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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

May 2015

Context: The nature of chewable areca nut and tobacco consumption in India has undergone rapid transformation with introduction of pan masala and gutkha. The negative health effects of tobacco on oral soft tissue including premalignancy and malignancy are well documented, however research on its effect on oral hard tissues especially on tooth wear is lacking. Aims: To assess and compare tooth wear among tobacco chewers and non chewers in the rural population of Karad, Maharashtra, India.

Background: The three minute bones in the middle ear, the malleus, incus and stapes form articulated chain across the tympanic cavity. Sclerosis, ankylosis or any disease of these ossicles cause immobilization and dissociation of the chain leading to impaired hearing. Increasingly otologic surgeons are performing surgeries for deafness like ossicular replacements and ossiculoplasty. A resultant achievement of good hearing following surgery is one of the greatest challenges to the otologists. Successful ossicular repair depends on precise dimensions of implants.

Hypoparathyroidism is rare atypical clinical consequence of iron overload in patients of Beta thalassemia major (BTM) who are on regular blood transfusions. We report a case of 22 yr old male who presented with generalized tonic clonic seizures. Laboratory investigations showed anemia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia with very low serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. Patient was started on calcium and vitamin D supplementation.Serum calcium levels were optimized. The patient gradually improved with no further episodes of seizure.

Forensic age estimation is a scientific process in a forensic medicine which aims to determine in the most precise way possible, the chronological age of a person of an unknown or doubtful age involved in medical or legal proceedings such as unregistered children, asylum seekers, immigrants, marriage, sporting events and criminals. With the current concerns of migration trends, criminal activities and ethical legal dilemma, forensic medical team and anthropologist have tried to come up with several ways to determine the biological profile of living individuals.

A growing body of scientific research suggests connection between spirituality and mental health. So researchers across a range of disciplines have started to explore and acknowledge the positive contribution of spirituality can make mental health. Spirituality is more individualistic and recent studies indicate that spiritual practices benefits the patients very positively. The role of spirituality in promoting mental health and alleviating mental illness is highlighted.

A descriptive study to assess the knowledge regarding organ transplantation among staff nurses in a selected hospital at Mangalore. According to Indian government statistics, every year more than 10 lakh people in India are estimated to suffer from organ failure. Medical advancement and technology has demonstrated most miraculous achievement in modern medicine on organ transplantation. Nurses are expected to come forward and motivate the public about Organ transplantation.

Ultrasonography has become an important imaging modality for the evaluation of small structures, such as adrenal glands, because it is relatively inexpensive, it is non-invasive and it does not require general anesthesia. Both normal and abnormal small structures can be seen, though this depends to a great extent on the quality of the equipment and the operator skills. Adrenal glands of normal and hyperadrenocorticoid dogs were examined ultrasonographically and results discussed.

Objectives: To study the clinical and epidemiological profile of dengue cases admitted at a tertiary care hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital on all serologically diagnosed dengue cases admitted from 1st October 2012 to 31st December 2012. The serological diagnosis was done using Rapid Immunochromatographic Card Test (RICT) in the clinical microbiology laboratory of the hospital. Detection of at least one component (NS1, IgM or IgG) was considered to be positive for sero-diagnosis.

Background and Objectives: Kidney stone disease varies in frequency and stone type between different climates and racial groups. Our aim was to identify the presence of stone forming substances, in the urine samples of patients with symptoms suggestive of urolithiasis but without radiological evidence of calculi at present, a condition often referred to as crystalluria.

In India, Fasciolopsiasis has been reported mainly from Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra (Raj, 2007). Only few sporadic cases have been reported eversince from the remaining states (CD Alert,2005). We are reporting a case of Fasciolopsiasis in which the patient had vomited out an adult worm of Fasciolopsis buski which is quite an unusual presentation.

We report second case of mycoplasma related postmyocarditic cardiomyopathy in adults which is perhaps the second case report in literature After the case report of by Kyung Rim Huh43 2008 in Korea . A 56 year old male presented with fever, running nose, sore throat and bodyache since 15 days and 2 days prior to admission he developed pedal oedema, progressive dyspnoea on exertion with palpitation. He recovered very well with antibiotics, diuretics, anti-hypertensives and short steroid therapy.

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a clinical condition that comprises a wide spectrum of liver dam¬age, ranging from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis, ad¬vanced fibrosis and cirrhosis in patients with normal or elevated serum alanine transaminase enzyme (ALT). NAFLD tends to develop in people who are overweight or obese or have diabetes, high cholesterol or high triglycerides.

The aim of this study was to assess self management strategies to control auditory hallucinations among patients with schizophrenia. An exploratory descriptive research design was used for the current study. The study subjects consisted of 60 patients from psychiatric inpatients units of El Abassia mental health hospital. Three tools were used to collect data for this study, TOOL (I): A Structured Interview sheet for the Socio- demographic and clinical data of Psychiatric Inpatients units.

Dengue fever is one of the major public health problems in the tropical countries and the adjacent subtropics. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a serious form of this disease. As this infection is becoming more and more common, the incidence of unusual presentations associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever is increasing. Except for the pleural effusions, pulmonary manifestations are highly unlikely in this disease. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in DHF is very rarely reported in the medical literature.

Background: Asthma represents one of the most important cause morbidity among adolescents. Therefore, this study was conducted with an objective in mind to find out the frequency of asthma is one of the most vulnerable age groups i.e. adolescences. Moreover, the study was also meant to find out different determinants that are responsible for the attacks of asthma in this age group. Objective: To investigate the frequency of asthma in adolescence and its determinants.

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder involving antibody and cell mediated destruction of platelets and suppression of platelet production that may predispose to bleeding. Over the past few decades, the rising awareness of treatment and it side effects and newer medications have led to newer recommendations. Treatment is mainly directed at achieving a safe platelet count to prevent a major bleeding event rather than correcting the platelet count to normal levels. Splenectomy is now a second line treatment.

There is a rising influx of adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment in the recent era.20-25% of orthodontic patients are reported to be adults and this trend is likely to rise by leaps and bounds in near future in view of society becoming more esthetic and health conscious. Unfortunately, long orthodontic treatment time poses several disadvantages like higher predisposition to caries, gingival recession, root resorption and enamel demineralization.

Meyna spinosa Roxb, a medicinal plant enjoys it use in the traditional medicine in all over the India for the treatment of a number of ailments. In Bengali it is called as Monkata. It is a wild common plant distributed in India, Bangladesh and in both northeastern tropical Africa and tropical Asia. The main objective of the present research work was to determine various bioactive compounds and to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of different fruit extracts of Meyna spinosa Roxb against different gram positive and gram negative bacteria.

Introduction: Amblyopia is reduced visual acuity even with proper optical correction in one or both eyes , resulting from altered visual development despite ophthalmoscopically normal retinal and optic nerve anatomy. Anisometopia is one of the leading causes of amblyopia. Decreased vision because of uncorrected refractory errors is a major public health problem of school going children in India. School screening programmes have been established in India since 1907. These programmes are primarily aimed at detecting amblyopia and refractive errors.

A prospective randomized study has shown that, in 50 women with breast cancer undergoing modified radical mastectomy with level III axillary clearance, perioperative and postoperative administration of tranexamic acid 1 g three times daily resulted in a significant reduction in the mean postoperative drainage volume compared with patient not receiving tranexamic acid (781.4248.64 vs. 1023196.3ml; p<0.001). The frequency of post drain seroma formation was increased by tranexamic acid administration (44% vs. 20%). None of the patient developed hematoma, flap necrosis in both the groups.

Dengue is a mosquito borne viral hemorrhagic fever which is endemic in the tropical countries and adjacent subtropics. Severe dengue is of two types, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), both of which are life-threatening. In the medical literature, a large number of atypical presentations of dengue fever have been documented till now. However, we are reporting a rare and deadly complication of dengue fever in the form of acute pancreatitis. A 16 year old female had presented with severe dengue with shock and acute pain in abdomen because of pancreatitis.

Aim: To study the clinicopathological features of Thyroid lesions at SRTRGMCH, rural set up. Method: Total 312 of THYROID lesions were studied. Patients of all age group, of both sexes with complaints of swelling over neck were included. Patients were subjected for clinical palpation, Ultrasonography(USG), Lymph Nodes examination, thyroid profile, Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and accordingly treated with surgical and medical mode of management. All operated specimens were sent for histopathological evaluation.

The objective of this study was to investigate the association of HLA Class-II loci and their frequencies in Sudanese patients with celiac disease. All blood specimens from celiac disease patients (n=70), and control group (n=30) were tested for (tTG IgA, Gliadin IgG and EMA) antibodies by IIF and ELISA. All tests were repeated on all patients (n=70) to check their response to the Gluten free diet (GFD). HLA-class II, DR and DQ alleles were typed from the DNA of all samples . Analysis of the gel was done by using One Lambda Software.

Aim: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the visual functions in Migraine patients. Materials And Methods: This study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Thanjavur Medical College, Thanjavur. The subjects were recruited from Outpatient Clinic of Department of Neuromedicine, Thanjavur based on International Headache Society classification for Migraine.

Aim: Protein energy malnutrition affects myelination and growth of the nervous system. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of protein energy malnutrition on auditory evoked potential response in children. Materials and Methods: Study group includes 40 malnourished children of 5 – 10 years of age based on IAP and WHO classification for malnutrition. Control group consists of 40 normal children of same age group. Genetic and endocrine causes for short stature , children with ear pathology were excluded. Informed written consent from the parents / guardian was obtained.

The objective of this study was to investigate the association of HLA Class-II loci and their frequencies in Sudanese patients with celiac disease. All blood specimens from celiac disease patients (n=70), and control group (n=30) were tested for (tTG IgA, Gliadin IgG and EMA) antibodies by IIF and ELISA. All tests were repeated on all patients (n=70) to check their response to the Gluten free diet (GFD). HLA-class II, DR and DQ alleles were typed from the DNA of all samples . Analysis of the gel was done by using One Lambda Software.

Aim: To compare food consumption pattern of a first generation Ghanaian population in London with an urban population in Accra, Ghana Methods: Eighty participants aged 25-60 years were recruited in London and matched for age, gender and occupation to 160 participants in Accra. Dietary intake was assessed with a food-frequency checklist. A self-administered questionnaire was used to acquire information on health and lifestyle determinants. Results: Consumption of most traditional Ghanaian staples, vegetables and cooking oils in London was less frequent.

Interlocked nailing as a treatment modality for long bone fractures is one of the most widely performed orthopedic trauma surgeries. Closed locked nailing is the gold standard method of treating the long fractures. One of the most difficult steps in this surgery is distal locking of screws. Various techniques have been described for distal locking, but sometimes they become unsuccessful, time consuming and involve excessive radiation exposure. Also they involve various specialized equipments which increase the surgical time and cost.

Oral delivery of vaccine proteins has been shown more efficient compared to subcutaneous or intramuscular injection vaccines due to the increased chance of provoking mucosal immune responses, which in turn stimulate cell mediated immune responses. Edible vaccines clutch swear as a cost effective, easy to administer, easy to store, readily acceptable vaccine delivery system especially in poor and developing countries. Another advantage of edible vaccine technology is the multi-component ability that is possible due to the crossing of two different plant lines.

Some emergency service works with a triage care system to differentiate the urgency level of each patient. The objective is to deploy Smart Track system in a general emergency. This new care system intends to screen and begins initial therapeutics in less than twenty minutes of patient arrival in the hospital. This is an analysis from February to December 2014. In the first quarter of this project, the emergence performed around 3400 calls per month and in the last quarter was carried out making more than 5000 calls/month.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of WhatsApp application on smartphone as a communication tool among the staff of orthopaedic surgery and also as a media for interspeciality communication in a tertiary care health centre. Materials and Methods: We used WhatsApp as a medium of communication among staff, for various aspects of routine patient care, decision making in emergency trauma room and academic purposes.

Background: Microalbuminuria is a significant clinical outcome of diabetic nephropathy and related hypertension. Moreover, diabetes mellitus is a known dangerous metabolic disorders, resulting into induction of complications such as cardiovascular, glomerular hyperfusion and end stage renal disease (ESRD). Aim and Objectives: Objectives of this study are 1) to determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria in selected age groups of diabetic patients, 2) to determine correlation of microalbumin with hypertension and renal insufficient in male and female patients.

The enteroendocrine cells form the largest system of endocrine cells in the body scattered diffusely in the gastrointestinal mucosa from stomach to rectum. These cells and their secretary products are essential for wide array of functions including digestion, nutrient absorption, immune response to luminal chemicals, toxins and microbes, luminal sensing via gut-brain axis, gut motility and epithelial renewal.

Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is one of the major types of anemia found in Sudan. Numerous studies provide Hypercoagulable state in SCA. Many genetic polymorphisms are considered as a risk factor for Hypercoagulability in sickle cell anemia. The aim of this study was to examine the association of MTHFR (C677T) polymorphism with the risk of vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) among sickle cell (SC) patients in Sudan.

Background: Tuberculosis is among the top ten causes of global mortality. Among infectious disease, according to global tuberculosis report by WHO 2014, 9.0 million people develop TB and 1.5 million died from the disease. Objectives: To determine the factors causing delay in treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Material and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted among new smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients seeking treatment of DOTS under RNTCP at civil hospital Belagavi district. Purposive sampling was used to get 110 patients.

Pre-eclampsia is one of the greatest medical enigmas of obstetrics machine all over the world. This peculiar multiorganic syndrome and its major catastrophe – Eclampsia still takes a large toll of maternal and fetal lives in underdeveloped and developing countries. Eclampsia was described several centuries before the time of Christ. The word eclampsia was used by Hippocrates to mean “fever of sudden onset.” Originally, the term Eclampsia is derived from a Greek word meaning “like a flash of lightening.” Egyptian, Chinese, Indian and Greek literatures mention about this word.

The study was carried out with the objective to study and compare the quality characteristics of “rasakadali” variety of banana, cultivated by conventional and organic farming techniques. Physical characteristics, sensory qualities of fruit, shelf life, nutrient/chemical composition, anti nutrient and pesticide residue were the parameters investigated in the present study. Among the physical qualities, mean fruit weight revealed significantly higher values for organically cultivated “rasakadali”.

Certain variations of the BRCA1 gene lead to an increased risk for breast cancer. Researchers have identified hundreds of mutations in the BRCA1 gene, many of which are associated with an increased risk of Breast cancer. The 3D structure of protein brca1 is retrieved from PDB. Then the new drug is designed by obtaining similar features from the cyclophosphamide and then that structure is chemically modified using Chemsketch. The various biochemical parameters are checked by Log p, Molsoft, Lipinski, ADMET properties etc.

The utilization of different habitats was influenced by availability of preferred food plants as well as human interference through different activities. We studied the habitat utilization by wild ungulatesnamely Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra) and Chinkara (Gazellabennetti) in non-closed area of Jodhpur. Data obtained from different study sites were compared by correlating the percentage time spent on different plant species during different seasons.We collected the data from different habitat of arid region of Jodhpur during August 2003 to July 2005.

The Ramakkal Lake is situated at Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu, India, this Lake is extensively been used for the purpose of irrigation, fishing and also for the animal requirements. The fresh water pollution has long been an issue of concern for the life scientists. This work is intended to determine the overall water quality of the Lake. Lakes are the most fertile, diverse, productive and interactive ecosystem in the world. For the present research work four sampling sites were identified and lake water quality was analysed for pollution status on a monthly basis over a period of 13 months.

Eastern Wild Turkey is considered a corn pest across its range despite lack of solid evidence. Analyses of δ13C and δ15N isotopes in EWT feather tissues and food sources were used to test influence of key land cover features on EWT assemblage and corn consumption within 3 focal regions across farmlands of south-eastern Quebec, using Mixing Model tools and 3-year fall and winter observation datasets from 29 sites.

Dhapa, the largest open waste dumping ground of the city of Kolkata, India, is famous for "Garbage farming" all over the World. More than 40 per cent of the leafy vegetables in the Kolkata markets come from these lands. The main objective of the study is to compare the nutrient contents of selected leafy vegetables cultivated in Dhapa land-filled ground (DLG) with Normal ground (NG). Accordingly six selected samples (Red Amaranth, Green Amaranth, Bottle Gourd Leaves, Ceylon Spinach, and Spinach) were collected from both the places throughout the year and analyzed.

This study determines antidiabetic potential of diets containing Vernonia amygdalina leaves in Streptozotocin- induced diabetic rat model. Fifty albino wistar rats were divided into five groups with 10 rats in each group. Group 1 and Group 2 (normal and diabetic control respectively) were fed with control diet; Group 3 and 4 (diabetic) were fed with diets containing Vernonia amygdalina leaves at 5% and 7.5%, respectively. Group 5 (diabetic) was fed with control diet and administered insulin. Feed and water were given ad- libitum for 28 days.

Land use and land cover changes of Kodaikanal hills by using multi-sensor satellite data and to monitor the changes in various land use / land cover classes using digital remote sensing techniques. The spatial coverage of each class may be visualized on both maps. The area of each class for the year 2006 and 2011 data has been compiled. The land use/ land cover maps prepared using the methodology of (Anderson et al., 1976) (LISS-III data of 2006) and (LISS-III data of 2011). The spatial coverage of each class may be visualized on both maps.

Pungency genotyping of commercially cultivated chilli peppers of Capsicum species seggregate in to pungent and non-pungent at seed level itself using MAP1 and Csy-1 molecular markers. MAP1: A single DNA band admeasuring 494 bp was observed in 10 commercial chilli peppers, C. annuum Pragna, Teja, LCA-335, Special bullet, G-3, G-273, G-4, Badiga-1 and G-5 and C.chinense variety Kotpar. A single DNA band admeasuring 479 bp was observed in C.annuum varieties California wonder and Yolo wonder (positive control) using Pun1 allel specfic primer MAP1.

Nutritional status of plants has important role in increasing yield and quality of crop plants. Macronutrients and micronutrients are essential elements for metabolism of plants. Influence of aqueous leachate (at 20% and 0.01% concentration) of dried and dropped petals of Delonix regia (Boj Ex Hook) Raf was studied on mineral contents of seedlings of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. var. Kalyani) in petriplate and soil bioassays under laboratory conditions. Petal leachate increased content of phosphorus except at lower concentration in soil bioassay.

Tarragon is a unique arid ecosystem and It also called the "The Great Indian Thar Desert” which is situated between 22°30’ N to 32°05’N and 68°05’ E to 75°45’E. It is one of the smallest deserts in the world, but it exhibits a wide variety of habitats and biodiversity. This arid region of Rajasthan has two wildlife sanctuary Desert National Park and Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary.

In this note we obtain sufficient conditions under which we can guarantee the continuability of solutions of a system which contain the classical Liénard equation.

Molecular weight determination of both micro and macro, molecules without a molecular peak and fragment peaks in spectrum is the characteristic feature of this method. In this method molecular crystal ions are generated separated, and plotting a graph between their abundance and weight, m/z molecular weight of sample is determined.

The use of a glazed façade has the disadvantage of introducing an excess of energy in the building by means of solar radiation during the summer months. The absence of walls that could absorb this thermal load causes the interior space to overheat, needing therefore to cool it with high energy-consuming air-conditioning installations. The water flow glazing, combined with geothermal heat exchangers, provides the thermal inertia required to stabilize the temperature of the building’s envelope, reducing therefore the cost and increasing the energy efficiency.

The project is to be carried out with Pre aerated Sludge in Activated Sludge Process to observe the effect of Pre-aerated Sludge on BOD, COD , Phosphate, Nitrate, Mlvss mainly in treatment of dairy wastewater. The experimental process involves the conventional Activated Sludge Process (ASP) in which microorganisms are kept in suspension by mixing and aerating the wastewater. The study was conducted by following two methods: 1) utilizing non pre-aerated sludge and 2) utilizing pre-aerated sludge.

Cloud computing came into importance because of its salient features supporting large amount of users to store and share their files and services. Data security is one of the concerns to be considered while dealing with cloud. Various encryption techniques can be used to enhance data security. The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is one of the most recent and efficient encryption schemes which are used by the Cloud and the Third-Party Auditor in order to provide data security and auditability.

Study of the interaction of laser radiations (Nd-YAG) laser at (1.0 6µm) wave length with pulse duration (100 µsec) on some solid material (Ag,Au,Sn,CO) by using three dimension function solutions that is laser beam transition function and through this we can study thermal distribution on surface and into materials and thermal dropping into material when the laser beam intensity is steady and variable with time. From research results seem that the thermal distribution into material and on surface is decrease when the laser beam intensity is variable with time.

Waste management is been a vital environmental issue since last few decades. It has been seen that the generation of waste increases with increasing population, industrialization& urbanization etc. This paper is a review of waste management system, its elements & disposal system of waste. The necessities of waste management system, bad effects of mismanagement, various issues are raised in previous studies are mentioned in the paper.

If multiple images of the same scene are available, this can be achieved by image fusion. Image fusion is the process by which two or more images are combined into a single image retaining the important features from each of the original images. Contrast and edges are two important quality factors in image processing. Contrast and edge enhancement are frequently referred two of the most important issues in image processing.

Sorghum grains were germinated under controlled condition and their soaking and germination time was finalized for best results. The ungerminated and germinated flours were evaluated for its chemical (proximate) and physicochemical properties. It was found that the germination of sorghum grains reduced the carbohydrate 70.02 to 60.04 (%) starch from 65.2 to 58.1 (%), amylopectin from 53.7 to 42.1 (%), ash content 1.79 to 1.39 (%), fat from 6 to 4 (%), falling number from 365 to 70 (%) and oil absorption capacity from 3.78 to 3.17 (%).

Bourgou (Echinochloa stagnina) production under irrigation with wastewater was carried out on two wastewater processing units. Channel 1: (B12) bourgou pond fed by anaerobic wastewater, Channel 2: (B4) of bourgou pond fed by sewage that passed through two hyacinths ponds. The parameters that characterize the organic pollution and nutrients of waste waters and bourgou growth were followed. Weed cutting took place every forty-eight days. The results showed that bourgou growth depends not only on nutrients contributions, therefore the nature of waste water but also plants oxygenation.

Quality in higher education has become a target for all universities in the world. Student learning outcomes are rapidly taking center stage as the principal gauge of higher education’s effectiveness. Research has mainly focused on the quality of inputs and processes in higher education, but does not provide a sufficient attention to the outcomes (the level of graduates).

Theoretical studies have been carried out to find the performance of a waste –water treatment plant where PID controller is applied for PH control of waste water. Steady state errors of the system have been determined for application of different types of input signal, such as unit step, unit ramp and unit parabolic. A programming using ‘C’ language has also been developed to find overall gain of the system and hence to find the frequency response of the same. Some numerical calculations have been made. Results have been tabulated, shown graphically and discussed.

Pure and 0.1mol% crystal violet dye doped L-Alanine Thiourea (LATU and CVLATU) crystals were grown by slow evaporation technique. The cell parameters and crystallinity of pure and dye admixtured LATU crystals were confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction, powder crystal X-ray diffraction and high resolution X-ray diffraction analyses. The doping of the crystal violet dye in the grown crystal has been confirmed qualitatively by the FTIR spectroscopy. The optical transparency of the crystals was identified from the UV-vis-NIR transmission spectrum.

The volume of groundwater is much greater than that of all fresh water lakes and streams combined. Underground water plays an important role in the water balance of the earth. It is a primary source of fresh water in several urban and rural areas. The quality of ground water in some parts of the country, particularly shallow ground water is changing as a result of human activity. It is less susceptible to bacterial pollution than surface water, as the soil and rocks through which it percolates screen out most of the bacteria.

Green computing concept is to improve environmental condition. The main aim of green computing is to reduce poisonous materials. We systematically analyze its energy consumption which is based on types of services and obtain the conditions to facilitate green computing to save overall energy consumption in this system. Today it is the major issue to prepare such equipments by which we achieve efficient energy and to minimize of e-waste and use of non poisonous chemicals / materials in preparation of e-equipments.

Enol ethers 9(a-b) and chalcones 10(a-b) were synthesized from quinoxalino-oxohydrocarbazoles and oxohydroazacarbazoles 8(a-b) using Japp-Klingemaan and Fischer indole synthesis. Isoxazole derivatives of carbazolo and azacarbazolo fused quinoxalines (12a,13a) and pyrazole derivatives of carbazolo and azacarbazolo fused quinoxalines (12b,13b) were prepared by the cyclocondensation reaction of corresponding enol ethers 9(a-b) and chalcones 10(a-b) with hydroxylamine hydrochloride and hydrazine hydrate respectively.

Participatory Sensing is an emerging computing paradigm that enables the distributed collection of data by self-selected participants. It allows the increasing number of mobile phone users to share local knowledge acquired by their sensor-equipped devices, e.g., to monitor temperature, pollution level or consumer pricing information. While research initiatives and prototypes proliferate, their real-world impact is often bounded to comprehensive user participation. If users have no incentive, or feel that their privacy might be endangered, it is likely that they will not participate.

The FTIR and FT-Raman spectra of 4-methylumbelliferone (4MUB) have been recorded in the region 4000–400 and 3500–100 cm-1, respectively. The optimized geometry, frequency and intensity of the vibrational bands of 4MUB were obtained by the density functional theory (DFT) using6-31G(2d,3p) and 6-311++G(2d,3p) basis sets. The harmonic vibrational frequencies were scaled and compared with experimental values. The observed and the calculated frequencies are found to be in good agreement. The UV–visible spectrum was also recorded and compared with the theoretical values.

A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a very large collection of sensor nodes which organized into different form like tree, mesh etc. This sensor nodes are work on the power source i.e. battery which is essential for its communication There are to main approaches to sleep scheduling i) random ii) synchronized. Main purpose of any sleep scheduling algorithm is to maintain network connectivity to save the power of the network we used the scheduling technique with WSN to increase the life of the network.

Diachronic mapping (2004 and 2013), conducted as part of a program of phytoecological studies on “Oued” Tafna stations, illustrated a heterogeneous physiognomy of Tamaricaceae vegetation. The presence of salts and the appearance of a degraded structure affected the physiognomy of vegetation which is often organized according to a gradient of the soil substrate. Sequential dispersion of these populations was observed spatially.

Advertising has a wide range of instruments to slowly bring the consumer to the time of sale. Amid this arsenal we identify music with a function, or even specific functions within the audiovisual advertising. This article proposes the investigation of these functions focusing on the Huron approach (1989) and his confrontation with some approaches to film music.

Posture is that state of body in which it moves around on two legs in erect position. We humans are unique in the animal kingdom, in that we move around on two legs than four as most other animals do. But due to uses of heavy weight bag which are full of books and copies it affect the children’s normal posture. Three type of bad posture has been seen, they are – kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis.

The main objective of the paper is to find out the impact of environmental conditions on health status of slum dwellers in civil line area of Aligarh city. The main components of environmental conditions included in this study are related to housing conditions, water supply, sanitation, garbage and electricity. The study is based on primary data collected from a survey of 300 households in 5 different slum localities of the civil line area of the city. It is observed that the environmental conditions of the slum population are alarming.

This study examined the influence of transformational leadership style on employees’ retention in nongovernmental organizations in Arusha Town District in Tanzania. The conceptual framework consisted of transformational leadership style as the independent variable and employees’ retention as the dependent variable of the study. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques were used, in the study that adopted survey research design to capture objective of the study.

The purpose of this study to compare the selected cardiac parameters between trained and untrained basketball players. For the purpose of the study forty (N=40) male basketball players were selected as subjects from colleges affiliated to Guru Nanak Dev University Amritsar.

The purpose of the study is to analyze the “attitude of inclusive teachers trained by Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan towards inclusive education of the children with intellectual disability in Asif Nagar Mandal, Hyderabad. The study is a descriptive research design used by survey method. The views of inclusive teachers in the areas of attitude towards concept of inclusive education, attitude towards strategies to improve inclusive education and attitude towards collaboration between inclusive teachers and regular teachers.

The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between occupational anxiety and self-esteem levels of prospective teachers and to explore whether these levels vary in accordance with gender, field and source of teacher training and the relation between occupational anxiety and self-esteem levels.

Politics is a fact of life in organization. When employees in an organization convert their power into action as described them as being engaged in politics. Those with good political skills have the ability to use their bases of power effectively and political skills means the ability to influence others in such a way as to enhance one’s objective. According to various researches political behavior arises in organizations to displace legimate power due to problems or gaps in other systems of influence and influences need not satisfied within these systems.

It is observed that the customers expect more, have various choices and are less Brand Loyal these days. The organizations will have to continually improve their methodologies, processes, and products in order to stay in the business as well as attract and retain the potential and existing customers. The aim of this study is to present an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach methodology thatprioritises the various sub criteria’s, which increases the customer satisfaction levels of solar water heater users.

The present study aims to promote an applied global ethic and adopts a religious posture that, instead of nurturing differences, teaches children to appreciate universal human principles.

The giant cell fibroma is a localized reactive proliferation of fibrous tissue, much like the irritation fibroma. Clinically it usually manifests as a small, may have be sessile/peduncalate lesion. It is painless, often has lobules/ nodules on its surface. Microscopically the lesional tissue contains cells with large, stellate shaped fibroblasts, near the surface of the fibrous mass, beneath the overlying epithelium. In this article we report a case of 30-year old female who presented with a growth in the palatal gingiva adjacent to the maxillary central incisors.

Scapular fractures generally result after high energy trauma. Approximately 8 – 9 % of scapular fractures involve the acromial spine. Historically scapular fractures have been treated non operatively due to limited knowledge about the surgical procedures and fixation devices. Thus majority of acromial spine fracture have been under treated and the complications have been accepted. We have reported a 49 year old male patient with minimally displaced acromion spine fracture, without reduction of the subacromial space.

Wolfram syndrome is the association of juvenile onset diabetes mellitus and optic atrophy, also known as DIDMOAD (Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy, and Deafness). Patients present with diabetes mellitus followed by optic atrophy in the first decade, cranial diabetes insipidus and sensorineural deafness in the second decade, dilated renal outflow tracts early in the third decade, and multiple neurological abnormalities early in the fourth decade. Other abnormalities include primary gonadal atrophy.

A descriptive study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding Lifestyle Modification of Elderly in the Rural Salem, Tamil Nadu, India The sample size of the study was 225 older adults selected by using simple random sampling technique. The instruments used for the data collection were demographic variables and questionnaire on knowledge of lifestyle modification through interview method, The overall mean knowledge score was 10.17  3.17, which was 25.42% of total score revealing that older adults had poor knowledge regarding the life style modifications.

Background - Rosai – Dorfman disease, or sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadennopathy was first described as clinical distinct clinicopathlogical entity in 1969, in 43% of cases, extranodal sites are involved. The disease is most common in children and young adult. It has morphological features of greatly exaggerated reactive process. The etiology of the disease is uncertain, possible causes include, abnormal immune response and infections.

Surgical robots have revolutionized a number of surgical subspecialties, including laparoscopic surgery, urology, gynecology, and orthopedics. Robots offer a number of potential improvements over unassisted human hands, such as tremor filtration, scaling of motion, enhanced dexterity in confined spaces, and extremely high precision. Several designs and prototypes have recently been introduced for use in craniofacial surgery and they have been tested in animal models.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to perform the set of standard autonomic function tests in children with a family history of hypertension and compare the results with children of normotensive parents. Background: Hypertension is considered one of the highest causes of morbidity worldwide and it becomes one of the leading causes of death due to cardiovascular and renal failure. Hypertension can be especially hard to manage when combined with other disorders, such as diabetes or obesity.

Objectives: Tennis elbow (TE) or lateral epicondylitis, first described by Runge in 1873, is a common myotendinosis. Different modes of treatment are used in its management. This study was conducted to report the results of autologous blood injection (ABI) in the treatment of TE. Materials and Methods: A prospective case study was performed to evaluate the results of ABI in the management of TE. Twenty three patients with tennis elbow were injected with 2 ml of autologous blood. The patients were evaluated under regular follow-up during which the satisfaction was assessed.

Background: Non specific symptoms in borderline and malignant tumors are a gray zone. An appropriate knowledge of these symptoms with investigations would detect the tumors at an early stage. Aim of the study: To compare the clinical presentation, morphological appearences of various tumors of the ovary and their significance in diagnosis. Materials and methods: It is a prospective study for a period of three years. Clinical data was recorded followed by laparotomy. The tumors were thoroughly grossed and subjected to histopathological examination.

To understand rythmicity and heart (B-Bit - computing system in SA Node of Heart that controls Heart rate) and as regard Pace making information s (Code PcPs of pace making) and cardiac arrest (no rythmicity and later followed by no pace making information s) , we have to understand Basic Building Blocks of the universe (Fig- 1) (mass – B.B.B Bit or B-Bit) and Information s (Code PcPs) and Divine Mechanics Unit (CCP, Code PcPs and CP).

Introduction: Obesity is a rapidly escalating metabolic disorder. The impact of obesity is highest in the younger age which increases the risk for cardiovascular morbidity/mortality and shortens the life expectancy. Aim: This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of aerobic training on Weight and BMI of obese sedentary females. Materials and Methods: 80 females were selected with BMI>30 Kg/m2, aged 35-45 years. They were divided as two groups, exercise (n=40) and control (n=40). Healthy subjects without H/o pathologic/ orthopaedic limitations were included.

The development of new medical treatments and cures would not happen without health research and the active role of research volunteers. Behind every discovery of a new medicine and treatment are thousands of people who were involved in health research. Thanks to the advances in medical care and public health, we now live on average 10 years longer than in the 1960's and 20 years longer than in the 1930's. Without research, many diseases that can now be treated would cripple people or result in early death.

An experimental study was carried over a period of 42 days using 160 day-old commercial broiler chicks (Ven Cobb) to study the effect of copper and flavomycin as feed additives on growth promotion in broiler chicken. The birds were divided into four groups with four replicates of ten chicks in each replicate. The treatment (T1) was control with standard broiler ration and Cu as CuSO4 at 100 ppm, 200 ppm and flavomycin at 10 ppm were supplemented in the basal diet to form treatment 2 (T2), treatment 3 (T3) and treatment 4 (T4) respectively.

Flexor pollicis longus muscle may have accessory slips which arise from coronoid process of ulna or medial epicondyle of humerus; known as accessory head of flexor pollicis longus or Gantzer’s muscle. It runs downwards and obliquely to join the tendon of flexor pollicis longus. It may compress median, ulnar and anterior interosseous nerves and produce many neurological conditions. Aim of this study was to note incidence and morphology of accessory head of flexor pollicis longus.

Background: Neonatal sepsis contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality among young infants. Neonatal mortality in developing countries is usually due to an infectious cause. The gold standard of investigation in developing countries is a positive blood culture. It is important to know the aetiology of neonatal bloodstream infections so that empirical treatment can be effective. Methods: We conducted a retrospective clinical study over one year between April 2014 until March 2015, looking at the aetiology of both early and late onset neonatal sepsis.

Estimation of age of an individual whether living or dead is a subject of great medico legal importance and is the necessity for the purpose of administration of justice. Perhaps it is the second commonest medico legal problem after trauma. In our study, 610 orthopantomograms of individuals (292 males and 318 females) with known age and gender were evaluated. The age ranged between 7- 21 years. Third molars are the teeth with the highest variability concerning anatomy, agenesis and age of eruption.

An ethnobotanical survey was undertaken to collect information from traditional healers on the use of medicinal plants in Datia district of Bundelkhand during study period. The indigenous knowledge of local traditional healers and the native plants used for medicinal purposes were collected through questionnaire and personal interviews during field trips. The investigation revealed that, the traditional healers used 35 species of plants distributed in 33 genera belonging to 24 families to treat various diseases.

Deep root system study is an important component of drought resistant rice (Oryza sativa L.) variety. Root morphology is a complex trait combining various components. Drought acts as major limitation for growing rice in rainfed ecosystems. Therefore, there is a need to screen and breeding rice genotypes for drought resistance. The objective of this study is to elucidate the genotypic variation among rice genotypes in root distribution and root angle including deep-root development. The experiment was conducted with eight genotypes using basket method in aerobic and well-watered conditions.

The appearance of tar balls on the coastline is an indication of oil spill although natural seeps also contributes to this. Problems do ensue between the host communities and the oil producing companies as a result of this. Tar balls picked from Ibeno Beach, Akwa Ibom State in the Niger Delta Basin of Nigeria were analyzed to trace their origin using GC/FID.

The main role of financial institutions is to facilitate the flow of funds from the saving units to the borrowing units and they include commercial banks and microfinance institutions amongst the depository institutions. The study investigated the relationship between microfinance savings mobilization and loans deployment at institutional level. A panel of secondary data was pooled on the intermediation role of microfinance institutions in Acholi sub region as partitioned into seven districts. The basic model for the analysis of data was the Pooled Regression Model.

We evaluated six selected commercial herbicides commonly used for the control of several weeds in Daloa (Côte d’Ivoire), for their toxicity against density of rhizobacteria in experimental field conditions, and against survival of symbiotic and associative bacteria in vitro. Herbicide applied under dose recommended and reduced to 50 %, decreased the soil bacteria density from 2,83.1010 to 3,7.106 CFUg-1soil, respectively for control soil and spots treated.

The status and diet of Menelik’s bushbuck (Traglaphusscriptus meneliki) in the Wof-Washa Forest (WWF), central highlands of Ethiopia were studied from January-August, 2013. The highland forest was classified into three habitats, the Natural forest, Plantation and Erica woodland. Transect line count and direct observation procedures were used to record the population size and diet of the species, respectively. A total of 64 and 72 Menelik’s bushbucks were counted during the dry and wet seasons, respectively.

Chlorophytum borivilianum family Liliaceae is a traditional rare Indian medicinal herb widely used in the treatment of many clinical conditions in India. It is an important drug commonly known as 'Safed Musli'. It has many therapeutic applications in Ayurvedic, Unani, Homeopathicand Allopathic system of medicine. In the Ayurvedic literature, Safed Musli is celebrated as a Divya Aushad with unparalleled medicinal properties. Chlorophytum borivilianum is widely cultivated throughout India. Major antibacterial and antifungal activies reported from the roots of C.

Background: Clinical significance of urinary micro-albumin in diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension generated interest amongst scientist, researchers and clinicians to enhance its measurement accuracy and level of precision. Aim and Objectives: Present study describes the comparative precision analysis of urinary micro-albumin on conventional Hitachi 912 chemistry analyzer and modular Cobas 6000 c501 system.

Eulophia nuda, a terrestrial, endangered orchid was clonally propagated using seed derived in-vitro grown rhizomes. Cytokinins are most commonly used plant growth regulators, to stimulate cell division and morphogenesis in tissue culture. The effect of commonly used cytokinins, N6 Benzylaminopurine, Kinetin and Thidiazurone was studied for induction of shoots from in vitro grown rhizomes. The rhizomes were cultured and proliferated on Murashige and Skoog’s medium fortified with cytokinins with different concentrations.

Soil mycoflora were isolated from the rice fields of Narasanapeta during a period of one year ie., from January 2013 to December 2013. Isolation of the mycoflora was done by serial Dilution Plate Method. During the investigation period a total of 118 fungal colonies of 27 fungal species were observed. Identification was done by using standard manuals and literature.

Acetaminophen induced hepatic injury may also mediate its developmental toxic effects. The present study was carried out to evaluate the protective role of herbal hepato-protective formulation (Liv.52) against acetaminophen induced developmental toxicity (embryo-fetal toxicity and teratogenic potential) in Wistar rats. Acetaminophen induced toxicity during embryogenesis was evaluated by administering daily doses of 500 or 1000 mg/kg/day through oral gavage starting from gestation Day 0 pregnancy until Day 19 of gestation.

Occurrence of various shapes, size and colours of macrofungi reveals that the climatic conditions together with forest and garden waste provide favorable environment to these macrofungi. During the period of study from July 2014 to August 2014, many mushrooms were collected from Mantha village and at the Swami Vivekanand College campus. Study of only ten macrofungi has been emphasized on the basis of their dominance of occurrence.

This work aimed to compare the yields and to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity and phytochemical constituents of hexane, ethyl acetate, dichloromethane and methanol extracts of seven individuals of Rosmarinus Officinalis Var. Prostratus obtained by the ultrasounds. The statistical study shows that there is an individual effect on the yield and on the antibacterial activity of these extracts.

The Chloride and Fluoride are two key factors in any aquatic ecosystems. The present paper highlights the seasonal variations of Chloride and Fluoride in Tamiraparani River (West) from June 2011 to May 2013. Twelve stations were selected for the study. The study reveals that high Chloride of 1050 mg/l was found in S12, during the months of June to August 2012, low chloride of 10 mg/l was found in stations S4, S5 during December to February 2011-2012, March to May 2012.

Isothiocyanates are naturally occurring small molecules that are formed from glucosinolate precursors of cruciferous vegetables. Many isothiocyanates, both natural and synthetic, display anticarcinogenic activity because they reduce activation of carcinogens and increase their detoxification. Recent studies show that they exhibit anti-tumor activity. Moreover, this work focused on the mitochondrial pathway. Cells were incubated with isothiocyanates concentrations, 50µM/L, 70µM/L, 90µM/L and 120µM/L for 72h at 37°C and 5%CO2. Isothiocyanates induced cells death in a dose-dependent manner.

India is a home to a large number of tribes known for their varied culture and tradition. The irular tribes are the ancient tribal group living in the lower slopes of the Western Ghats Mountain spread over Coimbatore district. The present study was conducted in nine Government tribal schools situated in iular tribal areas. Before initiating the study, permission was sought from the district tribal welfare officer and the respective school headmasters.

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench) is a one of a major cereal crop in world. Sorghum is also known for its nutritional value, but now a day this important cereal crop is suffered from yield loss. This is mainly Due to fungal diseases,especially grain mold disease of sorghum. Various field fungi like Fusarium, Alternaria, Curvularia, Phoma, Aspergillus, Penicillium etcare associated with grain mold disease. In Marathwada region Bhagyalakshmi-296, Jk-22 sorghum varieties are commonly cultivated.

The present investigation was carried out with a view to study the heterosis, combining ability and gene action for seed cotton yield, yield attributing traits, ginning outturn and important fibre quality parameters in tetraploid cotton (G.hirsutum L. and G.barbadense L.). A set of 31 genotypes consisting of 21 (HxB) hybrids, Seven Lines of G. hirsutum and three testers of G. barbadense and one check hybrid DCH 32 were grown at Rasi seeds Research and Development Farm Attur. The hybrids were developed adopting Lines and Testersmating design.

Structural, electrical resistivity, thermal and mechanical properties of Bi- Sn- Pb- Cd- In- TiO2 and Bi- Sn- Pb- Zn- In- Ag alloys have been investigated. Melting temperature of Bi- Sn- Pb- Cd- In- TiO2 alloys increased with increasing TiO2 content and decreasing Bi content. Elastic modulus, Vickers hardness, internal friction, electrical resistivity and thermal parameters varied with increasing TiO2 content and decreasing Bi content. Melting temperature, internal friction, Vickers hardness of Bi- Sn- Pb- Zn- In- Ag alloys decreased with increasing Bi content and decreasing Sn content.

A combined system of a thyristor controlled reactor (TCR) and a shunt hybrid Power filter (SHPF) is used for reactive power compensation and harmonic reduction. The SHPF is the combination of a small rating active power filter and a fifth harmonic tuned LC passive filter. Five level neutral points clamped (NPC) 180° mode converter is used in shunt active power filter to improve power quality without using higher passive elements which has a reduced switching stress and switching losses that improve the lifetime of converters.

The spectacular advances made in the growth of single crystals with or without suitable addition of impurities have facilitated the fabrication of transistor, IC’s, piezoelectric filters, solid-state lasers and so on. The crystal growth technology directly used for the growth and development in the field of electronics, fibre-optics communication and laser. The pure crystals of copper sulphate, nickel sulphate, nickel sulphate doped with zinc sulphate, zinc sulphate and magnesium sulphate were grown by slow evaporation method at room temperature.

It seems that almost every day there is another story about pollution of one form or another, in the food we eat, the water we drink and the air we breathe. Fresh water is a precious resource and the increasing pollution of our rivers and lakes is a cause for alarm, the major cause for river and ground water pollution is found to be the domestic and industrial waste water which is mixed in such sources of water without any treatment. This article is an review of issues related the river pollution, treatment of sewage, and environmental and health problems due to untreated waste water.

This paper focuses on an application that performs Kannada OCR (Optical Character Recognition) in hand held devices. The objective is to make use of the visual capabilities of the built in camera of Android devices to extract text from Kannada sign boards, newspapers etc., and use the same platform to implement the OCR technology with the help of Kohonen algorithm. The image is processed, eliminating small distortions present. The image is then converted to a grey-scale image, which is segmented and the result is displayed along with a vocal output.

Many mathematicians have worked in this erea by using classical groups, normal form of matrices or some known vector spaces and came out some good results. But few of them have used symplectic spaces to construct authentication codes with arbitration. Then in this paper we give a new construction of authentication code with arbitration based on sympletic spaces and also compute parameters and probabilities from this code. The main objective of studying authentication codes with arbitration is to use them for the provision of better security in practical information communications.

The 3D printing industry can be seen as a growing industry with developments being made at every stage. No wonder newer technologies are emerging. But there is requirement of new 3D printers that can be used for multiple platforms with multiple filaments. 3D printing has been evolving as a technique to create 3D models and prototypes, in many industries, namely, automotive, aerospace, healthcare, and consumer products- in order to investigate the possibility of completing a project in lesser time and with few resources.

The faculties in higher education have to become change leaders in bringing out innovation in the teaching pedagogy and they have to become successful researchers. They have to become high contributors inside the classroom and outside as well ie contributors towards the academic institution, professional organizations (in and around) and more importantly contributors towards the society and towards the human kind at large.

Employees being the internal customers of the banks expect and perceive the bank services within the structure of their responsibilities towards their banks. Therefore, the factors like customer persuasion, customer satisfaction, customer relationship management and employees’ work culture influence them from a point of view that is dissimilar to the outside customers. The objective of the study was to determine the influence of customer persuasion, customer satisfaction, customer relationship management and employees’ work culture on employees’ expectations and perceptions.

Archaeological survey was conducted by the authors (Khazaie, BahramiNia and Masjedi) in Kojour in the south of Caspian Sea and in Alborz Mountain in summer 2011. Kojourwas selected because of its suitable conditions for human occupation such as water sources, suitable soil, intermountain plains and finally its suitable elevation that protected this region from extensive environmental changes during prehistoric times such as glacial periods in high levels of Alborz Mountain as well as from Caspian Sea's water elevation changes.

Background: Perception is a process of recognizing and interpreting environmental event. It is very important in many professions. Scientists are suggested regular participation in endurance exercise may improve perception. But the data of single bout endurance exercise effect on perception is very limited. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out effect of single bout endurance exercise on perception. Methods: Seven healthy male willing students (aged between 21-23 years) from APC College, Newbarrackpore, West Bengal were selected as the subject for this study.

It is a well known fact that psychology and environment are closely interrelated. Any kind of environmental change brings a psychological change among the human being. In my present study I try to examine a causal relationship how new environment (environment of college campus) brings lots of psychological change among the newcomers of college coming from different schools. In my study I also try to analyse the positive and negative impacts of above mention psychological change on the new students.

The district is situated in a flood plain region of moribund delta of West Bengal. River bank erosion is a common environmental disaster in Murshidabad district like any other deltaic region of the World. The district is well drained by a number of river systems such as Padma, Bhagirathi, Jalangi and Bhairab. Murshidabad district is centrally located in West Bengal lying between 23˚43'30''N to 24˚50'20''N and 87˚49'17''E to 88˚46'E. The geology of the district is mainly Quaternary alluvium. The Bhagirathi River is almost divided the district into two equal physiographic divisions.

Dytiscus marginalis are the diving beetles with their wings covered by hard wing cases known as elytra. It is the largest order including more species known to science than any other order not only in the class insect, but also in the entire animal kingdom. The order is huge and includes a wide variety of groups. In the present study we have isolated, PCR amplified and deciphered the partial nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene (COI) of D. marginalis from Kerala and its phylogenetic status. DNA sequence similarity searches of COI gene of D.

Metallo- β-lactamase (MBL) is an enzyme that makes bacteria resistant to a broad range of beta-lactam antibiotics. These include the antibiotics of the Carbapenem family, which are a mainstay for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. The emergence of MBL in Gram negative bacilli (GNB) is becoming a therapeutic challenge worldwide. Detection of MBL is also a challenge for routine microbiology laboratories, since there are no standardized methods for MBL detection.

Pericardial fibroma is a very rare occurrence in clinical practice (< 0.0001%) (Lam et al., 1993). They may be asymptomatic or can present as case of cardiac failure or even lead to sudden death (cardiac arrythmias). Many a times they are encountered while patient is being evaluated for other reasons (Meng et al., 2002).

Menopause is considered to be as an inevitable event in every woman’s life. During the menopausal transition, women may experience bothered some symptoms which may affect the quality of life. Menopause is determined by the reduction of the ovarian function and decreased production of estradiol, leading to depletion of the ovarian follicles.

This study was conducted during 2013-2014 academic years in Jazan University, The aims of this study to determine availability of psychological traits and academic characteristics of special education teacher among special education students. We used descriptive statistic methods. Questioner technique is used as method of data collection. Study group include (400) special education students from Faculty of Education School and (110) malestudents were selected randomly as study group sample.

Background: Plaque control, which involves its active removal, is a responsibility undertaken personally by individuals for better oral hygiene. Tooth brushing and oral rinsing are mechanical cleaning procedures which are considered to be the most reliable methods of effective plaque removal and thus prevention of periodontal diseases. Objective: To assess the tooth brushing frequency and rinsing habit and its effects on oral hygiene index scores (OHIS) among the school children in Meerut. Methods: Study population consisted of 503 randomly selected school children 05-18years in Meerut.

An exploratory study was conducted to assess the Knowledge of Antenatal Mothers regarding Cord Blood Banking in a Selected Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab.

Background: Early diagnosis and treatment of progressive periodontitis is important because of the irreversible nature of periodontal disease. . In the field of periodontology, traditional clinical criteria are often insufficient for determining sites of active disease, for monitoring the response to therapy, or for measuring the degree of susceptibility to future disease progression. Patients with periodontitis may have elevated circulating levels of specific inflammatory markers that can be correlated to the severity and present state of the disease.

The days following periodontal flap procedures are usually associated with bleeding, pain, swelling and infection. Conventionally, analgesics, antibiotics, periodontal dressings, antimicrobial mouthwashes/gels are used to prevent plaque accumulation and promote wound healing at the surgical site. HIORA GA gel is a polyherbal formulation that derives its benefits from four main ingredients namely-oil of Myrstica fragrans, extracts of Terminalia arjuna, Pterocarpus marsupium & Triphala. Each of these components are found to have significant effect on wound healing.

The main purpose of this study was to assess the psychosocial experiences of Podoconiosis patients. To this end, the study examined the psychosocial experiences of 120 Podoconiosis patients, of which 12 purposively selected patients participated in the in-depth interview. Patients were selected from patient register document by using systematic sampling. The instruments employed in the study were interviewer-administered questionnaire and semi structured interview. The questionnaire includes social experience measure scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale, and SRQ20.

We present 2 cases of urinary tract infections from rural areas of West Bengal, caused by Serratia mercescens. Though Serratia marcescens is an important nosocomial pathogen, it’s emergence as a community acquired uropathogen has not been reported frequently. Further, both the cases were immunocompetent & of extreme age groups- contradicting the idea of its age & immune status dependent virulence. In both of our cases, the isolated Serratia marcescens strains were beta lactamase producing, conferring resistance to broad spectrum beta lactam antibiotics.

Background: Poor hygiene practices and inadequate sanitary conditions play major role in the increased burden of communicable diseases in developing countries. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and practice regarding personal hygiene among school children. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Belagavi district, among 200 children of urban and 200 children of rural area aged between 8 to 16 years. Pre-tested and self administered questionnaire was used to collect information. Percentage and chi-square test were calculated to see the association.

The determination of an individual’s age is an important aspect of forensic medicine. The clavicle has the longest period of growth; therefore, it has been investigated by various researchers in order to establish a reliable age indicator when all other epiphyseal age indicators have already been inactivated. Several authors have developed different techniques of age determination using the clavicle, however, there is still no standard system agreed upon with respect to use of the clavicle in age assessment.

Maha Kumbh Mela - occurs every 144 years, only in Allahabad. Kumbh Mela is celebrated at different locations depending on the position of the planet of Bṛhaspati (Jupiter) and the sun. When Jupiter and the sun are in the zodiac sign Leo (Simha Rashi) it is held in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik. When the sun is in Aries (Mesha Rashi) it is celebrated at Haridwar When Jupiter is in Taurus (Vrishabha Rashi) and the sun is in Capricorn (Makar Rashi) Kumbha Mela is celebrated at Prayag. and Jupiter and the sun are in Scorpio (Vrishchik Rashi) the Mela is celebrated at Ujjain.

Introduction: Prolonged labor have been associated with increased fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality; therefore, it is essential to identify women who are at risk of dystocia and to choose the most appropriate way of delivery at an early stage in pregnancy. X-ray pelvimetry has thus been used to identify women at risk of dystocia especially in rural health facilities of developing countries such as Uganda. However, there is still a need to review how this practice is useful in predicting the outcome of labor, and whether or not its continued use is sustained or discouraged.

Biodentine material has been recently introduced in dentistry in order to provide dentin substitute for coronal and radicular pulp. Although number of materials like Amalgam, GIC, Composite and MTA are available in market for repair of dentin loss in tooth structure, none of these possesses ideal properties. Despite of number of advantages of MTA, its limitations cannot be overlooked. These drawbacks have been overcome by a new calcium silicate based material named Biodentine which has good handling properties, short setting time and improved mechanical properties.

Background: Health status of women is one of the most serious social issues affecting the community particularly in developing countries. Women are more vulnerable during the reproductive period. If women remain healthy during the antenatal period, then this leads to a healthy newborn. Hence, intervention during antenatal period is essential. Objectives: 1. To study the utilization of maternal health services. 2. To study the impact of interventions regarding the utilization of antenatal services.

A 50 year old diabetic male patient with underlying Chronic Alcoholic liver disease and Hepato-renal syndrome type 2, presented with chief complaints of fever and pain over right side of the abdomen along with vomiting and generalised weakness. On two occasions, in the routine examination of un-centrifuged and centrifuged urine, we found septate hyphal mass. After culture on Saboraud’s Dextrose Agar (SDA), morphologically we diagnosed it as Trichoderma species.

The eight values of organizational culture namely (openness, confrontation, trust, authenticity, pro-action, autonomy, collaboration and experimentation) were analyzed through t-test. The purpose of the present research work is to compare culture of universities of Rajasthan i.e. top and middle management. Respondents were directly contacted for filling up the standard questionnaire of OCTAPACE-Profile, developed by Dr. Udai Pareek.

Neural fibrolipoma is a tumor like lipomatous process that involves principally the volar aspects of hands, wrists and forearms of young persons. It usually manifests as a soft yellow growing mass consisting of proliferating fibrofatty tissue surrounding and infiltrating major nerves and their branches. Median nerve is the most frequently involved nerve. Other less frequently involved nerves are ulnar, radial, branchial plexus, superficial peroneal nerve, inferior calcaneal nerve and medial planter nerve. An 18 year old male presented with swelling over right lateral gluteal region.

Dengue is one of the most commonly occurring epidemic, particularly in rohilkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. The clinical manifestation ranges from being asymptomatic (in upto 80% patients) to mild illness (fever, thrombocytopenia, hepatic/renal dysfunction) to severe form (DHF/DSS – dengue haemorrhagic syndrome/dengue shock syndrome, DIC, MODS). Also it has been observed that the clinical and biochemical profile of dengue infection varies from epidemic to epidemic.

Background: Influenza has a major impact on public health, annually affecting 15-20% of the global population. First outbreak of influenza as a pandemic declared by WHO in June 2009. Aim: This study was aimed to determines the incidence of influenza A (H1N1) virus by real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) method in different age groups of patients. Methods: A total of 2868 respiratory samples (throat swabs/nasopharyngeal swabs) were collected from patients suspected influenza like illness who attended OPD or admitted in Dr S. N.

Resistance to antimicrobial agents among Staphylococcus aureus is an increasing problem. Emergence of Methicillin resistance in hospital acquired and also among community acquired Staphylococcus aureus has resulted with very few therapeutic options to treat staphylococcal infections. The Macrolide Lincosamide Streptogramin B [MLSB] family of antibiotics is one such alternative with clindamycin being the preferred drug due to its excellent pharmacokinetic properties.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the levels of serum apolipoprotein B-100 in type 2 diabetes mellitus with and without complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 96 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients (thirty three with cardiovascular complications and another sixty three without cardiovascular complications) attending Diabetic Clinic and Medicine Ward RIMS, Imphal. Serum Apo-B was estimated by ELISA and enzymatic methods were used for estimation of serum lipid parameters (Triglycerides, Total Cholesterol and HDL cholesterol were measured).

Microalbuminuria is associated with increased risk for renal and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in diabetes mellitus, hypertension and patients with acute myocardial infarction but the significance of microalbuminuria in other chronic diseases has been very rarely explored. This article highlights the pathogenesis, implications and methodology of testing for microalbuminuria in various systemic disorders.

Aim: Anthropologic history provides evidence that urinary calculi existed since time immemorial. Accurate knowledge of the qualitative and quantitative composition of the urinary calculi is vital for understanding calculogenesis and development of prophylactic measures.

Introduction: In obese people presence of adipose tissue around the rib cage, abdomen and in the visceral cavity loads the chest wall and reduces chest wall expansion which in turn reduces the pulmonary functions. In obesity, abdominal muscle strength is also decreased which in turn affects pulmonary functions. So the present study was conducted to investigate whether there is correlation between various adiposity markers like Body mass index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio and abdominal strength with pulmonary function parameters like, FVC, FEV1 and MVV.

Thrombus is a recognized cause for limb ischaemia with success rates for revascularization decreasing with increasing time.This article describes a case of a successful femoropopliteal embolectomy for a patient with a 6 month history of claudication in right leg. The authors want to emphasize that physical nature of thrombus should be routinely checked during revascularization as a soft , friable thrombus can be successfully removed using a fogarty balloon catheter obliviating the need for a bypass procedure.

This study is from December, 2013 to March, 2014 in Al-Batool hospital for childbirth and center laboratory. About 240 samples of blood divided into two groups, the first group is the (240 samples) healthy ones who are going to marry and the second is a hundred pregnant women as samples. Antibodies of plasma of a sample have discovered by using diagnostic equipment RPR-Carbon.

The postnatal developmental toxicity of Crocus sativus (saffron) was evaluated in a mammalian species taking Wistar rat as the model. Saffron administered as an oral gavage from implantation (day 5 post coitus) through lactation up to lactation day (LD) 20 at the doses of 50, 250 and 1000 mg/kg/day did not elicit any effects on maternal/lactation body weight gains, food intake and fertility. The mean number of pups born and weight of male and female pups and pup’s survivability were unaffected.

Using the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method low molecular diversity was detected among D. tritici-repentis isolates recovered from wheat leaves collected in different locations in Georgia. The most of isolates were of highly similar. Similarity index varied between 0.333 -0.944. Maximum index was 0.944 for isolates A1a and A1b, low index (0.167-0.444) was seen for 23 pairs. High degree of genetic similarity was found among isolates obtained from Dusheti region and among Sachkhere isolates. The dendrogram of PARD data contains two groups.

The Extrafloral nectaries are nectar-secreting structures that are especially common in the family Fabaceae. Light and electron microscopic structure reveals that the morphologically well-differentiated petiolar extrafloral nectaries of Acacia auriculiformis, A. catechu, A. mangium have an complex anatomical structures consisting of an epidermis, central secretory region and vascular region. The categories of EFNs following a structural-topographical classification, and characterize the vascularized and complex nectaries and secretory trichomes.

The aim of the study is to determine the phytonutrient content in fresh and dried seed spices and compare with various traditional cooking methods. Spices may be derived from parts of the plant: bark, buds, flowers, fruits, leaves, rhizomes, roots, seeds, stigmas and styles or the entire plant tops. The phytonutrient contentslike lycopene, polyphenol and total carotenes in fresh, dried, roasted, paste, and decotion of seed spices were determined by using ethanol and acetone solution.

The present study entitled "Cost of cultivation of summer bajra in Banaskantha district of Gujarat state" was undertaken to calculate the cost of production of summer bajra. The study is based on data collected from 126 farmers selected from 6 randomly selected villages and 20 market functionaries in two market areas namely Deesa and Tharad of Banaskantha district of Gujarat state.

Heavy metals, nowadays are the major environmental problems which deteriorate the natural phenomenon of all the living beings of the ecosystem. The present investigation was carried out in two freshwater fishes, Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis niloticus exposed to Lead acetate and Nickel chloride to determine the lethal concentration (LC50) for 96 hour. The 96h LC 50 for both the species was computed as 14.35 mg/L (O.niloticus) and 16.75 mg/L (C.carpio). The same fishes were treated with sub-lethal concentrations for determining the hematological parameters.

Heavy metals occur in aquatic systems from natural sources and anthropogenic activities. The pollution of aquatic environment by heavy metals affects aquatic organisms and poses considerable environmental risks and concerns. The gills are one of the vital organs which come into direct contact with water and are indicative of any environmental stress. Preliminary toxicity tests were carried out to find the median lethal tolerance limit of experimental fishes to copper for 96 hours. The LC50 was found to be 12 mg/L. One-tenth (1.2 mg/L) was taken as the sublethal concentration for the study.

The stability of melatonin in different storage conditions and under ultrasound-assisted extraction has been studied. This work aimed on the analysis of the melatonin stability variation with time and under the light, air and temperature effects, in order to determine the best recommended storage conditions. The results showed that melatonin has an acceptable stability in all tested storage conditions: Darkness at 25ºC, darkness at 50ºC, light at 25ºC and light at 50ºC until day 13.

The water quality of Myntdu River at Jaintia Hills District Jowai has been studied as a comparative analysis of toxic metal seasonally during spring, monsoon, autumn and winter. The results showed the maximum metal content was obtains from the tributaries as compared from the originate source of Myntdu River in which value exceeded the permissible limit according to WHO (2006). The quality of river has deteriorated year by year due to the continuous discharge of domestic waste and coalmine seepage from various drains to the tributaries of Myntdu River.

Thirty inbred lines collected from Institute of the Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), IITA and CIMMYT were evaluated in four environments at the Bimodal Humid Forest Zone (BHFZ) of Cameroon under acid soil condition from 2012 to 2013. An environment was made of experimental site, agricultural campaign and year. The objectives of the study were to assess the genetic diversity of parental maize inbred lines and classify them based on their performance under acid soil. Morphological data were collected as describe in the Descriptor for maize.

The effects of post natal saffron exposure on physical development milestones such as pinna unfolding, incisor eruption, ear/eye opening including the land mark signs of attainment of sexual maturity with reference to preputial separation in males and vaginal opening were studied in Wistar rat offspring’s whose dams received saffron administered as an oral gavage from implantation (day 5 post coitus) through lactation up to lactation day (LD) 20 at the doses of 50 (low dose), 250 (mid dose) and 1000 (high dose) mg/kg/day.

Edible aroids find an important place in the food basket of many regions of our country as they have critical role in fulfilling the multifaceted needs of the people contributing to nutrition, food security and poverty eradication. Amorphophalluspaeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson is known as Elephant foot yam which is considered to be the highest income earner to the cultivator irrespective of the production system and temporal variations. It has both nutritional and medicinal values and is usually consumed as cooked vegetable.

Introduction: Natural selection is one of the important evolutionary factors, which brings about a change in the gene pool of a population. This change is brought about by differential fertility and differential mortality. Differential fertility and mortality are due to difference in genetic fitness of individuals which can be determined in terms of viable offspring produced by the individual. These variables operates singly or jointly to determine the fitness of a particular population in a given environment.

The present population status survey of Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) was carried out at 10 specific localities in Kanghmun Village Safety Reserve Forest from November 2012 to March 2013 based on information gathered from the forest department and local inhabitants. The majority of the Gibbon groups (5 groups) was recorded by direct observations and only 1 group recorded by indirect (call count) observations. We recorded a total of 19 individuals in the 6 family groups during our population status survey.

Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. Belonging to family Nyctaginaceae is an important medicinal plant. An efficient protocol was developed for in vitro propagation of B. diffusa. Leaf explants was used for callus induction and regeneration of B. diffusa on MS basal medium, with different concentrations and combinations of cytokinins (BAP, Kinetin) and auxins (NAA, IAA). Best response to shoot proliferation was achieved with MS medium supplemented with 3.0mg/l BAP and 1.0mg/l NAA. Efficient rooting was achieved at low concentrations, 0.5mg/l of IAA.

The present investigations confirm that stress due to various pollution specially heavy metals in fish H. fossilis, collected from Kali river. Haematological (Hb, RBC, WBC, MCV, MCH, MCHC, platelets count, HCt, neutrophile, lymphocyte, eoinophil, and monocryte), distervence does create physiological stress like, swimming imbalance, breeding, sexual maturity (Haemolysis) and leucocytosis in fish population affecting the immune system and making the fish vulnerable to stress. The results of correlation analysis of haematological indices show highly, medium, positive and negative correlation.

This study investigated the role of civic education of youth on democratic governance in Tanzania. The conceptual framework consisted of civic education as the independent variable and democratic governance as the dependent variable of the study. To capture the objective of the study, both qualitatively and quantitatively approaches were used, with the study adopting a case study research design.

Mimosa pigra is used in traditional medicine to lower blood glucose in diabetic patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antihyperglycaemic activity of the ethanol root extract of Mimosa pigra in albino rats. The rats were divided into five groups, each containing five rats. Group 1 served as the normal control (non-diabetic), groups II and III were treated with 250mg/kg and 500mg/kg of the ethanol extract of Mimosa pigra respectively, group IV was treated with glibenclamide and group V, the diabetic control group was untreated.

HIV is the most important known risk factor that promotes progression to active TB in people with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The lifetime risk of tuberculosis in immune competent persons is 5% to 10%, but in HIV positive individuals, there is a 5% to 15% annual risk of developing active TB disease. In India, there were 2.5 million people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) at the end of 2007 while the incidence of TB was approximately 1.8 million cases per year.

Scylla serrata is an important crustacean species in Agniyar estuary region having good nutritional value. The present study reflects the effect of copper sulphate on Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) enzyme in some vital organs of the estuarine mud crab Scylla serrata. Crabs of equal size were treated with different concentrations of copper sulphate (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 3.5 ppm) respectively. The mortality rate was noted up to 96 hours. After deducting the LC50, the crabs were treated with a sub-lethal concentration of copper sulphate (2.0 ppm) for 5, 10 and 15 days respectively.

Heavy metal pesticides are common pollutants of freshwater ecosystems where they induce adverse effects on the aquatic biota. Estuarine mud crab, Scylla serrata is an important crustacean species of Agniyar estuary in Thanjavur region having good nutritional values. Crabs living in close association with the sediment may accumulate copper sulphate. In the present investication, the toxic effects of the copper sulphate LC50 4.85 ppm (CuSO4) on some biochemical characteristics (total protein in muscle, gill and hepatopancreas) of the estuarine mud crab, Scylla serrata were estimated.

Aquatic insects have been extensively studied to know their ecological relationship with other freshwater communities. One stable and one temporary pond- representing a wide hydroperiod gradient were selected from each district viz. Chennai (Chetpet and Koyambedu) and Kancheepuram (Chengalpet), India. Members of each genus of water bugs occupy a distinct habitat and exhibit diagnostic behaviour patterns. Micronecta s cutellaris prefers limnetic shallow water. Diplonychus rusticus inhabits water column as well as near the shores. Anisops bouvieri colonizes limnetic water column.

Occurrence, prevalence and distribution of representative key species of aquatic heteroptera were investigated in selective fresh water bodies at Kancheepuram and Chennai districts of Tamilnadu. Traditional unrestricted sampling method was adopted. Water bodies with silt loam substratum showed higher correlation with abundance of aquatic bugs than with sandy loam, loamy sand, clay loam and clay. Taramani pond with clayey substratum was not colonized by M. scutellaris. Soil organic matter influences the colonization of bottom region of shore water resulting in dominance of M.

Pesticides are one of the most important components of high-input farming. Fenvalerate is one among the type II synthetic pyrethroids that has replaced other groups of earlier insecticides due to its improved insecticidal potency. Susceptibility of the Oriental corixid, Micronecta scutellaris (Stål) to the synthetic Pyrethroid, Fenvalerate was investigated. Acute toxicity was observed as a function of duration of exposure and concentration of the toxicant. Nymphal stages were more susceptible than adults. Adult females were more tolerant than adult males.

Language determines the way we view the world around us, how we categorize and stratify ourselves in the society is a result of the kind of mindset that our culture has inculcated in us. Language is the medium of our culture; the stereotypes and prejudices that bedevil our culture are transmitted and repeatedly reinforced through language. Patriarchy characterizes most African and western societies and its focal point is a belief that condones male supremacy and dominance over women therefore perpetuating gender inequalities that exclude women from key decision making processes.

In this paper an attempt is made to find the sand and clay percentage of the selected region by performing various tests like: sieve method and hydrometer. The readings of the sand, clay and silt present in the soil sample are calculated. The water content of the soil for different layers of the soil samplesis identified and the density of soil for the region selected is calibrated. The zigbee s2 (mesh) is used as the mote; the sensor has a good receiving capability upto -98dB, an Arduino is used at the receiving end.

Complexes of Co(II),Ni(II),Cu(II)and Zn(II) with mixed ligand of 4-aminoantipyrine (4-AAP) and tributylphosphine (PBu3) were prepared in aqueous ethanol with (1:2:2) (M:L:PBu3). The prepared complexes were characterized using flame atomic absorption, FT.IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic methods as well as magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements. In addition biological activity of the two ligands and their complexes against three selected type of bacteria were also examined.

The surface roughness of FRP composite piles may be significantly altered during the driving process. This change could affect the interface pile design parameters. Therefore, an accurate quantification of this change is required to precisely determine the pile shaft resistance. This letter presents the results of an experimental study that investigated the change in surface roughness and interface shear coefficient of two different FRP counterface surfaces that sheared against two different types of sand under increased normal stress levels.

Many developers have intended their models in binary and quaternary logic using 0.18µm CMOS technology. In Binary logic, circuit has limitations of increase interconnections giving rise to complexities and their by impact on size. Some authors concentrated on put back in place of binary logic with MVL or quaternary logic to prevail over the limitation of size. Second is that for half and full adder (for addition/ arithmetic operations) the quaternary logic method required the conversion of quaternary logic level into binary level for implementation.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial properties of Tamus communis L. root extracts (TCRE), which is a plant used in traditional medicine in Algeria. The antioxidant potential of pattern was evaluated using two complementary techniques, inhibition of free radical DPPH and the test of β-Carotene / linoleic acid. The antioxidant test indicates that non-polar fractions of TCRE (chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions) were more active than the polar fractions.

The need for reduction in infrastructure cost and to implement shared services has given rise to enthrone cloud computing in various field. Along with the boons of cloud computing the number of threats on the security of information store in shared mode is high. The most discussed issues in cloud computing is security: still the benefits on cloud computing usage is dominant. Here in our paper we have performed a complete and detailed study on various threats impended while using cloud computing resources and the advantages of using cloud computing

In this paper we proposed the comparative study of hand gesture classification for the Indian Sign Language hand gestures using different class association rules and classification models. In knowledge discovery process association rule mining and classification aretwo important techniques of data mining and widely used in various fields. This paper tries to explain the basics of class association rule mining and classification through WEKA for hand gestures. How problems of classification and prediction can be solved using class association rules were discussed.

Quantum entanglement offers unique insights into the fundamental principles of physical world, because entangled states exhibit correlations that have no classical analog. However, despite a great deal of highly sophisticated work by a large number of very bright people, the phenomenon still looks as a manifestation that humans’ intuition, shaped by classical physics for many years, cannot describe all of its intricacies. In this paper, the possibility of considering null frames and null points is shown.

Chemically modified jute fiber (Tossa variety) was grafted onto 2-ethyl hexylacrylate (2-EHA) to prepare copolymer using in situ developed transition metal complex initiating system; CuSO4/glycine/potassium monopersulfate (KMPS). Then its composites were prepared by incorporating montmorillonite (MMT) clay. The above samples were characterized by Fourier Transform-Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and surface morphology by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The thermal behavior and tensile strength of the samples were studied.

Dendritic Pattern grown in electrode position under suitable working conditions gives rise to fractal pattern with complexity of shape, structure and texture. Such dendritic patterns exhibit interesting characteristics and in most of the cases fractals obey scale invariance over a wide range of length scale. The study of the dendritic patterns grown in a cell with circular geometry, with a view to explore the growth rate of different electrode position patterns.

Interior design is a profession that serves for the human habitation in the environment. In the context of human needs, there are many different dimensions and levels of satisfaction. The interior space can satisfy the need of security, or it can lead to a satisfaction level from security to self-esteem. Recent global debates focus on to a basic need that is to survive.

We assume that the distribution of "biological objects" (species, family, phyla,) inside a "set" (community, assemblage, etc.) is at random. Although similar assumptions have been put forward by others (see text), our treatment is basically different. Based on a simple algorithm describing the random partition of a set, we obtain the resulting statistical laws characterizing the partition (that is to say: probability density, repartition function and moments). The theoretical results are supported by mathematical simulations of thousands random drawings.

We assume that the distribution of "biological objects" (species, family, phyla,) inside a "set" (community, assemblage, etc.) is at random. Although similar assumptions have been put forward by others (see text), our treatment is basically different. Based on a simple algorithm describing the random partition of a set, we obtain the resulting statistical laws characterizing the partition (that is to say: probability density, repartition function and moments). The theoretical results are supported by mathematical simulations of thousands random drawings.

Management of solid waste is vital difficulty in developing as well as under developing countries like India. The manufacturing industries are major source of solid waste. In the Solapur region the production of bidies from the Tendu leaf is main source of income for the low and middle income group. The bidee production produces large quantity of its by products which directly dump into nearby the production yard and indirectly environment as whole without any pre-treatment. This paper tries to concentrate on the parametric study on the surroundings of dumping yards.

Dengue High energy electron beam was used to treat the Al surface. Electron beam irradiation produces an ultra-fast cycle at the surface which results in deep subsurface hardening (about 100 μm) which improves corrosion and wear resistance. Analysis of top surface of Al showed shock hardening and condensation of chemical species. Electrochemical characterization of treated Al surface in 3.5% NaCl solution showed an increase improvement in uniform and pitting corrosion in comparison to untreated samples.

Alternatives in cooling of cutting zone during metal cutting have been paid more attention in order to minimize the flank wear, surface roughness and cutting zone temperature. The usage of coolant lowers the cutting zone temperature which minimizes the wear of cutting tool and hence, the surface finish of the product is good. Several technologies for cooling of cutting zone have been developed in recent years for controlling the temperature in the cutting zone like cryogenic cooling, solid coolants/lubricants, High Pressure Coolants (HPC), internal tool cooling and use of compressed air.

Topological indices are defined based on graph theory and are the constants of graph, which are used to study quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) and quantitative structure Properties relationship (QSPR). This graph describes the simplest connection of atoms in a molecule (Zarrabian, 2000). In this article we will randomly choose a number of organic compounds of titanium and calculating four topological indices: Wiener, Harary, Balaban and Randic. Then we try to fit a model to predict the physical and chemical properties of some organic compounds of titanium.

This paper proposes an efficient solar tracker system using a dual MPPT controller. It consists of three step DC to DC converter, which has been controlled by a microcontroller based unit. MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) is used in photovoltaic system to maximize the PV array output power, irrespective of temperature, irradiation conditions and electrical characteristics of the load.

The automotive chassis serves as a frame work for supporting the body and different parts of the automobile. Also, it has to withstand the shock, twist, vibration and other stresses caused due to sudden breaking, acceleration, shocking road condition, centrifugal force while cornering and forces induced by its components. The chassis acts as the backbone of a heavy vehicle which carries the maximum load for all designed operating conditions. This paper describes design and analysis of heavy vehicle chassis as the prime objective of any automobile industries in today’s fast changing world.

The aim of this research prepared and studying some structure properties of (ZnO)0.4 (ZrO2)0.6 nanocomposite Prepared by Powder metallurgy Technique. The structural and surface morphology of the nanocomposite were examined by means of X-Ray Diffraction and scanning electron microscopic (SEM). The particle size calculations were done using XRD Scherer’s formula (15nm),and sample contain a mixture of the monoclinic, tetragonal hexagonal structure.

Heavy rainfall generally results in flooding of rivers which outflow; and submerges the land which is usually dry, although this is not a usual phenomenon in the arid regions of Rajasthan, India. In 1981, the Chaksu block of Jaipur district, Rajasthan suffered from severe flood, which caused massive erosion of the soil. This region was then restored by Joint Forest Management (JFM) in 1984. This effort of Government and community has resulted in increased green cover on land and has led to improved soil quality.

The economical and political sanctions that have been issued by western countries and outstanding international organizations had always lots of affections on the economical and political affairs of target countries and caused non-growth or defected growth for these countries.

A survey study was carried out on one hundred and twenty (n=120) college students, aged 18-25 years, belonging to Mekelle university of Ethiopia with a view to compare study habits between sports science and other sciences students. Maximum effort and meticulous care have been put to precision and accuracy in the measurements. Study Habits Inventory by M.N.Palsane, Pune University, Pune, India was used to measure study habit.

This study determined the relationship between attitude towards English and academic performance among third year college students in ESSU -Salcedo Campus during the school year 2013 - 2014.This study is a descriptive- correlation research wherein a survey questionnaire was used to gather the needed data. It is descriptive since it described the attitudes of the students toward English language. The respondents of the study were third year college students enrolled at Eastern Samar State University - Salcedo campus during the school year 2013 - 2014.

This investigation explored into the level of awareness and quality of knowledge regarding climate change among students enrolled in ESSU Salcedo campus, during the second semester of school year 2013-2014. The descriptive method of research was employed in this investigation utilizing survey questionnaires. There were three hundred twenty (320) students who served as respondents of the study chosen through stratified random sampling from among the officially enrolled students in the campus.

This study seeks empirical evidence on the causal relations between Economic Value Added (EVA) and stock returns in the Indian context. Based on pooled time series, cross-sectional data on 70 well-performing companies in National Stock Exchange (NSE) over the economic slow-down period 2008-13, the study tests the hypothesis that EVA affects stock returns under linear regression framework, using alternative models. The results suggest that EVA, along with cost of capital, provides statistically significant information content and adds explanatory power in predicting stock returns in India.

The study examined the lifestyle of Eastern Samar State University – Salcedo, Guiuan and Maydolong Campuses college students that included alcohol consumption, smoking, sexual activities, cell phone use and its relationship to the different factors such as age, gender, marital status, level of happiness, parental strictness and academic performance. This study involved three hundred forty-eight college students who were mostly twenty years old and above, female, single, moderately happy and with liberal parents. Their academic performance was average.

Exports have played an increasingly important role in India’s economic growth in the last two decades. Demand for green agricultural products is a stimulant growth for input markets. This paper forecasting the Agricultural exports in India. The secondary data were collected from the websites of DGCIS. The collected data were analyzed using the trend analysis method and predict the future trends of agriculture exports, where some of the product shows positive growth and some were in negative signs.

Researcher studying and analyzing the Euphrates River in the same vast farmland area of the Abbasa, which is dominated by the cultivation of rice and wheat for the most part, and enters this river to the study area after Tafrah South rump city into two Shatt al-KufaAbbasa Shatt we are going to talk about it, has reached through the analysis of the physical and chemical properties of this water, they suffer from the pollution caused by the discharge of water Alambazl it, as well as the lack of water purity, an analyst from the water purification plant, which requires making a lot of chemical

The Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere reserve is one of the premium Biosphere reserves of India. The human induced agricultural and cultivation practices in forest lands of Achanakmar not only affect the genetic diversity conservation but also affect the storage of carbon stocks.The present paper deals with measuring the SOC stocks along different sites and altitudinal gradients in Mixed Sal Forests of Bilaspur District of Achanakmar.

Tax and revenue generation is one of the key factors for the economy and development of country like Nepal. Thus, an empirical investigation has been conducted to find out various aspects of tax contributions to national revenue. The research methodology implied the use of survey research design and purposive sampling method to select respondents from tax administrators, tax experts, and tax payers. Questionaries’ and statistical data were instruments used for the study.

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