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May 2019

The genetic classification of the cave openings in the Bakony Region is described. The applied methods are the following: studying the relation between the distribution of phreatic caves and the quality of the host rock and in case of antecedent valley sections, making theoretical geological longitudinal profiles. The phreatic caves developed at the margins of the buried karst terrains of the mountains. The streams of these terrains created epigenetic valleys, while their seeping waters created karst water storeys over the local impermeable beds.

This review paper focuses on available feed resources, feeding practice, trends of supplementary feeding, nutritional constraints and water sources and watering practice of village chicken in Ethiopia. There is no purposeful feeding of chickens under the village conditions in Ethiopia and scavenging is almost the only source of diet. From different research reports or findings, the common existing feed resources are cereal grains (dominantly maize and sorghum) followed by wheat, rice, worms, insects, grass, vegetables.

Climate change is becoming an imminent threat to Nepalese agriculture. Climate change on farmer’s view and their strategies to combat against it helps to make effective plan and policies for the anticipated weather and climate. Therefore, survey research was conducted in 2017 at Kapilvastu district of Nepal including sixty-three farmers to get informed with their knowledge on climate change and various adaptation mechanism they are currently practicing. Though only about one-third respondent was aware of the meaning of climate change, they felt the impact of climate change in various ways.

Non- radiographic spondyloarthropathy (nr-SpA) and Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are subtypes of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). patients with AS exhibit radiologic abnormalities consistent with sacroilitis, with no evidence on plain radiograph. Instead, in nr-axSpA, the diagnosis is supported by evidence of active inflammation of sacro-iliac (SI) joint on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or a combination of other findings.

Background: The Pharmaceutical Assistance is an aggregate of actions aimed at the promotion, prevention, and recovery of health, whose adequate performance, organization and management are essential to achieving their objectives. An aligned and well-informed health management team is primordial for the proper functioning. This research aimed to analyze the situation of the management capacity and planning of the Pharmaceutical Assistance management in the city of Tremedal, Bahia.

A simple, sensitive, linear, precise and accurate RP-HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of Zaltoprofen and Paracetamol in bulk and tablet formulation as developed and validated. Chromatographic conditions used are stationary phase Grace C18 column (250mm × 4.6mm, 5µ particle size. The mobile phase Methanol: Phosphate buffer (PH 3.0) in the ratio 75:25 v/v and flow rate was maintained 0.8ml/min, detection wavelength was 241nm. The retention times were 3.101min and 5.838min for Zaltoprofen and Paracetamol respectively.

Background: Uptake of postpartum family planning remains low in sub-Saharan Africa. Little is known about how postpartum women in Abakaliki arrive at their decisions to adopt postpartum family planning. Hence this study is important so as to identify gaps, and to improve engagement with reproductive health services, particularly in helping women align their contraceptive choice with their expressed need. Methods: It was a hospital based cross-sectional study which involved 55 reproductive-age women who gave birth in the last 24 months prior to the study period.

Introduction: The leading causes of mortality and morbidity among young people can be traced to several preventable health risk behaviours that are often initiated during youth and may extend into adulthood. Intermittent monitoring of health risk behaviours at the youth level is important for the planning and evaluation of national health promotion intervention programs. Half of the premature death from the 10 leading causes in developed countries is caused by preventable factors such as tobacco use, alcohol abuse, physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary habits etc.

This study is a fraction of a project titled Systemic Evaluation of Chronic Diseases in the population of southwestern Bahia and aims to evaluate the profile of carbohydrate consumption and insulin resistance in adults of both genders. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative approach, carried out in the city of Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. The sample consisted of 81 individuals, of whom 23 were males and 58 were females. To obtain the data, we used socioeconomic questionnaires and eating habits as well as biochemical tests to measure the individuals' glucose.

Objectives: The main objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of using back belts, and performing back massage in reducing low back pain among operative room nurses. In addition to determine the risk factors that contributed low back pain among operative room nurses. Methods: Interventional study method was used (pre-test and post-test) to evaluate the effectiveness of back physiotherapy and using back belts in preventing and reducing low back pain among operative nurses.

The use of pesticides has increased rapidly over the past few decades. Especially, in tropical regions pesticides are used extensively to control mosquitos which spread harmful diseases such as dengue and malaria. In Sri Lanka, mosquito borne diseases is a major concern. Infact, during the time period of January to July 2017, the Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry of Health has recorded 80,732 dengue victims and 215 deaths. A technique known as fogging/space spraying is used to control mosquito populations in urban areas.

Introduction: Preeclampsia is the main cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in the world. Its etiopathogenesis is multifactorial and is still a challenge and subject of research. Purpose: To predict the occurrence of preeclampsia in patients in the second trimester of pregnancy who are asymptomatic with the help of immunological biomarkers. Materials and Methods: Total of 100 patients is being examined and is divided in two groups.

Background: A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time. The term chronic is often applied when the course of the disease lasts for more than three months. Chronic diseases constitute a major cause of mortality worldwide. Objectives: to determine the incidence of chronic diseases among displaced people in sulaymaniyah province. Methods: A study was performed on patients with chronic diseases register in the chronic disease center in sulaymaniyah province.

Introduction: As the Internet progressively becomes part and parcel of our lives, Internet addiction disorder has received much attention. The general reasons and consequences of this disease can be similar to that of alcohol addition, drug abuse, and obsessive viewing of television. Persons who are addicted to internet may come from all walks of life and as a result they are suffering in the main aspect of everyday life in situations such as school, family, work and relationships, emotional problems like depression and anxiety.

As a newly developed road material, epoxy resin modified-asphalt emulsion (ERMAE) shows great promise of being applied to cold-mix asphalt. In this paper, the cold-mix asphalt using ERMAE (hereinafter referred to as the Subject) is evaluated in terms of Marshall Stability, moisture resistance, high-temperature performance and low-temperature performance with a series of tests, all of which are proven satisfactory. Its Marshall Stability is approximately equal to that of the hot-mix asphalt, and far greater than the traditional cold-mix asphalt.

Background: Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is a constriction of the bronchi that occurs in response to dehydration of the airways. EIB is characterized by a very common inflammatory condition in athletes. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the variations in circulating inflammatory cells and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels before and after EIB in a population of endurance athletes. Materials and Methods: The study involved 16 athletes (23.56 ± 3.55 years, 171.62 ± 6.81 cm and 60.68 ± 5.53 kg).

In this paper we discuss the use of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for simulating random samples from multivariate normal distribution, using mean vector and covariance matrix. Sampling is an important aspect in the field of Statistics. We can generate random samples from various univariate distributions either discrete or continuous. We can also generate samples from bivariate distributions for that purpose there are different tables available. But, sampling in that manner is troublesome. In this article we use PCA; a multivariate technique for the purpose of sampling.

This paper describes the key structures and mechanisms needed for the sound academic policy in the institution of higher education. Drawing on the literature in the domain of educational change it highlights various bodies; and helping sub-organisations needed in the institution. The paper is exploratory in nature.

Lotkas law of Scientific Productivity is Bibliometric study, it has been used to calculate the number of authors against the number of publications contributed by the authors was plotted on a logarithmic scale. The points were closely distributed around the straight line having a slope of almost 2. The present study tests the conformity of Lotka's law for authorship distribution in the field of neuroscience using the web of science core collection database. There are 57640 publications contributed by 132481 authors.

The study was conducted on Grade ten English language reading lesson implementation in Abdi Bori Secondary School in Mettu town. The central intention of this research was to examine the implementation of English language reading lesson in relation to the students’ textbook. To attain this objective, descriptive research method was employed. Four Grade ten English language teachers were taken using comprehensive sampling technique. Thirty per cent of the students (240) were randomly selected by lottery method to be the sample of the study.

This paper is based on a study which aims to explore the use of the Internet by micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in Indonesia. More specifically, it addresses the following four research questions. First, how many MSEs in Indonesia use the Internet for their businesses? Second, does the intensity of Internet usage by MSEs vary by business, region, age and education of the owners? Third, is the profit or income earned by MSEs that use the Internet greater than that earned by MSEs that do not use it? Fourth, what are the main reasons of MSEs that do not use ICT?

Introduction: Adolescence is a transitional period from childhood to adulthood and is considered as a period of ‘storm and stress’ which is characterized by many changes and challenges. Because of their rapid growth and development, most adolescents experience adjustment difficulties in emotional, social and/or educational aspects of their life. Aims & Objectives: The present study is taken up to find out the Emotional, Social and Educational adjustments of Higher Secondary Students and if there is any gender difference in their adjustment level.

The study was conducted du ring the first half of the calendar year 2016. It was spearheaded by the college of Education, in collaboration with the College of Arts and Sciences. The study aimed to discover the level of participation and the professional training needs of the COED and CAS Faculty in instruction, research, and extension. The study employed proportional sampling and took 75% of the faculty of both colleges as representative sample.

Background: People, everday are inumdated with making decisions whether they are big or small. Cognitive psychology plays a major role in how people make their choices. Cognitive bias is known to have an effect on decision making. These biases are based on memory which create a systematic deviation in thinking and processing information. Objective: This paper aims to identify the effect of select cognitive biases i.e., Overconfidence bias, Endowment bias, Ambiguity Aversion bias and Recency bias on General Decision Making of a person as well as Financial Decision Making.

There exists a problem that is faced by many higher education institutions in Mexico, this problem is known as drop-out, to tackle this situation there has been done a lot of research of this topic. Following the same line of inquiry, it is presented here a study done with students that belong to the Facultad de Educación of Universidad Autonoma del Carmen-UNACAR during the autumn 2018 term. There was done a transectional and descriptive study using the data mining with the Cluster k-means technique to regroup the participants.

Managerial competencies are among the most commonly investigated types of management research. This is because it plays an important role in any business success. This study examined the impact of managerial competencies on business success in the context of SMEs in Vietnam. The aim of study is to explore main factor affecting on performance of SMEs.

The pricing of marine port infrastructure services is one of the most important aspects that occupy the mind of port administrations and port authorities and is one of the most controversial aspects of the global economy Discussions are currently focused on the extent to which mergers and homogeneity are created between the economic impacts of development and investment in infrastructure, cost recovery mechanisms and rules in developed countries and economic zones.

Virus is responsible for causing large number of morbidities and mortalities across the globe. Although there are effective anti-virals against the virus, the high rate mutation leads to constant changes in the viral protein structures. This may lead to development of resistance against the existing drugs. The present study was undertaken to assess the in vitro anti-influenza virus activity of Mangiferaindica (Mango), Aegle marmelos (Bael) and Ricinus communis (Eranda). Methanol extracts of the leaves from these plants were prepared using the Soxhlets apparatus.

Majority of Elderly population aged 60 years and above will be in the developing countries as their population will reach 1.2 billion by the year 2025(1). Major health issues which they face in this age group are Non-communicable diseases like hypertension, coronary artery disease, strokes, diabetes mellitus, obesity, cancers, cataracts, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, chronic obstructive airway disease, benign hyperplasia of prostate, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Senile Dementia and depression (2).

Acute coronary artery disease is a real obsession to any practitioner because of its heavy complications. Right ventricular infarction is a pathological entity distinguished by several diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic features. These differences can be explained by the anatomical structure of the right ventricle and the physiopathological peculiarities in the occurrence of an infarction. Recent literature has focused on the subject in its details with sometimes inconsistent results.

Diabetes Mellitus is a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia caused by absolute or relative deficiency of insulin. Lack of insulin affects the metabolism of carbohydrate, protein and fat and can cause significant decrease of water and electrolytes homeostasis Various thyroid abnormalities may co-exist and interact with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus affects thyroid functions at many sites, from hypothalamic control of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), release to T3 production from T4 in the target tissues.

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to study the synergistic effects of SRP (Scaling and root planning) and Cur cumin Gel applications in comparison with SRP alone. Materials and Methods: Two sites in the contra lateral quadrants having probing pocket depths (PPDs) of ≥5 mm were selected in thirty patients. Application of cur cumin gel on a single side followed full mouth scaling and root planning (SRP). Evaluation of plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), PPD and Relative attachment levels (RALs) were done at baseline and after 4 weeks.

The increasing anthropogenic activities, especially plastic dumping and fishing operations in the ocean have become potential threats to several marine animals including sea turtles. Directly or indirectly, turtles are reported to face mortality due to the lack of regular monitoring of coastal activities, mainly the fisheries operations. The present study documented the mortality of two sea turtles, the green turtle Cheloniamydas (Linnaeus, 1758) and olive ridley sea turtle, Lepidochelysolivacea (Eschscholtz, 1829) due to entanglement of fish nets.

Aims and objectives: To measure the ability of REU dental students and interns to match the dental shade under three light sources (daylight, clinical unit light, and corrective light source), to assess the importance of clinical experience on shade-matching accuracy, to assess the influence of the three standard light sources on the matching ability of the shade tabs. Methods: Cross-sectional (observational).Two hundred twenty-two female students (level7 to 12) and dental interns at REU participated.

Agni is defined as Nayteparin ‘aamayateeti’ means agni is the one which brings about transformation of consumed AahaaraVihaaradiDravya of Vijaateeya (incompatible) origin to Sajaateeya (homogenous) nature. External (sun) & internal (pitta) agni is the basis of life. Acharyacharak says about agni extinguishing the Agni is Death it means life is directly proportional to Agni. According to acharyaSushrutaagni in the body is Pitta. The pitta expressions of heat & digestion sustain the life.

Background: Birth trauma can be defined as injury to infant resulting from mechanical forces (such as compression or traction) during the process of birth. Objectives: To identify the risk factors associated with birth trauma and to find out the most common type of birth trauma in our locality.

Background: Buccal fat pad (BFP) is a specialized vascular tissue adequately present in buccal space and is close to the maxillary posterior quadrant. The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the utility of pedicled BFP (PBFP) in the treatment of Class II and III gingival recession Materials and Methods: Ten systemically healthy patients with age ranging from 35 to 55 years with Class II and Class III gingival recession in the maxillary molars were selected.

Aims and Objectives: Biologic width (BW) as defined by Cohen is the part of the supracrestal gingival tissues that occupy the space between the base of the gingival crevice and the alveolar crest; it includes the junctional epithelium and the connective tissue element. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the positional changes of the periodontal tissues, particularly the biological width, following surgical crown lengthening in human subjects. Materials and Methods: A clinical trial study involving 15 patients was carried out for a period of 3 months.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a common autoimmune disease that is associated with progressive disability, systemic complications, early death, and socioeconomic costs. The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, and the prognosis is guarded. However, advances in understanding the pathogenesis of the disease have fostered the development of new therapeutics, with improved outcomes.

• Diabetes mellitus, is a chronic disease majority affecting the individuals worldwide. • In 2012, 1.5 million individuals died because of high blood glucose level resulting in CVS & other systemic diseases. • Globally cost of diabetes mellitus was Us.31hillium in 2015. Aim • This article utilizes the prevalence data of diabetes mellitus from the world health Organization & International Diabetes federation.

Background: Currently, spinal anesthesia is an acceptable method for cesarean section (CS) throughout the world, since general anesthesia is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality rates. The current study was aimed to compare the side effects of general vs. spinal anesthesia during caesarean operation. Materials and methods: This study was performed on women who were candidates for elective Caesarean section at Nineveh private hospital, inMosulcity, Iraq.

Background: After major gastrointestinal surgery the patient can start traditional late oral feeding (TOF) or start early oral feeding (EOF) which seems to be safe and beneficial with promising results. Aim of study: This study was performed to evaluate early oral feeding after upper gastro intestinal surgeries.

Objectives: To identify the health messages based on scientific evidence and the priorities of health messages among Indian school textbooks. Materials and Methods: The health messages published in primary and secondary schools of CBSE and AP syllabus were included. The quality of content was compared with best health care practices which included EBM, EBD and consensus-based practices from the Trip database containing information that was classified in terms of evidence, such as clinical practice guides and systematic reviews.

The project entitled ‘A Study on the Perception of Operational Efficiency Among White Collar Employees in ADNOC, Al Ain, UAE’ is a study of the operational efficiency of the white collar employees in different categories in order to measure the efficiency with reference to the operational side of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company at Al Ain, a province of United Arab Emirate.

The brand equity concept is used by many companies worldwide. Having brand equity within the organization will help to produce better competition in the market and also the sensitivity of the consumer will change, so through brand equity functions the company is hoping to gain brand loyalty. This study attempts to link a positive relationship between Brand Equity and purchase intention. In south Asian developing countries Sri Lanka has been the first to have an open economy policy.

Background: Copper Intrauterine Contraceptive Device is a form of long acting reversible contraceptive device and is considered to be one of the most effective forms of birth control available. Copper T 380A has lowest pregnancy rate among all copper IUDs and can be used for a lifespan of 10 years The advantages of post placental insertion include the assurance that the women is not pregnant, high motivation, convenience and eliminates the 6 week post partum wait.

This research paper is an attempt to study the conflict management style of pupil teachers. D.El.Ed. course students (N=96) were tested on Conflict Management Style. Conflict Management Style was assessed with the help of self-made Conflict Management Style Inventory. T-test and ANOVA were used to analyze the data and for post hoc analysis LSD test was used to determine the significance of intergroup differences. Study reveals that male and female pupil teachers of D.El.Ed.

A review is presented on different analytical techniques used for quantitative analysis of novel Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4) - Saxagliptin. Efforts have been made to collate all the relevant references to the extent possible. The review discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the cited analytical techniques, which will help to give insights into the methods used for estimation of saxagliptin, from clinical isolates and from its dosage forms. The review highlights the basic as well as advanced techniques performed for estimating saxagliptin.

Background: School children face a lot of emotional issues during the period of development. India is home land to more than 243 million adolescents of the country’s population. School children were reported high Stress for 37% and children of 16-19 years experienced more Anger. Thus addressing the impact of Stress and Anger, Thought Field Therapy helps the children maintaining a balance in emotional and behavioural factors. Aim: To evaluate the Effectiveness of Thought Field Therapy on Stress and Anger among School children.

The thalassemia syndrome are heterogenous group of disorders of hemoglobin synthesis, with a considerable frequency in middle eastern countries. In this study a total of 56 patients were studied, 32 males (57%) and 24 females (43%), aged between (0.3- 30) years, they were divided into three groups: non transfused, group I- (n=11), transfused non splenectomized, group II- (n=34) and transfused splenectomized, group III- (n=11).

Violence against women is a major problem of public health and, according to the World Health Organization, just over a third of women report having been exposed to physical or sexual violence from their partner. Marital violence against women is a complex social phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing the onset of this form of violence. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted from 210 married women living in the urban community of Imerintsiatosika in 2016. This study found that three quarters of women experienced spousal violence.

Background: Cancer of cervix is a common cancer that affects Indian women physically, psychologically, socially and financially. The disease affects not just the women but also her family and society. Aims and Objectives: This study was designed to study status of uterine cervical dysplasia amongst women attending gynae OPD at CHC Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, U.P. Materials and Methods: This study was done at the community health center (CHC), Muradnagar.

Vibrio harveyii and Pseudomonas fluorescence bacteria are pathogenic bacteria that are often a problem in aquaculture, so effective antibacterial compounds are needed to inhibit their growth. Brown algae of Sargassumfilipendulla have bioactive compounds that can function as antibacterial compounds. The purpose of this study was to determine the phytochemical content of S. filipendulla of algae extract from Southeast Maluku waters and to determine the antibacterial activity of S. filipendulla extract to V. harveyii and P.fluorescence bacteria.

This study examined the dynamic relationships between insurance market development, and economic growth in Nigeria using the Johansen approach to cointegration analysis, Vector Error Correction Model (VECM), and Granger Causality test on yearly data over the period 1985 to 2017. Two indicators of insurance sector development (total insurance premium and insurance density) were employed.The results show that total premium (life and non-life) to nominal GDP exerts positive and significant impact onreal GDP in the long run. Insurance Density exerts negative and significant impact on real GDP.

Indonesia, the second largest mega diversity in the world. It has a wide array of plants species including Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L) DC). Here, this crop is cultivated in many areas though they are not consumed daily leads to very limited effort to develop it. Developing this crop may attract people to cultivate and so consumption like as source for industrial oil. Selections for high fatty acids content seeds, so far are done by selecting good quality of seedlings through selection of the whole seeds.

Concerns for userpassport and border pass trust in government are at the core of Timor-Leste Government. Public distrust is often blamed on the bad functioning of public services, and in political discourse wellfunctioning public services are said to create trust in government and many communities that not have a passport and using the national idefication and border pass during visit to Indonesia for ten days maximal living in Indonesia. The link between performance and good gavernance can only be made when very specific conditions are present.

Transportation regulation had applied, however, it’s not been implemented properly, because, for any business person free to determine the price rates under their own decision, even rules of the rate has been set by the Government of Timor-Leste. The purpose of this research was to analyze human resource capabilities, performance work that impacts on improving the quality of services public in Dirrecção Nacional de Transporte Terestre Dili.The methods used to quantitative with multiple regression analyses and supported with some research instrument test.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different peroxide bleaching regimens and subsequent remineralization on the hardness of human enamel. Materials and Methods: One hundred fifty extracted human teeth were taken and divided into four groups i.e. group I- control and group II, III and IV- experimental groups bleached with 10% carbamide peroxide, 30% carbamide peroxide and 30% hydrogen peroxide respectively.

The snake charmer is an ancient art form which is prevalent in the Indian society since the puranic days. But it is more popular and vibrant in the Odishan society. Odisha- a land of high hills and dense forests, is infested with gigantic snakes like Ahiraj (King of snakes), pythons, Sankhachuda, and poisonous snakes like Cobra, Tampa, Chiti, Ardalia, Boda, etc. The sapua kelas (snake charmers) of Odisha maintained their livelihood by hunting snakes and demonstrating their games in different villages and cities of Odisha.

The present study has been undertaken to determine the most appropriate oral hygiene motivation method (OHMM) for maintaining good oral hygiene during fixed appliance orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods- The study group was divided into four groups in accordance to their OHMM such as- GROUP I. Only verbal information (V). GROUP II. Only written information (W). GROUP III. Demonstration on model (M). GROUP IV. Audio Visual Aids and Self application by the patients (AV).

Background: Multiple approaches have been used to replace lost, damaged or diseased gingival tissues. The connective tissue graft (CTG) procedure is the gold standard method for root coverage. Although multiple sites often need grafting, the palatal mucosa supplies only a limited area of grafting material. To overcome this limitation, expanded mesh graft provides a method whereby a graft can be stretched to cover a large area.

Background: Marginal gingival recession can cause major functional and esthetic problems. Advanced flaps are the simplest, yet unpredictable procedures for managing these conditions. The predictability of root coverage can be increased by combining coronally advanced flap (CAF) or its modified approach with other regenerative techniques. Objective: To ascertain the potential benefits of platelet‑rich fibrin (PRF) on modified CAF for the treatment of gingival recession.

Background: Out of the several factors that contribute to dental caries the alignment of teeth in dental arch plays a pivotal role in dental caries progress. The naturally occurring physiologic space and primate space in primary dentition help in the prevention of caries it avoids retention of plaque in interproximal areas. However, in early childhood caries it is not a reality, so the influence of inter dental spacing in spread of dental caries is. Aim: The aim of our study is to evaluate the relationship between interdental spacing and dental caries in primary anterior teeth.

The study was conducted in Southeast Nigeria which is located in the rainforest zone of Nigeria and made up of five states Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu and Imo state out of the 36 (Thirty Six) states in Nigeria. It analyzed the trends of climatic variables in Southeast Nigeria. The time series data on means of annual temperature and rainfall for a period of 42 years (1972-2014) in southeast Nigeria were collected from the Nigeria meteorological agency (NIMET) within the zone.

An experiment was carried out during Rabi season of 2002-2003 and 2003-04 at Regional Research Station, Mainpuri, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur. The experimental soil was sandy loam, having poor fertility status. The two genotypes i.e. Udai and Alok were tested at four levels of nutrients integration (RDF + 15 kg S + 30 kg Ca + 0 q FYM, RDF + 15 kg S + 30 kg Ca + 50 q FYM, RDF + 15 kg S + 30 kg Ca + 100 q FYM and RDF + 15 kg S + 30 kg Ca + 150 q FYM/ha).

The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of different types of commercial feed on the zoo technical performance on Brazil strain larvae of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) in breeding conditions in Côte d'Ivoire. The study focused on four commercial foods, Ivograin, Skretting, Raanan and Real with 17%, 48%, 48%, 48% and 60% protein respectively.

Various abnormal stomata distributed among 60 species of 39 genera of Scrophulariaceae are recorded. These are categorized into 5 major types viz., contiguous stomata, stomata with single guard cells, stomata with both guard cells degenerated, heteromorphic stomata and stomata with polar deposits. The probable factors and reasons leading to the formation of such stomata in the foliar epidermis have been discussed.

Various infections in the hospital are caused by bacterial strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Some strains of this species have the capacity to produce biofilm, causing infections related to the contamination of various materials or surgical devices due to their difficult eradication of the infected site. The purpose of this study was to determine the expression of slime or biofilm in strains of Staphylococcus aureus carriers of the icaA and icaD genes by means of two different phenotypic methods to identify the sensitivity of each of them.

Eggplant flour (Solanum melongena, L.), rich in fiber, minerals, and vitamins, is a viable alternative for food enrichment, since its processing allows the maintenance of important nutritional characteristics, leading to benefits to consumers of its products. This study’s objective was to evaluate the sensory acceptance of cookie type biscuits manufactured with eggplant flour in different concentrations.

The newly synthesized anticancer drug HUHS1015 decreased pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) protein in MKN28 and MKN45 human gastric cancer cells in a treatment time (10-60 min)-dependent manner. The effect of HUHS1015 was clearly inhibited by the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine. HUHS1015 increased LC3-II, that is required for the autophagosome formation in the autophagic processes, in a treatment time (10-60 min)-dependent manner. PKM2 deficiency induces cell death including apoptosis and activated caspase-3, -4, -8, and -9.

The production of Arabica coffee in Bondowoso regency generates high value. Coffee productivity has increased every year. Coffee plants are used for flood prevention. Planting arabica coffee is done to re-grow new trees. The high economic value of Arabica coffee has madepeople used to plant Robusta coffee switch to plant Arabica coffee. Management of Arabica coffeeis carried out by the regency government. The research used qualitative descriptive and took place in the district of Ijen.

A study was conducted on assessment of hematological status of selected women of Nanded district of Marathawada region of Maharashtra state. A study was combination of anthropometry, food and nutrient intake, hemoglobin status and intervention program .Total 300 households were selected to record anthropometric measurements and food and nutrient intake. Diet survey was carried out by 24-hour recall method. Intervention study was carried out for a period of 90 days on selected 75 household women who were suffering with anemia i.e based on the HB content of women.

Bihar state (Part of eastern India) is a part of Bengal Delta located at 85º 32’ E and 25º 11’ N latitude of the earth. This region is less industrialized and 70% of the people are dependent for their livelihood on agriculture. The major source of irrigation is contaminated underground water, so form of Arsenic passes through food chain to human beings. This is through both primary and secondary production. Chakraborti et. al., 2004 had reported adverse effect of Arsenic in the form of skin lesion and neurological disorder from the people of Simaria ojha-patti(a village) of Bihar state.

This article raises the importance of the use of ICT in the management of citizenship and especially the identification of the individual in a lineage based on biometric elements. To do this, we propose a modeling platform of the family tree that associates the blood group and an inherited disease, sickle cell disease. These two elements are typical examples used to identify a descendant or establish the descent of an individual in ancestry or descent. These elements can be known at the birth of an individual and mentioned in his personal file in the construction of the family tree.

Water as drinking water is the essential and important element for health. For this reason, it is essential to evaluate its quality through physical-chemical analysis, especially in rural areas where this process is more difficult to perform. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the physical and chemical parameters of drinking water in the village of Matinha, rural area of the municipality of Vitoria da Conquista, and to compare them with the parameters established by the Consolidation Ordinance nº 5/2017.

Background: Dengue fever is a serious public health problem in terms of its morbidity and mortality as it is reported from almost all countries and is endemic in the tropical countries. The present study is a hospital – based retrospective study in a district hospital which aims to describe the frequency, distribution of dengue fever based on the variables such as age, sex and year. Out of 350 reported cases of dengue, 72% were males and 28% were females. In both males and females, the high proportion of cases were reported in adult age groups (>20 years).

Background: Implanon is a subdermal contraceptive implant involves the delivery of a steroid progestin (68 mg of etonogesterel) from a single rod placed under the skin at the inner side of the non-dominant upper arm and the hormone diffuses out slowly at a stable rate providing contraceptive effectiveness for 3 years. Advantages of Implanon includes long term contraceptive action without requiring the user's or provider's attention, low dose of highly effective contraception without use of estrogen and fertility is readily reversible after the removal of implant.

To study the protective effects and associated mechanisms of curcumin on hepatic fibrosis disease in rats. Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: a control group, a model group and a curcumin group. The control group was fed a normal diet, the model group was administered CCl4 in combination with a high fat diet to induce a hepatic fibrosis model, and the curcumin group followed the methods of the model group but was orally administered curcumin starting at 10 weeks.

The real world application is mainly depends on Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs).The Data Collection Scheme is the major task used in WSN. In Earlier system The Velocity Energy-efficient and Link-aware Cluster-Tree (VELCET) scheme and dynamic clustering scheme is used for data collection in WSNs. The VELCET scheme failed to mitigate the problems of coverage distance, mobility, delay, traffic, tree intensity and end-to-end connection. On the other hand the VELCT select the cluster head statically. Then the dynamic clustering used to select the cluster head dynamically.

Due to limited resources and scalability, security protocols for Internet of Things (IoT) need to be light-weighted. The cryptographic solutions are not feasible to apply on small and low-energy devices of IoT because of their energy and space limitations. In this paper, a light-weight protocol to secure the data and achieving data provenance is presented for multi-hop IoT network. The Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) of communicating IoT nodes are used to generate the link fingerprints. The link fingerprints are matched at the server to compute the correlation coefficient.

The main purpose of this study was to investigate influence of leadership skills on execution of fibre optic infrastructure implemented by mobile telecommunication and internet service providers in Nairobi County, Kenya. The objective of the study wasto determine how leadership skills influence execution of fibre optic infrastructure. The research design that guided this study was cross-sectional survey. The study adopted mixed methods research and pragmatism paradigm approach.

Instructional Design ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation) based on Flipped Classroom is presented, raising the subject “From minerals to metals: chemical processes, usage and relevance” in the Chemistry III subject at UNAM´s Colegio de Ciencias y Humanidades High School. This paper was developed in five stages: initial analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. During the first phase, previous knowledge and learning style tests were carried out, taking also into account motivation.

Understanding the importance of water for human consumption, and the problems related to the contamination that humans cause in them and ends up harming it, this study aims to analyze the physico-chemical and microbiological parameters of the water of three points of supply in the municipality of Anagé in Lindo Horizonte Bahia, comparing with the norms of quality of the 518 portaria of the ministry of health. Without proper treatment and proper care, water becomes a vehicle for disease-causing microorganisms.

Implant-supported fixed restoration is a well-established treatment method for edentulous patients. Long-term clinical studies have shown that this type of restoration can be successful for many years.1-3Full-arch rehabilitation, a term used by many practitioners, has become a popular restorative option in dental settings. There have been many reports in literature on the use of full-arch4-5, fixed implant-retained prostheses.

Basal cell adenoma (BCA) of the salivary glands is an uncommon type of monomorphic adenoma. It derives its name from the basaloid appearance of tumor cells and accounting for 1-2 % of all salivary gland epithelial tumors. It’s most frequent location is the parotid gland, followed by the upper lip; while it is very rare in the minor salivary glands. It usually appears as a firm and mobile slow-growing mass. Histologically, it is seen as nests of isomorphic cells and interlaced trabeculae with a prominent basalmembrane.

Ameloblastic fibroma is an extremely rare, true benign mixed odontogenic tumor with male predilection that can occur in either mandible or maxilla but most frequently found in posterior region of mandible. It usually occurs in first two decades of life. It exhibits both epithelial and mesenchymal components. This lesion was previously considered to be benign lesion with very limited recurrence rate and malignant transformation.

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is considered an epidemic disease in the gulf countries. Its prevalence in Saudi Arabia is becoming the highest in the world affecting around 30% of adults (1), (3). Indeed, diabetes is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Therefore, management of diabetic dyslipidemia, a well-recognized and modifiable risk factor, is an essential factor in the multifactorial approach to prevent CVD in individuals with type 2 diabetes (4). Several meta-analyses studies have clearly shown the benefits of statin therapy (3).

Background: Obesity is not just an individual’s problem but a public health issue. The healthy eating habits that are acquired in early childhood contribute to similar habits later in life and influence adult health. Therefore, young children are particularly at risk for obesity because they are fully dependent on adults for their nutritional needs both at home and school environment. Objective: to evaluate differences in eating behaviors according to children’s weight, gender, age and parents’ weight at public kindergartens in Jeddah city in Saudi Arabia.

Condylar fractures are the most common fracture site of mandible. open reduction and internal fixation(ORIF) provides better outcome to those of conservative treatment for displaced condylar fractures. The risk of facial nerve palsy is one of the main Post-operative complications to ORIF. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of TMAP approach in terms of rate of facial nerve injury (FNI) when performing (ORIF) of mandibular condylar fractures in comparison to other extraoral surgical approaches.

Introduction: Pleural effusion is one of the most commonly encountered clinical conditions in pulmonary practice. In India common causes of pleural effusion are tuberculosis, Para pneumonic effusion, malignancy, congestive heart failure, renal failure, connective tissue disorders and pulmonary embolism. As many as 15–20% of all pleural effusions remain undiagnosed at various level despite intensive effort. To solve the dilemma of these undiagnosed cases of pleural effusion, we have two options in the form of closed pleural biopsy (CPB) and thoracoscopic pleural biopsy (TPB).

Background: Persistent exposure to the chlamydia infection results in chronic inflammatory response and increases the risk of tubal damage. Although a few studies have been conducted correlating previous chlamydial infection with laparoscopic findings for TFI no such study has been done from the Indian subcontinent, Methodology: 150 women attending the Gynecology outpatient department of Lady Harding Medical College for female factor infertility were enrolled in the study. Estimation of chlamydial antibodies in blood was done for IgG, IgA, and IgM by commercial ELISA kit.

Aim: The objective of this study was to compare Radiovisiography (RVG) with Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging in detecting periodontal bone loss by comparing measurements of the distance from the cemen to enamel junction (CEJ) to the alveolar crest (AC) and thereby exploring the diagnosticvalues of RVG and CBCT in the determination of periodontal bone loss.

Mandibular premolars have always been considered as an “enigma to endodontist”. The numerous variation in anatomy of roots and canals are challenging to treat them endodontically. This is a case report presenting with the treatment of trifurcation of mandibular first premolar in the apical third.

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of 5% proanthocyanidin-rich extract (grape seed extract [GSE]) and 10% sodium ascorbate on dentin and thereby to evaluate the bond strength and stability of the adhesion of fiber posts to the root canal dentin. Selected thirty extracted human single rooted teeth were decoronated below the cementoenamel junction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. The roots were cut to a uniform length of 14 mm from the apical end. Pulp tissue and predentin were removed and the root canals were obturatedupto achieved working length.

Background/aims: To investigate the presence of asymmetrical accommodation in hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia. Methods Accommodation in each eye and binocular vergence were measured simultaneously using a PlusoptiX SO4 photorefractor in 26 children aged 4–8years with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia and 13 controls (group age-matched) while they viewed a detailed target moving in depth.

Background: Acute appendicitis is the most recurrent cause of persisting progressive abdominal pain in all ages. However, there is no way to prevent the development of appendicitis, the only way to reduce the morbidity and to prevent the development of appendicitis, is to perform appendicectomy before perforation or gangrene has occurred. Objective-To evaluate and compare the advantages anddisadvantages between laparoscopic appendicectomy andopen appendicectomy in general surgical practice.

Plasma protein-C is a natural anticoagulant in our body & has inhibitory effects on factors V and VIII. Hereditary protein C deficiency is transmitted as an autosomal dominant disorder. In Homozygous individuals it usually manifests as purpura fulminans in newborns whereas heterozygous protein C-deficient individuals are at increased risk for venous thrombosis. We are presenting a case of young male patient with heterozygous protein-C deficiency who experienced right sided hemiparesis due to cranial venous sinuses thrombosis without underlying major risk factors.

Introduction: Various treatment modalities are available but no consensus has been reached for optimal treatment of lateral third clavicle fractures. Precontoured locking plates with broad lateral end for multiple screws fixation is a newly designed plate for lateral third clavicle fractures. The objective of our study was to analyse the functional outcomes as well as complications of this technique in a significant number of cases with long follow-up duration.

Introduction: Although the treatment of choice for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients has been internal fixation for a long time, several studies have shown mechanical and technical failures. Primary cemented bipolar (PCB) hemiarthroplasty has been proposed as an alternative with some advantages concerning earlier mobilization and minimal postoperative complications. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cohort hospital-based study conducted at three tertiary hospitals over a period of two years.

Women entrepreneurship has been recognized as an important source of economic growth. Women entrepreneurs create new jobs for themselves and others and also provide society with different solutions to management, organization and business problems. However, they still represent a minority of all entrepreneurs.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorders which is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrates, fats and proteins metabolism resulting from defect in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both causing a significant disturbance of water and electrolytes homeostasis.

This study examines the impact financial variablesand economic growth in Nigeria over the period 1981 – 2017 using the classical learn regression this study found indicators of financial variables; credit to private sector and broad money supply triggers economic growth. A unidirectional causal relationship exists amongst them. We recommend as follows that the government should duly make policies that are aimed at increasing the availability of credit provided to private sector.

Introduction: For successful denture therapy an understanding of the common denture follow up problems and their rectification is important. Studies have shown regional differences in the frequency of occurrence of different denture related problems. The aim of the present study was to find out the frequency of chief denture follow up complaints in the Kashmiri population and their comparison among both sexes. Material and Methods: A survey was conducted in the form of a questionnaire including 136 denture follow up patients.

This paper is focused on the study of success determinants of homegrown food enterprises in Bacolod City, Negros Occidental. The study utilized the quantitative technique wherein the data was analyzed using different statistical tools such as frequency, percentage, weighted mean, and Chi-square test. Purposive sampling technique was employed to identify the participants of the study. Inclusion criteria were established in the selection process such as the number of years, number of employees, and number of branches.

School counseling service in the secondary school has fall in with numerous challenges due to attitudinal problems of stakeholders in the contemporary schools throughout the globe. The purpose of this study was to identify the present status of counseling in secondary and preparatory schools in Ethiopian context. In line with the purpose, a qualitative – explanatory research design has been used to evaluate the presence status of counseling service in the secondary schools.

Background: Nursing is a health care profession, which focuses on the care of individual, families and communities. The profession which was once an epitome of dedication and devotion, the association with which was considered respectable, is now a remote reality. There is a paradigm shift in the perception regarding the profession. Graduates may perceive nursing as a noble profession but may not consider it rewarding. Understanding the students perception on nursing profession at the beginning and at the end of the programme is very interesting.

Background: Squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity frequently metastasize to the cervical lymph nodes level I II III IV, which are the first site of arrest of tumor cells that have invaded the lymphatic, hence the strongest predictor of disease prognosis and outcome. Case Series A case series of 5 patients who were diagnosed with primary squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity with extensive cervical lymphadenopathy. Conclusions: Lymph node involvement is an important prognostic factor, the rate of lymph node invasion is related to the initial N staging.

Saliva is a biologic fluid secreted from the salivary glands in the oral cavity performs various functions such as protection, digestion and lubrication. It is a necessary factor for adequate speech articulation. The environment of the oral cavity is to a large degree created and regulated by saliva. Any disorder and symptoms of any disease can be easily diagnosed from the abnormal secretion of saliva and function. Hence the knowledge of salivary glands, secretion and function is important.

Esthetic concerns about the smile often are the patient’s main reason other than pain for seeking dental care. Esthetic problems in childhood and adolescence can have significant effect on psychosocial development and interaction with peers. A variety of esthetic restorative materials are available in the market for restoring primary incisors. So knowing in detail about the knowledge of the specific strengths, weakness, and properties of each material will enhance the clinician’s ability to make the best choice of selection for each situation.

In 2009, a group of armed jihadists called Boko Haram revolted against the Nigerian government and unleashed terror, deaths and destruction on civilians, mainly in the northeast of the country. The Nigerian security forces, backed by a militia, responded with great force. In the attacks and reprisal, war crimes and crimes against humanity have allegedly been committed by all sides. National prosecutions are slow or non-existent, with a handful of detainees facing prosecution in makeshift courts located at military bases. Individuals culpable for the monstrous crimes still elude arrest.

The regaining of the social and personal competencies lost during the alcoholic’s life is critical in the rehabilitation process and is instrumental in prevention of relapsing back into alcoholism. An understanding of how addiction counsellors characteristics influence the development of competencies among recovering alcoholics is therefore key to their reintegration into society.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the RRR in terms of Height, width and inter-arch space for men and women of Manipur on anti-oxidant rich and anti-oxidant deficient diet. This study also aimed to evaluate the relative percentage of RRR after 6 months of tooth extraction in men and women of Manipur on anti-oxidant rich and anti-oxidant deficient diet.

Background: HRCT with its excellent imaging quality and the ability to eliminate bone and soft tissue, is the best method for evaluating the mastoid air cell system. It helps in accurate assessment of pathology prior to surgical exploration regarding location, extent and complication of the disease. HRCT is now established as the most useful and versatile procedure for showing bony detail in the petrous pyramid, soft tissue abnormalities in the middle ear and the extension of the disease into the cranial cavity.

Background: HRCT with its excellent imaging quality and the ability to eliminate bone and soft tissue, is the best method for evaluating the mastoid air cell system. It helps in accurate assessment of pathology prior to surgical exploration regarding location, extent and complication of the disease. HRCT is now established as the most useful and versatile procedure for showing bony detail in the petrous pyramid, soft tissue abnormalities in the middle ear and the extension of the disease into the cranial cavity.

Emotional Intelligence among B.Ed. students had been observed as important aspects of personality. The study would provide substantial information on B.Ed. students’ emotional intelligence in relation to the academic achievement and gender. Descriptive Survey Method of research has been employed for the present study. Stratified Random Sampling Technique has been used to select a sample of 200 B.Ed. students from four Private Colleges by selecting 50 B.Ed. students from each college. A standardised tool namely Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS) by Hyde, Pethe and Dhar (2007) has been used.

Ethiopian montane rainforests are economically valuable repositories of biodiversity, especially of wild Coffea Arabica populations, and they are vanishing at accelerating rates. The general objective of this study was to examine the existing sustainable forest management practices, challenges and opportunities in Nono Sele woreda, southwest of Ethiopia. A two-stage random sampling technique was employed to select the 241 sampled households from five rural kebeles.

Ethics in business decisions has been implied and accepted in all areas of business operations. Social responsibility of corporates had been considered as the ethical domain of business. Over the years the corporates have been responsible for unethical activities like financial and business scams, adulteration of food stuff, climate change, pollution, deforestation and ecological imbalance, etc. These alarming instances of unethical acts by corporates have led to the need for regulation and legislation.

Health insurance is one of the most important types of insurance for students. Without proper health insurance, an illness or accident can put them in a severe health condition and financial situation. The treatment and therapy bills can cause debt problems for whole families. Many factors are influencing to the decision of health insurance purchasing.

Background: Conservative treatment by closed reduction and cast application is the gold standard treatment for tibial shaft fracture in children. Surgical intervention is required in tibial shaft fractures associated with multiple long bone fracture, head injury, unstable tibial fracture, compound tibial fracture, failed closed reduction and cases of compartment syndrome. Titanium elastic nails (TENS) are the ideal implant for paediatric tibial fractures as it maintains alignment and rotation without causing damage to open physis.

With the approval of law 12.737 / 2012, the crime of invasion of computer devices in Brazil was typified. The approval of the law by the National Congress and occurred after the repercussion given to the subject after intimate photos of the famous actress Carolina Dieckmann, have been released on the internet without his permission. It is a criminal type with many elements open, which need to be limited and clarified for a correct application to concrete cases. The purpose of this study was to analyze the crime brought by article 154-A, and added to the Criminal Code by Law No.

Background: Direct Acting Antivirals (DAAs) have revolutionized the treatment of chronic hepatitis-C infection.Genotype-3 is the most common genotype found in India and Kashmir as well and it has the more aggressive nature and leads to increased riskof steatosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Aims and Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety in chronic hepatitis C genotype-3 infection in Kashmiri population. Materials and Methods: An observational, Prospective, Open label, Hospital based study carried over a period of two years.

The elderly presents a more susceptible profile to the multiplicity of chronic diseases, besides the deterioration of their hepatic and renal functions, compromising the metabolism and the excretion of the medicines. However, this article aims to identify the drug interactions in elderly people using polypharmacy registered in a health. The methodology used in this work aims to describe how the study was conducted, as well as the means used to collect the data. This study is an applied research. "An applied research indicates research of practical interest, where its results are solved”.

Background: Among intravenous agents, propofol has been the drug of choice in view of better safety profile, relaxation and depression of upper airway reflexes. Sevoflurane on the other hand, with pleasant odor, nonirritating to the airways and with bronchodilator property are best among the volatile induction agents. Objectives: To compare the induction characteristics and ease of laryngeal mask airway insertion with halothane and sevoflurane in pediatric patients.

The practice of stretching before and after physical activities has been increasingly recommended by Physical Education professionals, as well as physicians and physiotherapists, either for muscle preparation for applied force training in order to prevent injuries or, as they discuss some authors, to improve performance in training.

Ever enduring supremacy of tribal chiefs and presumably the patriarchal authority of men over women in Papua New Guinea (PNG) have still been persisting. This persuasive nature of male dominance in all aspects of family lives in PNG got its primordial values indoctrinated to women’s relegation at all times. The Melanesian society sanctioned this unsolicited female domestic slavery usurped for centuries. Global expansionism and consumerist economic exercises in postmodern states could hardly make any impact on the traditional condiments of customary tribal practices in PNG.

The cooperative banks conduct banking business on principle of cooperation. The success of cooperative banks depends on many factors and one among these factors is employees’ performance. The employee performance has great influence on performance of cooperative banks being unit in service industry. The employee performance is subject to the satisfaction level of an employee’s towards job. The result of research study shows that only some employees of urban cooperative banks are most satisfied on few aspects. The majority of urban cooperative employees are just satisfied with their job.

The present study has been undertaken to determine the most appropriate oral hygiene motivation method (OHMM) for maintaining good oral hygiene during fixed appliance orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods- The study group was divided into four groups in accordance to their OHMM such as- GROUP I. Only verbal information (V). GROUP II. Only written information (W). GROUP III. Demonstration on model (M). GROUP IV. Audio Visual Aids and Self application by the patients (AV).

Introduction: Depression is an increasingly prevalent public health concern, affecting an estimated 350 million people globally. The 2011 World Mental Health Survey of 17 countries found that approximately one in 20 people have experienced a depressive episode. Depressive symptoms have a considerable impact on mortality risk for suicide and cardiovascular and other diseases as well as impaired cognitive and social functioning.

Background: Escherichia coli accounts for majority of community and hospital acquired urinary tract infections in many parts of the world. It has developed resistance against antimicrobial agents and it is necessary to have up to date knowledge of drug resistance pattern for treatment of UTIs caused by this organism. Objective: To determine and compare antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of urinary. E.coli isolated from patients with community and hospital acquired UTIs in Makkah Saudi Arabia.

Background: ultrasound (U/S) is non invasive technique that used to assest the eye & orbit in opaque ocular media. Objective: Is to assess the validity of ultrasound (U/S) in the diagnosis of different ocular diseases, to study the incidence of posterior segment pathology in eye with advanced cataract and to see whether certain features could be used as predictor for an abnormal posterior segment on U/S.

Background: Dystocia remains the most common indication for emergency cesarean section especially for primigravidae. As such, it is a major contributor to operative and instrumental intervention. Type of Study: A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 2 spasmolytic drugs, Drotaverine and Hyoscine-N-Butylbromide on shortening of first stage of labor. Setting: Obstetrics and Gynecology Departments of Al-Azhar university hospital (Assiut), Egypt.

The Complete edentulous population comprises more than 10% of the adult population, a vast majority of these patients are treated with complete dentures. However, most patients find it difficult to adapt to mandibular denture due to lack of retention and stability. Recent scientific studies carried out over the past decade have determined that the mandibular implant supported over denture as the treatment of choice in the edentulous patient regardless of the most clinical situations and has become the minimum standard of care for most completely edentulous mandibles.

This study aimed to determine the antibacterial activity on Carica papaya leaves. The objective of the study uses bacteria to resistant or susceptible characteristic over the phytochemicals obtained from the papaya leaf by applying two different solvent systems. The study also targets the reactive oxygen species antioxidant role of the leaf extracts as a bioactive component in removing off the free radicals with various chemically obtained free radicals by in vitro study by evaluating the capability by absorption spectrum.

This study aimed to know the attitude of students at Jazan University towards Khat use in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, an analytical descriptive approach has been used, an electronic questionnaire has been developed to reveal the attitudeof students towards Khat use, The questionnaire was applied to a random sample that estimated about (296) male and female students from the University of Jazan who were using Khat. The study showed that the proportion of male use is more than female use.

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EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran