stress, as a result they are depressed and likely to affect their marital quality and puts strain on marriage. Aim: To explore and compare the marital quality and level of depression among wives of alcoholics and non alcoholics.

Conduct Disorder (CD) is a behavioral emotional mental disorder associated with a host of negative health, academic and social outcomes among adolescents. They include among others, unwanted pregnancies, bullying, threatening other students, poor school attendance and truancy. Several studies have found other behaviors exhibited by students such as inability or unwillingness to do assigned class work or homework, disrespect for teachers and other learners and poor academic performance suggestive of CD.

Have you heard about the alpha wolf? they are not "leaders" in the human sense of the term. The alphas do not give the other wolves orders; rather, they simply have the most freedom in choosing where to go, what to do, and when to do it. The rest of the pack usually follows. Unlike many other animals’ wolves only kill for hunger and they have they adapted a unique way of hunting, different from the rest of the animals.

Background: Foot fungal infection is a common health problem, that could result in serious consequences in diabetic patients who are more susceptible to infection. The previous few researches carried out in Saudi Arabia recommended further studies to elaborate pattern of foot fungal infections in at risk group especially diabetic patients. Therefore, the current study aim to determine the prevalence of foot fungal infection and its associated factors among diabetic patients attending primary health care centers in Jeddah.

The authors are commenting on the article entitled “A two-year study of diffused retinal pigment epitheliopathy treated with half-dose photodynamic therapy guided by simultaneous angiography and optical coherence tomography”published by Liu et al. in Eye 2019;33(5):737-745. The authors concluded that the best-corrected visual acuity was inversely significantly correlated with the ellipsoid and interdigitation zone and vision improvement may be attributed to the restoration of the outer retinal microstructures.

Women entrepreneurship has been recognized as an important source of economic growth. Women entrepreneurs create new jobs for themselves and others and also provide society with different solutions to management, organization and business problems. However, they still represent a minority of all entrepreneurs.

Background: In 1891, William B. Coley injected streptococcal organisms into a patient with inoperable cancer. He thought that the infection he produced would have the side effect of shrinking the malignant tumor. Hypothesis: Surgical infection may improve host response. Methods: 55 urinary bladder cancer patients, with radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy were studied. Blood samples were taken on day 0 and day 1, 3, 6, 9 and 14 after operation and at 5-year follow up. TNFα, soluble TNFα receptor I and IL-6 levels in sera were determined by HS ELISA and/or ELISA kits.

Attractive smiles not only influence other people’s perceptions but also affect the psychosocial well-being of the individual. Aesthetic dentistry enables the dentist to change the appearance, size, color, shape, spacing and positioning of the teeth. This article comes from Punjab in India where its surrounding towns are fluorosis-prone zones. The treatment options for fluorosis are varied depending upon individual cases. The purpose of this article is to report various treatment modalities available for dental fluorosis.

There are many ways in which migration has been characterized. Cycles of migration may be permanent or longer term, they may be circular, following a particular pattern of movement to and from the home of origin, practiced over a number of years by the same individual or household, it may be seasonal with the movements following seasonal trends in resources and potential activities, and may be managed on long cycles or short cycles. The reasons for migrating and the relative benefits of this kind of life-style have been debated by academics.

Adolescence is viewed as a period of transformation and reorganization in family relationships (Steinberg 1991). In the adolescents year adolescents’ faced many challenges, like physical, psychological, social etc. parents- adolescents conflict is one of them. Conflict between parent and adolescent is an opportunity to communicate. Parent-child conflict during adolescence is characterized as a dyadic, interpersonal event involving overt behavioral opposition including quarrels, disagreements, and arguments (Shantz, 1987).

Background: Which mobilization has better results in patients with frozen shoulder? What is Angular joint mobilization? Can we go beyond the conventional margins of concave-convex rule for deciding a glide during mobilizing a joint? Objective: H0: Angular joint mobilization and Maitland Mobilization will have equal effects on pain, range of motion and function in patients suffering from periarthritis of shoulder.

Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair began in the early 1990s as laparoscopy gained a foothold in general surgery. Inguinal hernias account for about 75% of all abdominal wall hernias, and with a lifetime risk of 27% in men and 3% in women. Repair of inguinal hernias is considered one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures allover world. Inguinal hernia repairs are also of the most common operations done in general surgery. In addition to the conventional open repairs, minimally invasive approaches are becoming increasingly preferred in the management of groin hernia repair.

Background: Oral health is an important factor in maintaining sound psychological and physical health. According to World Oral Health report 2003, the prevalence of periodontitis is 86% in India. Dental care can sometimes be a forgotten part of a healthy life style. Oral health has been neglected for long in India. Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the oral hygiene awareness and practice among the patients attending OPD at HSRSM’s dental college in Hingoli and encourage them about the benefits of a healthy oral cavity.

Class II Malocclusion has been called the most frequent treatment problem in the orthodontic literature. Among the various jaw based discrepancies that exist, a Class II Skeletal pattern is probably the most prevalent one. The best timing for treatment of Class II malocclusion has been controversial. The question is whether early treatment, which is initiated during the mixed dentition, is more effective and efficient than treatment started in the permanent dentition. Patients can experience “burn out” with this potential prolonged treatment time.

Today, many people receive orthodontic treatment for better occlusion, improved oral function and harmonized facial appearance. However, two perplexing challenges have not been solved in clinical orthodontics, i.e. long treatment time (on average 2-3 years) and iatrogenic root resorption. Figuring out these challenges will dramatically improve the quality of orthodontic care. The following article deals with the first challenge i.e Long treatment time and the most reliable and effective way to enhance the tooth movement.

Introduction: The cytological analysis of serous effusions helps in diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic implications. The cytological interpretation of individual cells that are exfoliated into these fluids is of paramount importance since they provide an insight into the diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic aspect of various pathological processes in the body. Cytological evaluation of fluids is a relatively simple, rapid, inexpensive and less invasive tool having a high accuracy with low incidence of false positive diagnosis.

Doctor patient relationship is a contract-based relationship and it is considered as elementary to healing art of medicine. This is not a new concept in medical field, but it has a profound influence on the treatment outcome. Over the years many literatures have been published in this area; however, there is a paucity of information especially focusing on doctors in India. Considering this a literature review was performed using Medline, Pub Med, Wiley, Science Direct, Scopus, and Grey literature using Me SH terms like doctor; doctor-patient relation; India.

The linoleic acid derivative 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoicacid (DCP-LA) has been developed as a promising and novel anti-dementia drug. The present study probed the binding partners of DCP-LA. In the DCP-LA binding assay using rat hippocampal lysates, fluorescein-conjugated DCP-LA produced a fluorescent signal band at 75 kDa. In the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) analysis, the signal band corresponded to N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF).

Aim: Effective pain control during dental treatment of a pediatric patient is the cornerstone for successful behavior guidance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of active and passive distraction techniques on children’s behavior during dental treatment. Material and methods: Atotal number of 150 children between of 4-10 years of age group were selected and randomly divided into 3 equal groups.

Background: To evaluate the use of potentially inappropriate drugs and propose pharmacotherapeutic interventions for older adults cared for by a specialist service in Recanto das Emas, Federal District, Brazil. Methods: Analytical, cross-sectional research with a quantitative approach, conducted in the city of Recanto das Emas, Federal District, Brazil, with a sample of 191 older adults, of both sexes, during routine clinic visits in a specialized geriatric outpatient service.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between chronic nasal obstruction caused by nasal septal deviation and Eustachian tube dysfunction–related symptoms using the Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) as an assessment in compared study with Tympanometry Eustachian tube function tests result. Methods: This study was carried out at a private clinic in BAGHDAD from May 2018 to February 2019A total of 80 adults were enrolled and divided into 2 groups matched by age and sex.

Background: Treatment adherence is a complex phenomenon, which has a significant impact on therapeutic success especially with respect to pediatric oncology patients in developing countries like ours where socioeconomic factors have an important bearing on treatment. To gain an insight into the factors that affect adherence in pediatric oncology we conducted this study in a tertiary care center.

Blowout fracture of orbital floor is a common presentation in maxillofacial trauma triage, usually blunt trauma with an object slightly larger than orbital rim is the classic mechanism. In this manuscript a new presentation is described where spontaneous peri-orbital edema and pain observed after aggressive nasal blowing. Computerized tomography reveals defect in the orbital floor with herniation of soft tissue to the sinus.

The study dealt with the Identification, analysis and a discussion of findings of the non African based family systems therapies on African family recovery. The major objective of this study was to identify and analyse the Family systems therapies used in Entebbe-Uganda and the method of achieving this was done by carrying out in-depth interviews with the sample counsellors, nominal group discussions and by analysing their written cases.

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) is the most common opportunistic infection in AIDS patients. To find out the prevalence of PCP among HIV infected patients, to elicit its association with pulmonary tuberculosis and gender, and to find out the superiority of the commonly used stains to detect pneumocystis. After getting approval from Institutional Ethical Committee, this study was carried out among 144 newly detected HIV infected patients who satisfied a presumptive diagnosis of PCP as per CDC/CDSC, attending Thoracic medicine department, Govt hospital.

Background: Stress is any situation in which a non-specific demand requires an individual to respond or take action. Stress can lead to negative or counterproductive feelings or threaten emotional well being. Objectives of the study were • To assess the level of stress among G.N.M 1st year students. • To administer laughing among G.N.M 1st year students. • To assess the level of stress after the administration of laughing among G.N.M 1st year students.

Perforated duodenal ulcer is one of the common surgical emergency and it is considered the most common cause of peritonitis. Inspite of antiulcer medication and Helicobacter eradication, Perforated peptic ulcer (PPU), is still the most common indication for emergency gastric surgery and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Perforations of the peptic ulcers (PPUs) are the most common cause of emergency surgery among the complications of the gastroduodenal ulcers and the leading cause for morbidity and mortality due to secondary peritonitis and sepsis.

Background: Pediatric intensive care unit(PICU) is an important component of the supportive care for the children being treated for cancer. The aim of this study was to review the commoner malignancies requiring PICU admissions at our centre, the reason for PICU admission, their microbiological data and to have a brief idea of outcomes of each individual malignant case admitted to PICU. Methods: A retrospective review of the cases who were admitted in PICU at Kidwai memorial institute of oncology, Bangalore from July 2017 to December 2017 was done.

Background: Nasal obstruction after adenoidectomy and the need for second adenoidectomy operation i.e (Revision), put as under focus on nasal obstruction types after adenoidectomy. We should search and report the causes of nasal obstruction to improve outcomes of adenoidectomy. Objectives: To find out the causes of nasal obstruction after adenoidectomy.

Drug-induced gingival enlargement is mainly caused by three classes of drugs (1) Anticonvulsants; (2) calcium channel blockers and (3) immunosuppressants. Amlodipine is a calcium channel blocker which is used in the management of hypertension and angina.This case report presents a case of non-surgical management of a patient with amlodipine induced gingival enlargement with six months follow up.

Background: Brachial plexus block has now evolved into a valuable and safe alternative to general anaesthesia for upper limb surgeries. Various approaches like interscalene, supraclavicular, infraclavicular and axillary have been used for blocking the brachial plexus. Supraclavicular approach gives the most effective block for upper extremity and is carried out at level of trunks of brachial plexus.

Background: Improvements in supportive care strategies has contributed to improved survival of children with malignancies. PICU support is one of the pillars of such a supportive care system. Data from developing nations on the outcome estimates of critically ill pediatric oncology patients in the PICU is sparce. Methods: A retrospective review of case records of all PICU admissions from the Kidwai Cancer Institute pediatric oncology unit between May 2017 and April 2018 was undertaken.

Listening is an essential component of effective communication. Listening requires attention and practice to analyze and organize sounds into recognizable patterns, interpret the patterns and infer meaning to messages communicated. This descriptive study determined the relationship between listening knowledge and academic performance among nursing students of the University of Calabar. Simple random sampling technique was used to select one hundred and twenty (120) participants from 200 level class with a population of 220 students.

Introduction: Stroke is an emergency requiring urgent investigation and treatment. It remains a major cause of mortality and disability worldwide. The association between lipid profile and stroke remains uncertain. This study therefore investigated whether changes in lipid profile might contribute to the risk of ICH. Materials and Methods: This is a case control which included 50 patients of ICH as cases and 50 persons of same age and sex as controls.

Aims: The study was aimed to check the correlation of Yen angle with other sagittal discrepancy parameters and to obtain a more reliable and least variable parameter for antero-posterior cephalometric analysis. Methods and Material: The lateral cephalograms of 450 North Indian subjects were obtained and traced for five different sagittal discrepancy parameters. The age of subjects ranged from 18-30 years. Statistical analysis: ANOVA analysis, t-test and correlation coefficient analysis were done.

Introduction: The World Health Organization estimates that more than 180 million people worldwide have diabetes, and by 2030 it is expected that this number will have doubled.[1] There is an alarming increase in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Asian Indians. Epidemiology of Diabetes in India: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly rising all over the globe at an alarming rate13.

During active phase of tuberculosis, antibodies especially IgM and IgG are developed against different mycobacterial antigens and these can be detected in patients’ sera. Patients with confirmed tuberculosis reporting to the Department of Thoracic Medicine and General Medicine of Govt Rajaji Hospital, Madurai were taken up for the present study. Of the 80 patients, 50 were (M=38, F=12) in PTB group and 30 (M=19, F=11) in EPTB group. Their age ranged from 19 to 45 years. Blood samples from 21, age and sex matched healthy control were included.

Elders are the pillars of the family, need support and care from the family to strengthen their autonomy and self esteem. As physical deterioration progresses with age, elders encounter more loss of function and greater inability to cope with stressful events. In this stage of life family support can help to establish a good coping environment. A non experimental correlational research design was used to achieve the stated objectives. Sample comprised of 100 subjects. The study was conducted in OPD of civil hospital, Hoshiarpur.

Background: Acute Renal Failure (ARF) is a common complication observed in critically ill newborns and neonates admitted in NICU. Methods and Subjects: This prospective case control study was carried out in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary level hospital for a period of one year with an objective of determining the incidence of ARF in neonatal sepsis. 113 neonates, who had a positive sepsis screen and/ or a positive blood culture were evaluated for the presence or absence of ARF.

Introduction: Peripheral artery disease in chronic kidney disease patients is commonly reported in Jammu region, especially in patients with concomitant coronary artery disease, attributable to accelerated atherosclerosis. The present study establishes wide prevalence of peripheral artery disease in chronic kidney disease stage III-V. Material and Methods: This study is a cross sectional study which was carried out in Department of Nephrology, GMC Jammu during the year 2013-2014.

The value of infinity multiply by zero is one of the most mysterious calculation. Here we will find the standard value of infinity multiply by zero.

The fabrication of a full-arch implant supported maxillary and mandibular prosthesis has been associated with several prosthetic complications and difficulties. Even though it has been reported that phonetics, esthetics, and proper lip support are difficult to achieve with fixed full arch implant supported, there is a scarcity in the literature regarding the clinical and laboratory procedures necessary to minimize these complications.

Numerical modeling of communicable disease is a device to appreciate the instrumentin what waysyndrome pushovers and in what waystately. we have studied numerically the dynamics of HBV. We frame an entirelyconstant Non-Standard Finite Difference (NSFD) structurefor a mathematical model of HBV. The introduce numerical array is bounded, dynamically designate and contain the positivity of the solution, which is one of the important requirements when modeling a prevalent contagious.

The simplest form of a metal detector was included an oscillator which produced an alternating current and magnetic field that passes through a coil. When a piece of electrically conductive metal is closed to the coil, eddy currents will be induced in the metal, to form create its own magnetic field as a metal detector. It is used to detect the metallic object and used for Mine finding Mechanism in war. It is short range device and between 9 inch and below, it can detect any metal between this range such as gold, tin, steel and any electropositive elements.

“Lakshmanrekha” also known as an insecticide is a combination of Cypermethrin and Deltamethrin. Both are pyrethroid compound and is widely used due to its high insecticidal potential and slow resistance in pest. It is considered less toxic for human use, because of poor dermal absorption, rapid metabolism, less tissue accumulation, and environmental persistence. Cases of accidental pyrethroid poisoning at work places have been reported, but poisoning with suicidal intention is extremely rare.

Background: Patient reported Outcome - Clinical Arthritis Activity Index (PRO-CLARA) is a new, continuous and feasible index to assess the impact on activity of daily living (which is the patient’s prime concern) so it could be useful in regular clinical practice for monitoring Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. Objective: Assessment of disease activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis using Patient reported Outcome - Clinical Arthritis Activity Index (PRO-CLARA).

The effectiveness of Nigeria Cybersecurity strategy can have serious effect on the Cybersecurity stance of the country and significantly impact how well the country financial critical IT infrastructures are protected. The problem is that, different organizations use different tools to evaluate their Cybersecurity strength against any cyber attack. This Model is developed to provide a measure which the Nigeria financial organizations can apply to determine their level of vigilance on preventing and responding to a cyber attack.

Background: The uses of saliva markers have clear benefits than serum , the reason of this benefits saliva collection is a noninvasive, easy, and cheap. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the levels of urea and creatinine in plasma and saliva of Sudanese patients with renal failure under hemodialysis, and to investigate the potentiality of determination of saliva urea and creatinine levels instead of using plasma.

Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles that are put in practice to invent, design, build, maintain and improve structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. This means that engineering requires infrastructure or institutional facilities in addition to other key variables. This includes human resource and materials. They are all key to successful engineering education.

The method of training with partial blood flow occlusion has been one of the great research targets of health professionals in recent years for having significant results in high performance athletes. At the same time, Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) provides an improvement in the functionality of inspiratory muscles, including the diaphragm, generating morphological changes. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the KAATSU (KT) method on Inspiratory Muscle Training.

The loss of dental elements is one of the main factors for the pneumatization of the maxillary sinus. The lack of bone crest dimensions in both height and width is an important indication for maxillary sinus lift surgery that aims at future oral rehabilitation. Case Report: A female patient, leucoderma, 41 years old, sought care at a postgraduate center and complained that she had no dental elements on the right side, claiming that she would like oral rehabilitation.

The purpose of the study was to examine relationship between school type and a pupil’s achievement on the Mathematics Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) (i.e., 7th grade) in Uganda). The study employed a cross- sectional survey design. Data were from the Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB) Primary Leaving Examinations results for the year 2018 (N = 903). Date analysis was done using a One-Factor Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).

Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FLHCC) is a rare variant of primary hepatocellular malignancy. It mainly affects younger adults and adolescents between 10 and 30 years of age. FL HCC differs from HCC in many ways such as patient demographics, presence and absence of common risk factors, tumor markers and prognosis. These tumors have typical radiographic findings which are confirmed by histopathology. We describe three cases of fibro lamellar carcinoma that were received in our department over a period of two years.

The United States and Russia have a long history in the involvement in the affairs of the Middle East while China has not reallybeen an active actor in Middle East politics.Maintaining a balance between China’s relations with Israel and the Arab States as well as between the Sunni Arab States and Iran has been a guiding principle of China’s Middle East policy.

The Purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between teacher quality and a pupil’s achievement in Mathematics on the Primary Leaving Examinations (i.e., 7th grade) in Uganda. The study employed a cross- sectional survey design. Data were from the Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB) Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) Mathematics results, 2018 (N = 952). Mathematics teachers who taught the seventh grade were also part of the study participants (n = 18).

Evaluating age and gender related change is important to determine the abnormality happening to the soft tissues, incisors display with increasing age and in different gender. When we are aware of the normal profile, soft tissue, and incisor display during smile then only we will be able to treat abnormal changes in smile and incisor display and bring back to its normal condition. The sample sizes of 90 subjects were selected from the Uttar Pradesh population between the age group of 15 and 45 years. They were divided into three age groups.

We studied the development and reproductive behavior of two sympatric New Zealand spiders, Badumna longinqua and Badumna insignis (Araneae: Desidae), in the laboratory. Both species have intersexual size dimorphism and, within each species, males vary up to 35-fold in size. Females of B. longinqua produce up to 12 egg sacs, and those of B. insignis produce up to 18 sacs. Clutch size and number of egg sacs is positively correlated with adult female longevity, but not female weight, in both species. Courtship in B. longinqua is longer and entails more acts than in B. insignis.

The authors are commenting on the article entitled “Randomized trial of wide-field guided PRP for diabetic macular oedema treated with ranibizumab” published by Talks et al. in Eye 2019; 33(6):930-937.

The goal of this work is to develop, carpentry residues which are sawdust of teak, and agricultural, the African locust bean pod (Parkia biglobosa), for the manufacture of particleboards. So we research a palliative to environmental problems caused by sawdust and the use of conventional binders. Teak sawdust particleboards were manufactured by varying the content of tannin powder of African locust bean pod.

Background: Major concern facing individual with upper extremity paresis after stroke is recovery of upper extremity movement and function. Hemi paresis leads to compromise normal biomechanics and stability of shoulder complex by loss of motor control and development of abnormal pattern. There are many therapeutic approach used to restore motion and maintain scapular stability. Objective: To compare the effect of scapular stability exercise versus scapular PNF on function of paretic upper extremity in stroke patients.

Personality enables us to predict what a person will do in a given situation; more so, personality is the governing trait of an individual that has been associated with performance at work. A descriptive-correlational study was employed to examine the relationship between personality and employee performance in XYZ Company. The participants of the study were the 138 rank-and-file employees of the three (3) business entities in Bacolod City. The SFPQ (Six Factor Personality Questionnaire) was utilized to measure employees’ personality.

Acute glomerulonephritis is defined as the sudden onset of hematuria, proteinuria and red blood cell casts. This clinical picture is often accompanied by hypertension, edema and impaired renal function. Acute glomerulonephritis can be due to a primary renal disease or secondary to systemic diseases. Aim: To study the clinical and histopathological correaltion of acute glomerulonephritis in hospitalized patients. Materials and Methods:This is a prospective study for a period of two years from Jan.2011 to Jan. 2013 performed in GMC Jammu.

Diagnostic methods with high sensitivity and specificity are highly essential for effective tuberculosis management. Endemic nature of the pathogen, cross-reaction in vaccinated individuals and poor growth rate makes it’s diagnosis more complicated and urges the need for improved diagnostic methods to limit progression and the spread. Advancements in technology in combination with conventional knowledge on TB and molecular genetics approaches have helped to achieve considerable progress in TB diagnostics.

The study investigated the essentials of building a peace culture among State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) in the Philippines. It determined the extent of importance of each identified essential factor, namely: adhering to constitutional and human rights; fostering democratic participation; respecting academic freedom; advancing understanding, tolerance, and solidarity; supporting participatory communication and free flow of information; promoting safe and healthy working environment; and equal access to opportunities in public service.

The optimal spore concentration of F. verticillioides that will be just high enough to cause moderate rotting (infective dosage) in the tissues of maize (Zea mays) stem was investigated. Two inoculation methods viz., toothpick and injection methods were used for the inoculation. Four spore concentration levels of F. verticillioides were employed viz., 1 x 106; 5 x 105; 3 x 105 and 1 x 105 spore/ml. Maize seeds (DMR-LSRW) were planted in several pots in the screenhouse.

Cryptorchidism is the most common genital problem encountered in pediatrics, it carries the risk of testicular cancer, infertility and psychological upset. In Iraq the screening of undescended testes (UDT) after child birth is not routinely done that will cause a lot of cases remain undiagnosed till after child and adulthood. 319 primary school randomly selected all over Baghdad city including urban and rural regions for screening males with undescended testes among children aged 6-14 years.

Integrated functional adult literacy provides learners to acquire knowledge and skills useful to their daily live. Now a day, the focus has been shifted to illiterate adult who due to a number of reasons is out of formal education. Our country has been aggressively doing in functional adult education since 2006. In light of this, this research was aimed at assessing the effectiveness of integrated functional adult literacy in Wolaita and Dawuro Zones.

The purpose of this processing is to compare the emissions of greenhouse gases produced by farmed animals and the carbon dioxide fixed by the crops of the various plants used for their feeding. Starting from the collection of FAO data, the CO2 fixed by the main crops of zootechnical interest was calculated. The biomass produced and the CO2 set by them were calculated using the "Calvin-Benson cycle" and then subtracted from the atmosphere. All the emissions related to ruminal fermentations and the management of the dejections in the various types of farms were also calculated.

Critical film review of the American television series When We Rise. From the methodology of Cinematherapy, important and historical points are listed and analyzed in the light of the theories of sexuality and gender. Launched in January 2017, it runs through landmark events for the LGBT movement in the United States and shows how prejudice and homophobia have been institutionalized in the actions of culture, institutions and politics.

Introduction: Mosquitoes are generally considered an annoyance but some species act as vectors of diseases such as malaria, lymphatic filariasis, dengue, chikungunya and Japanese encephalitis. Knowledge of the bionomics of mosquitoes, especially of disease vectors, is essential to plan appropriate vector control strategies and diseases prevention. Objectives: To Find out the Man landing densityand periodicity of Different species of Mosquitoes prevalence in Nagai district.

Background: drug dependence can be a result of or can cause a number of socio-cultural issues. Our study aims to find socio-cultural issues of heroin addiction in a city in northern India. Objective: 1) To discuss socio-cultural issues associated with heroin dependence. 2) To study the socio-demographic variables associated with Heroin dependence. Methods: 244 patients visiting an outpatient psychiatric clinic for heroin detoxification were assessed for their socio-cultural and socio-demographic profile using a semi-structured questionnaire.

In Mexico, the main causal agents of hospital infections are the species of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae; whose strains are usually multiresistant to antibiotics. In view of this situation, new antimicrobials are required, with structures and mechanisms of action different from current commercial antibiotics and, in the future, new drugs to counteract the infections caused by these microorganisms. The foregoing has led to the investigation of new antimicrobial substances from plants considered popular medicinal.

Deep bite is one of the most common malocclusions seen in children as well as adults that can occur along with other associated malocclusions. It is said to be one of the most deleterious malocclusion when considered from the viewpoint of the future health of the masticatory apparatus and the dental units. The correction of the deep bite is one of the primary objectives of orthodontic treatment. Deep bite has been considered one of the most common malocclusions and the most difficult to treat successfully.

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the differences in the fatty acid composition between the species of finfishes of Nagapattinam coast, Tamil Nadu, India. The values of 20:0 and 20:2n-6 fatty acids did not significantly differ (P > 0.05) between S. fimbriata and E. malabaricus. The levels of saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids varied between two fishes. The fatty acid composition showed quantitative differences in the percentages of individual acids between the species.

Background & objective: CONS species have been recognized as etiological agents in wide variety of infections especially in immunocompromised patients, patients with indwelling or implanted foreign bodies. Furthermore, there is increasing rates of antibiotic resistance which varies within species of CONS and limits therapeutic options .Hence the present study was undertaken to determine common CONS species isolated from clinically significant specimens and to evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of these species.

Anaphylaxis is a serious life- threatening allergic reaction and requires emergent diagnosis and treatment. The first – line pharmacological treatment in anaphylaxis is intramuscular adrenaline. Concurrent occurrence of acute coronary syndromes with hypersensitivity reactions is a rare but possible occurrence known as ‘Kounis Syndrome’.

The river long profile analysis has been studied over the past several decades to decode the nature of river. The morphology of a river channel is the resultant effect of the interactions among a number of factors. Mainly lithology, slope, hydraulic characteristics like width, depth, velocity, sediment present in the fluid, etc. control the morphology of a river channel which in turn effect the mechanics of flow. Erosion, transportation and deposition shape the long profile as well as the cross profile. Meandering river in flood plain oscillates due to alternate erosion and deposition.

Introduction: The jugular foramen lies at the posterior end of the petro-occipital suture between the jugular process of the occipital bone and jugular fossa of the petrous part of the temporal bone which allows the passage of important nervous and vascular elements, such as the glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve, accessory nerves and the internal jugular vein. Glomic tumors, schwannomas, metastatic lesions and infiltrating inflammatory processes are associated with this foramen, which can account for injuries of related structures.

The use of denture base resin has revolutionized the dental material sciences ever since their discovery. Many prostheses and implants made from polymers have been in use for the last three decades and there is a continuous search for more biocompatible and stronger polymer prosthetic materials. Resins have been reinforced using different materials to improve strength. This paper reviews acrylic denture base resin enhancement during the past few decades. Specific attention is given to the effect of fiber, filler, and nanofiller addition on poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) properties.

The research paper strives to have an insight over the core issues and challenges surrounding the Science subjects teacher education provided at the teacher education institutes. It has been observed that there is an overall discomfort among the students and teachers regarding the curriculum introduced by HEC for the teachers education in General Science subject. The paper adopts a qualitative strategy to explore the issue.

This study was carried out to investigate the causes of convulsions With in age group 6 M-7 years & to estimate the characters of patients with febrile convulsion. The study was done in AL-khansa – Teaching Hospital, pediatrics department in Mosul during the period 1/2/2018-1/6/2018. Data on age, sex convulsion & its duration, character, clinical presentation & family history of F.C., examination of children for any neurological abnormality, delayed developmental milestones & family history for epilepsy.

The research paper intends to investigate the core reasons behind the implementation gaps that exist within the educational policies of Pakistan. The research paper takes a qualitative research approach and presents a concise overview of the related literature to provide an insight over the issues that have been creating footraces in the way of educational policy implementation.

The research paper aims to explore the impact of globalization upon education sector. The research paper specifically focuses upon Pakistan to find out the changes brought by globalization on its education system. The paper adopts a qualitative approach to attain the set objectives and mainly relies upon the analysis of secondary sources for the collection of information. The relevant literature existed around the topic has been accessed and reviewed to have deep insight over the issue under consideration.

Background: Isoflurane had always been known to have neuroprotective properties. Sevoflurane by virtue of its low solubility provides rapid onset and offset of an aesthesia, thus facilitating early postoperative evaluation of the patients especially in the neurosurgical procedures. However superior role of sevoflurane to isoflurane in pediatric patients requiring intermediate lasting anaesthesia remains controversial.

Madhumeha has been described as maharoga in ayurvedic classics. It is one of the most alarming disease and possesses a special place in medical science due to its high prevalence in the society and increased incidence. In Ayurveda, Madhumeha has been described as one among one of the 20 types of Prameha and is a sub-type of VatikaPrameha. The factors which provoke Vata directly cause Apatarpanajanya Madhumeha and the factors which provoke Kapha and Pitta cause Santarpanajanya Madhumeha.

Background: The Arcuate fasciculus (AF) is an important neural tract for language function. Various language deficits including conduction aphasia can be caused by injury of the AF. Little is known about injury of the arcuate fasciculus (AF) in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Objective: To investigate the injury of the AF in the dominant hemisphere in patients with mild TBI presenting with aphasia, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) and to find a correlation between them. Materials and Methods: Study design was observational retrospective cross sectional study.

Engineering education is not attracting enough secondary school leavers and often it is not attracting the diversity of backgrounds needed, namely; persons with mild disabilities, girls and the talented among others. The main obstacle is the way engineering is perceived by prospective students, teachers, counselors and parents. In fact engineers are perceived as “nerds” without interpersonal skills, doing narrowly focused jobs that are prone to being outsourced. Most high school girls believe engineering is for boys who love mathematics and science.

Engineering covers many different types of activities. Engineers make things, make things work and make things work better. They also use their creativity and innovativeness to provide solutions to the world’s problems and help transform the future. Lecturers who teach Engineering courses offered at Diploma level in polytechnics play a critical role in students’ acquisition of practical skills and knowledge relating to industrial development worldwide.

Our study revealed a significantly high expression of Ki67 in neoplastic epithelial glands of gall bladder, oesophageal, small intestinal and colorectal adenocarcinomas as compared to the non neoplastic areas. The Ki67 labelling index was higher in moderately and poorly differentiated areas as well as mucopapillary and signet ring type adenocarcinomas. There was no particular relation with stage of tumor spread/depth of tumor invasion. CerbB-2 was significantly overexpressed in gall bladder and colorectal adenocarcinomas.

The government of Ethiopia has been implemented participatory forest management (PFM) program since 1990s, with twin policy goals of promoting sustainable forest management and improving livelihoods. However, the benefits of this program intervention for forest conservation and livelihoods are not systematically studied and well documented. This study assessed the contribution of PFM program to forest conservation and the livelihoods in Nono sele woreda, southwest of Ethiopia. Data were collected from 241 randomly selected households.

The issue regarding a composite of accurate data for Recipients of Aid of National Health Insurance often gets the spotlight. The process of implementing data collection of these beneficiaries is still considered to be lacking maximum, that many citizens in Indonesia still have not received their social security rights fairly and transparently.

Background: Dermatology and psychiatry have an embryonic connection. Dermatological disorders are said to be associated with significant psychological distress and poor quality of life. Our study aims to find out psychiatric morbidity in a treatment seeking population in dermatology outpatient clinic. In addition, quality of life of these patients will be assessed. Methods: 300 outpatients with various dermatological disorders were assessed for their psychiatric morbidity and quality of life.

The aim of this study is to analyze the child social welfare program in Bondowoso with the highest number of beneficiary children in East Java, Indonesia in 2017. The informants of this study were the implementers of the child social welfare program in Bondowoso. The results of the study are some of the goals of the child social welfare program that can be achieved. Sources for the implementation of the child welfare program in Bondowoso are still fully utilized from the Ministry of Social Affairs through the East Java Provincial Social Office.

Background: pregnant woman must have adequate and nutritious nutrition during pregnancy for the process of growth and development of the fetus. Pregnant women who experience malnutrition during pregnancy such as lack of iron intake, it will cause adverse effects on the mother and fetal growth and development. Lack of iron intake in pregnant women can cause anemia. Aims: to analyze the influences of age, antenatal care visit and adherence with Fe tablet consumption toward the incidence of anemia in pregnant women.

The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between vocabulary learning strategies and academic achievement. To this end, fifteen fast and fifteen slow learners were selected purposively based on their performance in exams. A close-ended questionnaire was designed to gather data on their vocabulary learning strategies. Interviews were also conducted for triangulation. T-test and frequency statistics were used to analyze the data.

Peripheral giant cell granuloma appears as a solitary purplish-red nodule, having vascular or hemorrhagic appearance, with or without surface ulceration. It may be a sessile or pedunculated lesion on the gingiva or the alveolar crest, common in relation to incisors and first molars. It occurs in response to local irritation from the connective tissue of the gingiva, periodontal ligament or periosteum of the alveolar ridge and may occur in periimplant tissues and edentulous arches. They are more common in females than males, more frequently seen in mandible than maxilla.

Buccal exostosis is Begin, smooth, broad-based bony growth on the facial aspect of maxilla or mandible. The etiology has been studied but no consensus has been reached so far. A 55-year-old female reported with the complaint of swelling in the lower anterior region. Patients prime concern was esthetics and the eitology was unclear, the bony enlargement was treated with resective osseous surgery. This article presents a case report of mandibular buccal exostosis and its management. Subject Area: Periodontology

Background: Adolescents are the future of the nation, forming a major demographic and economic force. One of every six person is an adolescent. There are about 1.2 billion adolescents with the age group of 10-19 years, which comprises sixteen percent of world’s population. Studies have shown that relaxation training has tremendous effect in decreasing anxiety. In present study a combination of Deep Breathing, Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Laughter Therapy was included.

In this essay we will present the ethnomathematics of the Bedouin society in the south of Israel, and in particular the ethnomathematics manifested in the folkloric embroidery of Bedouin women. The purpose of this essay is to show how Bedouin women knew mathematics intuitively and used unique cultural values and elements in their daily lives, which contain and reflect a variety of didactical mathematical aspects, concepts, and attributes. In this essay we will show how Bedouin women knew mathematics through their embroidery work.

Background: Data from the Medan District Health Office in 2015, that the coverage of assistance during delivery by medical staff was 82.38%, postpartum health services was 80.80%, a woman postnatal received vitamin A was 80.80%. Objective: to find out the determinants of utilization of postpartum health services. Methods: The research was an quantitative research with explanatory survey design with cross sectional approach. It was conducted in the working area of Medan Belawan Public Health Center, Medan Belawan Subdistrict.

Introduction: Life style diseases have been recognized as a clear threat not only to human health, but also to the development and economic growth in many countries. The number of individuals suffering from these diseases has been a steady rise. Chronic diseases of lifestyle are a group of diseases that share risk factors such as unhealthy dietary choices, smoking, lack of physical exercise, sedentary behavior and life-stress.

The linoleic acid derivative DCP-LA serves as a selective activator of PKCε. The present study aimed at understanding the mechanism underlying PKCε-regulated α7 nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor trafficking. DCP-LA specifically bound to N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) in lysates from the rat brain. PKCε, activated by DCP-LA, phosphorylated NSF at the serine residues, but not the threonine residues, in differentiated PC-12 cells. DCP-LA enhanced an association of NSF/α7 nicotinic ACh receptor in PC-12 cells, and the effect was cancelled by the PKC inhibitor GF109203X.

The objective of this study The main objective of this study was assessing teachers’ and students’ attitudes towards pronunciation teaching and learning strategies and their implementation in Halale Secondary and Preparatory School focusing on grade ten. To this end, descriptive research design was used. To collect data, questionnaire, interview, classroom observations and textbook analysis were utilized .The data were collected from 243 participants (240 students and 3 teachers).

Non –traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an uncommon occurrence in hemodialysis patients and has been infrequently reported in medical literature so far. We report a case of spontaneous, non-aneurysmal SAH in a young maintenance hemodialysis patient with a poor outcome. The dialysis prescription following bleeding needs to be modified in these patients in order to prevent further worsening of cerebral oedema and progression of hemorrhage.

Background: As a matter of public health importance, food safety and hygienic practices employed in this food marketing sector, restaurants and hotels would play an important function in ensuring that safe food is available for consumption. Safe foods ensure minimal risks and hazards to human health through protecting and preventing edible substances from becoming hazardous in the presence of chemical, physical and biological contaminants that deteriorate or spoil the food.

Objective: This study aimed to compare the cephalometric and anthropometric characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with those of healthy subjects and to determine possible relationships between cephalometric and anthropometric measurements of OSA patients and control subjects. Methods: Standardized lateral cephalograms of 10 OSA patients and 10 healthy controls were obtained. Airway dimensions and dentofacial parameters were measured using a cephalometric analysis program .Anthropometric assessment was done in all of them.

Background: Tuberculosis cases are increasing day by day. National TB treatment guidelines strongly recommend using a patient-centred case management approach - including directly observed therapy (“DOT”) - when treating persons with active TB disease. The study conducted at Taluk hospital Perumbavoor. The study will add knowledge on understanding the knowledge level of patients regarding DOTs therapy. Need and significance of Study: The study helps to understand tuberculosis patients regarding importance of treatment and follow up.

There is obvious need to have the safest working environments and the best quality of health care delivery for patients by nursing students on clinical practice/learning. Effective social support is one of the very important steps in achieving his goal. This paper identifies the majorsocial support required for managing stress in nursing students during clinical learning and the most effective management and coping strategies as contained in literature. The paper employed a qualitative method involving a review of secondary data and the application of content analysis.

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